Mount Roskill (New Zealand electorate)

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Mount Roskill electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Mount Roskill electorate, 2014.svg
Mount Roskill electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Mount Roskill is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Phil Goff [1] of the Labour Party held the seat from the 1999 election until he resigned from Parliament on 12 October 2016 [2] after contesting and being elected Mayor of Auckland on 8 October 2016 in the 2016 mayoral election. His resignation necessitated a byelection in this electorate which was won by Michael Wood. [3]

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Contents

Mount Roskill is located on the western edge of the former Auckland City, bordering the Manukau Harbour. It is anchored around the suburbs of Mount Roskill, Three Kings, Hillsborough and a large section of Balmoral. The 2008 election boundaries added in Lynfield and New Windsor at the expense of Onehunga, which returned to the Maungakiekie electorate after being cut out in 1999. The Mount Roskill electorate is working class and multi-ethnic, with a high Pacific Island and Asian population, and has the highest number of overseas-born residents of any New Zealand electorate, nearly 40 per cent (as of 2001).

Auckland City Former territorial authority of New Zealand in Auckland

Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.

Manukau Harbour

The Manukau Harbour is the second largest natural harbour in New Zealand by area. It is located to the southwest of the Auckland isthmus, and opens out into the Tasman Sea.

Mount Roskill mountain in New Zealand

Mount Roskill is both a volcanic peak and the suburban area in the city of Auckland, New Zealand.

History

The 1996 New Zealand census showed population growth in the north and west of Auckland, necessitating the redistribution of electorates for the 1999 election. The existing New Lynn seat was renamed Titirangi, with its boundaries shifted to fall in between Auckland and Waitakere cities. The eastern side of the New Lynn residential area was amalgamated with the population excess of Epsom, the southern half of Owairaka seat (which was itself renamed Mount Albert) and the western end of Maungakiekie to form a new seat. Named Mount Roskill, it was the first new seat drawn since the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting three years previous.[ citation needed ]

1999 New Zealand general election

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

New Lynn (New Zealand electorate)

New Lynn is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Deborah Russell of the Labour Party has represented the electorate since the 2017 general election.

Titirangi is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1987 to 2002, with a break from 1996 to 1999. It was represented by four members of parliament, with three of them from Labour and one from National.

So far there have been two MPs for Mount Roskill, both of the Labour Party, Phil Goff and Michael Wood. Goff was the first representative, having previously held New Lynn, another electorate in Auckland, and Roskill, an electorate covering much of the same area as Mount Roskill. After Goff was elected Mayor of Auckland in October 2016, a by-election date was set for 3 December 2016. [4] Michael Wood won the by-election with more than half the votes.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Phil Goff New Zealand politician

Philip Bruce Goff is the Mayor of Auckland, in office since 2016; previously he was a Member of the New Zealand Parliament from 1981 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 2016. He served as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition between 11 November 2008 and 13 December 2011.

Michael Wood (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

Michael Philip Wood is a New Zealand politician and, since winning the Mount Roskill by-election in December 2016, a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the Labour Party.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour   

ElectionWinner
1999 election Phil Goff
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2016 by-election Michael Wood
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Mount Roskill electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  United Future     National     Green     NZ First   

United Future New Zealand political party

United Future New Zealand, usually known as United Future, was a centrist political party in New Zealand. The party was in government between 2005 and 2017, first alongside Labour (2005–2008) and then supporting National (2008–2017).

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence.

ElectionWinner
2002 election Bernie Ogilvy
2005 election Jackie Blue
2008 election Jackie Blue
2011 election Jackie Blue
Julie Anne Genter
2014 election Mahesh Bindra
Parmjeet Parmar
2016 Barry Coates 1
2017 election Parmjeet Parmar

1Coates was elected from the party list in October 2016 following the resignation of Kevin Hague.

A list MP is a member of parliament (MP) who is elected from a party list rather than from a geographical constituency. Their presence in Parliament is owed to the number of votes that their party won, not to votes received by the MP personally. This occurs only in countries which have an electoral system based on party-list proportional representation.

