Hunua (New Zealand electorate)

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Hunua electorate boundaries used from the 2014 election until 2020 Hunua electorate, 2014.svg
Hunua electorate boundaries used from the 2014 election until 2020

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate was last represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party before its dissolution in 2020.

Contents

Population centres

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government. [1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island. [2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Hunua) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election. [3]

Population centres of the original electorate included Cockle Bay in the north-west, East Tāmaki in the west, the settlement of Hunua itself, Mangatāwhiri in the south, and Kaiaua in the east. [2] The electorate existed for two parliamentary periods until the 1983 electoral redistribution, when boundary changes forced its abolition ahead of the 1984 election. [4] [5] The north-west corner went to the newly established Otara electorate, and the remaining part was absorbed by the reconstituted Franklin electorate. [6]

History

The 1978 election was notable in that Labour candidate Malcolm Douglas held an election night majority of 301 votes. However, National candidate Winston Peters claimed irregularities in the vote, and in a 24 May 1979 ruling, a Court-ordered recount resulted in 500 votes being re-classed as informal, giving Peters a majority of 192. Peters was declared elected as of election night. [7] [8]

The electorate was re-created due to the 1996 change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting and the resulting reduction in the number of constituencies. The second historical Hunua electorate contained a selection of dormitory towns in south Auckland, of which Papakura was the largest. The Hunua electorate was abolished again in 2002 and replaced by Clevedon.

The electorate was established again for the 2008 election. The new Hunua electorate was based around the southern and eastern fringes of the Auckland region, and contained the Franklin District towns of Pukekohe, Waiuku, Bombay, as well as Clevedon, Whitford and Maraetai from eastern Manukau. The resurrected Hunua electorate officially replaced the redrawn and renamed electorate of Port Waikato.

Hunua was abolished again for the 2020 general election, with the eastern half being incorporated into Papakura, a small section around Ormiston and Mission Heights becoming part of the new Takanini electorate, and the western half being merged into a recreated Port Waikato. [9]

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     Labour     ACT   

ElectionWinner
1978 election Malcolm Douglas
24 May 1979 [note 1] Winston Peters
1981 election Colin Moyle
Electorate abolished 1984–1996; see Otara and Franklin
1996 election Warren Kyd
1999 election
Electorate abolished 2002–2008; see Clevedon and Port Waikato
2008 election Paul Hutchison
2011 election
2014 election Andrew Bayly
2017 election
Electorate abolished in 2020; see Papakura and Port Waikato
  1. The election of Malcolm Douglas was overturned by the Electoral Court on 24 May 1979

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hunua electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2008 election Roger Douglas

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Hunua [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Andrew Bayly 26,82565.91−0.9626,00562.81−0.89
Labour Baljit Kaur7,38218.14+0.469,19922.22+9.16
NZ First Jon Reeves3,0777.56−0.653,5418.55−1.00
Green Phil McCabe2,002+4.751,2372.99−2.78
Independent Ian Cummings7101.74
ACT Anthony Smith2740.67−0.532970.72−0.15
Opportunities  6111.48
Māori Party  1030.25−0.15
Legalise Cannabis  1020.24−0.14
Conservative  760.18−4.84
United Future  350.08−0.19
Ban 1080  330.08−0.17
Outdoors  270.07
People's Party  240.06
Mana Party  80.02
Internet  70.02
Democrats  50.01−0.04
Informal votes42791
Total Valid votes40,69741,401
National holdMajority19,44347.77−1.42

2014 election

2014 general election: Hunua [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Andrew Bayly 23,62166.87+1.2822,92963.70+1.12
Labour Arena Williams 6,24517.68+0.924,69913.06−3.05
NZ First Jon Reeves2,9008.21+4.133,4379.55+2.13
Conservative Neville Hudson1,4334.06+0.071,8075.02+1.29
ACT Ian Cummings4251.20−0.083130.87−0.58
Māori Party Thomas T. T. Phillips2440.69+0.131440.40−0.13
Democrats Huia Mitchell960.27+0.03190.05−0.03
Green  2,0765.77−1.11
Internet Mana  1660.46+0.25 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1360.38−0.05
United Future  820.23−0.25
Ban 1080  460.13+0.13
Civilian  140.04+0.04
Independent Coalition  40.01+0.01
Focus  40.01+0.01
Informal votes360117
Total Valid votes35,32435,993
Turnout 36,11080.61+5.18
National holdMajority17,37649.19+0.36

2011 election

2011 general election: Hunua [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Paul Hutchison 22,56365.59+1.1822,16162.58+1.94
Labour Richard Hills 5,76616.76-1.055,70516.11-3.60
Green Charmaine A. Watts2,5767.49+3.012,4386.88+3.52
NZ First Doug Nabbs1,4054.08+1.152,6267.42+3.04
Conservative Kevin Campbell1,3733.99+3.991,3203.73+3.73
ACT Ian Cummings4401.28-7.745151.45-6.79
Māori Party Thomas Tuatu Toihau Phillips1940.56+0.561880.53-0.01
Democrats Huia Mitchell810.24+0.24300.08+0.06
United Future  1700.48-0.34
Legalise Cannabis  1540.43+0.11
Mana  750.21+0.21
Libertarianz  250.07+0.04
Alliance  40.01-0.03
Informal votes699204
Total Valid votes34,39835,411
National holdMajority16,79748.83+2.23

