Hutt South

Last updated
Hutt South electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Hutt South electorate, 2014.svg
Hutt South electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Hutt South is a parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand. It is held by Chris Bishop of the National Party following the 2017 election. It was previously held by Trevor Mallard of the Labour Party who announced in July 2016 that he will not contest the seat, but will run as a list-only candidate with the intention of becoming Speaker of the House. [1] Bishop's victory is the first time Hutt South has been held by a National Party MP since the electorate was created in 1996.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Hutt Valley valley

The Hutt Valley is the large area of fairly flat land in the Hutt River valley in the Wellington region of New Zealand. Like the river that flows through it, it takes its name from Sir William Hutt, a director of the New Zealand Company in early colonial New Zealand.

Christopher Bishop is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate is based on the southern part of the city of Lower Hutt. It was formed in 1996 from the old electorates of Pencarrow and Eastern Hutt. Hutt South consists of the southern suburbs of Lower Hutt, Petone, Wainuiomata, and Eastbourne. [2]

Lower Hutt Place in Wellington, New Zealand

Lower Hutt is a city in the Wellington Region of the North Island of New Zealand. Administered by the Hutt City Council, it is one of the four cities that constitute the Wellington metropolitan area.

Pencarrow (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Pencarrow is a former Parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1978 to 1996.

Petone Suburb of Lower Hutt

Petone is a large suburb of Lower Hutt, in the Wellington Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located at the southern end of the Hutt Valley, on the northern shore of Wellington Harbour. The name, from the Māori Pito-one, means "end of the sand beach".

Following the 2014 boundary review, Hutt South lost Naenae and a small part of Epuni to Rimutaka, in exchange for the suburbs of Kelson and Belmont. It also gained the suburbs of Tirohanga, Harbour View, Normandale, Maungaraki and Korokoro from Ōhariu, meaning the entire Hutt Valley was now covered by just two electorates (Rimutaka and Hutt South).

Naenae

Naenae is a suburb of the city of Lower Hutt, New Zealand. It lies on the eastern edge of the floodplain of the Hutt River, four kilometres from the Lower Hutt Central business district. A small tributary of the Hutt, the Waiwhetu Stream, flows through the suburb. Naenae has a population of around 8,000 people.

Epuni is a suburb of Lower Hutt, New Zealand situated in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb lies around one kilometre east of the Lower Hutt CBD.

Rimutaka (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Rimutaka is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since 2008.

Since 2014, the following suburbs of Lower Hutt fall within Hutt South. [3]

Alicetown is a central suburb of Lower Hutt located at the bottom of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb is situated north of the major suburb of Petone and west of the Lower Hutt CBD. Its boundaries are the Ewen Bridge that crosses the Hutt River, New Zealand to the east, the Western Hutt Rd/Melling Railway track to the west, Wakefield St/Hutt Railway track to the south and Railway Ave to the north.

Belmont, a suburb of Lower Hutt, to the north of Wellington in the North Island of New Zealand, lies on the west bank of the Hutt River, on State Highway 2, the Wellington-Hutt main road, and across the river from the centre of Lower Hutt.

Boulcott is a central suburb of Lower Hutt City situated in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb lies about a kilometre north-east of the Lower Hutt CBD.

History

At the first MMP election in 1996, Hutt South replaced the earlier electorate of Pencarrow, which was then held by Trevor Mallard. Mallard has been returned at every general election since. [4]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Trevor Mallard New Zealand politician

Trevor Colin Mallard is a New Zealand politician. He was formerly the Member of Parliament for the Hutt South electorate, and is currently a list MP and Speaker of the House. He was a Cabinet minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand holding portfolios including Environment, Labour, Broadcasting, State Owned Enterprises, Rugby World Cup and Education. He was also Associate Minister of Finance. In the 51st Parliament, he was the Labour Party spokesperson for Internal Affairs, and Sport and Recreation.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National     United Future   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Trevor Mallard
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Chris Bishop

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hutt South electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Joy McLauchlan
Deborah Morris
2002 election Murray Smith
2008 election Paul Quinn
2011 election Holly Walker
2014 election Chris Bishop
2017 election Ginny Andersen