Kevin Hague New Zealand politician

Kevin Grant Hague is a former New Zealand MP representing the Green Party who was first elected to parliament in 2008.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Mount Roskill [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Michael Wood 19,09454.35-12.1615,13542.43+6.98
National Parmjeet Parmar 12,19634.71+7.4115,24842.75-0.88
Green Ricardo Menendez March1,2543.562,2056.18-3.44
NZ First Mahesh Bindra 8462.401,5724.40-0.89
Opportunities Clint Ulyaat5641.606181.73
Conservative Kathryn Davie2630.74900.25-3.41
Māori John Kiria2450.691670.46+0.07
Democrats Andrew Leitch560.15-0.57130.03±0.00
Independent Bishrul Hafi Ameer Izadeen350.09
ACT  2070.58-1.21
People's Party  800.22
Legalise Cannabis  620.17-0.05
United Future  240.06-0.14
Outdoors  160.04
Mana  90.02
Ban 1080  40.01-0.04
Internet  40.01
Informal votes575213
Total Valid votes35,12835,667
Turnout 35,66774.57
Labour holdMajority6,89819.63

2016 by-election

The following table shows final by-election results: [6]

2016 Mount Roskill by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Michael Wood 11,62366.51+10.69
National Parmjeet Parmar 4,77127.30-4.28
People's Party Roshan Nauhria7394.23+4.23
Democrats Andrew Leitch1260.72+0.72
Legalise Cannabis Brandon Stronge840.48+0.48
Not A Party Richard Goode430.25+0.25
Independent Tua Schuster400.23+0.23
Informal votes50
Majority6,85239.20+14.97
Turnout 17,476

2014 election

2014 general election: Mount Roskill [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 18,63755.81−1.3412,08635.45−8.16
National Parmjeet Parmar 10,54631.58−2.3614,27541.87+2.33
Green Barry Coates 1,6825.04+1.033,2799.62+2.35
Conservative Paul Davie1,0943.28+1.521,2403.64+1.22
NZ First Mahesh Bindra 7172.15+0.661,8055.29+0.61
Mana John Minto 3000.90+0.90
ACT  6101.79+0.71
Internet Mana  3040.89+0.69 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1320.39+0.01
Legalise Cannabis  740.22−0.11
United Future  690.20−0.19
Ban 1080  170.05+0.05
Democrats  100.03±0.00
Civilian  80.02+0.02
Focus  60.02+0.02
Independent Coalition  60.02+0.02
Informal votes416176
Total Valid votes33,39234,097
Turnout 34,09773.69+3.91
Labour holdMajority8,09124.23+1.02

2011 election

2011 general election: Mount Roskill [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 17,90657.15+1.3514,09843.61+0.97
National Jackie Blue 10,63533.94-2.6212,78139.54-2.56
Green Julie Anne Genter 1,2584.01+0.762,3517.27+2.99
Conservative Feleti Key5501.76+1.767832.42+2.42
NZ First Mahesh Bindra 4681.49+1.491,5134.68+1.88
ACT Pratima Nand2400.77-1.393501.08-2.34
Legalise Cannabis Jasmin Hewlett1670.53+0.531080.33+0.07
United Future Bryan Mockridge770.25-0.391250.39-0.48
Communist League Patrick Brown320.10+0.10
Māori  1240.38-0.09
Mana  650.20+0.20
Democrats  110.03+0.01
Libertarianz  110.03+0.01
Alliance  100.03-0.04
Informal votes766389
Total Valid votes31,33332,330
Labour holdMajority7,27123.21+3.97

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,332 [9]

