New Plymouth (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated
New Plymouth electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election New Plymouth electorate, 2014.svg
New Plymouth electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.

Contents

The electorate is currently held by Jonathan Young for National, [1] as he defeated Labour's Harry Duynhoven [2] in the 2008 general election.

Population centres

In the 1927 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. Five electorates were abolished, two former electorates, including New Plymouth, were re-established, and three electorates were created for the first time. [3]

The electorate includes the following population centres:

History

The electorate was originally the Town of New Plymouth from 1853 to 1879. The name of the electorate was changed to New Plymouth from 1879 to 1896. The electorate was abolished in 1896, and was reconstituted under the same name in 1928. [4]

Oliver Samuel, Edward Metcalf Smith, Thomas Kelly (incumbent) and Charles Brown contested the electorate in the 1884 election; Samuel won the contest. [5] [6]

The electorate has changed between National and Labour several times, and has been represented by two Christian ministers: Rev Frederick Frost and then Rev Ernest Aderman.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

  Independent     Liberal     United     National     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1853 election Francis Gledhill
1855 election William Richmond
1860 election
1862 by-election Isaac Newton Watt [7]
1863 by-election Henry Hanson Turton [8]
1864 by-election Charles Brown
1865 by-election Henry Sewell
1866 election John Richardson
1867 by-election Harry Atkinson
1869 by-election Thomas Kelly [9]
1871 election
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election Oliver Samuel
1887 election
1890 election Edward Metcalf Smith
1893 election
(Electorate abolished 1896–1928, see Taranaki)
1928 election Sydney George Smith
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election Frederick Frost
1943 election Ernest Aderman
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Ron Barclay
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Tony Friedlander
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Harry Duynhoven
1990 election John Armstrong
1993 election Harry Duynhoven
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Jonathan Young
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the New Plymouth electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Roger Maxwell
2011 election Andrew Little
2014 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: New Plymouth [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 20,71152.01−5.7419,51748.63−7.05
Labour Corie Haddock12,97832.59+1.0313,66234.04+12.90
NZ First Murray Chong3,0417.633,1077.74−1.26
Green Stuart Jeanne Bramhall2,0705.19−0.231,7984.47−3.50
ACT Anneka Carlson4341.09+0.542220.55+0.09
Independent Basil Lawrence1480.37
Opportunities  1,0932.72
Māori  2500.62+0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1630.40−0.18
Conservative  650.16−3.03
Ban 1080  390.09−0.06
United Future  360.08−0.10
Outdoors  260.06
People's Party  160.03
Democrats  80.01−0.06
Mana  80.01−0.69
Internet  70.01−0.69
Informal votes434118
Total Valid votes39,81640,135
Turnout 40,36580.68 [11] +2.63
National holdMajority7,73319.42−6.76

2014 election

2014 general election: New Plymouth [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 21,56657.75+4.1420,96955.65+2.39
Labour Andrew Little 11,78831.56−8.857,94721.10−4.72
Green Sarah Roberts2,0255.42+1.563,0057.97−1.68
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski7011.88+0.552180.58+0.06
Conservative Angela Storr6331.69+1.691,2013.19+1.22
ACT James Gray2050.55+0.551720.46−0.56
NZ First  3,3959.00+2.70
Internet Mana  2630.70+0.49 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1990.53−0.08
United Future  660.18−0.27
Ban 1080  570.15+0.15
Civilian  570.15+0.15
Democrats  280.07+0.01
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  100.03+0.03
Informal votes429128
Total Valid votes37,34737,681
Turnout 37,68177.51+2.06
National holdMajority9,77826.18+13.28

2011 election

2011 general election: New Plymouth [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 17,64453.31+5.1318,07353.26+2.79
Labour Andrew Little 13,37440.41-7.478,76125.82-5.60
Green Geoff Steedman1,2773.86+3.863,2769.65+3.23
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski4391.33+1.331780.52+0.05
Independent Rusty Kane3611.09-1.11
NZ First  2,1376.30+2.25
Conservative  6671.97+1.97
ACT  3471.02-2.16
Māori  2070.61-0.14
United Future  1540.45-0.20
Mana  720.21+0.21
Libertarianz  300.09+0.01
Democrats  190.06-0.07
Alliance  110.03-0.06
Informal votes808235
Total Valid votes33,09533,932
National holdMajority4,27012.90+12.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,973 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: New Plymouth [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Jonathan Young 16,53948.1817,51250.47
Labour Red x.svgN Harry Duynhoven 16,43447.8810,90131.42
Independent Rusty Kane7562.20
ACT Chris Albers4551.331,1063.19
Libertarianz Mike Webber1410.41270.08
Green  2,2306.43
NZ First  1,4044.05
Bill and Ben  3010.87
Māori  2600.75
Progressive  2320.67
United Future  2270.65
Legalise Cannabis  1660.48
Family Party  1410.41
Kiwi  780.22
Democrats  430.12
Alliance  310.09
Pacific  230.07
Workers Party  130.04
RAM  20.01
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes349175
Total Valid votes34,32534,699
National gain from Labour Majority1050.31