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Hutt South [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Chris Bishop 19,64347.49+5.8417,39041.47−3.60
Labour Ginny Andersen 18,11343.79+0.3116,85840.21+12.37
Green Virginia Horrocks1,3313.22−5.063,0417.25−5.43
NZ First Alok Gupta8872.14−0.452,3115.51−1.93
Opportunities Richard Warwick7921.911,4423.44
Outdoors Wilf Bearman-Riedel1120.27520.12
ACT Andy Parkins890.22−0.321890.450.31
Independent Dorothy Frances Fox580.14
Māori  1730.41−0.19
Legalise Cannabis  850.20−0.28
Conservative  710.17−3.38
United Future  310.07−0.27
Ban 1080  240.06−0.03
Internet  110.03
People's Party  100.02
Mana  60.01
Democrats  30.01−0.03
Informal votes340232
Total Valid votes41,36541,929
Turnout 42,30984.26 [6] +2.57
National gain from Labour Majority1,5303.70+1.87

2014 election

2014 general election: Hutt South [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 16,83643.48-5.910,90327.84-7.86
National Chris Bishop 16,12741.65+7.3217,64845.07+4.02
Green Holly Walker 3,2078.28-3.244,96612.68+0.71
NZ First Mataroa Paroro1,0052.59+2.592,9137.44+1.44
Conservative Gordon Copeland 8582.21-0.961,3913.55+1.52
ACT Grae O'Sullivan1720.54-1.402490.76-2.00
Independent Jan Pajak1170.30
United Future Dave Stonyer1070.27-0.801360.34-0.54
Māori  2070.60-0.25
Legalise Cannabis  1600.48+0.11
Internet Mana  2810.37+0.37
Democrats  110.04+0.02
Democrats  110.04+0.02
Civilian  190.04
Ban 1080  580.03
Independent Coalition  70.02
Informal votes276199
Total Valid votes38,71339,161
Labour holdMajority7091.83-13.22

2011 election

2011 general election: Hutt South [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 15,82849.38+0.1011,75135.70-7.09
National Paul Quinn 11,00334.33-2.8913,51041.05+3.21
Green Holly Walker 3,69311.52+3.743,94011.97+4.28
Conservative Gordon Copeland 1,0153.17+3.176672.03+2.03
United Future Rob Eaddy3421.07-1.332940.89-0.53
ACT Alex Speirs1720.54-1.402490.76-2.00
NZ First  1,9746.00+2.50
Māori  1960.60-0.25
Legalise Cannabis  1570.48+0.11
Mana  1230.37+0.37
Libertarianz  230.07-0.03
Alliance  180.05-0.08
Democrats  120.04+0.02
Informal votes728266
Total Valid votes32,05332,914
Labour holdMajority4,82515.05+2.99

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,215 [9]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hutt South [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 16,69049.2814,76942.79
National Paul Quinn 12,60437.2113,05737.83
Green Virginia Horrocks2,6357.782,6557.69
United Future Murray Smith 8122.404901.42
ACT Lindsay Mitchell6551.939502.75
Kiwi Camilia Chin3801.122030.59
Libertarianz Phil Howison930.27360.10
NZ First  1,2083.50-
Progressive  3050.88
Māori  2930.85
Bill and Ben  1970.57
Legalise Cannabis  1280.37
Family Party  830.24
Pacific  630.18
Alliance  450.13
Workers Party  120.03
RAM  80.02
Democrats  70.02
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes414157
Total Valid votes33,86934,512
Labour holdMajority4,086


Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election

2005 general election: Hutt South [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 16,12550.0215,53447.54
National Rosemarie Thomas10,38532.2111,46435.09
United Future Murray Smith 1,9055.919742.85
Green Paul Bruce1,7195.331,8315.60
NZ First Howard Levarko6982.171,2623.86
ACT Lindsay Mitchell5791.804201.29
Destiny David Knight3351.041810.55
Māori Maraea Ropata3221.001930.59
Independent Jack McSeveny1060.33
Libertarianz Phil Howison640.20210.06
Progressive  3371.03
Legalise Cannabis  770.24
Alliance  270.08
Christian Heritage  210.06
Family Rights  110.03
Democrats  90.03
99 MP  70.02
Direct Democracy  40.01
One NZ  40.01
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes307144
Total Valid votes32,23832,673
Labour holdMajority5,740

