Taranaki-King Country

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Taranaki-King Country electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Taranaki-King Country electorate, 2014.svg
Taranaki-King Country electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Taranaki-King Country is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Taranaki-King Country is Barbara Kuriger of the National Party. She has held this position since the 2014 General Election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Barbara Joan Kuriger is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.

Contents

Population centres

Taranaki-King Country stretches down the western coast of the North Island, starting at the outskirts of Hamilton, through to the King Country towns of Te Awamutu, Otorohanga and Te Kuiti, and ending in the northern Taranaki region, to take in the northern section of the New Plymouth urban area and all of Stratford District. From 2008, it has included the town of Raglan.

Hamilton, New Zealand City in North Island, New Zealand

Hamilton is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat and most populous city of the Waikato region, with a territorial population of 169,300, the country's fourth most-populous city. Encompassing a land area of about 110 km2 (42 sq mi) on the banks of the Waikato River, Hamilton is part of the wider Hamilton Urban Area, which also encompasses the nearby towns of Ngaruawahia, Te Awamutu and Cambridge.

The King Country is a region of the western North Island of New Zealand. It extends approximately from the Kawhia Harbour and the town of Otorohanga in the north to the upper reaches of the Whanganui River in the south, and from the Hauhungaroa and Rangitoto Ranges in the east to near the Tasman Sea in the west. It comprises hill country, large parts of which are forested.

Te Awamutu Town

Te Awamutu is a town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the council seat of the Waipa District and serves as a service town for the farming communities which surround it. Te Awamutu is located some 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Hamilton on State Highway 3, one of the two main routes south from Auckland and Hamilton.

The boundaries have gradually been expanded as the population has fallen, relative to the overall population of the country. At the 2013 revision the proposed boundaries received the third highest number (25) of objections in the country. [1] After the 2013 revision the constituency covered parts of 3 regional councils and 7 district councils (Waikato District, Waipa District, Otorohanga District, Waitomo District, New Plymouth District, Stratford District, Ruapehu District), including Hamilton Airport.

Waikato District Territorial authority in Waikato, New Zealand

Waikato District is a territorial authority of New Zealand, in the northern part of Waikato Region, North Island. Waikato District is administered by the Waikato District Council, with headquarters in Ngaruawahia.

Waipa District Place in Waikato, New Zealand

Waipa District is a municipality in the Waikato region of New Zealand that is administered by the Waipa District Council. Its most populous town is Cambridge. The seat of the council is at the second most populous town, Te Awamutu. The district is south and south-east of the city of Hamilton. It has five wards: Te Awamutu, Cambridge, Pirongia, Maungatautari and Kakepuku.

Otorohanga District Territorial authority in Waikato, New Zealand

Otorohanga District is a municipality in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. It was formed in 1979 by renaming Otorohanga County. Max Baxter has been the mayor of Otorohanga District since 2013.

History

The seat was created ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional voting in 1996 from most of the old King Country seat with parts of Taranaki, Waitotara in the south and Waipa in the area around Hamilton. All these seats were safe National seats covering rural areas traditionally loyal to the National Party, the new seat remained faithful to old allegiances in the face of a large swing to New Zealand First in the central North Island at the 1996 election. The first MP for Taranaki-King Country was the then Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jim Bolger.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

King Country was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1972 to 1996 and was represented by Jim Bolger of the National Party for those 24 years.

Having been ousted from the leadership of his party, Bolger accepted the role of Ambassador to the United States in the middle of 1998, and triggered the 1998 by-election. Despite a large swing to ACT Party candidate Owen Jennings, Bolger's chosen successor Shane Ardern won a narrow victory on a heavily reduced turnout. Since the 1998 byelection, Taranaki-King Country has reverted to form, giving Ardern two out of every three votes cast in 2005, 2008 and 2011.

The Taranaki-King Country by-election was a by-election in the New Zealand electorate of Taranaki-King Country, a large and predominantly rural district in the west of New Zealand's North Island. It took place on 2 May 1998, and was precipitated by the resignation from parliament of sitting MP Jim Bolger. Bolger was retiring from politics, having recently been replaced as Prime Minister by Jenny Shipley.

ACT New Zealand New Zealand political party

ACT New Zealand, usually known as ACT, is a right-wing, classical-liberal political party in New Zealand. According to former party leader Rodney Hide, ACT stands for "individual freedom, personal responsibility, doing the best for our natural environment and for smaller, smarter government in its goals of a prosperous economy, a strong society, and a quality of life that is the envy of the world".

