1969 New Zealand general election

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1969 New Zealand general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1966 29 November 1969 (1969-11-29) 1972  

All 84 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
43 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,340,168 (88.94%)
 First partySecond party
  Keith Holyoake, 1972.jpg Norman Kirk, crop.jpg
Leader Keith Holyoake Norman Kirk
Party National Labour
Leader since 13 August 1957 9 December 1965
Leader's seat Pahiatua Lyttelton
Last election44 seats, 43.6%35 seats, 41.4%
Seats won4539
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 1Increase2.svg 4
Popular vote605,960592,055
Percentage45.2%44.2%
SwingIncrease2.svg 1.6%Increase2.svg 2.8%

1969 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Prime Minister before election

Keith Holyoake
National

Subsequent Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

Contents

1967 electoral redistribution

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [1] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [2] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (Birkenhead, Hamilton West, Henderson, Mangere, and Western Hutt) and one electorate was reconstituted (Waikato) while three electorates were abolished (Hamilton, Waipa, and Waitakere). [3] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created (Papanui, South Canterbury, and Wigram) and one electorate was reconstituted (Oamaru) while three electorates were abolished (Ashburton, Fendalton, and Waitaki). [4] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates (Franklin, Wairarapa, and St Kilda) having their boundaries altered. [5] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. [2]

The increase to 84 electorates was the first since the 1902 electoral distribution. [6] Due to the fixed number of South Island electorates, the number of North Island electorates has increased in every subsequent election until the introduction of mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) for the 1996 election, which fixed the number of seats at 120. [7]

MPs retiring in 1969

Four National MPs and five Labour MPs intended to retire at the end of the 35th Parliament.

PartyNameElectorate
National Gordon Grieve Awarua
Arthur Kinsella Hauraki
John George Otago Central
Jack Scott Rodney
Labour Robert Macfarlane Christchurch Central
Ritchie Macdonald Grey Lynn
Arnold Nordmeyer Island Bay
Mabel Howard Sydenham
Iriaka Rātana Western Maori

Sir Walter Nash MP for Hutt had announced he would retire at the end of the term in 1969, but he died on 4 June 1968 triggering a by-election instead. [8]

Election

The election was held on 29 November. Turnout was 88.94%. The total number of MPs had increased to 84, [9] with at least 3 of the 4 new seats likely Labour seats. 55 and 25 electorates were in the North Island and South Island, respectively, plus the 4 Māori electorates. [10]

Results

National pulled off a cliff-hanger victory. National won 45 seats, and Labour won 39 seats, though Labour's share of the vote was only 1% behind National. The Social Credit Party lost its only seat in Parliament: Hobson, formerly held by then party leader Vernon Cracknell.

Despite the hopes of a reinvigorated Labour party under Norman Kirk, Labour was overconfident, started too late, and did not win in Auckland. Relations with the Federation of Labour and the unions were not good, and an industrial dispute on the ship Wainui cost Labour three Auckland seats according to Kirk. Labour MP Warren Freer personally believed that had it not been for the seamen's strike during the election period, we could have won. [11]

In Eden, Labour was first on election night but lost when special votes were counted.

1969 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
National 84605,96045.245+1
Labour 84592,05544.239+4
Social Credit 84121,5769.1-−1
Country Party 156,7150.5-±0
Communist 44180.03-±0
Independents 368,4570.6-±0
Total3031,340,16884

Votes summary

Popular Vote
National
45.20%
Labour
44.20%
Social Credit
9.10%
Country
0.50%
Independents
0.60%
Others
0.4%
Parliament seats
National
53.57%
Labour
46.43%

The table below shows the results of the 1969 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit     Independent   

