Thames is a former New Zealand electorate, in the Thames-Coromandel District. It existed from 1871 to 1946.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The Thames-Coromandel District is a territorial authority district in the North Island of New Zealand, covering all the Coromandel Peninsula and extending south to Hikutaia.
The electorate is based on the town of Thames. At times, it covered the Coromandel Peninsula.
Thames is a town at the southwestern end of the Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand's North Island. It is located on the Firth of Thames close to the mouth of the Waihou River. The town is the seat of the Thames-Coromandel District Council. The Māori iwi are Ngāti Maru, who are descendants of Marutuahu's son Te Ngako. Ngāti Maru is part of the Ngati Marutuahu confederation of tribes or better known as Hauraki Iwi.
The Coromandel Peninsula on the North Island of New Zealand extends 85 kilometres north from the western end of the Bay of Plenty, forming a natural barrier to protect the Hauraki Gulf and the Firth of Thames in the west from the Pacific Ocean to the east. It is 40 kilometres wide at its broadest point. Almost the entire population lies on the narrow coastal strips fronting the Hauraki Gulf and the Bay of Plenty. In clear weather the peninsula is clearly visible from Auckland, the country's biggest city, which lies on the far shore of the Hauraki Gulf, 55 kilometres to the west. The peninsula is part of the Thames-Coromandel District of the Waikato Region.
The electorate existed from 1871 to 1946. At times, it was a multi-member electorate. It was represented by ten Members of Parliament.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
Charles Gordon O'Neill was the first representative, elected in the 1871 general election. He represented the electorate until the end of the term in December 1875.
The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.
Thames was then converted into a two-member electorate. George Grey stood for both the City of Auckland West and the Thames electorates in the 1875 general election. In the two-member Auckland electorate, only Grey and Patrick Dignan were put forward as candidates, and were thus declared elected on 22 December 1875.The Thames electorate was contested by six candidates, including Julius Vogel (who was Premier in 1875), William Rowe and Charles Featherstone Mitchell. On election day (6 January 1876), Grey attracted the highest number of votes and unexpectedly, Rowe beat Vogel to second place (Vogel also stood in a second electorate – Wanganui, where he was returned). Hence Grey and Rowe were declared elected for Thames. A protest against Grey's election was lodged with the returning officer the following day, stating that Grey had not been eligible to stand for election in Thames, as he had already been elected in Auckland West. This petition was filed to the House of Representatives at the end of January.
Sir George Grey, KCB was a British soldier, explorer, colonial administrator and writer. He served in a succession of governing positions: Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Cape Colony, and the 11th Premier of New Zealand.
The former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western inner city of Auckland, was known as City of Auckland West from 1861 to 1890, and then Auckland West from 1905 to 1946.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
With this controversy going on for several months, but being unresolved, Grey advised in mid June 1876 in a series of telegrams that he had chosen to represent Auckland West.On 8 July, the report of the committee inquiring into Sir George Grey's election for the Thames was read to the House. It was found that his election to the Thames electorate was in accordance with the law, but that he had to make a decision which electorate he would represent. On 15 July 1876, Grey announced that he would represent Thames, and he moved that a by-election be held in Auckland West for the seat that he would vacate there.
Rowe retired at the end of the term. The 1879 general election was contested by John Sheehan and George Grey, and they were thus declared elected unopposed.
In 1881, the electorate reverted to be represented by only one member. In the 1881 general election, Grey successfully contested Auckland East.Sheehan was confirmed as the representative for Thames.
In the 1884 general election, Sheehan (unsuccessfully) contested Napier. William Fraser was elected for Thames. Fraser was confirmed again in the 1887 general election.
Edmund Taylorand Alfred Cadman contested the Thames electorate in the 1890 general election. Cadman was successful with a 104 votes majority. He resigned his seat on 11 July 1893.
The resulting 31 July 1893 by-election was unanimously won by James McGowan, and he represented the electorate for many years until his resignation on 6 January 1909, as he was appointed to the Legislative Council.