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,215 [13]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hunua [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Paul Hutchison 21,92064.4121,03260.64
Labour Jordan Carter6,06217.816,83619.71
ACT Roger Douglas 3,0689.022,8598.24
Green Fiona Kenworthy (Shaw)1,5254.481,1683.37
NZ First Helen Mulford9972.931,5164.37
Kiwi Frank Naea2090.611300.37
United Future Toni Driller1950.572860.82
Libertarianz Bruce Whitehead560.16100.03
Bill and Ben  1990.57
Progressive  1940.56
Māori Party  1890.54
Legalise Cannabis  1120.32
Family Party  950.27
Pacific  210.06
Alliance  160.05
Workers Party  90.03
Democrats  70.02
RONZ  30.01
RAM  20.01
Informal votes299118
Total Valid votes34,03234,684
National win new seatMajority15,858

1999 election

1999 general election: Hunua
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Warren Kyd 15,07248.07+9.1412,11838.23-3.71
Labour Paul Schofield9,87731.50+15.069,43029.75+8.45
Alliance Janice Graham1,8785.991,7785.61-0.68
ACT John Thompson1,7135.463,54311.18+4.14
NZ First John Geary1,4794.721,5614.93-8.81
Christian Heritage Ken Andrew7842.507802.46
Christian Democrats Bill Henderson3831.222660.84
Natural Law Raylene Lodge1700.54410.13+0.04
Green  1,3634.30
Legalise Cannabis  3401.07-0.53
United NZ  1830.58-2.03
Libertarianz  960.30+0.25
McGillicuddy Serious  560.18-0.10
Animals First  540.17-0.05
One NZ  250.08
NMP  210.07
Mana Māori Movement  140.04+0.02
Mauri Pacific  110.03
Republican  70.02
Freedom Movement  30.01
South Island  20.01
The People's Choice  20.01
Informal votes606268
Total Valid votes31,35631,694
National holdMajority5,19516.57-0.03

1996 election

1996 general election: Hunua [15] [16] [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Warren Kyd 11,95338.9312,93241.94
United NZ John Robertson 6,85522.338052.61
Labour Paul Schofield5,04916.446,56921.30
NZ First Patra de Coudray3,26710.644,23713.74
Alliance Huia Mitchell1,6825.481,9386.29
Christian Coalition Enosa Auva'a1,0173.311,3284.31
ACT Simon Harding7392.412,1707.04
Natural Law Raylene Lodge1030.34270.09
Republican Sophie James400.13
Legalise Cannabis  4921.60
McGillicuddy Serious  860.28
Progressive Green  830.27
Animals First  690.22
Ethnic Minority Party 310.10
Green Society  180.06
Superannuitants & Youth  150.05
Libertarianz  150.05
Advance New Zealand 70.02
Mana Māori Movement  60.02
Conservatives  30.01
Asia Pacific United 20.01
Te Tawharau 10.00
Informal votes22596
Total Valid votes30,70530,834
National win new seatMajority5,09816.60

1981 election

1981 general election: Hunua [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Colin Moyle 9,343 43.85
National Winston Peters 8,34739.17-3.88
Social Credit Geoff Morell3,51916.51+3.06
Independent National Ian Sampson960.45
Majority9964.67
Turnout 21,30590.01
Registered electors 23,669

1978 election

1978 general election: Hunua [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Winston Peters 7,507 43.05
Labour Malcolm Douglas 7,31541.95
Social Credit Geoff Morell2,34613.45
Values Peter Bruce Robinson2681.53
Majority1921.10
Turnout 17,436N/A
Registered electors N/A
Initial result
1978 general election: Hunua [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Malcolm Douglas 7,935 43.46
National Winston Peters 7,63441.82
Social Credit Geoff Morell2,41013.20
Values Peter Bruce Robinson2751.50
Informal votes2131.16
Majority3011.64
Turnout 18,254N/A
Registered electors N/A

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 119, 123.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 118–123.
  7. "New Zealand Labour Party. Hunua Electorate (B478)". National Archive of Manuscripts and Records. 1 May 2000. Retrieved 6 November 2008.[ dead link ]
  8. Wilson 1985, pp. 193, 226.
  9. "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  10. "Official Count Results -- Hunua (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  11. Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Hunua" . Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  12. 2011 election results
  13. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  14. 2008 election results Archived December 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Hunua, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  16. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  17. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  18. 1 2 Norton 1988, p. 249.
  19. "Declaration of Result of Poll". The New Zealand Herald . 14 December 1978. p. 13.

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