Owen Jennings is a former New Zealand politician. He was a Member of Parliament from 1996 to 2002, representing the ACT New Zealand party.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  National     Alliance     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jim Bolger
1998 by-election Shane Ardern
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Barbara Kuriger
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Taranaki-King Country electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1999 election Kevin Campbell
2005 election Maryan Street

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Taranaki-King Country [2]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Hungarian presidential election, 2017, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Barbara Kuriger 23,85465.31-2.8621,46657.9
Labour Hilary Humphrey8,59523.538,82323.8
Green Robert Moore2,9007.941,643
Conservative Allan Thomson5681.55118
NZ First  3,330
Opportunities  815
ACT  231
Māori  194
Legalise Cannabis  120
Ban 1080  97
Outdoors  370.10
United Future  370.10
People's Party  310.09
Democrats  13
Mana  9
Internet  7
Informal votes606124
Total Valid votes36,52337,095
National holdMajority15,259

2014 election

2014 general election: Taranaki-King Country [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Barbara Kuriger 22,32868.17-1.4820,63761.46+1.02
Labour Penny Gaylor5,55516.96+2.264,48313.35-2.60
Green Robert Moore3,0919.44+0.022,4227.21-1.02
Conservative Edward Aish1,4204.34+4.341,9075.68+1.88
Internet Grant Keinzley2090.64+0.64
Democrats David Espin1520.46+0.46200.06-0.02
NZ First  3,1829.48+2.22
Internet Mana  1910.57+0.30
Māori  1850.55-0.12
Legalise Cannabis  1630.49-0.08
Ban 1080  1560.46+0.46
ACT  1200.36-1.13
United Future  850.25-0.85
Civilian  110.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  90.03+0.03
Focus  80.02+0.02
Informal votes46399
Total Valid votes33,21833,678
National holdMajority16,77351.21+0.78

2011 election

2011 general election: Taranaki-King Country [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Shane Ardern 20,84269.65+0.9718,75960.44+0.90
Labour Rick Barker 5,75319.22-0.334,95015.95-5.24
Green Robert Moore2,8199.42+1.012,5548.23+3.25
United Future Victoria Rogers5111.71+1.713401.10+0.30
NZ First  2,2527.26+2.76
Conservative  1,1803.80+3.80
ACT  4611.49-3.57
Māori  2090.67-0.34
Legalise Cannabis  1810.58+0.23
Mana  830.27+0.27
Democrats  250.08-0.17
Alliance  240.08-0.01
Libertarianz  200.06+0.01
Informal votes1,046251
Total Valid votes29,92531,038
National holdMajority15,08950.42+1.30

Electorate (as at 11 November 2011): 41,152 [5]

2008 election

2008 general election: Taranaki-King Country [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Shane Ardern 21,83468.6719,23259.54
Labour Renée van de Weert6,21619.556,84421.19
Green Rob Hamill 2,6758.411,6074.97
ACT William Izard7672.411,6345.06
Democrats Iain Parker3020.95820.25
NZ First  1,4514.49
Māori  3271.01
United Future  2580.80
Bill and Ben  2440.76
Progressive  1920.59
Kiwi  1510.47
Legalise Cannabis  1140.35
Family Party  960.30
Alliance  280.09
Libertarianz  160.05
Workers Party  130.04
Pacific  90.03
RONZ  30.01
RAM  10.00
Informal votes391153
Total Valid votes31,79432,302
National holdMajority15,61849.12

2005 election


2005 general election: Taranaki-King Country [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Shane Ardern 20,86767.62+16.4317,76056.42
Labour Maryan Street 7,74925.11+0.167,88625.05
United Future Anne Copeland5681.846382.03
ACT Richard Steele5471.776592.09
Progressive William Smith5101.652560.81
Destiny Tony Harrison4251.382790.89
Christian Heritage Mark Jones1950.63700.22
NZ First  2,5388.06
Green  9903.15
Māori  1910.61
Legalise Cannabis  890.28
Democrats  350.11
Libertarianz  200.06
Alliance  150.05
One NZ  130.04
Direct Democracy  120.04
99 MP  100.03
Family Rights  80.03
RONZ  80.03
Informal votes411139
Total Valid votes30,86131,477
National holdMajority13,11842.51+16.27

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Taranaki-King Country for a list of candidates.

1998 by-election

1998 Taranaki-King Country by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Shane Ardern 5,953 29.43
ACT Owen Jennings 4,96524.55
Labour Max Purnell3,54617.53
Alliance Kevin Campbell 3,20815.46
Christian Heritage Ewen McQueen 5612.77
NZ First Robin Ord5602.77
Green Cindy McDonald5032.49
Legalise Cannabis Michael Appleby 3931.94
United NZ Pauline Gardiner 1270.63
Independent Doug Wilson1270.63
McGillicuddy Serious Paul Cooke760.38
Independent Brett Power560.28
Animals First Alistair McKellow490.24
Independent Greg Walker320.16
Social Credit Avon James Harris170.08
Natural Law Tony Martin170.08
Independent Victor Bryers150.07
Youth Independence Robert Terry100.05
Mana Wahine Mary Gilmore70.03
Progressive PartyRalph Dell30.01
Majority9844.87
Turnout 20,225
National hold Swing -32.51

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References

  1. Objections to Proposed Electoral Districts
  2. "Official Count Results – Taranaki-King Country". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  3. 2014 election results
  4. 2011 election results
  5. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  6. 2008 election results
  7. 2005 election results