Maungakiekie (New Zealand electorate)

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Maungakiekie electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Maungakiekie electorate, 2014.svg
Maungakiekie electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Maungakiekie is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Maungakiekie is Denise Lee of the National Party. The name is from Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill, a large and symbolically important hill at the western end of the seat; the name denotes the presence of kiekie vines on the hill.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Denise Adrienne Lee, born 4 December 1970, is a National Party parliamentarian representing the Maungakiekie electorate since 2017. She was previously an Auckland Council local body councillor.

Contents

The core of Maungakiekie is the suburbs of Auckland clustered around the Southern Motorway, and the most southern parts of Auckland City facing the Manukau Harbour. As at 2008, these include Penrose, Panmure, Onehunga and Royal Oak. In character, the seat is a minority-majority seat, with a large Māori, Pacific Island and Asian population. It is also quite a young seat, with 46.8 percent of the seat's residents under the age of thirty.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

New Zealand State Highway 1 road in New Zealand

State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.

Auckland City Former territorial authority of New Zealand in Auckland

Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.

History

Maungakiekie has existed in various forms since its creation ahead of the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in the 1996 election. It was created from merging most of Onehunga with a large section of Panmure, both of them reasonably safe Labour seats. Its original incarnation included both Onehunga and Otahuhu, though for the nine years from 1996, Onehunga was part of Mount Roskill, and from 2008 onwards, Otahuhu formed the northernmost part of Manukau East. The same boundary changes that took Otahuhu out put Panmure in at the expense of Tāmaki.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Onehunga (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Onehunga, initially with the formal name of Town of Onehunga, is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south of the city of Auckland. Between 1861 and 1881, and between 1938 and 1996, it was represented by seven Members of Parliament. It was a stronghold for the Labour Party.

Panmure (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Panmure is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the southern suburbs of the city of Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. In the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was first represented by Bob Tizard of the Labour Party, and then by his daughter Judith Tizard.

Because of the area's seats' tendency to vote Labour, and because Labour suffered its worst result since World War II in 1996, with votes splintering off to both the Alliance and New Zealand First, Onehunga MP Richard Northey found himself ousted from Parliament in 1996 at the hands of then unknown National Party candidate Belinda Vernon. Vernon's own party suffered a dramatic reversal of fortune that started at the 1999 election and her three-year term as MP for Maungakiekie ended in favour of Mark Gosche, who held the seat until 2008, notching up a majority of around 6,500 in the intermediate elections. [1]

The Alliance was a left-wing political party in New Zealand. It was formed at the end of 1991 by the linking of four smaller parties. The Alliance positioned itself as a democratic socialist alternative to the centre-left New Zealand Labour Party. It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs). After the remaining MPs lost their seats in the 2002 general election, some commentators predicted the demise of the party.

New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand: first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.

Richard Northey New Zealand politician

Richard John Northey, ONZM is a New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1984 to 1990, and again from 1993 to 1996. He served on the Auckland Council between 2010 and 2013, and is a member of the Labour Party.

Sam Lotu-liga captured the seat again for National in the large swing against Labour in 2008. On 13 December 2016, Lotu-liga announced that he was quitting politics, to take effect at the 2017 general election. [2] The electorate was won by Denise Lee at the election, retaining the seat for the National Party.

2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  National     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Belinda Vernon
1999 election Mark Gosche
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Sam Lotu-Iiga
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Denise Lee

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Maungakiekie electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

  Alliance     NZ First     National     Labour     Green   

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Matt Robson
1999 Gilbert Myles
1999 election Matt Robson
Belinda Vernon
2008 election Carol Beaumont
2013
2017 election Priyanca Radhakrishnan
Chlöe Swarbrick

