All 84 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
43 seats were needed for a majority
Results of the election.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (Birkenhead, Hamilton West, Henderson, Mangere, and Western Hutt) and one electorate was reconstituted (Waikato) while three electorates were abolished (Hamilton, Waipa, and Waitakere). In the South Island, three electorates were newly created (Papanui, South Canterbury, and Wigram) and one electorate was reconstituted (Oamaru) while three electorates were abolished (Ashburton, Fendalton, and Waitaki). The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates (Franklin, Wairarapa, and St Kilda) having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The increase to 84 electorates was the first since the 1902 electoral distribution.Due to the fixed number of South Island electorates, the number of North Island electorates has increased in every subsequent election until the introduction of mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) for the 1996 election, which fixed the number of seats at 120.
Four National MPs and five Labour MPs intended to retire at the end of the 35th Parliament.
|John George||Otago Central|
|Labour||Robert Macfarlane||Christchurch Central|
|Ritchie Macdonald||Grey Lynn|
|Arnold Nordmeyer||Island Bay|
|Iriaka Rātana||Western Maori|
Sir Walter Nash MP for Hutt had announced he would retire at the end of the term in 1969, but he died on 4 June 1968 triggering a by-election instead.
The election was held on 29 November. Turnout was 88.94%. The total number of MPs had increased to 84,with at least 3 of the 4 new seats likely Labour seats. 55 and 25 electorates were in the North Island and South Island, respectively, plus the 4 Māori electorates.
National pulled off a cliff-hanger victory. National won 45 seats, and Labour won 39 seats, though Labour's share of the vote was only 1% behind National. The Social Credit Party lost its only seat in Parliament: Hobson, formerly held by then party leader Vernon Cracknell.
Despite the hopes of a reinvigorated Labour party under Norman Kirk, Labour was overconfident, started too late, and did not win in Auckland. Relations with the Federation of Labour and the unions were not good, and an industrial dispute on the ship Wainui cost Labour three Auckland seats according to Kirk. Labour MP Warren Freer personally believed that had it not been for the seamen's strike during the election period, we could have won.
In Eden, Labour was first on election night but lost when special votes were counted.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
The table below shows the results of the 1969 general election:
Labour Social Credit IndependentNational
|Ashburton||Colin McLachlan||2,590||John Srhoy|
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||1,124||Clive Edwards|
|Avon||John Mathison||5,600||Alistair Ansell|
|Awarua||Gordon Grieve||Hugh Templeton||906||Aubrey Begg|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||3,440||Barry Kelly|
|Birkenhead||New electorate||Norman King||1,701||Don McKinnon|
|Buller||Bill Rowling||2,822||Ernie King|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||Bruce Barclay||3,406||Colin Knight|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||3,618||Les McKay|
|Dunedin Central||Brian MacDonell||3,949||Margaret Mary Reichwein|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,929||Iona Williams|
|Eden||John Rae||67||Keith Sinclair|
|Egmont||Venn Young||4,280||T McGreevy|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||5,495||Tai Tuhimata|
|Gisborne||Esme Tombleson||781||Trevor Davey|
|Grey Lynn||Ritchie Macdonald||Eddie Isbey||2,915||Jens Meder|
|Hamilton West||New electorate||Leslie Munro||1,878||Bob Reese|
|Hastings||Duncan MacIntyre||706||Richard Mayson|
|Hauraki General||Arthur Kinsella||Leo Schultz||2,121||Dorothy Jelicich|
|Hawkes Bay||Richard Harrison||3,416||David Butcher|
|Henderson||New electorate||Martyn Finlay||3,295||Adrian Clarke|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||1,375||Ralph Miller|
|Hobson||Vernon Cracknell||Logan Sloane||1,252||Vernon Cracknell|
|Hutt||Trevor Young||1,775||Don Lee|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||John Chewings||1,031||Trevor Young|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||Gerald O'Brien||1,348||Fairlie Curry|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||6,226||Roy Tombs|
|Lyttelton||Norman Kirk||Tom McGuigan||292||Peter de Latour|
|Manawatu||Les Gandar||1,323||Ernie Hemmingsen|
|Mangere||New electorate||Colin Moyle||4,588||Neville Charles Slater|
|Manukau||Colin Moyle||Roger Douglas||875||Ronald Alfred Walden|
|Manurewa||Phil Amos||1,371||Pat Baker|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||2,460||Ian Brooks|
|Marsden||Don McKay||1,101||Murray Smith|
|Miramar||Bill Young||1,789||Charles Troughton|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||2,837||Gavin Downie|
|Napier||Gordon Christie||1,970||Terry Dunleavy|
|Nelson||Stan Whitehead||1,248||Roy McLennan|
|New Lynn||Jonathan Hunt||3,600||Vic Watson|
|New Plymouth||Ron Barclay||1,000||Brian Clark|
|North Shore||George Gair||3,964||Donald Frederick Dugdale|
|Oamaru||New electorate||Allan Dick||497||N Agnew|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,539||Daphne Double|
|Otago Central||John George||Murray Rose||1,086||Brian Griffiths|
|Otaki||Allan McCready||2,037||John Scott|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,920||Trevor de Cleene|
|Pakuranga||Bob Tizard||1,253||Noel Holmes|
|Palmerston North||Joe Walding||161||Gordon Cruden|
|Papanui||New electorate||Bert Walker||2,096||Martin Hobby|
|Petone||Fraser Colman||3,450||Francis Joshua Handy|
|Piako||Jack Luxton||4,426||George Bryant|
|Porirua||Henry May||Gerry Wall||2,744||Paul William Mitchell|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||593||Dudley Sinclair|
|Rangiora||Lorrie Pickering||1,143||Paul Piesse|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||4,214||Dan Duggan|
|Remuera||Allan Highet||7,097||Hamish Keith|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||Eric Holland||2,939||Alan C. McEwen|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||Peter Wilkinson||2,832||Nevern McConachy|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||3,296||Anthony Cook|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||1,198||Charles Bennett|
|St Albans||Bert Walker||Roger Drayton||909||Ian Wilson|
|St Kilda||Bill Fraser||3,795||Lloyd George Anderson|
|South Canterbury||New electorate||Rob Talbot||1,215||Maurice Austin Cameron|
|Stratford||David Thomson||4,158||Lindsay Hugh Stockbridge|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||Norman Kirk||6,026||Peter Morrissey|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||6,088||Alfred David Bolton|
|Taupo||Rona Stevenson||107||Arthur John Ingram|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||2,704||Ray Dillon|
|Timaru||Sir Basil Arthur||3,101||Dave Walker|
|Waikato||New electorate||Lance Adams-Schneider||3,408||Alfred Ernest George|
|Waimarino||Roy Jack||2,213||Shaun Alex Cameron|
|Wairarapa||Haddon Donald||Jack Williams||467||Haddon Donald|
|Waitemata||Norman King||Frank Gill||1,052||Michael Bassett|
|Waitomo||David Seath||5,674||Neil Roger David Shewan|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||4,532||J Robson|
|Wanganui||George Spooner||Bill Tolhurst||959||George Spooner|
|Wellington Central||Dan Riddiford||2,200||Olive Smuts-Kennedy|
|Western Hutt||New electorate||Henry May||1,421||Egan E Ogier|
|Westland||Paddy Blanchfield||1,879||Barry Dallas|
|Wigram||New electorate||Mick Connelly||3,200||Dick Dawson|
|Eastern Maori||Paraone Reweti||3,487||Henare Ngata|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||4,758||Graham Latimer|
|Southern Maori||Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan||6,630||Norra Woodbane Pomare|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Rātana||Koro Wētere||7,530||P J Hura|
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