Taylor, who was unsuccessful in 1890 against Cadman, won the resulting 4 February 1909 by-election. The second ballot electoral system was in place at the time, and required for this by-election. He held the electorate until the end of the parliamentary term in 1911.
Thomas William Rhodes defeated Taylor in the 1911 general election.Rhodes represented the electorate until his retirement in 1928.
In 1919 Mrs Aileen Cooke in Thames was one of three women who stood at short notice when women were able to stand as candidates for election to parliament.
Albert Samuel was first elected in the 1928 general election. He was re-elected in 1931 and retired in 1935.
Jim Thorn was the last representative of Thames. He was first elected in the 1935 general election. His parliamentary career finished in 1946.In the following year, he became High Commissioner to Canada. The Thames electorate was abolished in 1946.
Thames was represented by ten Members of Parliament.
Independent Liberal Reform Labour
From 1871 to 1875, Thames was represented by one Member of Parliament.
|1871 election||Charles Gordon O'Neill|
From 1876 to 1881, Thames was a two-member electorate. It was represented by three Members of Parliament:
|1876 election||William Rowe||George Grey|
|1879 election||John Sheehan|
From 1881 to 1946, Thames was a single member electorate again. Sheehan continued his representation, and six other members followed him:
|1881 election||John Sheehan|
|1884 election||William Fraser|
|1890 election||Alfred Cadman|
|1893 by-election||James McGowan|
|1909 by-election||Edmund Taylor|
|1911 election||Thomas William Rhodes|
|1928 election||Albert Samuel|
|1935 election||Jim Thorn|
|(Electorate abolished 1946)|
|National||William Alexander Clark||4,599||41.33||+1.54|
|Democratic Labour||Balfour Dawson||458||4.11|
|People's Movement||Reginald Day||312||2.80|
|National||William Alexander Clark||4,670||39.79|
|Labour||John Sommerville Montgomerie||4,238||47.40|
|Liberal||William Henry Lucas||1,776||44.21|
|Liberal||William Henry Lucas||853||22.51|
|Liberal||Thomas William Rhodes||565||14.91|
|Conservative||Frederick Henry Haselden||493||13.01|
|Independent Liberal||Edmund Taylor||1,826||45.94|
|Independent||Sir George Grey||984||67.53|
|Independent||Sir Julius Vogel||685||47.01|
|Independent||C F Mitchell||330||22.64|
The New Zealand general election of 1879 was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.
East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Anne Tolley of the National Party, who has held office since 2005.
Tauranga is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Tauranga is Simon Bridges of the National Party, who won the seat in the 2008 New Zealand general election, after the previous MP, Bob Clarkson of the National Party, retired.
Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.
James McGowan was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party.
Waikato is the name of a current electorate in the New Zealand Parliament. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1963, and then from 1969 to 1996 when MMP was introduced. The current electorate was re-established for the 2008 election and has been represented by Tim van de Molen for the National Party since the 2017 general election.
Eden, a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, lay in the general area of the suburb of Mount Eden in the city of Auckland.
Grey is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand.
Newton was a 19th-century parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand. It existed from 1861 to 1893 and was represented by seven Members of Parliament.
Hokitika is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand, based on the town of Hokitika. It existed from 1871 to 1890 and was represented by nine members of parliament. For a time, it was one of the two-member electorates in New Zealand.
Gladstone was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1890.
Coleridge is a former parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. The electorate existed from the 1866 election to 1887.
William Lee Rees was an English-born New Zealand cricketer, politician and lawyer.
William Kelly was an Irish migrant to New Zealand, and became a businessman, soldier and politician.
William Rowe (1819–1886) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in the Auckland Region, New Zealand.
The fifth New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 6th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.
This is a summary of the electoral history of Sir George Grey, Prime Minister of New Zealand, (1877–1879). He represented six electorates during his political career.