2002 election

2002 general election: Hutt South
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 14,83449.09-5.7713,98545.40+3.22
National Richard Townlet7,06323.375,71818.56-11.67
United Future Murray Smith 2,9109.632,7008.76
ACT Christopher Milne2,0336.73+3.062,4748.03+1.52
Green Perce Harpham1,7265.711,9806.43+1.85
Alliance Anna Sutherland5811.924621.50-6.17
Progressive Ross Weddell5661.875621.82
Christian Heritage Dennis John Bartlett5081.683621.18-0.80
NZ First  2,1396.94+4.48
ORNZ  2230.72
Legalise Cannabis  1670.54-0.60
One NZ  220.07+0.04
Mana Māori  120.04+0.02
NMP  10.00-0.02
Informal votes508117
Total Valid votes30,22130,807
Labour holdMajority7,77125.72-2.29

1999 election

1999 general election: Hutt South
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Trevor Mallard 17,40454.86+9.8713,50242.18+8.30
National Clare Radosmke8,51926.859,67830.23-3.42
ACT Christopher Milne1,1653.67+1.482,0856.51+1.38
Alliance Gordon Parr1,1243.542,4547.67-2.89
Green Cliff Mason1,0683.371,4654.58
Christian Heritage Rosemarie Thomas7852.476331.98
Future NZ David Ogden 4981.575641.76
NZ First Edwin Perry 4821.527862.46-5.88
McGillicuddy Serious Jonat Warton2110.67490.15-0.17
Independent Lois McInnes1800.57
United NZ Frank Owen1780.56-0.152010.63-0.88
Natural Law Jon Muller610.19240.07+0.03
Mauri Pacific Richard Waitai490.15190.06
Legalise Cannabis  3651.14-0.08
Libertarianz  880.27+0.24
Animals First  570.18-0.01
One NZ  100.03
People's Choice  80.02
Mana Māori  70.02-0.01
NMP  70.02
Republican  50.02
South Island  40.01
Freedom Movement  00.00
Informal votes579292
Total Valid votes31,72432,011
Labour holdMajority8,88528.01+20.13

1996 election

1996 general election: Hutt South [11] [12] [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Trevor Mallard 14,02344.9910,63333.88
National Joy McLauchlan 11,56737.1110,56233.65
Alliance Peter Love2,1256.823,31410.56
NZ First Deborah Morris 2,0426.552,6188.34
ACT Chistopher Milne6842.191,6095.13
McGillicuddy Serious Alastair McGlinchy2280.731020.32
United NZ Frank Owen2220.714731.51
Superannuitants & Youth Jack Powell1630.52530.17
Natural Law Angela Slade650.21140.04
Independent Brian Russell530.17
Christian Coalition  1,4434.60
Legalise Cannabis  3821.22
Animals First  610.19
Progressive Green  470.15
Asia Pacific United 210.07
Green Society  150.05
Ethnic Minority Party 140.04
Libertarianz  100.03
Mana Māori  90.03
Conservatives  40.01
Advance New Zealand 20.01
Te Tawharau 10.00
Informal votes338123
Total Valid votes31,17231,387
Labour win new seatMajority2,4567.88

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References

  1. Boyack, Nicholas (25 July 2016). "Labour MP Trevor Mallard vacates Hutt South electorate to apply for Speaker position". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  2. "Electorate Profile Hutt South" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. October 2005. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  3. "Hutt City Wards and Suburbs" (PDF). Hutt City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  4. "Hon Trevor Mallard". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  5. "Official Count Results -- Hutt South (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  6. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. "Official Count Results -- Hutt South". New Zealand Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  8. "Official Count Results -- Hutt South". New Zealand Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  9. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  10. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Hutt South". New Zealand Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  11. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Hutt South, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  12. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  13. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.