2005 election

PartyCandidateVotes% Party Votes%
Labour Green check.svg Harry Duynhoven 17,51253.2012,54237.64
National Moira Irving12,07336.6714,83644.53
Green Sarah Brown1,1653.541,8165.45
Destiny Keren Roberts5551.692440.73
United Matt Collier5391.647912.37
Māori Party Tony Ruakere3120.951480.44
ACT Kerry O'Connor3010.913941.18
INDRusty Kane2520.77--
Democrats Kevin Smith1210.37520.16
NZ First ---2,0366.11
Progressive ---2490.75
ALCP ---860.26
Christian Heritage ---360.11
Alliance ---180.05
Direct Democracy ---150.05
Libertarianz ---140.04
One NZ ---120.04
Family Rights PP ---110.03
Republic of NZ ---70.03
99 MP ---120.04
informal votes338126
total valid votes32,91933,319
Labour hold Majority5,439

sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

1999 election

1999 general election: New Plymouth
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Harry Duynhoven 22,11868.48+6.8113,61241.98+12.80
National Len Jury7,02621.759,48729.26-6.90
Future NZ Tom Smithers1,0483.246061.87
Alliance Bonnie Johnstone8702.692,4257.48-2.26
ACT Moira Irving5951.841,8045.56+1.13
NZ First Mae Neuman5151.591,2013.70-8.17
People's Choice Rusty Kane800.25480.15
Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata Shona Eriksen250.08
Mauri Pacific Sharon Faloon210.07130.04
Green  1,7345.35
Christian Heritage  6782.09
Legalise Cannabis  4261.31-0.60
United NZ  1260.39-0.27
Libertarianz  1040.32+0.29
Animals First  670.21-0.02
McGillicuddy Serious  450.14-0.14
One NZ  140.04
Natural Law  120.04-0.10
Mana Māori  70.02-0.04
NMP  50.02
Freedom Movement  40.01
Republican  20.01
South Island  20.01
Informal votes464340
Total Valid votes32,29832,422
Labour holdMajority15,09246.73+12.45

1996 election

1996 general election: New Plymouth [16] [17] [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Harry Duynhoven 20,74661.679,83329.18
National Red x.svgN Roger Maxwell 9,21327.3912,18536.16
NZ First Harry Slaats1,7715.263,99911.87
Alliance Sue Gaffy1,2773.803,2829.74
ACT Tony Huston3911.161,4924.43
Progressive Green Paul O'Neill1810.541000.30
Natural Law Bruce Sowry630.19480.14
Christian Coalition  1,6194.80
Legalise Cannabis  6421.91
United NZ  2230.66
McGillicuddy Serious  930.28
Animals First  770.23
Green Society  210.06
Mana Māori  200.06
Conservatives  190.06
Superannuitants & Youth  140.04
Libertarianz  110.03
Ethnic Minority Party 80.02
Advance New Zealand 70.02
Asia Pacific United 20.01
Te Tawharau 10.00
Informal votes205151
Total Valid votes33,64233,696
Labour holdMajority11,53334.28

1993 election

1993 general election: New Plymouth [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,481 48.9 +8.5
National John Armstrong 7,35534.3-6.1
Alliance Heather Smith2,18210.1
NZ First Lindsay Calvert1,0875.0
Christian Heritage H Starrenburgh2171.0
Natural Law Bruce Sowry770.3
Majority3,12614.6
Turnout 21,399

1990 election

1990 general election: New Plymouth [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National John Armstrong 9,883 48.8
Labour Harry Duynhoven 8,18240.4-8.9
Green Leon Roborgh1,4257.0
NewLabour P Mepham4762.3
Democrats Harry Alchin-Smith1790.8
McGillicuddy Serious M B Johnston1000.4
Majority1,7018.4
Turnout 20,245

1987 election

1987 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,320 49.3
National Tony Friedlander 9,88347.7+2.7
Democrats K D Steele4132.0
NZ Party B A McCready1310.6
Values G A McDonald890.4
Majority3371.6
Turnout 23,22991.6-2.8

1984 election

1984 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 9,900 45.0 -1.5
Labour Ida Gaskin 9,63143.8
NZ Party Lloyd Horn1,6567.5
Social Credit George McPeak6452.9-10.4
Values Janet Roborgh1540.7-0.6
Republican M J K Petrie170.1
Majority2691.2-6.4
Turnout 23,71794.4+3.2

1981 election

1981 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 9,649 46.5 +3.9
Labour Dennis Duggan8,08238.9-4.2
Social Credit George McPeak2,76213.3
Values Janet Roborgh2661.3-1.0
Majority1,5677.6+7.1
Turnout 22,82791.2+16.3

