Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Todd Michael Muller is a New Zealand politician who was elected to Parliament at the 2014 general election as the MP for Bay of Plenty. He is a member of the New Zealand National Party.
In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Bay of Plenty.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The current Bay of Plenty electorate is wrapped around Tauranga city, but does not include the city. It does include Matakana Island.
Tauranga is the most populous city in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. It was settled by Māori late in the 13th century and by Europeans in the early 19th century and was constituted as a city in 1963. Tauranga City is the centre of the fifth largest urban area in New Zealand, with an urban population of 141,600.
Matakana Island is located in the western Bay of Plenty in New Zealand's North Island. A long, flat barrier island, it is 20 kilometres (12 mi) in length but rarely more than 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) wide. The island has been continuously populated for centuries by Māori tribes that are mostly associated with Ngāi Te Rangi.
Prior to the 2007 boundary review, it did not extend to the western side of Tauranga or to Matakana Island. Instead it comprised a section of the central Bay of Plenty coast, from the eastern periphery of the Tauranga urban area to outside the main populated part of Whakatane. It included the towns of Te Puke, Edgecumbe and Papamoa. Rapid population growth around Tauranga has driven considerable boundary change at each review. For the 2008 election, the eastern boundary moved far westwards to the eastern fringe of Te Puke, in the process abandoning sections of the central coast to the Rotorua and East Coast seats.
The Bay of Plenty is a large bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island. It stretches from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east, a wide stretch of some 259 km of open coastline. The Bay of Plenty Region is situated around this body of water, also incorporating several large islands in the bay. The bay was named by James Cook after he noticed the abundant food supplies at several Māori villages there, in stark contrast to the earlier observations he had made in Poverty Bay.
Whakatane is a town in the eastern Bay of Plenty Region in the North Island of New Zealand, 90 km east of Tauranga and 89 km north-east of Rotorua, at the mouth of the Whakatane River. Whakatane District is the encompassing territorial authority, which covers an area to the south and west of the town, excluding the enclave of Kawerau.
Te Puke is a town located 28 kilometres southeast of Tauranga in the Western Bay of Plenty of New Zealand. It is particularly famous for the cultivation of kiwifruit. Te Puke has a population of 7,496 as of the 2013 Census.
Bay of Plenty was created for the change to the mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation voting system; it was carved out of parts of the old seats of Kaimai, Tarawera and Eastern Bay of Plenty. Its original incarnation was based mostly around Whakatane and Opotiki districts, with the remaining population coming from Te Puke and parts of greater Tauranga.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
Opotiki is a small town in the eastern Bay of Plenty in the North Island of New Zealand. It houses the headquarters of the Opotiki District Council and comes under the Bay of Plenty Regional Council.
Bay of Plenty has been a safe seat for National's Tony Ryall, who has been returned easily at every election since the seat's re-establishment in 1996. The upper central North Island is an area where New Zealand First has done well, frequently getting a higher vote share in seats in both the Bay of Plenty region and in the Waikato than it does nationally.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand: first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.
Waikato is a local government region of the upper North Island of New Zealand. It covers the Waikato District, Hauraki, Coromandel Peninsula, the northern King Country, much of the Taupo District, and parts of Rotorua District. It is governed by the Waikato Regional Council.
The earlier Bay of Plenty electorate from 1893 to 1978 was held by William Kelly 1893–1896, William Herries 1896–1908, William MacDonald 1908–1920, Kenneth Williams 1920–1935, Gordon Hultquist 1935–1941, Bill Sullivan 1941–1957, Percy Allen 1957–1975 and Duncan MacIntyre 1975–1978. Williams had the distinction of being returned unopposed in three general elections, 1922, 1925 and 1931;in 1928 he was opposed by Alexander Moncur for Labour.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1893 election||William Kelly|
|1896 election||William Herries|
|1908 election||William MacDonald 1|
|1920 by-election||Kenneth Williams 1|
|1935 election||Gordon Hultquist 2|
|1941 by-election||Bill Sullivan 3|
|1957 by-election||Percy Allen|
|1975 election||Duncan MacIntyre|
|Electorate abolished; see East Cape|
|1996 election||Tony Ryall|
|2014 election||Todd Muller|
1 Died in office
2 Died of illness while on military service
3 Resigned during term
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Bay of Plenty electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Peter Brown|
|2017 election||Angie Warren-Clark|
|2017 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Lester Gray||4,060||9.78||−2.90||4,568||10.77||−3.17|
|Total Valid votes||41,526||42,410|
|2014 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ray Dolman||4,542||12.68||+2.14||5,100||13.94||+1.31|
|Independent Coalition||Brendan Horan||1,281||3.58||+3.58||104||0.28||+0.28|
|United Future||Ben Rickard||135||0.38||−0.23||78||0.21||−0.37|
|Total Valid votes||36,192||36,675|
|2011 general election: Bay of Plenty|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ray Dolman||3,704||10.54||-0.79||4,469||12.39||+4.13|
|United Future||Brian Carter||213||0.61||+0.11||207||0.57||-0.13|
|Total Valid votes||35,134||36,077|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,546
|2008 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,087||11.33||-2.30||3,030||8.26||-3.79|
|United Future||Brian Carter||180||0.50||-1.47||258||0.70||-3.19|
|Bill and Ben||144||0.39||–|
|Total Valid votes||36,071||36,674|
|2005 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,903||13.54||4,399||12.01|
|United Future||Jeff Leigh||707||1.95||1,421||3.88|
|Māori||Te Orohi Paul||314||0.87||226||0.62|
|Direct Democracy||Mike Robertson||27||0.07||10||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||36,219||36,637|
|2002 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||7,378||24.42||6,896||22.53|
|Labour||Mei Matere Taare||6,494||21.49||9,457||30.89|
|United Future||John Cassidy||1,231||4.07||2,506||8.19|
|Green||Te Ruruanga Te Keeti||1,098||3.63||1,691||5.52|
|Christian Heritage||Richard Holland||416||1.38||350||1.14|
|ACT||Graham Douglas Steenson||371||1.23||1,451||4.74|
|Total Valid votes||30,212||30,611|
|1999 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||4,185||12.20||3,178||9.22|
|Future NZ||Judy Turner||1,161||3.38||1,210||3.51|
|Christian Heritage||Joyce Stevens||659||1.92||795||2.31|
|Te Tawharau||Willie Coates||100||0.29|
|Natural Law||Meike van Batenburg||70||0.20||28||0.08|
|People's Choice Party||6||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||34,308||34,484|
|1996 general election: Bay of Plenty|
|NZ First||Peter Brown||8,770||26.85||7,237||22.07|
|Christian Coalition||Judy Turner||1,253||3.84||1,884||5.75|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Mark Servian||225||0.69||108||0.33|
|Te Tawharau||Rangitukehu David Paul||78||0.24||42||0.13|
|Natural Law||Lew Cormack||67||0.21||44||0.13|
|Progressive Greens||Graeme Leech||24||0.07||65||0.20|
|Superannuitants & Youth||33||0.10|
|Advance New Zealand||4||0.01|
|Asia Pacific United||1||0.00|
|Ethnic Minority Party||1||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||32,662||32,791|
|National win new seat||Majority||5,153||15.78|
|Labour||Thomas Godfrey Santon||4,091||41.75|
|Liberal||Reginald Joseph Pedley||417||4.26|
|United||John Tom Merry||2,964||36.31|
|Liberal||Frederick John Lysnar||1,729||42.07|
|Independent||J. E. Taylor||387||8.87|
|Independent||George Vesey Stewart||116||4.09|
|Independent||Thomas Mace Humphreys||19||0.67|
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