Waimakariri (New Zealand electorate)

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Waimakariri electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Waimakariri electorate, 2014.svg
Waimakariri electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Waimakariri is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, formed for the 1996 election and returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The MP for Waimakariri is Matthew Doocey of the National Party. He has held this position since the 2014 election and takes over from Kate Wilkinson, who defeated Clayton Cosgrove (Labour) in the 2011 election.

Contents

Population areas

Waimakariri centres on metropolitan Christchurch and spreads northward up the coast of the South Island. From Christchurch it contains the suburbs of Casebrook and Belfast; from Waimakariri District to its north, it takes in the towns of Kaiapoi and Rangiora as well as a selection of small inland localities such as Cust and Oxford. Boundary changes following the 2006 census were relatively minor; Waimakariri managed to avoid the upheaval wrought upon electorates in Christchurch, losing Bishopdale to Ilam and the last remaining segment of Papanui to Christchurch Central.

Along with neighbouring Selwyn, Waimakariri has been experiencing strong population growth, with many people from Christchurch displaced by the earthquakes. In the 2013/14 boundary review by the Representation Commission, Waimakariri lost most of Redwood and Marshland to Christchurch Central and Christchurch East respectively, while it gained the less populated Harewood north of Sawyers Arms Road from Selwyn. [1]

History

The Waimakariri electorate from 2008 Waimakariri electorate 2008.png
The Waimakariri electorate from 2008

The existence of Waimakariri dates back to the introduction of MMP voting in the 1996 general election, when the number of South Island electorates fell from twenty-five to sixteen. The electorate originates in the old Rangiora electorate, with Hurunui District shorn off and placed in Kaikōura, and the resultant electorate pulled into Christchurch via State Highway 71, absorbing parts of Christchurch previously in the electorate of Christchurch North. The first contest saw Rangiora's Jim Gerard easily defeated by former Prime Minister and MP for Christchurch North, Mike Moore. He left the office in July 1999, having been elected Director-General of the World Trade Organization.

Clayton Cosgrove won the second contest in 1999 and was confirmed in 2002, 2005 and 2008. [2]

Given that Rangiora was a safe National electorate and Christchurch North a safe Labour electorate, and given the urban-rural makeup of the electorate, Waimakariri does not favour any party. At the 2005 election, while Waimakariri's electors were returning incumbent Clayton Cosgrove by 5,064 votes (and in the process slashing his majority in half), their party vote intentions were more ambiguous, with National winning 79 more party votes than Labour, setting Waimakariri up to be a key electorate at the 2008 election. Cosgrove retained the electorate with a much narrower 390 majority in 2008, whilst his opponent Kate Wilkinson's party (National) got over 5000 more party votes.

Results from the 2011 election gave Wilkinson a lead of 642 votes over Cosgrove, shifting the electorate from marginal Labour to marginal National. [3] Wilkinson retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was replaced as National's candidate for the 2014 election by Matthew Doocey, who had previously contested the 2013 by-election in Christchurch East. [4] [5] Doocey beat Cosgrove with an increased majority. [6]

In the 2017 election, Doocey beat the Labour candidate, Dan Rosewarne, with an increased majority of that over Cosgrove although the National party vote decreased. [7]

Members of Parliament

Key  Labour     National     Alliance     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Mike Moore
1999 election Clayton Cosgrove
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Kate Wilkinson
2014 election Matthew Doocey
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waimakariri electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jim Gerard 1
John Wright
1999 election Ron Mark
John Wright
2002 election Ron Mark
2005 election Ron Mark
Kate Wilkinson
2008 election Kate Wilkinson
2011 election Clayton Cosgrove
Richard Prosser
2014 election Clayton Cosgrove
Richard Prosser

1Jim Gerard retired in April 1997 to take appointment as High Commissioner to Canada

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Waimakariri [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Matthew Doocey 22,65757.60+9.2621,39853.55-3.78
Labour Dan Rosewarne11,89130.23-11.0912,88832.25+13.25
Green Nikki Berry1,7994.57+0.351,6454.12-4.72
NZ First Richard Prosser 1,7714.50+1.632,6536.64-1.80
Opportunities Nicola Glenjarman5831.487141.79
Conservative Benjamin Price2650.67-1.611660.42-3.89
Māori Aroha Reriti-Crofts1220.31+0.05850.21-0.05
Independent Destiny Wiringi990.25
ACT Stuart Hawkins920.231160.29+0.07
Democrats Peter Adcock-White550.14-0.03690.17-0.02
Legalise Cannabis  970.24-0.11
Ban 1080  350.09-0.10
United Future  350.09-0.10
Outdoors  330.08
People's Party  130.03
Internet  60.02-0.37 [lower-alpha 1]
Mana  50.01-0.38 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes261103
Total Valid votes39,33439,958
Turnout 40,012
National holdMajority10,76625.01+17.99

