Waimakariri (New Zealand electorate)

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Waimakariri electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Waimakariri electorate, 2014.svg
Waimakariri electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Waimakariri is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, formed for the 1996 election and returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The MP for Waimakariri is Matthew Doocey of the National Party. He has held this position since the 2014 election and takes over from Kate Wilkinson, who defeated Clayton Cosgrove (Labour) in the 2011 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Contents

Population areas

Waimakariri centres on metropolitan Christchurch and spreads northward up the coast of the South Island. From Christchurch it contains the suburbs of Casebrook and Belfast; from Waimakariri District to its north, it takes in the towns of Kaiapoi and Rangiora as well as a selection of small inland localities such as Cust and Oxford. Boundary changes following the 2006 census were relatively minor; Waimakariri managed to avoid the upheaval wrought upon electorates in Christchurch, losing Bishopdale to Ilam and the last remaining segment of Papanui to Christchurch Central.

Belfast, New Zealand Place in Canterbury, New Zealand

Belfast is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is in the north of the city 10 km from Cathedral Square, close to the banks of the Waimakariri River.

Waimakariri District Territorial authority in South Island, New Zealand

Waimakariri District is a local government district, located in the Canterbury region of New Zealand's South Island. It is named after the Waimakariri River, which forms the district's southern boundary, separating it from Christchurch City and the Selwyn District. It is bounded in the north by the Hurunui District and in the east by the Pacific Ocean.

Kaiapoi Place

Kaiapoi is a town in the Waimakariri District of the Canterbury region, in the South Island of New Zealand. The town is located approximately 17 kilometres north of central Christchurch, close to the mouth of the Waimakariri River. It is considered to be a satellite town of Christchurch, although in the Waimakariri for statistical purposes it is part of the Christchurch urban area.

Along with neighbouring Selwyn, Waimakariri has been experiencing strong population growth, with many people from Christchurch displaced by the earthquakes. In the 2013/14 boundary review by the Representation Commission, Waimakariri lost most of Redwood and Marshland to Christchurch Central and Christchurch East respectively, while it gained the less populated Harewood north of Sawyers Arms Road from Selwyn. [1]

Selwyn (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.

Christchurch Central Current New Zealand electorate

Christchurch Central is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the South Island city of Christchurch. The electorate was established for the 1946 election and, until 2011 had always been won by the Labour Party. Since 2008, the incumbent was Brendon Burns but the election night results for the 2011 election resulted in a tie; the special vote results combined with a judicial recount revealed a 47-vote majority for Nicky Wagner, the National list MP based in the electorate. Wagner significantly increased her winning margin in the 2014 election after having declared the electorate "unwinnable" for National earlier in the year following a boundary review.

Christchurch East New Zealand electorate

Christchurch East, originally called Christchurch City East, is a current New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1871 election and was abolished for two period, from 1875–1905 and again from 1946–1996. It was last created for the introduction of the MMP voting system for the 1996 election. The current MP is Poto Williams, a member of the New Zealand Labour Party who was first elected in the 2013 Christchurch East by-election.

History

The Waimakariri electorate from 2008 Waimakariri electorate 2008.png
The Waimakariri electorate from 2008

The existence of Waimakariri dates back to the introduction of MMP voting in the 1996 general election, when the number of South Island electorates fell from twenty-five to sixteen. The electorate originates in the old Rangiora electorate, with Hurunui District shorn off and placed in Kaikōura, and the resultant electorate pulled into Christchurch via State Highway 71, absorbing parts of Christchurch previously in the electorate of Christchurch North. The first contest saw Rangiora's Jim Gerard easily defeated by former Prime Minister and MP for Christchurch North, Mike Moore. He left the office in July 1999, having been elected Director-General of the World Trade Organization.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

Rangiora is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, based on the town of Rangiora.

Hurunui District Territorial authority in Canterbury, New Zealand

Hurunui District is a political district on the east coast of New Zealand's South Island, north of Christchurch, New Zealand. It forms part of the Canterbury region and stretches from the east coast to the main divide. Its land area is 8,660.43 square kilometres (3,343.81 sq mi).

Clayton Cosgrove won the second contest in 1999 and was confirmed in 2002, 2005 and 2008. [2]

Given that Rangiora was a safe National electorate and Christchurch North a safe Labour electorate, and given the urban-rural makeup of the electorate, Waimakariri does not favour any party. At the 2005 election, while Waimakariri's electors were returning incumbent Clayton Cosgrove by 5,064 votes (and in the process slashing his majority in half), their party vote intentions were more ambiguous, with National winning 79 more party votes than Labour, setting Waimakariri up to be a key electorate at the 2008 election. Cosgrove retained the electorate with a much narrower 390 majority in 2008, whilst his opponent Kate Wilkinson's party (National) got over 5000 more party votes.

2005 New Zealand general election general election

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

Kate Wilkinson (politician) New Zealand politician

Catherine Joan "Kate" Wilkinson was a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives for the National Party from 2005 until her retirement in 2014. From 2008 until January 2013, she was a member of cabinet, holding the portfolios of Labour, Conservation, Food Safety, and Associate Immigration, before being removed from cabinet by Prime Minister John Key.

