Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
Neil Joseph Morrison was a New Zealand politician of the Social Credit Party.
Pakuranga is one of 64 general electorates used in New Zealand general elections. It covers part of eastern Auckland around the eponymous suburb of Pakuranga. Other population centres include Farm Cove, Half Moon Bay, Bucklands Beach, parts of Highland Park and parts of Howick.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
Pakuranga is a south-eastern suburb of Auckland, in northern New Zealand. Pakuranga covers a series of low ridges and previously swampy flats, now drained, that lie between the Pakuranga Creek and Tamaki River, two estuarial arms of the Hauraki Gulf. It is located to the north of Manukau and 15 kilometres southeast of the Auckland CBD.
The suburb of Farm Cove is located in eastern Auckland, New Zealand. The suburb is in the Howick ward, one of the thirteen administrative divisions of Auckland city. In Farm Cove, there are two main schools; Wakaaranga Primary School and Farm Cove Intermediate. There is also a small public kindergarten, located behind Wakaaranga Primary school. The Rotary Walkway Reserve runs through Farm Cove.
The boundaries of the Pakuranga electorate were last adjusted in the 2007 redistribution. Initially, the Representation Commission proposed substantial changes, but after hearing objections mainly about Pakuranga, Manukau East, and Manurewa, the shape of the Pakuranga electorate reverted to almost the boundaries prior to the review.No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.
Manurewa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in southern Auckland. Louisa Wall has represented the electorate since the 2011 election.
Pakuranga was first contested at the 1963 election, and won by future Labour Party frontbencher Bob Tizard. It was captured by National in 1972, and has stayed with National since, save for a brief interlude – the New Zealand Party's presence on the ballot paper in 1984 split the centre-right vote and handed the seat to Social Credit's Neil Morrison.
The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Robert James Tizard was a Labour politician from New Zealand. He served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance, Minister of Health and Minister of Defence.
With the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996 the seat was expanded to absorb most of the neighbouring seat of Howick. Its boundaries have remained largely unchanged since; an attempt in 2007 to resurrect a seat around Howick by pulling the Pakuranga boundaries across the Tamaki River and adding Panmure, Point England and Glen Innes from Auckland City was abandoned in the face of strenuous local objection. Instead, Howick was renamed Botany and centred on the rapid-growth areas of Flat Bush, Botany Downs and Dannemora.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
Howick is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, which existed for one parliamentary term from 1993 to 1996, and was held by Trevor Rogers. In 1995, Rogers defected from National to the Right of Centre party.
The Tamaki River or Tamaki Estuary is mostly an estuarial arm and harbour of the Hauraki Gulf, within the city of Auckland in New Zealand. It extends south for 15 kilometres (9 mi) from its mouth between the suburb of Saint Heliers and the long thin peninsula of Bucklands Beach, which reaches its end at Musick Point. The inlet extends past the suburbs of Glendowie, Wai o Taiki Bay, Point England, Glen Innes, Tamaki, Panmure, and Otahuhu to the west, and Bucklands Beach, Halfmoon Bay, Farm Cove, Sunnyhills and Pakuranga to the east.
Pakuranga is considered a safe National seat, with Maurice Williamson being easily re-elected at every election to 2014 after ousting Morrison in 1987.In the 2014 election, Williamson had a majority of 12,867 votes over his nearest challenger, Barry Kirker of the Labour Party.
Maurice Donald Williamson is a New Zealand diplomat and former politician who represented Pakuranga in the House of Representatives as a member of the National Party. He held several ministerial portfolios both inside and outside the cabinet: Transport, Communications, Broadcasting, Local Government, Research Science and Technology, Building and Construction, Customs, Small Business, Statistics and Land Information.
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
Williamson announced in July 2016 that he would not stand for Parliament at the 2017 general electionand the seat was won by Simeon Brown, retaining it for the National Party.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
Labour National Independent Social Credit NZ First
|1963 election||Bob Tizard|
|1972 election||Gavin Downie|
|1978 election||Pat Hunt|
|1984 election||Neil Morrison|
|1987 election||Maurice Williamson|
|2017 election||Simeon Brown|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Pakuranga electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Pita Paraone|
|2017 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Suzanne Kelly||2,039||5.75||2,369||6.59||−0.50|
|Total Valid votes||35,422||35,903|
|2014 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||34,125||34,621|
|2011 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Helen Jane Mulford||1,430||4.55||+1.26||1,847||5.67||+2.18|
|Total Valid votes||31,422||32,595|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,912
|2008 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||1,146||3.29||1,231||3.48|
|United Future||Quentin Todd||409||1.18||338||0.96|
|Bill and Ben||137||0.39|
|Total Valid votes||34,800||35,342|
|2005 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||1,398||3.54||2105||5.85|
|United Future||Ian McInnes||833||2.35||878||2.44|
|Christian Heritage||Ewen McQueen||373||1.05||80||0.22|
|Direct Democracy||Kevin Moore||49||0.14||11||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||35,460||35,983|
|2002 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||2,001||6.20||3,859||11.85|
|United Future||Ian McInnes||1,461||4.53||2,543||7.88|
|Christian Heritage||Jonothan Ko||876||2.71||426||1.31|
|Total Valid votes||32,266||32,553|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Pakuranga for a list of candidates.
|NZ First||David Moore||2,399||11.97|
|Christian Heritage||John Starrenburg||367||1.83|
|Natural Law||Anne Brigid||87||0.43|
|Labour||Paul Charles Grant||3,920||19.36|
|Democrats||Richard John Pittams||312||1.54|
|Social Credit||Colin Bernard Nicholls||166||0.82|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Greg Pittams||124||0.61|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Paul Brunton||50||0.24|
|Labour||B V M Wilson||4,700||22.67|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||8,271||35.47||-2.22|
|NZ Party||Jo Grierson||3,804||16.31|
|Independent||J R Marriott||39||0.16||-0.29|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||9,125||37.69||+23.71|
|Independent||J R Marriott||110||0.45|
|Labour||E J Smith||5,504||26.38|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||2,918||13.98||+8.79|
|Values||M H T Walker||269||1.28|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||1,265||5.19|
|Independent||B J Curtis||356||1.46|
|Alpha||C V Filmer||19||0.07|
|World Socialist||M H Gribble||12||0.04|
|Labour||J B Irwin||7,508||41.48|
|Social Credit||B J Southon||1,153||6.37|
|New Democratic||F J Collins||126||0.69|
|National||N W Holmes||7,777||44.09|
|Social Credit||James Robinson||692||3.92|
|Independent||E V Posa||80||0.45|
|Independent||Joseph Erwin Moosman||17||0.09||-0.30|
|National||Victor David Thompson||7,121||39.21|
|Social Credit||Thomas Rayne Wreaks||1,588||8.74||+4.31|
|Independent||Joseph Erwin Moosman||71||0.39|
|National||Roland Mainwaring Neville-White||6,379||40.97|
|Social Credit||Thomas Rayne Wreaks||690||4.43|
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