Mount Roskill is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Phil Goffof the Labour Party held the seat from the 1999 election until he resigned from Parliament on 12 October 2016 after contesting and being elected Mayor of Auckland on 8 October 2016 in the 2016 mayoral election. His resignation necessitated a byelection in this electorate which was won by Michael Wood.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Mount Roskill is located on the western edge of the former Auckland City, bordering the Manukau Harbour. It is anchored around the suburbs of Mount Roskill, Three Kings, Hillsborough and a large section of Balmoral. The 2008 election boundaries added in Lynfield and New Windsor at the expense of Onehunga, which returned to the Maungakiekie electorate after being cut out in 1999. The Mount Roskill electorate is working class and multi-ethnic, with a high Pacific Island and Asian population, and has the highest number of overseas-born residents of any New Zealand electorate, nearly 40 per cent (as of 2001).
Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.
The Manukau Harbour is the second largest natural harbour in New Zealand by area. It is located to the southwest of the Auckland isthmus, and opens out into the Tasman Sea.
Mount Roskill is both a volcanic peak and the suburban area in the city of Auckland, New Zealand.
The 1996 New Zealand census showed population growth in the north and west of Auckland, necessitating the redistribution of electorates for the 1999 election. The existing New Lynn seat was renamed Titirangi, with its boundaries shifted to fall in between Auckland and Waitakere cities. The eastern side of the New Lynn residential area was amalgamated with the population excess of Epsom, the southern half of Owairaka seat (which was itself renamed Mount Albert) and the western end of Maungakiekie to form a new seat. Named Mount Roskill, it was the first new seat drawn since the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting three years previous.[ citation needed ]
The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.
New Lynn is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Deborah Russell of the Labour Party has represented the electorate since the 2017 general election.
Titirangi is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1987 to 2002, with a break from 1996 to 1999. It was represented by four members of parliament, with three of them from Labour and one from National.
So far there have been two MPs for Mount Roskill, both of the Labour Party, Phil Goff and Michael Wood. Goff was the first representative, having previously held New Lynn, another electorate in Auckland, and Roskill, an electorate covering much of the same area as Mount Roskill. After Goff was elected Mayor of Auckland in October 2016, a by-election date was set for 3 December 2016.Michael Wood won the by-election with more than half the votes.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Philip Bruce Goff is the Mayor of Auckland, in office since 2016; previously he was a Member of the New Zealand Parliament from 1981 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 2016. He served as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition between 11 November 2008 and 13 December 2011.
Michael Philip Wood is a New Zealand politician and, since winning the Mount Roskill by-election in December 2016, a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the Labour Party.
|1999 election||Phil Goff|
|2016 by-election||Michael Wood|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Mount Roskill electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
United Future National Green NZ First
United Future New Zealand, usually known as United Future, was a centrist political party in New Zealand. The party was in government between 2005 and 2017, first alongside Labour (2005–2008) and then supporting National (2008–2017).
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence.
|2002 election||Bernie Ogilvy|
|2005 election||Jackie Blue|
|2008 election||Jackie Blue|
|2011 election||Jackie Blue|
|Julie Anne Genter|
|2014 election||Mahesh Bindra|
|2016||Barry Coates 1|
|2017 election||Parmjeet Parmar|
1Coates was elected from the party list in October 2016 following the resignation of Kevin Hague.
A list MP is a member of parliament (MP) who is elected from a party list rather than from a geographical constituency. Their presence in Parliament is owed to the number of votes that their party won, not to votes received by the MP personally. This occurs only in countries which have an electoral system based on party-list proportional representation.
Kevin Grant Hague is a former New Zealand MP representing the Green Party who was first elected to parliament in 2008.