Results from the 2011 election gave Wilkinson a lead of 642 votes over Cosgrove, shifting the electorate from marginal Labour to marginal National. [3] Wilkinson retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was replaced as National's candidate for the 2014 election by Matthew Doocey, who had previously contested the 2013 by-election in Christchurch East. [4] [5] Doocey beat Cosgrove with an increased majority. [6]

In the 2017 election, Doocey beat the Labour candidate, Dan Rosewarne, with an increased majority of that over Cosgrove although the National party vote decreased. [7]

Members of Parliament

Key  Labour     National     Alliance     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Mike Moore
1999 election Clayton Cosgrove
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Kate Wilkinson
2014 election Matthew Doocey
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waimakariri electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jim Gerard 1
John Wright
1999 election Ron Mark
John Wright
2002 election Ron Mark
2005 election Ron Mark
Kate Wilkinson
2008 election Kate Wilkinson
2011 election Clayton Cosgrove
Richard Prosser
2014 election Clayton Cosgrove
Richard Prosser

1Jim Gerard retired in April 1997 to take appointment as High Commissioner to Canada

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Waimakariri [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Matthew Doocey 22,65757.60+9.2621,39853.55-3.78
Labour Dan Rosewarne11,89130.23-11.0912,88832.25+13.25
Green Nikki Berry1,7994.57+0.351,6454.12-4.72
NZ First Richard Prosser 1,7714.50+1.632,6536.64-1.80
Opportunities Nicola Glenjarman5831.487141.79
Conservative Benjamin Price2650.67-1.611660.42-3.89
Māori Aroha Reriti-Crofts1220.31+0.05850.21-0.05
Independent Destiny Wiringi990.25
ACT Stuart Hawkins920.231160.29+0.07
Democrats Peter Adcock-White550.14-0.03690.17-0.02
Legalise Cannabis  970.24-0.11
Ban 1080  350.09-0.10
United Future  350.09-0.10
Outdoors  330.08
People's Party  130.03
Internet  60.02-0.37 [lower-alpha 1]
Mana  50.01-0.38 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes261103
Total Valid votes39,33439,958
Turnout 40,012
National holdMajority10,76625.01+17.99

2014 election

2014 general election: Waimakariri [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Matthew Doocey 17,26348.34+1.0620,73457.33+0.44
Labour Clayton Cosgrove 14,75741.32-4.166,83518.90-3.51
Green Reuben Hunt1,5064.22+0.853,1988.84+0.37
NZ First Richard Prosser 1,0242.87+1.213,0548.44+3.52
Conservative Benjamin Price8162.28+0.071,5604.31+1.04
Māori Aroha Reriti-Crofts920.26+0.09950.260.00
Democrats Peter Adcock-White620.17+0.17690.19+0.13
Internet Mana  1410.39+0.29
Legalise Cannabis  1270.35-0.08
ACT  800.22-0.34
Ban 1080  690.19+0.19
United Future  660.18+0.18
Civilian  150.04+0.04
Independent Coalition  60.02+0.02
Focus  50.01+0.01
Informal votes192114
Total Valid votes35,71236,168
National holdMajority2,5067.02+5.21

2011 election

2011 general election: Waimakariri [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Kate Wilkinson 16,78747.28+4.2520,48956.89+7.45
Labour Red x.svgN Clayton Cosgrove 16,14545.48+1.398,43123.41-10.46
Green John Kelcher1,1973.37-0.013,0508.47+3.04
Conservative Tim de Vries7852.21+2.211,1773.27+3.27
NZ First Richard Prosser 5881.66-1.462,1315.92+1.96
United Future  2080.58-0.33
ACT  1950.54-2.00
Legalise Cannabis  1550.43+0.10
Māori  930.26-0.12
Mana  350.10-0.12
Democrats  230.06-0.02
Alliance  170.05-0.06
Libertarianz  120.03+0.01
Informal votes490297
Total Valid votes35,50236,016
National gain from Labour Majority6421.81+2.86

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,387 [8]

2008 election

2008 general election: Waimakariri [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Clayton Cosgrove 16,36044.0912,70233.87
National Kate Wilkinson 15,97043.0418,53949.44
ACT Aaron Keown1,7174.639532.54
Green Alan Liefting1,2533.382,0365.43
NZ First Melanie Mark-Shadbolt1,1573.121,4823.95
Kiwi Leighton Baker 5361.443971.06
United Future Kelleigh Sheffield-Cranstoun1140.313420.91
Progressive  3971.06
Bill and Ben  2280.61
Māori  1400.37
Legalise Cannabis  1230.33
Family Party  610.16
Alliance  400.11
Democrats  330.09
Workers Party  90.02
Libertarianz  70.02
Pacific  50.01
RONZ  40.01
RAM  30.01
Informal votes202114
Total Valid votes37,10737,501
Labour holdMajority3901.05


2005 election

2005 general election: Waimakariri [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Clayton Cosgrove 19,08448.61-3.7216,48441.48
National Kate Wilkinson 13,47834.33+13.3816,56541.68
NZ First Ron Mark 4,24710.82-5.902,4536.17
Green Alan Liefting8332.121,5273.84
United Future John Pickering6511.661,2953.26
Progressive John Wright 4581.666091.53
Legalise Cannabis Michael Britnell2890.741250.31
ACT Rebekah Holdaway1960.503620.91
Direct Democracy Jason Orme230.0650.01
Destiny  1150.29
Māori  620.16
Christian Heritage  490.12
Democrats  320.08
Alliance  210.05
Libertarianz  120.03
Family Rights  80.02
One NZ  80.02
99 MP  70.02
RONZ  50.01
Informal votes277116
Total Valid votes39,25839,744
Labour holdMajority5,60614.28-17.10

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Waimakariri for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election

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References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  2. "Hon Clayton Cosgrove". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  4. Conway, Glenn (8 November 2013). "Wilkinson to fall on her sword". The Press . p. A7.
  5. Conway, Glenn (8 November 2013). "Canterbury MP Kate Wilkinson quits". The Press . Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  7. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waimakariri (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  8. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  9. 2008 election results
  10. 2005 election results