New Plymouth (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated
New Plymouth electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election New Plymouth electorate, 2014.svg
New Plymouth electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 24 May 1854, following New Zealand's first general election. It was dissolved on 15 September 1855 in preparation for that year's election. 37 Members of the House of Representatives (MHRs) represented 24 electorates.

Contents

The electorate is currently held by Jonathan Young for National, [1] as he defeated Labour's Harry Duynhoven [2] in the 2008 general election.

Jonathan Young (politician) New Zealand politician

Jonathan Edgar Joseph Young is a National Party Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives for New Plymouth. He was first elected in the 2008 general election, with the country's smallest election night majority.

Harry Duynhoven New Zealand politician

Harry James Duynhoven is a New Zealand politician and member of the New Zealand Labour Party. He was the mayor of the city of New Plymouth and surrounding districts from 2010–2013. He was a Member of Parliament for the New Plymouth electorate from 1987–1990, from 1993–2003, and again from 2003–2008.

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

Population centres

In the 1927 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. Five electorates were abolished, two former electorates, including New Plymouth, were re-established, and three electorates were created for the first time. [3]

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

The electorate includes the following population centres:

New Plymouth City in Taranaki, New Zealand

New Plymouth is the major city of the Taranaki Region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is named after the English city of Plymouth from where the first English settlers migrated. The New Plymouth District, which includes New Plymouth City and several smaller towns, is the 10th largest district in New Zealand, and has a population of 74,184 – about two-thirds of the total population of the Taranaki Region and 1.7% of New Zealand's population. This includes New Plymouth City (58,300), Waitara (6,483), Inglewood (3,380), Oakura (1,359), Okato (561) and Urenui (429).

Waitara, New Zealand Place in Taranaki, New Zealand

Waitara is a town in the northern part of the Taranaki region of the North Island of New Zealand. Waitara is located just off State Highway 3, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northeast of New Plymouth. Its population was 6312 in the 2013 census, an increase of 24 from 2006.

Oakura Place in Taranaki, New Zealand

Oakura is a small township in New Plymouth District, Taranaki, in the western North Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 45, 15 kilometres south-west of New Plymouth. Okato is 12 km further south-west. The Oakura River flows past the town and into the North Taranaki Bight. To the south is the Kaitake Range, part of Egmont National Park.

History

The electorate was originally the Town of New Plymouth from 1853 to 1879. The name of the electorate was changed to New Plymouth from 1879 to 1896. The electorate was abolished in 1896, and was reconstituted under the same name in 1928. [4]

Oliver Samuel, Edward Metcalf Smith, Thomas Kelly (incumbent) and Charles Brown contested the electorate in the 1884 election; Samuel won the contest. [5] [6]

Oliver Samuel was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Taranaki Region of New Zealand.

Edward Metcalf Smith New Zealand politician

Edward Metcalf Smith was an armourer and Liberal Party politician in New Zealand, and an advocate of the development of Taranaki's ironsand and oil.

Thomas Kelly was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Taranaki, New Zealand.

The electorate has changed between National and Labour several times, and has been represented by two Christian ministers: Rev Frederick Frost and then Rev Ernest Aderman.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

  Independent     Liberal     United     National     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1853 election Francis Gledhill
1855 election William Richmond
1860 election
1862 by-election Isaac Newton Watt [7]
1863 by-election Henry Hanson Turton [8]
1864 by-election Charles Brown
1865 by-election Henry Sewell
1866 election John Richardson
1867 by-election Harry Atkinson
1869 by-election Thomas Kelly [9]
1871 election
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election Oliver Samuel
1887 election
1890 election Edward Metcalf Smith
1893 election
(Electorate abolished 1896–1928, see Taranaki)
1928 election Sydney George Smith
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election Frederick Frost
1943 election Ernest Aderman
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Ron Barclay
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Tony Friedlander
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Harry Duynhoven
1990 election John Armstrong
1993 election Harry Duynhoven
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Jonathan Young
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the New Plymouth electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Roger Maxwell
2011 election Andrew Little
2014 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: New Plymouth [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 20,71152.01−5.7419,51748.63−7.05
Labour Corie Haddock12,97832.59+1.0313,66234.04+12.90
NZ First Murray Chong3,0417.633,1077.74−1.26
Green Stuart Jeanne Bramhall2,0705.19−0.231,7984.47−3.50
ACT Anneka Carlson4341.09+0.542220.55+0.09
Independent Basil Lawrence1480.37
Opportunities  1,0932.72
Māori  2500.62+0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1630.40−0.18
Conservative  650.16−3.03
Ban 1080  390.09−0.06
United Future  360.08−0.10
Outdoors  260.06
People's Party  160.03
Democrats  80.01−0.06
Mana  80.01−0.69
Internet  70.01−0.69
Informal votes434118
Total Valid votes39,81640,135
Turnout 40,36580.68 [11] +2.63
National holdMajority7,73319.42−6.76

