Island Bay was a former New Zealand electorate, centred on Island Bay in the southern suburbs of Wellington. The electorate was formed in 1946 and dissolved in 1996.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Island Bay.
The electorate was held by five MPs from the Labour Party for the whole of its existence from 1946 to 1996.Robert McKeen was the first representative; he had since the 1922 election represented the Wellington South electorate. McKeen was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1947 to 1950. He retired from Parliament in 1954.
McKeen was succeeded by Arnold Nordmeyer in the 1954 election.Nordmeyer was Minister of Finance in the Second Labour Government from 1957 to 1960, and is remembered for the black budget which contributed to Labour's defeat in 1960. Nordmeyer had moved to the Island Bay electorate when the Brooklyn electorate was abolished.
Gerald O'Brien was deselected by Labour for the electorate in 1978, and ran against the new Labour candidate Frank O'Flynn. O'Flynn was Minister of Defence in the Fourth Labour Government from 1984 to 1987.
|1946 election||Robert McKeen|
|1954 election||Arnold Nordmeyer|
|1969 election||Gerald O'Brien|
|1978 election||Frank O'Flynn|
|1987 election||Elizabeth Tennet|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Rongotai)|
|NZ First||Paul Douche||926||4.49||+3.94|
|Christian Heritage||Brian Fleming||479||2.32|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Samuel Buchanan||451||2.18|
|Natural Law||Bruce Brown||158||0.76|
|McGillicuddy Serious||C H Smith||205||1.09|
|Independent||I R Bartram||125||0.66||-1.47|
|People's Party||Warwick Taylor||115||0.61|
|Social Credit||Paul Douche||104||0.55|
|Independent||R J C Gilberd||37||0.19|
|Democrats||E H Low||503||2.60|
|Independent||I R Bartram||413||2.13|
|People's Party||Christopher John Ellis||408||2.11|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Katerina Jane Julian||214||1.10|
|NZ Party||G T Parker||121||0.62|
|Imperial British Conservative||K J Quinn||109||0.56|
|NZ Party||Peter Button||4,048||20.42|
|Social Credit||Paul Douche||477||2.40|
|Social Credit||Ron England||2,747||14.94|
|Private Enterprise||Frank Moncur||120||0.65||+0.60|
|Independent Labour||Gerald O'Brien||3,632||19.71||-28.63|
|Social Credit||Robyn Smith||1,502||8.15|
|Independent||J C Bailey||65||0.35|
|Socialist Action||Pat Starkey||33||0.17|
|Independent National||Frank Moncur||12||0.06||-0.09|
|Social Credit||Tom McLean||675||4.09|
|Socialist Action||Kay Goodger||44||0.26|
|Independent National||Frank Moncur||26||0.15||-0.14|
|Social Credit||Colin Whitmill||559||3.71||-0.61|
|New Democratic||Donald McMillan||95||0.63|
|Independent National||Frank Moncur||45||0.29|
|National||Fairlie Fergus Curry||6,026||41.18|
|Social Credit||Colin Whitmill||633||4.32|
|Social Credit||K A Marshall||1,487||10.99|
|Ind. Social Credit||John Albert Cameron||174||1.28||-3.38|
|National||Fairlie Fergus Curry||5,984||39.28||-1.19|
|Social Credit||John Albert Cameron||711||4.66||-0.68|
|National||Fairlie Fergus Curry||5,668||40.47|
|Social Credit||John Albert Cameron||748||5.34|
|Social Credit||Eric Elliott||683||4.45|
|National||John Maurice Whitta||5,159||35.10|
|Social Credit||Daniel Gardiner||821||5.58|
|National||J E Duncan||5,055||42.51|
|National||Herbert Edward Childs||4,565||37.78||+4.38|
|National||Herbert Edward Childs||4,332||33.40|
Brooklyn was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Wellington city from 1946 to 1954. It was represented by two prominent members of the Labour Party: Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister (1940–1949), and Arnold Nordmeyer, who was later Minister of Finance (1957–1960).
Miramar was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south-eastern suburbs of Wellington. It was created in 1946, replacing Wellington East, and was replaced by Rongotai for the first MMP election of 1996.
Pencarrow is a former Parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1978 to 1996.
Waimarino was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1911 to 1954, and from 1963 to 1972. It was rural in nature and was represented by four Members of Parliament.
King Country was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1972 to 1996 and was represented by Jim Bolger of the National Party for those 24 years.
Kapiti was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996. A bellwether electorate, it frequently changed between National and Labour.
Horowhenua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1996.
Glenfield was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate for four terms, from 1984 to 1996. It was represented by two members of parliament, first Judy Keall of the Labour Party, and then Peter Hilt of the National Party. Hilt defected to United New Zealand in 1995.
Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate on Auckland's North Shore from 1969 to 1996, when it was absorbed into the Northcote electorate.
Otara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. It existed for four parliamentary terms and was represented by three members of parliament, two from Labour and one from National.
Fendalton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during two periods between 1946 and 1996. The electorate was in the western suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. Fendalton is an expensive suburb, and was always represented by the National Party.
Eastern Hutt is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by two Labour MPs.
Western Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1969 to 1996.
West Coast is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.
West Auckland is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western outskirts of Auckland, created for the 1984 election from part of the former Helensville electorate. The electorate was abolished for the 1993 election, and split between Henderson and Waitakere electorates.
Henderson is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1969 to 1978 and then from 1993 to 1996.
Dunedin West was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Dunedin. It existed for three periods between 1881 and 1996 and was represented by seven Members of Parliament.
Yaldhurst is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, near the city of Christchurch. The electorate was to the southwest of Christchurch, and was suburban and semi-rural.
Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.