Island Bay (New Zealand electorate)

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Island Bay electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996. Island Bay electorate, 1993.png
Island Bay electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Island Bay was a former New Zealand electorate, centred on Island Bay in the southern suburbs of Wellington. The electorate was formed in 1946 and dissolved in 1996.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Island Bay. [1]

History

The electorate was held by five MPs from the Labour Party for the whole of its existence from 1946 to 1996. [2] Robert McKeen was the first representative; he had since the 1922 election represented the Wellington South electorate. [3] McKeen was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1947 to 1950. [4] He retired from Parliament in 1954. [3]

McKeen was succeeded by Arnold Nordmeyer in the 1954 election. [5] Nordmeyer was Minister of Finance in the Second Labour Government from 1957 to 1960, [6] and is remembered for the black budget which contributed to Labour's defeat in 1960. [7] Nordmeyer had moved to the Island Bay electorate when the Brooklyn electorate was abolished. [5]

Gerald O'Brien was deselected by Labour for the electorate in 1978, and ran against the new Labour candidate Frank O'Flynn. O'Flynn was Minister of Defence in the Fourth Labour Government from 1984 to 1987.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour   

ElectionsWinner
1946 election Robert McKeen
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Arnold Nordmeyer
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election Gerald O'Brien
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election Frank O'Flynn
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Elizabeth Tennet
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Rongotai)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Island Bay [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 10,110 49.02 +0.87
National Chris Shields4,68822.73
Alliance Vernon Tile3,80918.47
NZ First Paul Douche9264.49+3.94
Christian Heritage Brian Fleming4792.32
McGillicuddy Serious Samuel Buchanan4512.18
Natural Law Bruce Brown1580.76
Majority5,42226.29+6.92
Turnout 20,62184.45+2.59
Registered electors 24,417

1990 election

1990 general election: Island Bay [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 9,034 48.15 -16.19
National Ann Nolan5,39928.77
Green Gillian Hope2,34312.48
NewLabour Dallas Moore1,3427.15
McGillicuddy Serious C H Smith2051.09
Independent I R Bartram1250.66-1.47
People's PartyWarwick Taylor1150.61
Social Credit Paul Douche1040.55
Independent R J C Gilberd370.19
Majority3,63519.37-18.45
Turnout 18,76181.86-3.23
Registered electors 22,918

1987 election

1987 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Elizabeth Tennet 12,439 64.34
National Sandra Clarke5,12626.51
Democrats E H Low5032.60
Independent I R Bartram4132.13
People's PartyChristopher John Ellis4082.11
McGillicuddy Serious Katerina Jane Julian2141.10
NZ Party G T Parker1210.62
Imperial British Conservative K J Quinn1090.56
Majority7,31337.82
Turnout 19,33385.09-5.94
Registered electors 22,719

1984 election

1984 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank O'Flynn 10,495 52.95 +0.04
National John Kananghinis4,48822.64
NZ Party Peter Button 4,04820.42
Social Credit Paul Douche4772.40
Values Bruce Symondson2201.11
Independent Bill Maung890.44
Majority6,00730.31+8.88
Turnout 19,81791.03+3.67
Registered electors 21,768

1981 election

1981 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank O'Flynn 9,723 52.91 +17.51
National Doug Catley5,78531.48
Social Credit Ron England2,74714.94
Private EnterpriseFrank Moncur1200.65+0.60
Majority3,93821.43+17.91
Turnout 18,37587.36+30.56
Registered electors 21,032

1978 election

1978 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Frank O'Flynn 6,524 35.40
National Bill Nathan5,87431.88-8.73
Independent Labour Gerald O'Brien 3,63219.71-28.63
Social Credit Robyn Smith1,5028.15
Values Raewyn Good7514.07
Independent J C Bailey650.35
Socialist Action Pat Starkey330.17
Tory Tony Catford210.11
Independent National Frank Moncur120.06-0.09
Independent Robert Williamson110.05
Majority6503.52
Turnout 18,42556.80-19.85
Registered electors 32,433

1975 election

1975 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gerald O'Brien 7,964 48.34 -7.13
National Bill Nathan6,69040.61
Values Peter Rutherford1,0654.46
Social Credit Tom McLean6754.09
Socialist Action Kay Goodger440.26
Feminist Ron Megget290.17
Independent National Frank Moncur260.15-0.14
Majority1,2747.73-15.48
Turnout 16,47376.65-11.98
Registered electors 21,489

1972 election

1972 general election: Island Bay [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gerald O'Brien 8,352 55.47 +5.08
National Bruce Farland4,85732.25
Values Tony Brunt 1,1487.62
Social Credit Colin Whitmill5593.71-0.61
New Democratic Donald McMillan950.63
Independent National Frank Moncur450.29
Majority3,49523.21+14.00
Turnout 15,05688.63+4.14
Registered electors 16,986

1969 election

1969 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gerald O'Brien 7,374 50.39
National Fairlie Fergus Curry6,02641.18
Social Credit Colin Whitmill6334.32
Independent Fay Lambert5984.08
Majority1,3489.21
Turnout 14,63184.49-5.60
Registered electors 17,316

1966 election

1966 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 7,267 53.71 -1.25
National Saul Goldsmith 4,46132.97
Social Credit K A Marshall1,48710.99
Ind. Social Credit John Albert Cameron1741.28-3.38
Communist Ron Smith 1391.02-0.05
Majority2,80620.74+5.07
Turnout 13,52878.89-8.54
Registered electors 17,147

1963 election

1963 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 8,372 54.96 +1.70
National Fairlie Fergus Curry5,98439.28-1.19
Social Credit John Albert Cameron7114.66-0.68
Communist Ron Smith 1641.07+0.16
Majority2,38815.67+2.88
Turnout 15,23187.43+1.47
Registered electors 17,419

1960 election

1960 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 7,459 53.26 -7.90
National Fairlie Fergus Curry5,66840.47
Social Credit John Albert Cameron7485.34
Communist Ron Smith 1280.91
Majority1,79112.79-14.69
Turnout 14,00385.96-5.24
Registered electors 16,290

1957 election

1957 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 9,368 61.16 +2.68
National Saul Goldsmith 5,15933.68
Social Credit Eric Elliott6834.45
Communist Ray Nunes1050.68
Majority4,20927.48+1.46
Turnout 15,31591.20+3.91
Registered electors 16,792

1954 election

1954 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 8,594 58.48
National John Maurice Whitta5,15935.10
Social Credit Daniel Gardiner8215.58
Communist Ron Smith 1200.81
Majority3,82426.02
Turnout 14,69487.29-1.37
Registered electors 16,833

1951 election

1951 general election: Island Bay [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert McKeen 6,735 56.64 -4.06
National J E Duncan5,05542.51
Communist Connie Birchfield 990.83
Majority1,68014.13-8.79
Turnout 11,88985.92-2.82
Registered electors 13,837

1949 election

1949 general election: Island Bay [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert McKeen 7,335 60.70 -3.24
National Herbert Edward Childs4,56537.78+4.38
Communist Ron Smith 1841.52
Informal votes860.71
Majority2,77022.92-7.60
Turnout 12,17088.74-0.63
Registered electors 13,714

1946 election

1946 general election: Island Bay [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert McKeen 8,290 63.94
National Herbert Edward Childs4,33233.40
Communist Brian Berg3452.66
Majority3,95830.52
Turnout 12,96789.37
Registered electors 14,509

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  3. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 215.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 250.
  5. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 223.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 88.
  7. Brown, Bruce. "Nordmeyer, Arnold Henry". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  8. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  9. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 256.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, pp. 255.
  12. The General Election, 1949. National Library. 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  13. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

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