1978 election

1978 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 8,650 42.6 -6.8
Labour Dennis Duggan8,53842.1
Social Credit R A Kirk2,63413.0
Values Janet Roborgh4762.3
Majority1120.5-8.7
Turnout 27,16774.9-12.4

1975 election

1975 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 10,330 49.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,39540.2-10.4
Social Credit A J Swanney1,3816.6+2.8
Values Edith Green7983.8
Majority1,9359.2
Turnout 24,02787.3-5.1

1972 election

1972 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,429 50.6 +0.2
National Terry Boon8,13343.7
Social Credit A J Swanney7153.8
Values W P Neilson2801.5
Liberal ReformD V Hannah490.3
New Democratic M A Pinkney160.1
Majority1,2966.9+1.4
Turnout 20,21292.4-0.7

1969 election

1969 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,149 50.4 +3.5
National B E Clark8,14944.9-1.6
Social Credit Stuart Dickson7634.2
Country Party Clifford Stanley Emeny850.5
Majority1,0005.5+5.1
Turnout 19,64993.1+1.5

1966 election

1966 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 8,073 46.9 -1.9
National B E Clark7,99546.5
Social Credit T G Mullins1,1296.6
Majority780.4
Turnout 18,91691.6-1.0

1963 election

1963 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,535 51.4 -0.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,06148.6+6.5
Majority4742.8-6.9
Turnout 18,09592.6+0.6

1960 election

1960 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 9,063 51.8 +1.9
Labour Ron Barclay 7,37042.1-3.9
Social Credit K G J Lattimer1,0686.1+2.0
Majority1,6939.7+3.8
Turnout 19,09292.0-2.6

1957 election

1957 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,386 49.9 -0.3
Labour Ron Barclay 7,72946.0
Social Credit K G J Lattimer6864.1
Majority6573.9-3.7
Turnout 17,83194.6+0.1

1954 election

1954 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 7,780 50.2 -7.4
Labour C R Parker6,60242.6+0.2
Social Credit C A Lattimer1,1147.2
Majority1,1787.6-9.6
Turnout 16,54294.5+1.8

1951 election

1951 general election: New Plymouth [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,816 57.6 +2.5
Labour C R Parker6,48142.4-2.7
Majority2,33515.2+5.0
Turnout 16,44892.7-4.0

1949 election

1949 general election: New Plymouth [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,250 55.1 +0.7
Labour C R Parker6,73344.9
Majority1,51710.2+7.4
Turnout 15,58996.7+0.4

1946 election

1946 general election: New Plymouth [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 7,426 51.4
Labour G Nimmo7,02148.6
Majority4052.8
Turnout 14,98596.3

1931 election

1931 general election: New Plymouth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United Sydney George Smith 7,152 66.03 +15.23
Labour William Sheat 3,68033.97
Majority3,47232.05+18.69
Informal votes1531.39+0.78
Turnout 10,98586.71-4.86
Registered electors 12,668

1928 election

1928 general election: New Plymouth [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United Sydney George Smith 5,577 50.79
Reform Charles Bellringer 4,11037.43
Labour W G Simpson1,29311.78
Majority1,46713.36
Informal votes680.62
Turnout 11,04891.57
Registered electors 12,065

1893 election

1893 general election: New Plymouth [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 1,782 55.07 +15.21
Conservative Robert Trimble [30] 1,29139.89
Independent Richard Price [31] 1635.04
Majority49115.17+13.47
Turnout 3,23678.73+16.60
Registered electors 4,110

1890 election

1890 general election: New Plymouth [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 539 39.86
Conservative John Elliot51638.16
Independent R C Hughes29721.96
Majority231.70
Turnout 1,35262.13
Registered electors 2,176

1869 by-election

1869 Town of New Plymouth by-election [33] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Thomas Kelly 5748.72
Independent Frederick Carrington 4538.46
Independent James Thomas Upjohn1512.82
Majority1210.26
Turnout 117

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. "Jonathan Young". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  2. New Zealand Parliament - Harry Duynhoven MP Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 83–88.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 161.
  5. "The General Elections". Taranaki Herald. XXXII (6503). 15 July 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  6. "The General Election, 1884". National Library. 1884. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  7. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  8. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  9. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  10. "Official Count Results -- New Plymouth". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  11. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  12. "2014 election results". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  13. 2011 election results
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  15. 2008 election results [ permanent dead link ]
  16. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - New Plymouth, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  17. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  18. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  20. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 290.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 289.
  23. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  24. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  25. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  26. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  27. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  28. The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  29. "The General Election". Otago Daily Times . 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  30. "The General Election". Taranaki Herald . XLII (9840). 28 October 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  31. "The General Election". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXVI (2586). 20 November 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  32. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  33. "The Election for the Town". Taranaki Herald . 5 May 1869.
  34. "Names of Candidates". Taranaki Herald. 28 April 1867.

References