|2017 general election: Mount Roskill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Ricardo Menendez March||1,254||3.56||—||2,205||6.18||-3.44|
|NZ First||Mahesh Bindra||846||2.40||—||1,572||4.40||-0.89|
|Independent||Bishrul Hafi Ameer Izadeen||35||0.09||—|
|Total Valid votes||35,128||35,667|
The following table shows final by-election results:
|2016 Mount Roskill by-election|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
|People's Party||Roshan Nauhria||739||4.23||+4.23|
|Legalise Cannabis||Brandon Stronge||84||0.48||+0.48|
|Not A Party||Richard Goode||43||0.25||+0.25|
|2014 general election: Mount Roskill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Mahesh Bindra||717||2.15||+0.66||1,805||5.29||+0.61|
|Total Valid votes||33,392||34,097|
|2011 general election: Mount Roskill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Julie Anne Genter||1,258||4.01||+0.76||2,351||7.27||+2.99|
|NZ First||Mahesh Bindra||468||1.49||+1.49||1,513||4.68||+1.88|
|Legalise Cannabis||Jasmin Hewlett||167||0.53||+0.53||108||0.33||+0.07|
|United Future||Bryan Mockridge||77||0.25||-0.39||125||0.39||-0.48|
|Communist League||Patrick Brown||32||0.10||+0.10|
|Total Valid votes||31,333||32,330|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,332
|2008 general election: Mount Roskill|
|United Future||Neville Wilson||211||0.63||-2.02||296||0.87||-1.62|
|Bill and Ben||104||0.31||+0.31|
|Total Valid votes||33,359||34,085|
|2005 general election: Mount Roskill|
|United Future||Richard Barter||860||2.65||826||2.49|
|Direct Democracy||Barry Scott||98||0.30||18||0.05|
|Total Valid votes||32,492||33,200|
|2002 general election: Mount Roskill|
|NZ First||Dawn Mullins||1,301||4.48||2,329||7.79||+4.49|
|United Future||Bernie Ogilvy||1,253||4.31||2,162||7.23|
|Christian Heritage||Ewen McQueen||582||2.00||425||1.42||-2.19|
|Progressive||Trevor Lance Barnard||229||0.79||446||1.49|
|Total Valid votes||29,042||29,895|
|1999 general election: Mount Roskill|
|Christian Heritage||Barrie Paterson||677||2.14||1,159||3.61|
|NZ First||Chris Comeskey||585||1.85||1,059||3.30|
|United NZ||Yousuf Qureshi||155||0.49||209||0.65|
|Natural Law||Linda Ellen Davy||71||0.22||57||0.18|
|Total Valid votes||31,705||32,133|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||9,707||30.62|
Christopher Joseph Carter is a former New Zealand Labour Party and independent Member of the New Zealand Parliament. He was a senior Cabinet Minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand, serving lastly as Minister of Education, Minister Responsible for the Education Review Office and Minister of Ethnic Affairs. He was the Member of Parliament for the Te Atatu electorate, where he was first elected in 1993. He did not win re-election in 1996, but won a new and expanded Te Atatu seat in 1999. In 2010 he was suspended from the Labour Party caucus following a dispute with party leader Phil Goff, shortly afterwards he became an independent MP. He was expelled by the Labour Party for breaching the Party's constitution in bringing the Party in disrepute, on 11 October 2010. In September 2011 Carter resigned from Parliament following his appointment to a United Nations position in Afghanistan. In 2018 he rejoined the New Zealand Labour Party and is standing for election as a Labour Party representative in the 2019 New Zealand local elections.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Maungakiekie is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Maungakiekie is Denise Lee of the National Party. The name is from Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill, a large and symbolically important hill at the western end of the seat; the name denotes the presence of kiekie vines on the hill.
Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its current representative is Nikki Kaye, a member of the National Party; she has represented the seat since 2008.
Epsom is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. As of the 2017 general election, its member of parliament is David Seymour.
Manukau East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that returns one member of parliament to the House of Representatives. It was first formed for the 1996 election. Since the 2014 election it has been held by Jenny Salesa, a member of the Labour Party.
Mount Albert is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was represented by David Shearer from 13 June 2009 to 31 December 2016. It was represented by Helen Clark from the 1981 general election until her resignation from Parliament on 17 April 2009. It has elected only Labour Party MPs since it was first contested at the 1946 election. The current representative is the Prime Minister and Labour Party leader, Jacinda Ardern, who was elected in a 2017 by-election gaining 77 percent of votes cast in the preliminary results.
Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.
Peseta Samuelu Masunu "Sam" Lotu-Iiga is a former member of the New Zealand Parliament for the Maungakiekie electorate, having been elected in the 2008 election. Lotu-Iiga was one of two National Party Pacific Island MPs. Lotu-Iiga holds the Samoan high chiefly title of Peseta.
Stuart Alexander Nash is a politician from New Zealand. He was a list member of the House of Representatives for the Labour Party from 2008 to 2011, and was re-elected in the 2014 election as representative of the Napier electorate. He entered Cabinet in October 2018, with the portfolios of Police, Revenue, Small Business and Fisheries.
The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.
Paul Jonathan Goldsmith is a New Zealand politician and, since the 2011 election, a list member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the National Party.
Denise Adrienne Lee, born 4 December 1970, is a National Party parliamentarian representing the Maungakiekie electorate since 2017. She was previously an Auckland Council local body councillor.
Kushmiita Parmjeet Kaur Parmar is an Indian-born-New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.
The New Zealand People's Party is a political party in New Zealand established in 2015. The party has a particular focus on the rights of immigrants. Roshan Nauhria is the party's leader.
A by-election was held in the Mount Roskill electorate on 3 December 2016. The seat was vacated following the resignation of Phil Goff after he was elected Mayor of Auckland.
The 2017 Mount Albert by-election was a New Zealand by-election held in the Mount Albert electorate on 25 February 2017 during the 51st New Zealand Parliament. The seat was vacated following the resignation of David Shearer, a former Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party.