Clutha-Southland

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Clutha-Southland electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Clutha-Southland electorate, 2014.svg
Clutha-Southland electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Clutha-Southland was a parliamentary constituency returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The last MP for Clutha Southland was Hamish Walker of the National Party. He held the seat for one term, being elected at the 2017 general election and representing the electorate until the 2020 general election where he retired from Parliament, and the seat was relaced with the Southland electorate.

Contents

Population centres

Clutha-Southland was promulgated as one of the original 65 MMP electorates, centred on Southland district and covering an area stretching from Fiordland across the far south of the South Island to the south Otago coast. Its largest population centres were Gore and Balclutha. In 2008, the seat of Otago was abolished and split between the Waitaki and Clutha-Southland electorates, and parts of Central Otago, primarily around Arrowtown, Queenstown and Roxburgh were also transferred to Clutha-Southland.

Clutha-Southland was the successor to the old Wallace, Clutha and Awarua constituencies. Its boundaries had changed at all three redistributions undertaken since its creation, as dwindling populations in both the old Clutha-Southland electorate and in the neighbouring Invercargill electorate have forced both seats northwards to ensure every electorate population stays within certain limits. This trend stopped in the 2013 redistribution, however, with both the Clutha-Southland and Invercargill electorates remaining unchanged in area, [1] and then reversed in the 2020 redistribution, with the electorate gaining a large area around Alexandra from Waitaki, but losing the Balclutha area to the new Taieri electorate and Tuatapere to Invercargill. [2] It was renamed Southland as it no longer included the Clutha area.

History

Because of its largely rural nature, Clutha-Southland was one of the National Party's safest seats. Bill English, who is the former Prime Minister, held the seat from 1996 to 2014. English announced in January 2014 that he would retire as the electorate MP at the 2014 general election, becoming a list MP only. [3] [4]

Todd Barclay won the 2014 election by a significant margin over Labour's Liz Craig, [5] obtaining nearly 64% of the candidate votes. [6] Barclay became at that time the youngest MP in the House of Representatives. [7] In 2017, he announced he would not stand for re-election at the 2017 election, after revealing he had secretly recorded staff in his office without their consent. [8] The seat was won at the election by Hamish Walker, retaining it for the National Party. [9] Similarly, in 2020, Walker admitted leaking sensitive private patient details about COVID-19 patients, [10] [11] [12] and subsequently announced that he would not stand for re-election during the 2020 New Zealand general election. [13]

In April 2020, the Electoral Commission announced that Clutha-Southland would have its borders substantially changed and that it would be renamed to the Southland electorate. As part of the changes, the Alexandra and the Clyde area would be transferred from Waitaki to Southland while South Otago was transferred to the newly-created Taieri electorate. The Invercargill electorate also expanded into western Southland. [14] [15]

Members of Parliament for Clutha-Southland

The electorate has been represented by three members of parliament so far.

Key  National     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Bill English
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Todd Barclay
2017 election Hamish Walker
(Electorate abolished in 2020; see Southland)

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 Lesley Soper [lower-alpha 1]
2017 election Mark Patterson

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Clutha-Southland [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Hamish Walker 21,81959.89-4.1821,91559.26-4.12
Labour Cherie Chapman7,46520.49+0.668,96024.22+9.51
NZ First Mark Patterson 3,4859.572,9007.84+1.60
Green Rachael Goldsmith2,6507.27+0.151,6544.47-3.26
Ban 1080 Brian Adams6741.85-0.871440.39-0.39
Independent Joe Stringer2000.55
Conservative Lachie Ashton1410.39-3.78750.20-4.84
Opportunities  8942.42
ACT  1410.38+0.02
Legalise Cannabis  1180.32-0.22
Māori Party  950.26-0.07
United Future  290.07-0.13
Outdoors  260.07
People's Party  130.04
Democrats  100.03-0.08
Internet  50.01-0.45 [lower-alpha 2]
Mana Party  40.01-0.45 [lower-alpha 3]
Informal votes359171
Total Valid votes36,43436,983
Turnout 37,154
National holdMajority14,35439.40-4.83

