Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.
Pakuranga is one of 64 general electorates used in New Zealand general elections. It covers part of eastern Auckland around the eponymous suburb of Pakuranga. Other population centres include Farm Cove, Half Moon Bay, Bucklands Beach, parts of Highland Park and parts of Howick.
The boundaries of the Pakuranga electorate were last adjusted in the 2007 redistribution. Initially, the Representation Commission proposed substantial changes, but after hearing objections mainly about Pakuranga, Manukau East, and Manurewa, the shape of the Pakuranga electorate reverted to almost the boundaries prior to the review.No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.
Pakuranga was first contested at the 1963 election, and won by future Labour Party frontbencher Bob Tizard. It was captured by National in 1972, and has stayed with National since, save for a brief interlude – the New Zealand Party's presence on the ballot paper in 1984 split the centre-right vote and handed the seat to Social Credit's Neil Morrison.
With the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996 the seat was expanded to absorb most of the neighbouring seat of Howick. Its boundaries have remained largely unchanged since; an attempt in 2007 to resurrect a seat around Howick by pulling the Pakuranga boundaries across the Tamaki River and adding Panmure, Point England and Glen Innes from Auckland City was abandoned in the face of strenuous local objection. Instead, Howick was renamed Botany and centred on the rapid-growth areas of Flat Bush, Botany Downs and Dannemora.
Pakuranga is considered a safe National seat, with Maurice Williamson being easily re-elected at every election to 2014 after ousting Morrison in 1987.In the 2014 election, Williamson had a majority of 12,867 votes over his nearest challenger, Barry Kirker of the Labour Party.
Williamson announced in July 2016 that he would not stand for Parliament at the 2017 general electionand the seat was won by Simeon Brown, retaining it for the National Party.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
National Independent Social Credit NZ FirstLabour
|1963 election||Bob Tizard|
|1972 election||Gavin Downie|
|1978 election||Pat Hunt|
|1984 election||Neil Morrison|
|1987 election||Maurice Williamson|
|2017 election||Simeon Brown|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Pakuranga electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Pita Paraone|
|2020 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|ACT||Mo Yee Poon||790||2.52||—||2,838||8.51||+7.76|
|New Conservative||Ian Ronald Sampson||426||1.14||—||498||1.32||+1.09|
|Sustainable NZ||Rachel Dominique Wood||302||0.80||—||34||0.09||—|
|Total Valid votes||37,285||37,552|
|2017 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Suzanne Kelly||2,039||5.75||—||2,369||6.59||−0.50|
|Māori Party||Carrie Stoddart-Smith||419||1.18||—||124||0.34||+0.03|
|Total Valid votes||35,422||35,903|
|2014 general election: Pakuranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||34,125||34,621|
|2011 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Helen Jane Mulford||1,430||4.55||+1.26||1,847||5.67||+2.18|
|Total Valid votes||31,422||32,595|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,912
|2008 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||1,146||3.29||1,231||3.48|
|United Future||Quentin Todd||409||1.18||338||0.96|
|Bill and Ben||137||0.39|
|Total Valid votes||34,800||35,342|
|2005 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||1,398||3.54||2105||5.85|
|United Future||Ian McInnes||833||2.35||878||2.44|
|Christian Heritage||Ewen McQueen||373||1.05||80||0.22|
|Direct Democracy||Kevin Moore||49||0.14||11||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||35,460||35,983|
|2002 general election: Pakuranga|
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||2,001||6.20||3,859||11.85|
|United Future||Ian McInnes||1,461||4.53||2,543||7.88|
|Christian Heritage||Jonothan Ko||876||2.71||426||1.31|
|Mana Māori Movement||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||32,266||32,553|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Pakuranga for a list of candidates.
|NZ First||David Moore||2,399||11.97|
|Christian Heritage||John Starrenburg||367||1.83|
|Natural Law||Anne Brigid||87||0.43|
|Labour||Paul Charles Grant||3,920||19.36|
|Social Credit||Colin Bernard Nicholls||166||0.82|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Greg Pittams||124||0.61|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Paul Brunton||50||0.24|
|Labour||B V M Wilson||4,700||22.67|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||8,271||35.47||-2.22|
|NZ Party||Jo Grierson||3,804||16.31|
|Independent||J R Marriott||39||0.16||-0.29|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||9,125||37.69||+23.71|
|Independent||J R Marriott||110||0.45|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||2,918||13.98||+8.79|
|Values||M H T Walker||269||1.28|
|Social Credit||Neil Morrison||1,265||5.19|
|World Socialist||Maurice Gribble||12||0.04|
|Labour||J B Irwin||7,508||41.48|
|Social Credit||B J Southon||1,153||6.37|
|New Democratic||F J Collins||126||0.69|
|National||N W Holmes||7,777||44.09|
|Social Credit||James Robinson||692||3.92|
|Independent||E V Posa||80||0.45|
|Independent||Joseph Erwin Moosman||17||0.09||-0.30|
|National||Victor David Thompson||7,121||39.21|
|Social Credit||Thomas Rayne Wreaks||1,588||8.74||+4.31|
|Independent||Joseph Erwin Moosman||71||0.39|
|National||Roland Mainwaring Neville-White||6,379||40.97|
|Social Credit||Thomas Rayne Wreaks||690||4.43|
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