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Maungakiekie [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Denise Lee 15,06343.25−4.3614,54240.66−0.67
Labour Priyanca Radhakrishnan 12,90637.04−3.6415,48443.29+8.27
Green Chlöe Swarbrick 4,06011.66+5.512,0925.85−3.54
NZ First Ken Mahon1,2993.731,8155.07−1.48
Māori Manase Lua7310.212880.81−0.27
Outdoors Derrick Paull1080.31360.10
Communist League Michael Tucker610.18
Opportunities  7802.18
ACT  2270.63−0.84
Legalise Cannabis  820.23−0.09
Conservative  670.19−2.95
People's Party  330.09
United Future  230.06−0.17
Internet  160.04
Mana  100.03
Ban 1080  70.01−0.02
Democrats  30.01−0.01
Informal votes596260
Total Valid votes34,82435,765
Turnout 35,765
National holdMajority2,1576.21−0.72

2014 election

2014 general election: Maungakiekie [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sam Lotu-Iiga 16,13247.61−2.2714,39441.33−2.26
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,78440.68+0.1112,19935.02−1.83
Green Richard Leckinger2,0856.15+0.523,2709.39−0.13
Conservative Litia Simpson6721.98+0.621,0953.14+1.41
Mana Sitaleki Finau4621.36+0.91
United Future Bryan Mockridge1140.34+0.34800.23−0.15
Communist League Felicity Coggan920.27+0.27
NZ First  2,2836.55+1.37
ACT  5121.47+0.29
Internet Mana  3771.08+0.67 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1870.54−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1130.32−0.06
Civilian  140.04+0.04
Ban 1080  110.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Democrats  80.02±0.00
Focus  80.02+0.02
Informal votes540270
Total Valid votes33,88134,831
Turnout 34,83175.23+2.56
National holdMajority2,3486.93−2.38

2011 election

2011 general election: Maungakiekie [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sam Lotu-Iiga 16,18949.88+4.3314,74743.59+1.11
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,16840.57+0.7312,46736.85-2.69
Green Tom Land1,8275.63+0.813,2209.52+4.04
NZ First Jerry Ho6872.12+0.261,7535.18+2.23
Conservative Grace Haden4431.36+1.365851.73+1.73
Mana Barry Tumai1450.45+0.451400.41+0.41
ACT  4001.18-3.35
Māori  2130.63-0.05
United Future  1300.38-0.75
Legalise Cannabis  1280.38+0.08
Libertarianz  280.08-0.003
Alliance  130.04-0.01
Democrats  70.02+0.01
Informal votes890283
Total Valid votes32,34933,891
National holdMajority3,0219.31+3.60

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,637 [6]

2008 election

2008 general election: Maungakiekie [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Sam Lotu-Iiga 15,49145.55+13.9514,90342.48+9.00
Labour Carol Beaumont 13,54939.84-13.5013,87339.55-11.16
Green Rawiri Paratene 1,6394.82+1.781,9215.48
ACT Athol McQuilkan9692.85+0.751,5894.53+2.62
Progressive Matt Robson 7562.22-0.323340.95-0.41
NZ First Asenati Lole-Taylor 6301.85-1.371,0352.95-1.24
United Future Denise Krum 4131.21-0.883971.13-0.91
Pacific Darren Jones2460.722290.65
Kiwi Bernie Ogilvy 1730.511130.32
RAM Elliott Blade850.25210.06
Communist League Patrick Brown580.17
Māori  2390.68+0.08
Family Party  1320.38
Bill and Ben  1260.36
Legalise Cannabis  1040.30+0.12
Libertarianz  300.09+0.07
Alliance  170.05+0.01
Workers Party  110.03
Democrats  40.01-0.01
RONZ  30.01±0.00
Informal votes474191
Total Valid votes34,00935,081
National gain from Labour Majority1,9425.71+27.46

2005 election

2005 general election: Maungakiekie [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mark Gosche 15,82153.34-1.8015,48450.71+0.09
National Paul Goldsmith 9,37131.60+1.9710,22333.48+16.42
NZ First Joe Williams 9563.221,2784.19-3.48
Green Paul Quatrough9013.04-1.265831.77-3.73
ACT Michelle Lorenz6242.10-1.575841.91-6.55
United Future Bernie Ogilvy 6192.09-1.266232.04-3.81
Progressive Sione Fonua5641.90+0.464141.36-0.61
Māori Bill Puru2630.891840.60
Communist League Patrick Brown540.18
Republican Bevin Berg140.05
Destiny  1590.47
Family Rights  1440.44
Legalise Cannabis  550.18-0.17
Christian Heritage  460.15-0.85
Alliance  110.04-0.82
Direct Democracy  110.04
99 MP  90.03
Democrats  70.02
Libertarianz  70.02
One NZ  20.01-0.03
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes409149
Total Valid votes29,65930,532
Labour holdMajority6,45021.75-3.76

