Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.
In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Bay of Plenty.
Bay of Plenty was created for the change to the mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation voting system; it was carved out of parts of the old seats of Kaimai, Tarawera and Eastern Bay of Plenty. Its original incarnation was based mostly around Whakatane and Opotiki districts, with the remaining population coming from Te Puke and parts of greater Tauranga. The current Bay of Plenty electorate is wrapped around Tauranga city, but does not include the city. Up until the 2019-2020 review, it included Matakana Island.
Prior to the 2007 boundary review, it did not extend to the western side of Tauranga or to Matakana Island. Instead it comprised a section of the central Bay of Plenty coast, from the eastern periphery of the Tauranga urban area to outside the main populated part of Whakatane. It included the towns of Te Puke, Edgecumbe and Papamoa. Rapid population growth around Tauranga has driven considerable boundary change at each review. For the 2008 election, the eastern boundary moved far westwards to the eastern fringe of Te Puke, in the process abandoning sections of the central coast to the Rotorua and East Coast seats.
Bay of Plenty has been a safe seat for National's Tony Ryall, who has been returned easily at every election since the seat's re-establishment in 1996. The upper central North Island is an area where New Zealand First has done well, frequently getting a higher vote share in seats in both the Bay of Plenty region and in the Waikato than it does nationally.
The earlier Bay of Plenty electorate from 1893 to 1978 was held by William Kelly 1893–1896, William Herries 1896–1908, William MacDonald 1908–1920, Kenneth Williams 1920–1935, Gordon Hultquist 1935–1941, Bill Sullivan 1941–1957, Percy Allen 1957–1975 and Duncan MacIntyre 1975–1978. Williams had the distinction of being returned unopposed in three general elections, 1922, 1925 and 1931;in 1928 he was opposed by Alexander Moncur for Labour.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1893 election||William Kelly|
|1896 election||William Herries|
|1908 election||William MacDonald 1|
|1920 by-election||Kenneth Williams 1|
|1935 election||Gordon Hultquist 2|
|1941 by-election||Bill Sullivan 3|
|1957 by-election||Percy Allen|
|1975 election||Duncan MacIntyre|
|Electorate abolished; see East Cape|
|1996 election||Tony Ryall|
|2014 election||Todd Muller|
1 Died in office
2 Died of illness while on military service
3 Resigned during term
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Bay of Plenty electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Peter Brown|
|2017 election||Angie Warren-Clark|
|2020 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Tricia Jane Lawrence||963||2.16||−7.62||1,114||3.01||−7.76|
|New Conservative||Margaret Colmore||827||1.85||—||972||2.14||+1.89|
|Advance NZ||Angela Moncur||690||1.55||—||712||1.57||—|
|Legalise Cannabis||Christopher Coker||640||1.43||—||244||0.54||+0.27|
|Total Valid votes||44,603||45,318|
|2017 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Lester Gray||4,060||9.78||−2.90||4,568||10.77||−3.17|
|Māori Party||Raewyn Bennett||563||1.36||—||214||0.50||−0.07|
|Total Valid votes||41,526||42,410|
|2014 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ray Dolman||4,542||12.68||+2.14||5,100||13.94||+1.31|
|Independent Coalition||Brendan Horan||1,281||3.58||+3.58||104||0.28||+0.28|
|United Future||Ben Rickard||135||0.38||−0.23||78||0.21||−0.37|
|Total Valid votes||36,192||36,675|
|2011 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Ray Dolman||3,704||10.54||-0.79||4,469||12.39||+4.13|
|United Future||Brian Carter||213||0.61||+0.11||207||0.57||-0.13|
|Total Valid votes||35,134||36,077|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,546
|2008 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,087||11.33||-2.30||3,030||8.26||-3.79|
|United Future||Brian Carter||180||0.50||-1.47||258||0.70||-3.19|
|Bill and Ben||144||0.39||–|
|Total Valid votes||36,071||36,674|
|2005 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,903||13.54||4,399||12.01|
|United Future||Jeff Leigh||707||1.95||1,421||3.88|
|Māori Party||Te Orohi Paul||314||0.87||226||0.62|
|Direct Democracy||Mike Robertson||27||0.07||10||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||36,219||36,637|
|2002 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||7,378||24.42||6,896||22.53|
|Labour||Mei Matere Taare||6,494||21.49||9,457||30.89|
|United Future||John Cassidy||1,231||4.07||2,506||8.19|
|Green||Te Ruruanga Te Keeti||1,098||3.63||1,691||5.52|
|Christian Heritage||Richard Holland||416||1.38||350||1.14|
|ACT||Graham Douglas Steenson||371||1.23||1,451||4.74|
|Mana Māori Movement||13||0.04|
|Total Valid votes||30,212||30,611|
|1999 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,185||12.20||3,178||9.22|
|Christian Democrats||Judy Turner||1,161||3.38||1,210||3.51|
|Christian Heritage||Joyce Stevens||659||1.92||795||2.31|
|Te Tawharau||Willie Coates||100||0.29|
|Natural Law||Meike van Batenburg||70||0.20||28||0.08|
|Mana Māori Movement||57||0.17|
|People's Choice Party||6||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||34,308||34,484|
|1996 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||8,770||26.85||7,237||22.07|
|Christian Coalition||Judy Turner||1,253||3.84||1,884||5.75|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Mark Servian||225||0.69||108||0.33|
|Te Tawharau||Rangitukehu David Paul||78||0.24||42||0.13|
|Natural Law||Lew Cormack||67||0.21||44||0.13|
|Progressive Greens||Graeme Leech||24||0.07||65||0.20|
|Superannuitants & Youth||33||0.10|
|Mana Māori Movement||19||0.06|
|Advance New Zealand||4||0.01|
|Asia Pacific United||1||0.00|
|Ethnic Minority Party||1||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||32,662||32,791|
|National win new seat||Majority||5,153||15.78|
|Liberal Federation||Reginald Joseph Pedley||417||4.26|
|United||John Tom Merry||2,964||36.31|
|Liberal||Frederick John Lysnar||1,729||42.07|
|Reform||Harry De Lautour||2,642||44.90|
|Second ballot result|
|Independent||John Ede Taylor||387||8.87|
|Independent||George Vesey Stewart||116||4.09|
|Independent||Thomas Mace Humphreys||19||0.67|
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