Hurunui (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Hurunui was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand, from 1902 (when it replaced Ashley) to 1963.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Canterbury, New Zealand Region of New Zealand in South Island

Canterbury is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island. The region covers an area of 44,508 square kilometres (17,185 sq mi), and is home to a population of 624,000.

Ashley was a New Zealand electorate situated north of Christchurch. It was in use from 1866 to 1902, and was replaced with the Hurunui electorate.

Contents

Population centres

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Hurunui, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established. [1]

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.

Electoral Commission (New Zealand) crown entity administering elections in New Zealand

The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.

The Hurunui electorate was rural. In the 1902 election, there were 34 polling stations, ranging from Amberley (the principal station), Kaikoura, Ashley, Sefton, Waikari, and Mackenzie. [2] In 1905, election meetings were held in Hawarden and Balcairn. [3]

Amberley is a town located in the Hurunui District in north Canterbury, on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 1 approximately 50 km north of Christchurch. It is the seat of the Hurunui District Council.

Kaikoura Minor urban area in Canterbury, New Zealand

Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 1, 180 km north of Christchurch.

History

The Hurunui electorate was first formed for the 1902 election, when it replaced the Ashley electorate. The first election in the new electorate was contested by five candidates: Richard Meredith of the Liberal Party, who was the incumbent from the Ashley electorate, Andrew Rutherford who also stood as a Liberal, George Forbes who stood as an Independent Liberal, as he did not gain the Liberal Party's nomination, Henry Reece, and George Thomas Pulley. Rutherford was successful, gaining almost twice the number of votes than the second-placed candidate, Reece. [4]

Richard Meredith (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

Richard Meredith was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.

Andrew Rutherford (politician) New Zealand politician

Andrew William Rutherford was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

Three candidates contested the 1905 election. Rutherford was returned with more than twice the votes of Obed Frederick Clothier, and George Thomas Pulley came a distant third. [5] [6]

Rutherford retired in 1908, [7] and George Forbes and Obed Frederick Clothier contested the 1908 election. Forbes was successful, and started his long parliamentary career that would see him hold the electorate for the next 35 years to 1943. [8] [9] Forbes was Prime Minister from 1930 to 1935. [10]

William Gillespie succeeded Forbes in 1943 and held the electorate until his death in 1961. [11]

The last member was Herbert Pickering of the National Party from the 1961 by-election to 1963. Pickering transferred to the new Rangiora electorate in 1963. [12]

In 1954, Norman Kirk stood in Hurunui as the Labour candidate, his first venture into national (parliamentary) politics. He increased Labour's share of the vote considerably, but did not win. [13]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament. [14]

Key

  Liberal     United     National   

ElectionWinner
1902 election Andrew Rutherford
1905 election
1908 election George Forbes
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election William Gillespie
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1961 by-election Herbert Pickering
(Electorate abolished in 1963; see Rangiora)

Election results

1961 by-election

Hurunui by-election, 1961 [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Herbert Pickering 6,644 52.91
Labour A A Adcock 4,760 37.91
Social Credit J Clark 1,153 9.18
Majority 1,884 15.00
Turnout 12,557 74.13
Registered electors 16,940
National hold Swing

1954 election

General election, 1954: Hurunui [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National William Gillespie 6,454 52.3 -8.7
Labour Norman Kirk 4,059 32.9
Social Credit WL Cate 1,829 14.8
Majority 2,395 19.4 -2.6
Turnout 13,524 91.8 +3.9

1943 election

There were four candidates in 1943, with the election won by William Gillespie over James William Morgan. [16]

1938 election

General election, 1938: Hurunui [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Forbes 5,679 52.23 +3.03
Labour Harold Ernest Denton 5,144 47.31
Informal votes 49 0.45 -0.22
Majority 535 4.92 -7.16
Turnout 10,872 94.71 +4.28
Registered electors 11,479

1935 election

General election, 1935: Hurunui [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United George Forbes 4,897 49.20 -24.47
Labour Donald Cyrus Davies 3,694 37.11
Independent Oliver Duff [19] 1,362 13.68
Informal votes 67 0.67 -0.13
Majority 1,203 12.08 -35.27
Turnout 9,953 90.43 +10.60
Registered electors 11,006

1931 election

General election, 1931: Hurunui [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United George Forbes 6,151 73.67 +17.62
Labour R J Logan [21] 2,198 26.33
Informal votes 67 0.80 -0.33
Majority 3,953 47.35 +28.06
Turnout 8,416 79.83 -10.26
Registered electors 10,543

1928 election

General election, 1928: Hurunui [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United George Forbes 5,344 56.05 +0.91
Reform L R C Macfarlane 3,505 36.76
Labour F Turley 576 6.04
Informal votes 108 1.13 +0.21
Majority 1,839 19.29 +8.08
Turnout 9,533 90.09 -0.56
Registered electors 10,581