2008 election

2008 general election: Mount Roskill [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 18,61555.80-4.1414,53342.64-7.06
National Jackie Blue 12,19736.56+7.0714,34642.09+7.32
Green Lisa Er1,0863.26+3.261,4594.28+0.11
ACT Shawn Tan7182.15-3.641,1653.42+0.94
Kiwi Joseph Rebello3100.93+0.931980.58+0.58
United Future Neville Wilson2110.63-2.022960.87-1.62
Progressive Suki Amirapu1550.46-0.332810.82-0.36
RAM Daphne Lawless670.20+0.20160.05+0.05
NZ First  9552.80-1.37
Pacific  3020.89+0.89
Māori  1630.48+0.12
Family Party  1190.35+0.35
Bill and Ben  1040.31+0.31
Legalise Cannabis  900.26+0.15
Alliance  230.070.00
Workers Party  120.04+0.04
Libertarianz  80.02-0.03
RONZ  80.020.00
Democrats  70.020.00
Informal votes362188
Total Valid votes33,35934,085
Labour holdMajority6,418

2005 election

2005 general election: Mount Roskill [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 19,47659.9416,50149.70
National Jackie Blue 9,58129.4911,54334.77
ACT Kenneth Wang 1,8825.798252.48
United Future Richard Barter8602.658262.49
Destiny Brian Ane3381.041910.58
Progressive Suki Amirapu2570.793911.18
Direct Democracy Barry Scott980.30180.05
Green  1,3834.17
NZ First  1,1733.53
Māori  1210.36
Family Rights  640.19
Christian Heritage  600.18
Legalise Cannabis  360.11
Alliance  220.07
Libertarianz  180.05
99 MP  90.03
RONZ  70.02
One NZ  50.02
Informal votes439193
Total Valid votes32,49233,200
Labour holdMajority9,895

2002 election

2002 general election: Mount Roskill
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 18,70264.40+6.1314,86649.73+3.98
National Brent Trewheela4,98717.175,12617.15-10.50
ACT Kenneth Wang 1,4945.142,3517.86+1.17
NZ First Dawn Mullins1,3014.482,3297.79+4.49
United Future Bernie Ogilvy 1,2534.312,1627.23
Christian Heritage Ewen McQueen 5822.004251.42-2.19
Alliance Brendon Lane3371.163571.19-5.11
Progressive Trevor Lance Barnard2290.794461.49
Independent Stephen Berry1570.54
Green  1,5775.28+1.53
ORNZ  1210.40
Legalise Cannabis  1090.36-0.12
One NZ  120.04+0.01
Mana Māori  100.03-0.04
NMP  40.01-0.01
Informal votes354124
Total Valid votes29,04229,895
Labour holdMajority13,71547.23+16.61

1999 election

1999 general election: Mount Roskill
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Phil Goff 18,47558.2714,70245.75
National Phil Raffills8,76827.658,88427.65
Alliance Sarah Martin1,1903.752,0246.30
ACT Max Whitehead8942.822,1506.69
Green Chris Hay8902.811,2053.75
Christian Heritage Barrie Paterson6772.141,1593.61
NZ First Chris Comeskey5851.851,0593.30
United NZ Yousuf Qureshi1550.492090.65
Natural Law Linda Ellen Davy710.22570.18
Future NZ  3080.96
Legalise Cannabis  1550.48
Libertarianz  730.23
Animals First  470.15
McGillicuddy Serious  310.10
Mana Māori  240.07
People's Choice  110.03
One NZ  100.03
Mauri Pacific  80.02
South Island  80.02
NMP  50.02
Republican  30.01
Freedom Movement  10.00
Informal votes790362
Total Valid votes31,70532,133
Labour win new seatMajority9,70730.62

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

  1. New Zealand Parliament – Phil Goff MP
  2. "Notice of vacancy in seat in House of Representatives". New Zealand Gazette. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  3. "Phil Goff elected Mayor of Auckland". The New Zealand Herald. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  4. Demelza Leslie (11 October 2016). "Mt Roskill becomes National-Labour battleground". Radio NZ. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  5. "Official Count Results (2017) – Mount Roskill". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017.
  6. "Mt Roskill - Official Result". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  7. "Official Count Results – Mt Roskill (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  8. Mount Roskill results, 2011
  9. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  10. 2008 election results Archived 11 December 2008 at Archive.today
  11. "Official Count Results – Mt Roskill (2005)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 3 September 2017.