New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 24 May 1854, following New Zealand's first general election. It was dissolved on 15 September 1855 in preparation for that year's election. 37 Members of the House of Representatives (MHRs) represented 24 electorates.
The electorate is currently held by Jonathan Young for National,as he defeated Labour's Harry Duynhoven in the 2008 general election.
Jonathan Edgar Joseph Young is a National Party Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives for New Plymouth. He was first elected in the 2008 general election, with the country's smallest election night majority.
Harry James Duynhoven is a New Zealand politician and member of the New Zealand Labour Party. He was the mayor of the city of New Plymouth and surrounding districts from 2010–2013. He was a Member of Parliament for the New Plymouth electorate from 1987–1990, from 1993–2003, and again from 2003–2008.
The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.
In the 1927 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. Five electorates were abolished, two former electorates, including New Plymouth, were re-established, and three electorates were created for the first time.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The electorate includes the following population centres:
New Plymouth is the major city of the Taranaki Region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is named after the English city of Plymouth from where the first English settlers migrated. The New Plymouth District, which includes New Plymouth City and several smaller towns, is the 10th largest district in New Zealand, and has a population of 74,184 – about two-thirds of the total population of the Taranaki Region and 1.7% of New Zealand's population. This includes New Plymouth City (58,300), Waitara (6,483), Inglewood (3,380), Oakura (1,359), Okato (561) and Urenui (429).
Waitara is a town in the northern part of the Taranaki region of the North Island of New Zealand. Waitara is located just off State Highway 3, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northeast of New Plymouth. Its population was 6312 in the 2013 census, an increase of 24 from 2006.
Oakura is a small township in New Plymouth District, Taranaki, in the western North Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 45, 15 kilometres south-west of New Plymouth. Okato is 12 km further south-west. The Oakura River flows past the town and into the North Taranaki Bight. To the south is the Kaitake Range, part of Egmont National Park.
The electorate was originally the Town of New Plymouth from 1853 to 1879. The name of the electorate was changed to New Plymouth from 1879 to 1896. The electorate was abolished in 1896, and was reconstituted under the same name in 1928.
Oliver Samuel, Edward Metcalf Smith, Thomas Kelly (incumbent) and Charles Brown contested the electorate in the 1884 election; Samuel won the contest.
Oliver Samuel was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Taranaki Region of New Zealand.
Edward Metcalf Smith was an armourer and Liberal Party politician in New Zealand, and an advocate of the development of Taranaki's ironsand and oil.
Thomas Kelly was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Taranaki, New Zealand.
The electorate has changed between National and Labour several times, and has been represented by two Christian ministers: Rev Frederick Frost and then Rev Ernest Aderman.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
Independent Liberal United National Labour
|1853 election||Francis Gledhill|
|1855 election||William Richmond|
|1862 by-election||Isaac Newton Watt|
|1863 by-election||Henry Hanson Turton|
|1864 by-election||Charles Brown|
|1865 by-election||Henry Sewell|
|1866 election||John Richardson|
|1867 by-election||Harry Atkinson|
|1869 by-election||Thomas Kelly|
|1884 election||Oliver Samuel|
|1890 election||Edward Metcalf Smith|
|(Electorate abolished 1896–1928, see Taranaki)|
|1928 election||Sydney George Smith|
|1938 election||Frederick Frost|
|1943 election||Ernest Aderman|
|1966 election||Ron Barclay|
|1975 election||Tony Friedlander|
|1987 election||Harry Duynhoven|
|1990 election||John Armstrong|
|1993 election||Harry Duynhoven|
|2008 election||Jonathan Young|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the New Plymouth electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Roger Maxwell|
|2011 election||Andrew Little|
|2017 general election: New Plymouth|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Murray Chong||3,041||7.63||—||3,107||7.74||−1.26|
|Green||Stuart Jeanne Bramhall||2,070||5.19||−0.23||1,798||4.47||−3.50|
|Total Valid votes||39,816||40,135|
|2014 general election: New Plymouth|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Jamie Dombroski||701||1.88||+0.55||218||0.58||+0.06|
|Total Valid votes||37,347||37,681|
|2011 general election: New Plymouth|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Jamie Dombroski||439||1.33||+1.33||178||0.52||+0.05|
|Total Valid votes||33,095||33,932|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,973
|2008 general election: New Plymouth|
|Bill and Ben||301||0.87|
|Total Valid votes||34,325||34,699|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||105||0.31|
|Māori Party||Tony Ruakere||312||0.95||148||0.44|
|Family Rights PP||-||-||-||11||0.03|
|Republic of NZ||-||-||-||7||0.03|
|total valid votes||32,919||33,319|
sourced from electionresults.govt.nz
|1999 general election: New Plymouth|
|Future NZ||Tom Smithers||1,048||3.24||606||1.87|
|NZ First||Mae Neuman||515||1.59||1,201||3.70||-8.17|
|People's Choice||Rusty Kane||80||0.25||48||0.15|
|Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata||Shona Eriksen||25||0.08|
|Mauri Pacific||Sharon Faloon||21||0.07||13||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||32,298||32,422|
|1996 general election: New Plymouth|
|NZ First||Harry Slaats||1,771||5.26||3,999||11.87|
|Progressive Green||Paul O'Neill||181||0.54||100||0.30|
|Natural Law||Bruce Sowry||63||0.19||48||0.14|
|Superannuitants & Youth||14||0.04|
|Ethnic Minority Party||8||0.02|
|Advance New Zealand||7||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,642||33,696|
|NZ First||Lindsay Calvert||1,087||5.0|
|Christian Heritage||H Starrenburgh||217||1.0|
|Natural Law||Bruce Sowry||77||0.3|
|McGillicuddy Serious||M B Johnston||100||0.4|
|Democrats||K D Steele||413||2.0|
|NZ Party||B A McCready||131||0.6|
|Values||G A McDonald||89||0.4|
|NZ Party||Lloyd Horn||1,656||7.5|
|Social Credit||George McPeak||645||2.9||-10.4|
|Republican||M J K Petrie||17||0.1|
|Social Credit||George McPeak||2,762||13.3|
|Social Credit||R A Kirk||2,634||13.0|
|Social Credit||A J Swanney||1,381||6.6||+2.8|
|Social Credit||A J Swanney||715||3.8|
|Values||W P Neilson||280||1.5|
|Liberal Reform||D V Hannah||49||0.3|
|New Democratic||M A Pinkney||16||0.1|
|National||B E Clark||8,149||44.9||-1.6|
|Social Credit||Stuart Dickson||763||4.2|
|Country Party||Clifford Stanley Emeny||85||0.5|
|National||B E Clark||7,995||46.5|
|Social Credit||T G Mullins||1,129||6.6|
|Social Credit||K G J Lattimer||1,068||6.1||+2.0|
|Social Credit||K G J Lattimer||686||4.1|
|Labour||C R Parker||6,602||42.6||+0.2|
|Social Credit||C A Lattimer||1,114||7.2|
|Labour||C R Parker||6,481||42.4||-2.7|
|Labour||C R Parker||6,733||44.9|
|United||Sydney George Smith||7,152||66.03||+15.23|
|United||Sydney George Smith||5,577||50.79|
|Labour||W G Simpson||1,293||11.78|
|Liberal||Edward Metcalf Smith||1,782||55.07||+15.21|
|Liberal||Edward Metcalf Smith||539||39.86|
|Independent||R C Hughes||297||21.96|
|Independent||James Thomas Upjohn||15||12.82|
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