1925 election

General election, 1925: Hurunui [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 3,989 55.14 -2.95
Reform J G Armstrong 3,178 43.93
Informal votes 67 0.92 -0.45
Majority 811 11.21 -5.35
Turnout 7,234 90.65 +5.23
Registered electors 7,980

1922 election

General election, 1922: Hurunui [24] [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 3,963 58.09 +5.98
Reform S Andrew 2,765 40.53
Informal votes 94 1.37 +0.51
Majority 1,198 17.56 +6.01
Turnout 6,822 85.42 +4.66
Registered electors 7,986

1919 election

General election, 1919: Hurunui [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 3,008 52.11 -12.80
Reform J G Armstrong 2,341 40.55
Independent G G Gardner 373 6.46
Informal votes 50 0.86 -0.16
Majority 667 11.55 -18.28
Turnout 5,772 80.76 -2.03
Registered electors 7,147

1914 election

General election, 1914: Hurunui [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 3,233 64.91 +6.02
Reform William Banks 1,747 35.08
Informal votes 46 0.92 -0.10
Majority 1,486 29.83 +11.02
Turnout 4,980 82.79 +3.63
Registered electors 6,015

1911 election

General election, 1911: Hurunui, First ballot [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 2,940 58.89 +1.01
Reform David Macfarlane 2,001 40.08
Informal votes 51 1.02 +0.52
Majority 939 18.81 +2.74
Turnout 4,992 79.16 +14.17
Registered electors 6,306

1908 election

General election, 1908: Hurunui, Second ballot [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 2,150 57.88 +9.66
Conservative Obed Cloither 1,553 41.81 +10.02
Informal votes 11 0.29 0.54
Majority 597 16.07
Turnout 3,714 64.99 -9.61


General election, 1908: Hurunui, First ballot [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Forbes 2,056 48.22
Conservative Obed Cloither 1,357 31.83
Ind. Labour League G D Greenwood 509 11.93
Independent Liberal George Pulley 309 7.24
Informal votes 32 0.75
Turnout 4,263 74.60
Registered electors 5,714

1902 election

General election, 1902: Hurunui [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Andrew Rutherford 1,577 44.24
Conservative Henry Fear Reece 880 24.69
Liberal Richard Meredith 834 23.40
Liberal George Forbes 205 5.75
Independent Liberal George Pulley 68 1.90
Majority 697 19.55
Turnout 3,564 85.69
Registered electors 4,519

Related Research Articles

1902 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1902 was held on Tuesday, 25 November, in the general electorates, and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 15th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 415,789 (76.7%) voters turned out to vote.

Franklin was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1861 to 1996 during four periods.

Waitemata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1946, and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by 18 members of parliament.

Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.

Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.

Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was one of the original electorates in 1853 and existed during two periods until 1978. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Buller is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1972. It was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.

Ohinemuri is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1896 to 1928, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.

Kaipara is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Auckland that existed from 1902 to 1946, and from 1978 to 1996.

Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.

Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Wellington East was a parliamentary electorate in the eastern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1905 to 1946. It was succeeded by the Miramar electorate. The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

Temuka was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1911 to 1946. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Newtown was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand from 1902 to 1908.

Dunedin Central was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand from 1881 to 1890 and 1905 to 1984.

Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.

Hawera was a parliamentary electorate in the South Taranaki District of New Zealand from 1896 to 1908. It was represented by two Members of Parliament over the four parliamentary terms of its existence.

15th New Zealand Parliament

The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.

References

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. "Hurunui". The Press . LIX (11440). 26 November 1902. p. 8. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  3. "Hurunui". The Press . LXII (12367). 5 December 1905. p. 9. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  4. "Election Notices". The Press . LIX (11443). 29 November 1902. p. 10. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  5. "The General Elections". Star (8491). 7 December 1905. p. 4. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  6. "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 3. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  7. Wilson 1985, p. 232.
  8. Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  9. "The General Election, 1908". National Library. June 1906. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  10. Gardner, W. J. "Forbes, George William - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  11. Wilson 1985, p. 199.
  12. Wilson 1985, p. 227.
  13. Bassett, Michael. "Kirk, Norman Eric - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  14. Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  15. 1 2 Norton 1988, p. 250.
  16. "Public Notices". The Press . LXXIX (24076). 12 October 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  17. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  18. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  19. "The Hurunui Seat". The Press . LXXI (21588). 26 September 1935. p. 12. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  20. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  21. "In Canterbury". Auckland Star . LXII (281). 27 November 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  22. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  23. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  24. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  25. McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  26. Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  27. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  28. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  29. "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  30. 1 2 "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  31. The General Election, 1902. National Library. 1903. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014.

Bibliography