2014 election

2014 general election: New Plymouth [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 21,56657.75+4.1420,96955.65+2.39
Labour Andrew Little 11,78831.56−8.857,94721.10−4.72
Green Sarah Roberts2,0255.42+1.563,0057.97−1.68
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski7011.88+0.552180.58+0.06
Conservative Angela Storr6331.69+1.691,2013.19+1.22
ACT James Gray2050.55+0.551720.46−0.56
NZ First  3,3959.00+2.70
Internet Mana  2630.70+0.49 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1990.53−0.08
United Future  660.18−0.27
Ban 1080  570.15+0.15
Civilian  570.15+0.15
Democrats  280.07+0.01
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  100.03+0.03
Informal votes429128
Total Valid votes37,34737,681
Turnout 37,68177.51+2.06
National holdMajority9,77826.18+13.28

2011 election

2011 general election: New Plymouth [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Young 17,64453.31+5.1318,07353.26+2.79
Labour Andrew Little 13,37440.41-7.478,76125.82-5.60
Green Geoff Steedman1,2773.86+3.863,2769.65+3.23
Legalise Cannabis Jamie Dombroski4391.33+1.331780.52+0.05
Independent Rusty Kane3611.09-1.11
NZ First  2,1376.30+2.25
Conservative  6671.97+1.97
ACT  3471.02-2.16
Māori  2070.61-0.14
United Future  1540.45-0.20
Mana  720.21+0.21
Libertarianz  300.09+0.01
Democrats  190.06-0.07
Alliance  110.03-0.06
Informal votes808235
Total Valid votes33,09533,932
National holdMajority4,27012.90+12.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,973 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: New Plymouth [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Jonathan Young 16,53948.1817,51250.47
Labour Red x.svgN Harry Duynhoven 16,43447.8810,90131.42
Independent Rusty Kane7562.20
ACT Chris Albers4551.331,1063.19
Libertarianz Mike Webber1410.41270.08
Green  2,2306.43
NZ First  1,4044.05
Bill and Ben  3010.87
Māori  2600.75
Progressive  2320.67
United Future  2270.65
Legalise Cannabis  1660.48
Family Party  1410.41
Kiwi  780.22
Democrats  430.12
Alliance  310.09
Pacific  230.07
Workers Party  130.04
RAM  20.01
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes349175
Total Valid votes34,32534,699
National gain from Labour Majority1050.31

2005 election

PartyCandidateVotes% Party Votes%
Labour Green check.svg Harry Duynhoven 17,51253.2012,54237.64
National Moira Irving12,07336.6714,83644.53
Green Sarah Brown1,1653.541,8165.45
Destiny Keren Roberts5551.692440.73
United Matt Collier5391.647912.37
Māori Party Tony Ruakere3120.951480.44
ACT Kerry O'Connor3010.913941.18
INDRusty Kane2520.77--
Democrats Kevin Smith1210.37520.16
NZ First ---2,0366.11
Progressive ---2490.75
ALCP ---860.26
Christian Heritage ---360.11
Alliance ---180.05
Direct Democracy ---150.05
Libertarianz ---140.04
One NZ ---120.04
Family Rights PP ---110.03
Republic of NZ ---70.03
99 MP ---120.04
informal votes338126
total valid votes32,91933,319
Labour hold Majority5,439

sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

1999 election

1999 general election: New Plymouth
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Harry Duynhoven 22,11868.48+6.8113,61241.98+12.80
National Len Jury7,02621.759,48729.26-6.90
Future NZ Tom Smithers1,0483.246061.87
Alliance Bonnie Johnstone8702.692,4257.48-2.26
ACT Moira Irving5951.841,8045.56+1.13
NZ First Mae Neuman5151.591,2013.70-8.17
People's Choice Rusty Kane800.25480.15
Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata Shona Eriksen250.08
Mauri Pacific Sharon Faloon210.07130.04
Green  1,7345.35
Christian Heritage  6782.09
Legalise Cannabis  4261.31-0.60
United NZ  1260.39-0.27
Libertarianz  1040.32+0.29
Animals First  670.21-0.02
McGillicuddy Serious  450.14-0.14
One NZ  140.04
Natural Law  120.04-0.10
Mana Māori  70.02-0.04
NMP  50.02
Freedom Movement  40.01
Republican  20.01
South Island  20.01
Informal votes464340
Total Valid votes32,29832,422
Labour holdMajority15,09246.73+12.45

