Maungakiekie is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Maungakiekie is Denise Lee of the National Party. The name is from Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill, a large and symbolically important hill at the western end of the seat; the name denotes the presence of kiekie vines on the hill.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Denise Adrienne Lee, born 4 December 1970, is a New Zealand politician who has been the National Party's Member of Parliament for the Maungakiekie electorate since 2017. She was previously an Auckland Council local body councillor.
The core of Maungakiekie is the suburbs of Auckland clustered around the Southern Motorway, and the most southern parts of Auckland City facing the Manukau Harbour. As at 2008, these include Penrose, Panmure, Onehunga and Royal Oak. In character, the seat is a minority-majority seat, with a large Māori, Pacific Island and Asian population. It is also quite a young seat, with 46.8 percent of the seat's residents under the age of thirty.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki Makaurau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.
Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.
Maungakiekie has existed in various forms since its creation ahead of the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in the 1996 election. It was created from merging most of Onehunga with a large section of Panmure, both of them reasonably safe Labour seats. Its original incarnation included both Onehunga and Otahuhu, though for the nine years from 1996, Onehunga was part of Mount Roskill, and from 2008 onwards, Otahuhu formed the northernmost part of Manukau East. The same boundary changes that took Otahuhu out put Panmure in at the expense of Tāmaki.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Onehunga, initially with the formal name of Town of Onehunga, is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south of the city of Auckland. Between 1861 and 1881, and between 1938 and 1996, it was represented by seven Members of Parliament. It was a stronghold for the Labour Party.
Panmure is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the southern suburbs of the city of Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. In the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was first represented by Bob Tizard of the Labour Party, and then by his daughter Judith Tizard.
Because of the area's seats' tendency to vote Labour, and because Labour suffered its worst result since World War II in 1996, with votes splintering off to both the Alliance and New Zealand First, Onehunga MP Richard Northey found himself ousted from Parliament in 1996 at the hands of then unknown National Party candidate Belinda Vernon. Vernon's own party suffered a dramatic reversal of fortune that started at the 1999 election and her three-year term as MP for Maungakiekie ended in favour of Mark Gosche, who held the seat until 2008, notching up a majority of around 6,500 in the intermediate elections.
The Alliance was a left-wing political party in New Zealand. It was formed at the end of 1991 by the linking of four smaller parties. The Alliance positioned itself as a democratic socialist alternative to the centre-left New Zealand Labour Party. It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs). After the remaining MPs lost their seats in the 2002 general election, some commentators predicted the demise of the party.
New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand, first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998 and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.
Richard John Northey is a New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1984 to 1990, and again from 1993 to 1996. He served on the Auckland Council between 2010 and 2013, and is a member of the Labour Party.
Sam Lotu-liga captured the seat again for National in the large swing against Labour in 2008. On 13 December 2016, Lotu-liga announced that he was quitting politics, to take effect at the 2017 general election.The electorate was won by Denise Lee at the election, retaining the seat for the National Party.
The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Belinda Vernon|
|1999 election||Mark Gosche|
|2008 election||Sam Lotu-Iiga|
|2017 election||Denise Lee|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Maungakiekie electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
Alliance NZ First National Labour Green
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism; observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. The party participates in the international Progressive Alliance.
The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence. It also accepts Te Tiriti o Waitangi as the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand and recognises Māori as Tangata Whenua.
|1996 election||Matt Robson|
|1999 election||Matt Robson|
|2008 election||Carol Beaumont|
|2017 election||Priyanca Radhakrishnan|
|2017 general election: Maungakiekie|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ken Mahon||1,299||3.73||—||1,815||5.07||−1.48|
|Communist League||Michael Tucker||61||0.18||—|
|Total Valid votes||34,824||35,765|
|2014 general election: Maungakiekie|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|United Future||Bryan Mockridge||114||0.34||+0.34||80||0.23||−0.15|
|Communist League||Felicity Coggan||92||0.27||+0.27|
|Total Valid votes||33,881||34,831|
|2011 general election: Maungakiekie|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Jerry Ho||687||2.12||+0.26||1,753||5.18||+2.23|
|Total Valid votes||32,349||33,891|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,637
|2008 general election: Maungakiekie|
|NZ First||Asenati Lole-Taylor||630||1.85||-1.37||1,035||2.95||-1.24|
|United Future||Denise Krum||413||1.21||-0.88||397||1.13||-0.91|
|Communist League||Patrick Brown||58||0.17|
|Bill and Ben||126||0.36|
|Total Valid votes||34,009||35,081|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,942||5.71||+27.46|
|2005 general election: Maungakiekie|
|NZ First||Joe Williams||956||3.22||1,278||4.19||-3.48|
|United Future||Bernie Ogilvy||619||2.09||-1.26||623||2.04||-3.81|
|Communist League||Patrick Brown||54||0.18|
|Total Valid votes||29,659||30,532|
|2002 general election: Maungakiekie|
|United Future||Kevin Harper||867||3.35||1,558||5.85|
|Christian Heritage||Barry Pepperell||346||1.34||+0.21||266||1.00|
|Communist League||Janet Roth||72||0.28|
|Total Valid votes||25,886||26,651|
|1999 general election: Maungakiekie|
|NZ First||Gilbert Myles||734||2.62||810||2.84|
|Future NZ||Jason Keiller||387||1.38||266|
|Christian Heritage||Mary Paki||313||1.12||377|
|Natural Law||Graeme Lodge||73||0.26||69|
|People's Choice Party||3|
|Total Valid votes||28,026||28,494|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||2,512||8.96|
|1996 general election: Maungakiekie|
|NZ First||Gilbert Myles||4,031||12.57||3,405||10.54|
|Progressive Green||Dorothy Bond||254||0.79||115||0.36|
|McGillicuddy Serious||John Orchard||207||0.65||72||0.22|
|United NZ||Ramparkash Samujh||200||0.62||222||0.69|
|Natural Law||Graeme Lodge||114||0.36||78||0.24|
|Advance New Zealand||England So'onalole||66||0.21||22||0.07|
|Ethnic Minority Party||255||0.79|
|Superannuitants & Youth||25||0.08|
|Asia Pacific United||7||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||32,071||32,312|
|National win new seat||Majority||228||0.71|
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