Hutt South is a parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand. It is held by Chris Bishop of the National Party following the 2017 election. It was previously held by Trevor Mallard of the Labour Party who announced in July 2016 that he will not contest the seat, but will run as a list-only candidate with the intention of becoming Speaker of the House.Bishop's victory is the first time Hutt South has been held by a National Party MP since the electorate was created in 1996.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The Hutt Valley is the large area of fairly flat land in the Hutt River valley in the Wellington region of New Zealand. Like the river that flows through it, it takes its name from Sir William Hutt, a director of the New Zealand Company in early colonial New Zealand.
Christopher Bishop is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.
The electorate is based on the southern part of the city of Lower Hutt. It was formed in 1996 from the old electorates of Pencarrow and Eastern Hutt. Hutt South consists of the southern suburbs of Lower Hutt, Petone, Wainuiomata, and Eastbourne.
Lower Hutt is a city in the Wellington Region of the North Island of New Zealand. Administered by the Hutt City Council, it is one of the four cities that constitute the Wellington metropolitan area.
Pencarrow is a former Parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1978 to 1996.
Petone is a large suburb of Lower Hutt, in the Wellington Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located at the southern end of the Hutt Valley, on the northern shore of Wellington Harbour. The name, from the Māori Pito-one, means "end of the sand beach".
Following the 2014 boundary review, Hutt South lost Naenae and a small part of Epuni to Rimutaka, in exchange for the suburbs of Kelson and Belmont. It also gained the suburbs of Tirohanga, Harbour View, Normandale, Maungaraki and Korokoro from Ōhariu, meaning the entire Hutt Valley was now covered by just two electorates (Rimutaka and Hutt South).
Naenae is a suburb of the city of Lower Hutt, New Zealand. It lies on the eastern edge of the floodplain of the Hutt River, four kilometres from the Lower Hutt Central business district. A small tributary of the Hutt, the Waiwhetu Stream, flows through the suburb. Naenae has a population of around 8,000 people.
Epuni is a suburb of Lower Hutt, New Zealand situated in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb lies around one kilometre east of the Lower Hutt CBD.
Rimutaka is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since 2008.
Since 2014, the following suburbs of Lower Hutt fall within Hutt South.
Alicetown is a central suburb of Lower Hutt located at the bottom of the North Island of New Zealand.
Belmont, a suburb of Lower Hutt, to the north of Wellington in the North Island of New Zealand, lies on the west bank of the Hutt River, on State Highway 2, the Wellington-Hutt main road, and across the river from the centre of Lower Hutt.
Boulcott is a central suburb of Lower Hutt City situated in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb lies about a kilometre north-east of the Lower Hutt CBD.
At the first MMP election in 1996, Hutt South replaced the earlier electorate of Pencarrow, which was then held by Trevor Mallard. Mallard has been returned at every general election since.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Trevor Colin Mallard is a New Zealand politician. He was formerly the Member of Parliament for the Hutt South electorate, and is currently a list MP and Speaker of the House. He was a Cabinet minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand holding portfolios including Environment, Labour, Broadcasting, State Owned Enterprises, Rugby World Cup and Education. He was also Associate Minister of Finance. In the 51st Parliament, he was the Labour Party spokesperson for Internal Affairs, and Sport and Recreation.
Labour National United Future
|1996 election||Trevor Mallard|
|2017 election||Chris Bishop|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hutt South electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Joy McLauchlan|
|2002 election||Murray Smith|
|2008 election||Paul Quinn|
|2011 election||Holly Walker|
|2014 election||Chris Bishop|
|2017 election||Ginny Andersen|
|2017 general election: Hutt South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Alok Gupta||887||2.14||−0.45||2,311||5.51||−1.93|
|Independent||Dorothy Frances Fox||58||0.14||—|
|Total Valid votes||41,365||41,929|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,530||3.70||+1.87|
|2014 general election: Hutt South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Mataroa Paroro||1,005||2.59||+2.59||2,913||7.44||+1.44|
|United Future||Dave Stonyer||107||0.27||-0.80||136||0.34||-0.54|
|Total Valid votes||38,713||39,161|
|2011 general election: Hutt South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|United Future||Rob Eaddy||342||1.07||-1.33||294||0.89||-0.53|
|Total Valid votes||32,053||32,914|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,215
|2008 general election: Hutt South|
|United Future||Murray Smith||812||2.40||490||1.42|
|Bill and Ben||197||0.57|
|Total Valid votes||33,869||34,512|
Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.
