Marlborough (New Zealand electorate)

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Marlborough is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the Marlborough region at the top of the South Island. It existed from 1938 to 1996, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

The 1931 New Zealand census had been cancelled due to the Great Depression, so the 1937 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth into account. The increasing population imbalance between the North and South Islands had slowed, and only one electorate seat was transferred from south to north. Five electorates were abolished, one former electorate (Onehunga) was re-established, and four electorates were created for the first time, including Marlborough. [1] The Marlborough electorate replaced the Wairau electorate, which had more or less the same shape as Wairau had had since the 1927 electoral redistribution. [2] For the purposes of the country quota, the 1936 census had determined that some 27% of the population lived in urban areas, and the balance in rural areas. [3]

Settlements that were covered by the original electorate included Havelock, Picton, Blenheim, and Kaikoura. [4] The area is noted for growing grapes for white wine.

History

The electorate was created in 1938, replacing the Wairau electorate. Ted Meachen of the Labour Party, who had previously represented Wairau, was the first representative. [5] In the 1946 election, Meachen was defeated by National's Tom Shand. [6]

In 1996 with the advent of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation the electorate was included into the Kaikōura electorate. The then MP Doug Kidd was the first MP for Kaikōura.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National   

ElectionWinner
1938 election Ted Meachen
1943 election
1946 election Tom Shand
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1970 by-election Ian Brooks
1972 election
1975 election Ed Latter
1978 election Doug Kidd
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Kaikoura)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Marlborough [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 8,935 41.04 -22.34
Labour Stephen Howard6,38729.33
Alliance Reg Murphy3,89117.87
NZ First Tom Harrison1,9308.86
Christian Heritage David Pigou4852.22
Independent Desmond Bell910.41-0.35
Natural Law Kevin Smith500.22
Majority2,54811.70-23.76
Turnout 21,76983.77+1.03
Registered electors 25,984

1990 election

1990 general election: Marlborough [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 12,844 63.38 +9.67
Labour Barbara Hutchinson5,65727.91-14.27
NewLabour Karen Donaldson9014.44
Social Credit George Kerr4252.09
NZ Party Michael Heywood1800.88
Independent Desmond Bell1550.76+0.27
Democrats Hugh Emslie1020.50
Majority7,18735.46+23.93
Turnout 20,26482.74-8.08
Registered electors 24,489

1987 election

1987 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 11,189 53.71 +11.01
Labour Barbara Hutchinson8,78742.18
Democrats R S MacArthur6503.12
Independent Desmond Bell1090.52+0.33
Independent S W Yealands970.46+0.07
Majority2,40211.53+8.78
Turnout 20,83290.82-3.20
Registered electors 22,937

1984 election

1984 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 9,472 42.70 -0.61
Labour George MacDonald8,86039.94
NZ Party Peter Calcott2,65611.97
Social Credit H M Smith1,0624.78
Independent S W Yealands870.39
Independent Desmond Bell430.19-0.12
Majority6122.75-5.15
Turnout 22,18094.02+1.88
Registered electors 23,590

1981 election

1981 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 8,998 43.31 -0.37
Labour Graeme Macann7,35535.40
Social Credit Ron Cullum4,35320.95
Independent Desmond Bell660.31-0.02
Majority1,6437.90+6.27
Turnout 20,77292.14+12.98
Registered electors 22,543

1978 election

1978 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Doug Kidd 8,614 43.68
Labour Ian Brooks 8,29142.05+4.26
Social Credit George Kerr2,36511.99+7.01
Values A W Litchfield3811.93
Independent Desmond Bell660.33
Majority3231.63
Turnout 19,71779.16-9.77
Registered electors 24,905

1975 election

1975 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Ed Latter 10,047 53.96
Labour Ian Brooks 7,03737.79-13.66
Social Credit George Kerr9284.98+0.35
Values Richard Belton6073.26
Majority3,01016.16
Turnout 18,61988.93-3.04
Registered electors 20,936

1972 election

1972 general election: Marlborough [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Brooks 8,469 51.45 +3.52
National Bruno Dalliessi7,17943.61
Social Credit George Kerr7634.63-3.32
New Democratic Thomas William MacDonald490.29
Majority1,2907.83+0.75
Turnout 16,46091.97+13.66
Registered electors 17,896

1970 by-election

1970 Marlborough by-election [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Brooks 7,060 47.93 +9.29
National Andy Shand6,01740.85
Social Credit George Kerr1,1717.95-0.29
Country Party Clifford Stanley Emeny4823.27
Majority1,0437.08
Turnout 14,73078.31-13.33
Registered electors 18,809

1969 election

1969 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 9,039 53.10 +6.98
Labour Ian Brooks 6,57938.64
Social Credit George Kerr1,4048.24-4.18
Majority2,46014.45+9.78
Turnout 17,02291.64+1.88
Registered electors 18,573

1966 election

1966 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,216 46.12 -4.13
Labour Gerry Wall 6,48441.44
Social Credit George Kerr1,94312.42-0.91
Majority7324.67-9.17
Turnout 15,64389.76-1.45
Registered electors 17,427

1963 election

1963 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,663 50.25 +0.03
Labour Bill Kenyon5,55236.41
Social Credit George Kerr2,03313.33+1.97
Majority2,11113.84+2.83
Turnout 15,24891.21
Registered electors 16,716

1960 election

1960 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,424 50.22 -1.80
Labour Robert William Hope5,67738.40
Social Credit George Kerr1,68011.36+3.34
Majority1,74711.81-0.27
Turnout 14,78192.56-2.11
Registered electors 15,969

1957 election

1957 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,672 52.02 +3.69
Labour Roy Evans5,89039.94
Social Credit George Kerr1,1848.02-6.47
Majority1,78212.08+0.92
Turnout 14,74694.67+1.58
Registered electors 15,575

1954 election

1954 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,080 48.33 -10.49
Labour George Allan Turner5,44537.16
Social Credit George Kerr2,12414.49
Majority1,63511.16-6.48
Turnout 14,64993.09+0.42
Registered electors 15,735

1951 election

1951 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 8,175 58.82 +2.11
Labour Ted Meachen 5,72341.18
Majority2,45217.64+4.21
Turnout 13,89892.67-2.45
Registered electors 14,996

1949 election

1949 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 7,861 56.71 +6.06
Labour James Harrison Wilson5,99943.29
Majority1,86213.43+12.13
Turnout 13,86095.12+0.79
Registered electors 14,571

1946 election

1946 general election: Marlborough [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Shand 6,935 50.65 +5.42
Labour Ted Meachen 6,75649.35-0.41
Majority1791.30
Turnout 13,69194.33+2.17
Registered electors 14,513

1943 election

1943 general election: Marlborough [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ted Meachen 5,934 48.94 -7.23
National Tom Shand 5,48445.23
Democratic Labour Mark Walton Grace5644.65
Ind. Conservative Angus Mackinnon520.42
Informal votes900.74-0.07
Majority4503.71-9.31
Turnout 12,12492.16-3.58
Registered electors 13,154

1938 election

1938 general election: Marlborough [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ted Meachen 6,579 56.17
National Edward Healy 5,05443.15
Informal votes790.67
Majority1,52513.02
Turnout 11,71295.74
Registered electors 12,232

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 87–92.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 87–93.
  3. McRobie 1989, p. 92.
  4. McRobie 1989, p. 93.
  5. Wilson 1985, p. 219.
  6. Wilson 1985, pp. 219, 233.
  7. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 60–1.
  8. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. pp. 64–5.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, p. 274.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Norton 1988, p. 273.
  11. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  12. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.

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References