2014 election

2014 general election: Clutha-Southland [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Todd Barclay 21,56164.06-4.7621,69463.37+0.48
Labour Liz Craig 6,67519.83+3.065,03614.71-1.50
Green Rachael Goldsmith2,3987.13-1.352,6477.73-0.91
Conservative Lachie Ashton1,4034.17+1.631,7265.04+1.93
Ban 1080 James Veint9152.712680.78
ACT Don Nicolson4471.33-1.231220.36-1.48
Independent Coalition Karl Barkley1680.50320.09
Democrats Jason Jobsis880.26-0.15360.11-0.13
NZ First  2,1356.23+1.35
Legalise Cannabis  1840.54-0.12
Internet Mana  1580.46+0.31 [lower-alpha 4]
Māori Party  1130.33-0.10
United Future  680.20-0.61
Civilian  100.03
Focus  00.00
Informal votes370107
Total Valid votes34,02534,336
Turnout 34,44378.51+4.68
National holdMajority14,88644.23−7.83

2011 election

2011 general election: Clutha-Southland [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Bill English 21,37568.83+0.9620,02062.89+3.03
Labour Tat Loo5,20716.77-4.695,16016.21-7.73
Green Rachael Goldsmith2,6338.48+1.572,7518.64+3.54
ACT Don Nicolson7962.56+0.795831.83-2.06
Conservative Ross Calverley7872.53+2.539923.12+3.12
Sovereignty Party Tony Corbett1300.42+0.42
Democrats Robert Mills1280.41+0.41750.24+0.18
NZ First  1,5564.89+2.02
United Future  2590.81+0.06
Legalise Cannabis  2100.66+0.27
Māori Party  1360.43+0.01
Mana  480.15+0.15
Libertarianz  240.08+0.03
Alliance  170.05-0.13
Informal votes810209
Total Valid votes31,05631,831
National holdMajority16,16852.06+5.65

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,395 [19]

2008 election

2008 general election: Clutha-Southland [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Bill English 22,63167.87+1.3920,23559.87+2.73
Labour Don Pryde7,15621.46-1.748,09123.94-4.76
Green Tim Gow2,3046.91+4.231,7265.11+2.74
ACT Roly Henderson5901.77+0.181,3153.89+1.98
Family Party Paul Tankard5151.54+1.541930.57+0.57
Alliance Marvin Hubbard1490.45+0.45630.19+0.11
NZ First  9682.86-1.70
Bill and Ben  2590.77+0.77
United Future  2540.75-2.64
Progressive  2260.67-0.09
Māori Party  1410.42-0.21
Legalise Cannabis  1310.39+0.13
Kiwi  1310.39+0.39
Democrats  180.05-0.03
Workers Party  180.05+0.05
Libertarianz  160.05-0.02
Pacific  80.02+0.02
RAM  40.01+0.01
RONZ  20.01-0.004
Informal votes354142
Total Valid votes33,34533,799
National holdMajority15,47546.41+3.14

2005 election

2005 general election: Clutha-Southland
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Bill English 20,02066.48+10.8317,33457.14+16.45
Labour David Talbot6,98823.208,70528.70-8.62
NZ First Dave Mackie9993.32-0.331,3864.57-2.20
Green Robert Guyton8082.687192.37-1.08
United Future Joy Lietze7012.33-0.231,0283.39-3.21
ACT John Fraser4791.595791.91-3.20
Independent David Webber1210.40+0.15
Progressive  2300.76-0.26
Destiny  990.33
Legalise Cannabis  790.26-0.24
Māori Party  630.21
Democrats  260.09
Christian Heritage  240.08-1.07
Alliance  230.08-0.69
99 MP  130.04
Family Rights  90.03
Libertarianz  70.02
One NZ  60.02-0.02
RONZ  30.01
Direct Democracy  20.01
Informal votes211150
Total Valid votes30,11630,335
National holdMajority13,03243.28+19.84

2002 election

2002 general election: Clutha-Southland
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Bill English 16,15955.65+4.4311,88140.69-1.36
Labour Lesley Soper 9,35132.21+1.989,29031.82+1.85
NZ First Dave Mackie1,0593.65-0.061,9776.77+3.37
United Future Joy Lietze7422.561,9286.60
Green Dayle Belcher6052.081,0063.45+0.40
ACT Roly Henderson3961.361,4915.11-2.27
Christian Heritage Grant Bradfield3651.26-2.373351.15-2.53
Progressive Roger White*1680.58-2.862991.02
Alliance Jim Flynn 1170.402240.77-5.38
Independent David Webber730.25-0.08
ORNZ  6022.06
Legalise Cannabis  1470.50-0.46
One NZ  130.04-0.01
Mana Māori Movement  20.01-0.01
NMP  10.000.00
Informal votes185166
Total Valid votes29,03529,196
National holdMajority6,80823.44+2.45

*Percentage change calculation based on percent as Alliance candidate in 1999 election.