2014 election

2014 general election: Waimakariri [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Matthew Doocey 17,26348.34+1.0620,73457.33+0.44
Labour Clayton Cosgrove 14,75741.32-4.166,83518.90-3.51
Green Reuben Hunt1,5064.22+0.853,1988.84+0.37
NZ First Richard Prosser 1,0242.87+1.213,0548.44+3.52
Conservative Benjamin Price8162.28+0.071,5604.31+1.04
Māori Aroha Reriti-Crofts920.26+0.09950.260.00
Democrats Peter Adcock-White620.17+0.17690.19+0.13
Internet Mana  1410.39+0.29
Legalise Cannabis  1270.35-0.08
ACT  800.22-0.34
Ban 1080  690.19+0.19
United Future  660.18+0.18
Civilian  150.04+0.04
Independent Coalition  60.02+0.02
Focus  50.01+0.01
Informal votes192114
Total Valid votes35,71236,168
National holdMajority2,5067.02+5.21

2011 election

2011 general election: Waimakariri [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Kate Wilkinson 16,78747.28+4.2520,48956.89+7.45
Labour Red x.svgN Clayton Cosgrove 16,14545.48+1.398,43123.41-10.46
Green John Kelcher1,1973.37-0.013,0508.47+3.04
Conservative Tim de Vries7852.21+2.211,1773.27+3.27
NZ First Richard Prosser 5881.66-1.462,1315.92+1.96
United Future  2080.58-0.33
ACT  1950.54-2.00
Legalise Cannabis  1550.43+0.10
Māori  930.26-0.12
Mana  350.10-0.12
Democrats  230.06-0.02
Alliance  170.05-0.06
Libertarianz  120.03+0.01
Informal votes490297
Total Valid votes35,50236,016
National gain from Labour Majority6421.81+2.86

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,387 [8]

2008 election

2008 general election: Waimakariri [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Clayton Cosgrove 16,36044.0912,70233.87
National Kate Wilkinson 15,97043.0418,53949.44
ACT Aaron Keown1,7174.639532.54
Green Alan Liefting1,2533.382,0365.43
NZ First Melanie Mark-Shadbolt1,1573.121,4823.95
Kiwi Leighton Baker 5361.443971.06
United Future Kelleigh Sheffield-Cranstoun1140.313420.91
Progressive  3971.06
Bill and Ben  2280.61
Māori  1400.37
Legalise Cannabis  1230.33
Family Party  610.16
Alliance  400.11
Democrats  330.09
Workers Party  90.02
Libertarianz  70.02
Pacific  50.01
RONZ  40.01
RAM  30.01
Informal votes202114
Total Valid votes37,10737,501
Labour holdMajority3901.05


2005 election

2005 general election: Waimakariri [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Clayton Cosgrove 19,08448.61-3.7216,48441.48
National Kate Wilkinson 13,47834.33+13.3816,56541.68
NZ First Ron Mark 4,24710.82-5.902,4536.17
Green Alan Liefting8332.121,5273.84
United Future John Pickering6511.661,2953.26
Progressive John Wright 4581.666091.53
Legalise Cannabis Michael Britnell2890.741250.31
ACT Rebekah Holdaway1960.503620.91
Direct Democracy Jason Orme230.0650.01
Destiny  1150.29
Māori  620.16
Christian Heritage  490.12
Democrats  320.08
Alliance  210.05
Libertarianz  120.03
Family Rights  80.02
One NZ  80.02
99 MP  70.02
RONZ  50.01
Informal votes277116
Total Valid votes39,25839,744
Labour holdMajority5,60614.28-17.10

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Waimakariri for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election

References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  2. "Hon Clayton Cosgrove". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  4. Conway, Glenn (8 November 2013). "Wilkinson to fall on her sword". The Press . p. A7.
  5. Conway, Glenn (8 November 2013). "Canterbury MP Kate Wilkinson quits". The Press . Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  7. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  8. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  9. 2008 election results
  10. 2005 election results