2002 election

2002 general election: Maungakiekie [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mark Gosche 14,27355.14+10.6513,49150.62+4.18
National Belinda Vernon 7,67029.63-5.904,54717.06-10.59
Green Don Fairley1,1144.30+0.861,4665.50+1.35
ACT Robin Roodt9493.67+0.912,2568.46+0.73
United Future Kevin Harper8673.351,5585.85
Progressive Dawn Patchett3731.445241.97
Christian Heritage Barry Pepperell3461.34+0.212661.00
Alliance Joseph Randall2220.86-6.622500.94-5.70
Communist League Janet Roth720.28
NZ First  2,0447.67+4.83
ORNZ  1290.48
Legalise Cannabis  930.35
Mana Māori  140.05
One NZ  100.04
NMP  30.01
Informal votes510208
Total Valid votes25,88626,651
Labour holdMajority6,60325.51+16.55

1999 election

1999 general election: Maungakiekie [10] [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Mark Gosche 12,46944.4913,23446.44
National Red x.svgN Belinda Vernon 9,95735.537,87827.65
Alliance Matt Robson 2,0967.481,8916.64
Green Jon Carapiet9643.4411834.15
ACT Angus Ogilvie7742.762,2027.73
NZ First Gilbert Myles 7342.628102.84
Future NZ Jason Keiller3871.38266
Christian Heritage Mary Paki3131.12377
Independent Sue Henry1520.54
Natural Law Graeme Lodge730.2669
Independent Tony Cranston670.24
Republican Brian Freeth400.1421
Legalise Cannabis  178
United NZ  1690.59
Libertarianz  63
Mauri Pacific  43
Animals First  39
McGillicuddy Serious  30
NMP  13
One NZ  12
Mana Māori  10
People's Choice Party 3
Freedom Movement2
South Island  1
Total Valid votes28,02628,494
Labour gain from National Majority2,5128.96

1996 election

1996 general election: Maungakiekie [12] [13] [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Belinda Vernon 11,62136.2410,35132.03
Labour Red x.svgN Richard Northey 11,39335.5211,02434.12
NZ First Gilbert Myles 4,03112.573,40510.54
Alliance Matt Robson 3,1889.942,7068.37
ACT Angus Ogilvie9653.012,3177.17
Progressive Green Dorothy Bond2540.791150.36
McGillicuddy Serious John Orchard2070.65720.22
United NZ Ramparkash Samujh2000.622220.69
Natural Law Graeme Lodge1140.36780.24
Advance New Zealand England So'onalole660.21220.07
Republican Bill Puru320.10
Christian Coalition  1,2073.74
Legalise Cannabis  4001.24
Ethnic Minority Party 2550.79
Animals First  460.14
Superannuitants & Youth  250.08
Libertarianz  170.05
Green Society  150.05
Mana Māori  140.04
Conservatives  140.04
Asia Pacific United 70.02
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes400159
Total Valid votes32,07132,312
National win new seatMajority2280.71

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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Sam Lotu-Iiga New Zealand politician

Peseta Samuelu Masunu "Sam" Lotu-Iiga is a former member of the New Zealand Parliament for the Maungakiekie electorate, having been elected in the 2008 election. Lotu-Iiga was one of two National Party Pacific Island MPs. Lotu-Iiga holds the Samoan high chiefly title of Peseta.

References

  1. "Official Count Results – Maungakiekie". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  2. "Sam Lotu-liga to leave Parliament". Radio NZ – radionz.co.nz. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  3. "Maungakiekie - Official Result". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  4. "Official Count Results – Maungakiekie (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  5. 2011 election results
  6. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  7. 2008 election results
  8. 2005 election results
  9. 2002 election results
  10. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  11. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  12. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Maungakiekie, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  13. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  14. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.