Electorate results for the 1969 New Zealand general election [12]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Colin McLachlan 2,590John Srhoy
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 1,124 Clive Edwards
Avon John Mathison 5,600Alistair Ansell
Awarua Gordon Grieve Hugh Templeton 906 Aubrey Begg
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,440Barry Kelly
Birkenhead New electorate Norman King 1,701 Don McKinnon
Buller Bill Rowling 2,822Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane Bruce Barclay 3,406 Colin Knight
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,618Les McKay
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell 3,949Margaret Mary Reichwein
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,929Iona Williams
Eden John Rae 67 Keith Sinclair [nb 1]
Egmont Venn Young 4,280T McGreevy
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,495Tai Tuhimata
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 781 Trevor Davey
Grey Lynn Ritchie Macdonald Eddie Isbey 2,915Jens Meder
Hamilton West New electorate Leslie Munro 1,878Bob Reese
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 706 Richard Mayson
Hauraki General Arthur Kinsella Leo Schultz 2,121 Dorothy Jelicich
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison 3,416 David Butcher
Henderson New electorate Martyn Finlay 3,295 Adrian Clarke
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 1,375Ralph Miller
Hobson Vernon Cracknell Logan Sloane 1,252Vernon Cracknell
Hutt Trevor Young 1,775Don Lee
Invercargill Ralph Hanan John Chewings 1,031Trevor Young
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer Gerald O'Brien 1,348Fairlie Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 6,226Roy Tombs
Lyttelton Norman Kirk Tom McGuigan 292Peter de Latour
Manawatu Les Gandar 1,323Ernie Hemmingsen
Mangere New electorate Colin Moyle 4,588Neville Charles Slater
Manukau Colin Moyle Roger Douglas 875Ronald Alfred Walden
Manurewa Phil Amos 1,371Pat Baker [13]
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,460 Ian Brooks
Marsden Don McKay 1,101 Murray Smith
Miramar Bill Young 1,789Charles Troughton
Mt Albert Warren Freer 2,837 Gavin Downie
Napier Gordon Christie 1,970 Terry Dunleavy
Nelson Stan Whitehead 1,248 Roy McLennan
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 3,600Vic Watson
New Plymouth Ron Barclay 1,000Brian Clark
North Shore George Gair 3,964Donald Frederick Dugdale
Oamaru New electorate Allan Dick 497N Agnew
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,539Daphne Double
Otago Central John George Murray Rose 1,086Brian Griffiths
Otaki Allan McCready 2,037John Scott
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,920 Trevor de Cleene
Pakuranga Bob Tizard 1,253Noel Holmes
Palmerston North Joe Walding 161Gordon Cruden
Papanui New electorate Bert Walker 2,096Martin Hobby
Petone Fraser Colman 3,450Francis Joshua Handy
Piako Jack Luxton 4,426 George Bryant
Porirua Henry May Gerry Wall 2,744Paul William Mitchell
Raglan Douglas Carter 593Dudley Sinclair
Rangiora Lorrie Pickering 1,143 Paul Piesse
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,214Dan Duggan
Remuera Allan Highet 7,097 Hamish Keith
Riccarton Mick Connelly Eric Holland 2,939Alan C. McEwen
Rodney Jack Scott Peter Wilkinson 2,832Nevern McConachy
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,296Anthony Cook
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 1,198 Charles Bennett
St Albans Bert Walker Roger Drayton 909Ian Wilson
St Kilda Bill Fraser 3,795Lloyd George Anderson
South Canterbury New electorate Rob Talbot 1,215Maurice Austin Cameron
Stratford David Thomson 4,158Lindsay Hugh Stockbridge
Sydenham Mabel Howard Norman Kirk 6,026Peter Morrissey
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 6,088Alfred David Bolton
Taupo Rona Stevenson 107Arthur John Ingram
Tauranga George Walsh 2,704Ray Dillon
Timaru Sir Basil Arthur 3,101Dave Walker
Waikato New electorate Lance Adams-Schneider 3,408Alfred Ernest George
Waimarino Roy Jack 2,213Shaun Alex Cameron
Wairarapa Haddon Donald Jack Williams 467 Haddon Donald
Waitemata Norman King Frank Gill 1,052 Michael Bassett
Waitomo David Seath 5,674Neil Roger David Shewan
Wallace Brian Talboys 4,532J Robson
Wanganui George Spooner Bill Tolhurst 959 George Spooner
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 2,200 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Western Hutt New electorate Henry May 1,421Egan E Ogier [14]
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 1,879 Barry Dallas [15]
Wigram New electorate Mick Connelly 3,200Dick Dawson
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti 3,487 Henare Ngata [16]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 4,758 Graham Latimer
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 6,630Norra Woodbane Pomare
Western Maori Iriaka Rātana Koro Wētere 7,530P J Hura

Table footnotes:

  1. Sinclair was first on election night for Eden (by 35 votes), but lost when special votes were included

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  2. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  6. Wilson 1985, pp. 287f.
  7. Wilson 1985, pp. 288.
  8. "By-election is necessitated". The Evening Post . 5 June 1968.
  9. "General elections 1853–2005 – dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 17 October 2008.
  10. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  11. Freer, Warren W (2004). A Lifetime in Politics: the memoirs of Warren Freer. Wellington: Victoria University Press. p. 152. ISBN   0-86473-478-6.
  12. Norton 1988.
  13. Gustafson 1986, p. 354.
  14. Gustafson 1986, p. 381.
  15. Templeton & Eunson 1972, p. 21.
  16. Gustafson 1986, p. 380.

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References