1999 election

1999 general election: Clutha-Southland [21] [22]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Bill English 15,61951.22+4.1312,88242.05-0.69
Labour Lesley Soper 9,21830.23+11.989,18229.97+10.72
NZ First Dave Mackie1,1313.711,0433.40-11.57
Christian Heritage Grant Bradfield1,1083.631,1283.68
Alliance Roger White1,0493.441,8836.15-1.30
ACT John Morrison9453.102,2607.38+1.34
Green Tim Gow8542.809353.05
South Island Pat McCarrigan4691.544211.37
Independent David Webber1020.33
Legalise Cannabis  2930.96-0.28
Christian Democrats  2430.79
United NZ  1120.37-0.21
Libertarianz  870.28+0.25
McGillicuddy Serious  650.21-0.21
Animals First  570.19+0.07
One NZ  150.05
Natural Law  80.03-0.05
Mauri Pacific  60.02
Mana Māori Movement  50.02+0.01
The People's Choice  50.02
Freedom Movement  40.01
Republican  30.01
NMP  00.00
Informal votes481339
Total Valid votes30,49530,637
National holdMajority6,40120.99-7.85

1996 election

1996 general election: Clutha-Southland [23] [24] [25]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Bill English 14,76447.0913,44942.74
Labour Lesley Soper 5,72118.256,05819.25
NZ First Alan Wise5,07516.194,70914.97
Alliance Tracey Hicks2,3267.422,3457.45
ACT Peter Snow2,0496.541,9016.04
Christian Coalition Russell Zwies1,0603.382,1476.82
McGillicuddy Serious Robyn West3060.981330.42
Natural Law Gilbert Urquhart500.16240.08
Legalise Cannabis  3901.24
United NZ  1810.58
Animals First  370.12
Progressive Green  330.10
Green Society 150.05
Conservatives 140.04
Superannuitants & Youth 110.03
Libertarianz  100.03
Advance New Zealand 20.01
Asia Pacific United 20.01
Ethnic Minority Party 20.01
Mana Māori Movement  20.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes20288
Total Valid votes31,35131,465
National win new seatMajority9,04328.84

Table footnotes

  1. Soper entered Parliament on 4 April 2005 following Jonathan Hunt's resignation.
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  4. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

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  2. "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  3. Bennett, Adam (1 November 2013). "English to give up Clutha-Southland seat". Otago Daily Times . Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  4. "Life after Bill". The Southland Times . 10 January 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April 2019. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  5. "Election 2014: Southland decides". The Southland Times . 20 September 2014. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
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  7. Rutherford, Hamish (29 April 2014). "Who is National's Todd Barclay?". Stuff . Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  8. "Todd Barclay tapes contained 'sex and drugs' matters – report". Newshub. 27 June 2017. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  9. "Clutha-Southland – Official Result". Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  10. Houlahan, Mike (8 July 2020). "Walker's future in doubt". Otago Daily Times . Archived from the original on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  11. Cooke, Henry (7 July 2020). "National MP Hamish Walker admits passing on leaked Covid-19 patient info from former party president Michelle Boag". Stuff . Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  12. Cheng, Derek (7 July 2020). "National MP Hamish Walker, former party president Michelle Boag admit leaking Covid patients' details". The New Zealand Herald . Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  13. "Covid-19 privacy leak: MP Hamish Walker announces he won't stand for re-election". Radio New Zealand . 8 July 2020. Archived from the original on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  14. Whyte, Anna (17 April 2020). "New electorate revealed, as raft of boundary changes announced prior to election 2020". 1 News . Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  15. "Boundary Review 2019/20 | Elections". elections.nz. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
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  17. New Zealand Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Clutha-Southland – Official Result (2014)". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
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  20. Official Count Results – Clutha-Southland Archived 10 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine , 2008 General Election. Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
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Coordinates: 45°38′00″S167°55′00″E / 45.6333°S 167.9167°E / -45.6333; 167.9167