1996 election

1996 general election: New Plymouth [16] [17] [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Harry Duynhoven 20,74661.679,83329.18
National Red x.svgN Roger Maxwell 9,21327.3912,18536.16
NZ First Harry Slaats1,7715.263,99911.87
Alliance Sue Gaffy1,2773.803,2829.74
ACT Tony Huston3911.161,4924.43
Progressive Green Paul O'Neill1810.541000.30
Natural Law Bruce Sowry630.19480.14
Christian Coalition  1,6194.80
Legalise Cannabis  6421.91
United NZ  2230.66
McGillicuddy Serious  930.28
Animals First  770.23
Green Society  210.06
Mana Māori  200.06
Conservatives  190.06
Superannuitants & Youth  140.04
Libertarianz  110.03
Ethnic Minority Party 80.02
Advance New Zealand 70.02
Asia Pacific United 20.01
Te Tawharau 10.00
Informal votes205151
Total Valid votes33,64233,696
Labour holdMajority11,53334.28

1993 election

1993 general election: New Plymouth [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,481 48.9 +8.5
National John Armstrong 7,35534.3-6.1
Alliance Heather Smith2,18210.1
NZ First Lindsay Calvert1,0875.0
Christian Heritage H Starrenburgh2171.0
Natural Law Bruce Sowry770.3
Majority3,12614.6
Turnout 21,399

1990 election

1990 general election: New Plymouth [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National John Armstrong 9,883 48.8
Labour Harry Duynhoven 8,18240.4-8.9
Green Leon Roborgh1,4257.0
NewLabour P Mepham4762.3
Democrats Harry Alchin-Smith1790.8
McGillicuddy Serious M B Johnston1000.4
Majority1,7018.4
Turnout 20,245

1987 election

1987 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Harry Duynhoven 10,320 49.3
National Tony Friedlander 9,88347.7+2.7
Democrats K D Steele4132.0
NZ Party B A McCready1310.6
Values G A McDonald890.4
Majority3371.6
Turnout 23,22991.6-2.8

1984 election

1984 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 9,900 45.0 -1.5
Labour Ida Gaskin 9,63143.8
NZ Party Lloyd Horn1,6567.5
Social Credit George McPeak6452.9-10.4
Values Janet Roborgh1540.7-0.6
Republican M J K Petrie170.1
Majority2691.2-6.4
Turnout 23,71794.4+3.2

1981 election

1981 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 9,649 46.5 +3.9
Labour Dennis Duggan8,08238.9-4.2
Social Credit George McPeak2,76213.3
Values Janet Roborgh2661.3-1.0
Majority1,5677.6+7.1
Turnout 22,82791.2+16.3

1978 election

1978 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 8,650 42.6 -6.8
Labour Dennis Duggan8,53842.1
Social Credit R A Kirk2,63413.0
Values Janet Roborgh4762.3
Majority1120.5-8.7
Turnout 27,16774.9-12.4

1975 election

1975 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Tony Friedlander 10,330 49.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,39540.2-10.4
Social Credit A J Swanney1,3816.6+2.8
Values Edith Green7983.8
Majority1,9359.2
Turnout 24,02787.3-5.1

1972 election

1972 general election: New Plymouth [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,429 50.6 +0.2
National Terry Boon8,13343.7
Social Credit A J Swanney7153.8
Values W P Neilson2801.5
Liberal ReformD V Hannah490.3
New Democratic M A Pinkney160.1
Majority1,2966.9+1.4
Turnout 20,21292.4-0.7

1969 election

1969 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 9,149 50.4 +3.5
National B E Clark8,14944.9-1.6
Social Credit Stuart Dickson7634.2
Country Party Clifford Stanley Emeny850.5
Majority1,0005.5+5.1
Turnout 19,64993.1+1.5

1966 election

1966 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ron Barclay 8,073 46.9 -1.9
National B E Clark7,99546.5
Social Credit T G Mullins1,1296.6
Majority780.4
Turnout 18,91691.6-1.0

1963 election

1963 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,535 51.4 -0.4
Labour Ron Barclay 8,06148.6+6.5
Majority4742.8-6.9
Turnout 18,09592.6+0.6
  • Social Credit candidate K G J Lattimer failed to lodge his name in time to contest the election.

1960 election

1960 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 9,063 51.8 +1.9
Labour Ron Barclay 7,37042.1-3.9
Social Credit K G J Lattimer1,0686.1+2.0
Majority1,6939.7+3.8
Turnout 19,09292.0-2.6

1957 election

1957 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,386 49.9 -0.3
Labour Ron Barclay 7,72946.0
Social Credit K G J Lattimer6864.1
Majority6573.9-3.7
Turnout 17,83194.6+0.1

1954 election

1954 general election: New Plymouth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 7,780 50.2 -7.4
Labour C R Parker6,60242.6+0.2
Social Credit C A Lattimer1,1147.2
Majority1,1787.6-9.6
Turnout 16,54294.5+1.8

