This article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject.(February 2022)
The firefighter referendum of 1995 was the first Citizens Initiated Referendum held in New Zealand on 2 December 1995, based on the question:
"Should the number of professional firefighters employed full time in the New Zealand Fire Service be reduced below the number employed on 1 January 1995?"
The referendum returned an extremely low voter turnout, with less than 27% of enrolled voters casting a vote.
|Electorate||%||Votes||N %||Votes||Total valid votes||Electors on Roll||Turnout|
|Bay of Plenty||11.60%||1,027||88.40%||7,828||8,855||38,333||23.10%|
|Te Puku O Te Whenua||8.19%||278||91.81%||3,117||3,395||25,691||13.21%|
|Te Tai Hauauru||7.50%||266||92.50%||3,280||3,546||30,916||11.47%|
|Te Tai Rawhiti||7.92%||281||92.08%||3,269||3,550||30,097||11.80%|
|Te Tai Tokerau||8.18%||336||91.82%||3,772||4,108||30,094||13.56%|
|Te Tai Tonga||6.78%||316||93.22%||4,342||4,658||28,564||16.31%|
The referendum was rejected with a huge margin, but career firefighter numbers were reduced regardless. There were 1819 career firefighters on 1 January 1995, 1573 in 1998 and 1702 in 2009.
A referendum is a direct vote by the electorate on a proposal, law, or political issue. This is in contrast to an issue being voted on by a representative. This may result in the adoption of a new policy or specific law, or the referendum may be only advisory. In some countries, it is synonymous with or commonly known by other names including plebiscite, votation,popular consultation, ballot question, ballot measure, or proposition.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise, is the right to vote in public, political elections and referendums. In some languages, and occasionally in English, the right to vote is called active suffrage, as distinct from passive suffrage, which is the right to stand for election. The combination of active and passive suffrage is sometimes called full suffrage.
A recall election is a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a referendum before that official's term of office has ended. Recalls, which are initiated when sufficient voters sign a petition, have a history dating back to the constitution in ancient Athenian democracy and feature in several current constitutions. In indirect or representative democracy, people's representatives are elected and these representatives serve for a specific period of time. However, where the facility to recall exists, if any representative comes to be perceived as not properly discharging their responsibilities, they can be called back with the written request of a specific number or proportion of voters. Even where they are legally available, recall elections are only commonly held in a small number of countries including the United States, Peru, Ecuador, and Japan. They are considered by groups such as ACE Electoral Knowledge Network the most rarely used form of direct democracy.
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