Marlborough is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the Marlborough region at the top of the South Island. It existed from 1938 to 1996, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.
The 1931 New Zealand census had been cancelled due to the Great Depression, so the 1937 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth into account. The increasing population imbalance between the North and South Islands had slowed, and only one electorate seat was transferred from south to north. Five electorates were abolished, one former electorate (Onehunga) was re-established, and four electorates were created for the first time, including Marlborough.The Marlborough electorate replaced the Wairau electorate, which had more or less the same shape as Wairau had had since the 1927 electoral redistribution. For the purposes of the country quota, the 1936 census had determined that some 27% of the population lived in urban areas, and the balance in rural areas.
Settlements that were covered by the original electorate included Havelock, Picton, Blenheim, and Kaikoura.The area is noted for growing grapes for white wine.
The electorate was created in 1938, replacing the Wairau electorate. Ted Meachen of the Labour Party, who had previously represented Wairau, was the first representative.In the 1946 election, Meachen was defeated by National's Tom Shand.
In 1996 with the advent of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation the electorate was included into the Kaikōura electorate. The then MP Doug Kidd was the first MP for Kaikōura.
|1938 election||Ted Meachen|
|1946 election||Tom Shand|
|1970 by-election||Ian Brooks|
|1975 election||Ed Latter|
|1978 election||Doug Kidd|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Kaikoura)|
|NZ First||Tom Harrison||1,930||8.86|
|Christian Heritage||David Pigou||485||2.22|
|Natural Law||Kevin Smith||50||0.22|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||425||2.09|
|NZ Party||Michael Heywood||180||0.88|
|Democrats||R S MacArthur||650||3.12|
|Independent||S W Yealands||97||0.46||+0.07|
|NZ Party||Peter Calcott||2,656||11.97|
|Social Credit||H M Smith||1,062||4.78|
|Independent||S W Yealands||87||0.39|
|Social Credit||Ron Cullum||4,353||20.95|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||2,365||11.99||+7.01|
|Values||A W Litchfield||381||1.93|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||928||4.98||+0.35|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||763||4.63||-3.32|
|New Democratic||Thomas William MacDonald||49||0.29|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||1,171||7.95||-0.29|
|Country Party||Clifford Stanley Emeny||482||3.27|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||1,404||8.24||-4.18|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||1,943||12.42||-0.91|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||2,033||13.33||+1.97|
|Labour||Robert William Hope||5,677||38.40|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||1,680||11.36||+3.34|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||1,184||8.02||-6.47|
|Labour||George Allan Turner||5,445||37.16|
|Social Credit||George Kerr||2,124||14.49|
|Labour||James Harrison Wilson||5,999||43.29|
|Democratic Labour||Mark Walton Grace||564||4.65|
|Ind. Conservative||Angus Mackinnon||52||0.42|
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