1951 election

1951 general election: New Plymouth [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,816 57.6 +2.5
Labour C R Parker6,48142.4-2.7
Majority2,33515.2+5.0
Turnout 16,44892.7-4.0

1949 election

1949 general election: New Plymouth [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 8,250 55.1 +0.7
Labour C R Parker6,73344.9
Majority1,51710.2+7.4
Turnout 15,58996.7+0.4

1946 election

1946 general election: New Plymouth [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ernest Aderman 7,426 51.4
Labour G Nimmo7,02148.6
Majority4052.8
Turnout 14,98596.3

1931 election

1931 general election: New Plymouth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United Sydney George Smith 7,152 66.03 +15.23
Labour William Sheat 3,68033.97
Majority3,47232.05+18.69
Informal votes1531.39+0.78
Turnout 10,98586.71-4.86
Registered electors 12,668

1928 election

1928 general election: New Plymouth [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United Sydney George Smith 5,577 50.79
Reform Charles Bellringer 4,11037.43
Labour W G Simpson1,29311.78
Majority1,46713.36
Informal votes680.62
Turnout 11,04891.57
Registered electors 12,065

1893 election

1893 general election: New Plymouth [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 1,782 55.07 +15.21
Conservative Robert Trimble [30] 1,29139.89
Independent Richard Price [31] 1635.04
Majority49115.17+13.47
Turnout 3,23678.73+16.60
Registered electors 4,110

1890 election

1890 general election: New Plymouth [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Edward Metcalf Smith 539 39.86
Conservative John Elliot51638.16
Independent R C Hughes29721.96
Majority231.70
Turnout 1,35262.13
Registered electors 2,176

1869 by-election

1869 Town of New Plymouth by-election [33] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Thomas Kelly 5748.72
Independent Frederick Carrington 4538.46
Independent James Thomas Upjohn1512.82
Majority1210.26
Turnout 117

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. "Jonathan Young". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  2. New Zealand Parliament - Harry Duynhoven MP Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 83–88.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 161.
  5. "The General Elections". Taranaki Herald. XXXII (6503). 15 July 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  6. "The General Election, 1884". National Library. 1884. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  7. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  8. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  9. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  10. "Official Count Results -- New Plymouth". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  11. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  12. "2014 election results". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  13. 2011 election results
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  15. 2008 election results [ permanent dead link ]
  16. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - New Plymouth, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  17. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  18. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  20. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 290.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 289.
  23. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  24. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  25. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  26. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  27. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  28. The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  29. "The General Election". Otago Daily Times . 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  30. "The General Election". Taranaki Herald . XLII (9840). 28 October 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  31. "The General Election". Hawera & Normanby Star. XXVI (2586). 20 November 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  32. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  33. "The Election for the Town". Taranaki Herald . 5 May 1869.
  34. "Names of Candidates". Taranaki Herald. 28 April 1867.

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The 2nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 15 April 1856, following New Zealand's 1855 election. It was dissolved on 5 November 1860 in preparation for 1860–61 election. The 2nd Parliament was the first under which New Zealand had responsible government, meaning that unlike previously, the Cabinet was chosen by Parliament rather than by the Governor.

1884 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1884 was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. In 11 seats there was only one candidate.

Napier (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.

Nelson (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand Parliamentary electorate

Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.

Wairarapa (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.

Waimarino was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1911 to 1954, and from 1963 to 1972. It was rural in nature and was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Taranaki was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed for three periods between 1881 and 1996. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament.

Franklin was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1861 to 1996 during four periods.

Bay of Islands is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during various periods between 1853 and 1993. It was thus one of the original 24 electoral districts, and New Zealand's first ever MP was elected, although unopposed, in the Bay of Islands; Hugh Carleton thus liked to be called the Father of the House.

Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.

Buller is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1972. It was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.

Omata was a New Zealand electorate. It was located in Taranaki and based on the township of Omata. One of the original 24 electorates, it existed from 1853 to 1870.

Wairau was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand. It was one of the initial 24 New Zealand electorates and existed from 1853 until its abolition in 1938, when it was succeeded by the Marlborough electorate. The electorate had 13 representatives during its existence. The 1861 election in the Wairau electorate was notable in that a later Premier, Frederick Weld, was unexpectedly and narrowly defeated by William Henry Eyes.

Kaiapoi was a rural New Zealand electorate, north of Christchurch in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1861 to 1946. It was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.

St Albans was a parliamentary electorate in Christchurch, New Zealand from 1881 to 1890, then from 1946 to 1996.

Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.

The third New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 in 43 electorates to elect 53 MPs. Two electorates were added to this during this term, Gold Fields District and a new Dunedin electorate created by splitting the existing City of Dunedin into Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South, increasing the number of MPs to 57. During the term of this Parliament, six Ministries were in power.

The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.

The 9th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

The 10th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 European electorates on 7 and 26 September 1887, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in October 1890. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

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