East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Anne Tolley of the National Party, who has held office since 2005.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Anne Merrilyn Tolley is a New Zealand politician and member of the New Zealand House of Representatives representing the National Party. She previously served as Minister of Social Development, Minister of Local Government and Minister for Children during the Fifth National Government. From 2008 to 2011 she served as New Zealand's first woman Minister of Education.
The electorate's main centres are Gisborne (32,529) and Tolaga Bay in the Gisborne Region; and Opotiki and Whakatane (18,800) in the eastern part of the Bay of Plenty Region. Wairoa, the northernmost town in the Hawke's Bay region, was excluded by the 2007 boundary changes.
Gisborne is a city in northeastern New Zealand and the largest settlement in the Gisborne District. It has a population of 37,200. The district council has its headquarters in Whataupoko, in the central city.
Tolaga Bay is both a bay and small town on the East Coast of New Zealand's North Island located 45 kilometres northeast of Gisborne and 30 kilometres south of Tokomaru Bay.
Opotiki is a small town in the eastern Bay of Plenty in the North Island of New Zealand. It houses the headquarters of the Opotiki District Council and comes under the Bay of Plenty Regional Council.
The East Coast electorate was first established for the 5th Parliament in 1871.William Kelly was the first elected representative; he held the seat until the end of the term in 1875.
The fifth New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.
William Kelly was an Irish migrant to New Zealand, and became a businessman, soldier and politician.
The "most sensational electoral contest ever held in the East Coast" electorate was held in January 1876, when mysterious pieces of cardboard were distributed by supporters of George Read in Gisborne, which hotel bars accepted as legal tender. Read, George Morris and Kelly received 215, 206 and 185 votes, with another candidate coming a distant fourth. Morris petitioned against Read's election. A parliamentary committee of enquiry determined that Read had not broken any laws by approving the initiative, but the House of Representatives resolved that Read was to be unseated in favour of Morris, which happened later in 1876.This was the last election enquiry held by a parliamentary committee. Subsequently, these enquiries were held by the courts.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–1876 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
George Edward Read was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Gisborne Region of New Zealand.
George Bentham Morris was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Gisborne and Bay of Plenty regions of New Zealand.
At the next election in 1879, Morris was defeated by Allan McDonald, who held the electorate until he resigned in 1884.
The New Zealand general election of 1879 was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.
Allan McDonald was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Gisborne Region of New Zealand.
Samuel Locke won the resulting by-election and was confirmed a few months later at the 1884 general election. He served until the end of the term of the 9th Parliament in 1887.
The 1884 East Coast by-election was a by-election held on 16 June 1884 in the East Coast electorate during the 8th New Zealand Parliament.
The New Zealand general election of 1884 was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. In 11 seats there was only one candidate.
The 9th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.
William Lee Rees stood unsuccessfully in this and subsequent by-elections and elections.
Andrew Graham won the 1887 general election. He resigned in 1889 before the end of the term.Alexander Creighton Arthur won the resulting 1889 by-election. Arthur and Kelly (the electorate's first representative in 1871) contested the 1890 general election, and Kelly was successful by a small margin, with 1022 to 1008 votes in his favour. He served until the end of the term in 1893, after which the electorate was abolished, and was replaced by the Bay of Plenty and Waiapu electorates.
From 1871 to 1893, the electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament. When the electorate was abolished the then current MP, William Kelly contested and won the new seat of Bay of Plenty. In 1999, the electorate was recreated from most of the Mahia, and part of the Bay of Plenty electorates. Since 1999 it has been represented by two MPs.
Independent Liberal Labour National United Future Green
|1871 election||William Kelly|
|1876 election||George Read|
|George Morris 1|
|1879 election||Allan McDonald|
|1884 by-election||Samuel Locke|
|1887 election||Andrew Graham|
|1889 by-election||Alexander Creighton Arthur|
|1890 election||William Kelly|
|electorate abolished, 1893-1999|
|1999 election||Janet Mackey|
|2005 election||Anne Tolley|
1 See History section above.
The following table lists Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the East Coast electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Judy Turner|
|2005 election||Moana Mackey|
|2008 election||Catherine Delahunty|
|2011 election||Moana Mackey|
|2017 election||Kiri Allan|
|2017 general election: East Coast|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Julian Tilley||2,916||7.69||+0.55||3,820||9.89||−1.90|
|Independent||Tekawe Terence Ratu||52||0.14||—|
|Total Valid votes||37,932||38,636|
|2014 general election: East Coast|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Mere Takoko||2,485||7.14||+3.06||4,176||11.79||+3.26|
|Democrats||Harry Alchin Smith||86||0.25||+0.25||30||0.08||+0.05|
|Total Valid votes||34,812||35,427|
|2011 general election: East Coast|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Tamati Reid||1,184||4.08||-2.76||2,538||8.53||+2.68|
|United Future||Martin Gibson||392||1.35||-1.96||271||0.91||-1.28|
|Total Valid votes||29,008||29,976|
Electorate (as at 21 October 2011): 40,533
|2008 general election: East Coast|
|NZ First||Brendan Horan||2,147||6.84||+3.35||1,862||5.85||-0.92|
|United Future||Judy Turner||1,040||3.31||-0.57||698||2.19||-0.76|
|Bill and Ben||175||0.55||-|
|Total Valid votes||31,384||31,832|
|2005 general election: East Coast|
|United Future||Judy Turner||1,186||3.89||-1.70||916||2.96||-3.51|
|NZ First||Joe Glen||1,064||3.49||—||2,098||6.77||-7.11|
|Total Valid votes||30,502||30,972|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,219||3.99||-15.02|
|2002 general election: East Coast|
|United Future||Judy Turner||1,573||5.59||1,859||6.47|
|Christian Heritage||Tania Maria Maukau-Teare-Shelford||269||0.96||308||1.07||-1.40|
|One NZ||David Moat||224||0.80||83||0.29|
|Total Valid votes||28,118||28,735|
|1999 general election: East Coast|
|NZ First||Gray Eatwell||844||3.13||1,366||5.00|
|Christian Heritage||Richard Rangihuna||645||2.40||675||2.47|
|Mana Wahine||Harangi Manaena-Biddle||76||0.28|
|Te Tawharau||Anton Kerekere||46||0.17|
|Total Valid votes||26,927||27,296|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||3845||14.28|
|Conservative||Alexander Creighton Arthur||1,008||49.65|
|Independent||Alexander Creighton Arthur||676||52.00|
|Independent||William Lee Rees||624||48.00|
|Independent||William Lee Rees||295||26.36|
|Independent||Captain T. W. Porter||180||15.20|
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