|2005 general election: Hutt South|
|United Future||Murray Smith||1,905||5.91||974||2.85|
|NZ First||Howard Levarko||698||2.17||1,262||3.86|
|Total Valid votes||32,238||32,673|
|2002 general election: Hutt South|
|United Future||Murray Smith||2,910||9.63||2,700||8.76|
|Christian Heritage||Dennis John Bartlett||508||1.68||362||1.18||-0.80|
|Total Valid votes||30,221||30,807|
|1999 general election: Hutt South|
|Christian Heritage||Rosemarie Thomas||785||2.47||633||1.98|
|Future NZ||David Ogden||498||1.57||564||1.76|
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||482||1.52||786||2.46||-5.88|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Jonat Warton||211||0.67||49||0.15||-0.17|
|United NZ||Frank Owen||178||0.56||-0.15||201||0.63||-0.88|
|Natural Law||Jon Muller||61||0.19||24||0.07||+0.03|
|Mauri Pacific||Richard Waitai||49||0.15||19||0.06|
|Total Valid votes||31,724||32,011|
|1996 general election: Hutt South|
|NZ First||Deborah Morris||2,042||6.55||2,618||8.34|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Alastair McGlinchy||228||0.73||102||0.32|
|United NZ||Frank Owen||222||0.71||473||1.51|
|Superannuitants & Youth||Jack Powell||163||0.52||53||0.17|
|Natural Law||Angela Slade||65||0.21||14||0.04|
|Asia Pacific United||21||0.07|
|Ethnic Minority Party||14||0.04|
|Advance New Zealand||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||31,172||31,387|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||2,456||7.88|
Wainuiomata is a large suburb of Lower Hutt, in the Wellington Region of New Zealand's North Island. At the 2013 census, Wainuiomata had a population of 16,786.
Petone railway station is a dual platform, suburban railway station located in the Lower Hutt, New Zealand suburb of Petone. It is on the Hutt Valley section of the Wairarapa Line, 10.5 km (6.5 mi) north of Wellington, and is the junction for the Melling Branch to Melling, which diverges westward from the main line to the north of the station. The station is served by Metlink suburban services, operated by Transdev Wellington, to Wellington, Melling, Taita, Upper Hutt and Masterton.
Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.
Fraser MacDonald Colman was a New Zealand politician of the Labour Party. He represented the electorates of Petone from 1967 to 1978, and then when Petone was renamed, Pencarrow from 1978 to 1987, when he retired. He was the cabinet minister chosen to represent New Zealand in 1973 on its warships during their protest against the nuclear weapons testing carried out by France.
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Petone is a former parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1946 to 1978. The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament from the Labour Party.
Western Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1969 to 1996.
Normandale is a semi-rural suburb of Lower Hutt City, New Zealand on the western hills of the Hutt Valley. It consists of two main roads, Normandale Road and Miromiro Road, and the hills between, and is a five-minute drive from the city center.
Maungaraki is a suburb of Lower Hutt City situated at the bottom of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb is located on the western hills of the Hutt Valley with access to the area via State Highway 2 and offers extensive views of Wellington harbour and Matiu/Somes Island. It contains the largest suburban development on the Hutt Valley's western escarpment that runs along the Wellington Fault.
Korokoro, a suburb of Lower Hutt City, lies in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb occupies part of the western hills of the Hutt Valley; its eastern slopes overlook Petone and the Wellington harbour.
Hutt County was one of the former counties of New Zealand. It occupied the south-western corner of the North Island, extending south from the Waikanae River and lying to the west of the summits of the Rimutaka Ranges. The county's name arises from the fact that a large amount of its land area lies in the Hutt River catchment.
Ohariu-Belmont was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1996 to 2008.
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Virginia Ruby Andersen is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the Labour Party.