Birkenhead (New Zealand electorate)

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Birkenhead electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996. Birkenhead electorate, 1993.png
Birkenhead electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate on Auckland's North Shore from 1969 to 1996, when it was absorbed into the Northcote electorate.

Contents

Population centres

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [1] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [2] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Birkenhead) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [3] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [4] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. [5] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. [2]

This suburban electorate was on the North Shore of Auckland. Most of its original area had previously been with the Waitemata electorate. [6] It was absorbed into the Northcote electorate.

History

Norman King of the Labour Party had first been elected to the Waitemata electorate in the 1954 election. He was the first representatives for the Birkenhead electorate when it was created for the 1969 election. [7] King was defeated in the 1975 election by Jim McLay of the National Party. [8]

The electorate was abolished in the 1996 election, the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National   

ElectionWinner
1969 election Norman King
1972 election
1975 election Jim McLay
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Jenny Kirk
1990 election Ian Revell
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Northcote)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Birkenhead [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Ian Revell 7,866 36.99 -12.16
Labour Ann Hartley 7,76236.50
Alliance Bob Lack3,31415.58
NZ First Ruth Norman1,6817.90
Christian Heritage Tony Brebner3641.71
McGillicuddy Serious Ben Nicholson1640.77
Natural Law Angela Wood680.31
Workers Rights Caroline Selwood-Hatt450.21
Majority1040.48-13.21
Turnout 21,26485.98-0.54
Registered electors 24,730

1990 election

1990 general election: Birkenhead [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Ian Revell 10,094 49.15
Labour Jenny Kirk 7,28135.45-18.25
Green Michael Crowther1,8208.86
NewLabour Ross Tozer9004.38
Democrats Richard George Midson1790.87-1.05
McGillicuddy Serious Katerina Jane Julian1610.78
Independent Tony Seagar990.48
Majority2,81313.69
Turnout 20,53485.44-2.85
Registered electors 24,033

1987 election

1987 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jenny Kirk 11,063 53.70
National Barry Gustafson 8,84342.92
Democrats Richard George Midson3971.92
NZ Party Eddie Yeoman1860.90
Libertarian D I M Fraser1100.53
Majority2,22010.77
Turnout 20,59988.29-4.93
Registered electors 23,329

1984 election

1984 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Jim McLay 9,547 43.82 -2.69
Labour John Course7,83035.94
NZ Party Janie Pearce3,76117.26
Social Credit Bruce Raymond Sheppard6482.97
Majority1,7177.88-2.23
Turnout 21,78693.22+3.15
Registered electors 23,370

1981 election

1981 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Jim McLay 9,672 46.51 -2.11
Labour Bill Smith7,56836.39
Social Credit Mervyn Adair3,55217.08
Majority2,10410.11-3.06
Turnout 20,79290.07+18.54
Registered electors 23,082

1978 election

1978 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Jim McLay 9,350 48.62 -3.14
Labour Rex Stanton6,81635.44
Social Credit Des Long2,58313.43
Values Keith Wargeant4802.49
Majority2,53413.17
Turnout 19,22971.53-13.30
Registered electors 26,882

1975 election

1975 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Jim McLay 10,871 51.76
Labour Norman King 8,05538.35-11.46
Values Ray Tomes1,2535.96
Social Credit George Thew9074.31-1.17
Independent Noel Hardie140.06
Majority2,81613.40-0.23
Turnout 21,00084.83-5.32
Registered electors 24,753

1972 election

1972 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Norman King 8,213 49.81 -1.42
National Don McKinnon 6,68040.51-1.67
Social Credit George Thew9045.48
Values Andrew John Quaill6423.89
New Democratic Len Inkster470.28
Majority1,5339.29+0.24
Turnout 16,48690.15+1.33
Registered electors 18,286

1969 election

1969 general election: Birkenhead [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Norman King 9,623 51.23
National Don McKinnon 7,92242.18
Social Credit John Robert Neil1,2366.58
Majority1,7019.05
Turnout 18,78188.82
Registered electors 21,144

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  2. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 111.
  7. Wilson 1985, p. 210.
  8. Wilson 1985, pp. 210, 216.
  9. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  10. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, pp. 202.

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