Dunedin North (known as North Dunedin between 1946 and 1963) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It is currently held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It is considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
David Scott Clark is a New Zealand Labour Party politician who is the Member of Parliament for Dunedin North. He is the Minister for Health. Previously he has been Opposition Spokesperson for Small Business and Economic Development.
Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Dunedin electorate was split into the Dunedin Central, Dunedin North, and Dunedin South electorates.
The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.
The New Zealand general election of 1905 was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 voting in the European electorates.
As the name suggests, the Dunedin North electorate covers the northern half of the city of Dunedin. It is bordered by Waitaki in the north, Dunedin South in west, south, and south-east, and the Pacific Ocean in the north-east.
Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, then from 1905 to 1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.
The electorate covers what is the equivalent of the Waikouaiti Coast-Chalmers ward of the Dunedin City Council outside the actual urban area of Dunedin. This includes the population centre of Waikouaiti, Karitane, Waitati, Seacliff, Warrington, Port Chalmers, Sawyers Bay, Roseneath, and Aramoana. The 2013 redistribution saw the electorate expand to include Palmerston, Macraes Flat, Moeraki, Hampden and Herbert-Waianakarua.
Waikouaiti is a small town in East Otago, New Zealand, within the city limits of Dunedin. The town is close to the coast and the mouth of the Waikouaiti River.
The seaside settlement of Karitane is located within the limits of the city of Dunedin in New Zealand, 35 kilometres to the north of the city centre.
Waitati, originally known as Waitete, is a small seaside settlement in Otago, New Zealand, within the city limits of Dunedin. It is located close to the tidal mudflats of Blueskin Bay, 19 kilometres north of the Dunedin city centre. The small Waitati River flows through the bay to the sea.
In urban Dunedin it covers most of northern, central and western Dunedin. This includes the city centre and the suburbs of City Rise, Pine Hill, Dunedin North, North East Valley, Opoho, Ravensbourne, Mornington, Roslyn, Maori Hill, Leith Valley, Kaikorai Valley, Brockville, Halfway Bush, and Wakari.
City Rise is an inner suburb of the New Zealand city of Dunedin. One of the city's older suburbs, it is, as its name suggests, centred on the slopes which lie close to the city centre, particularly those closest to the city's original heart of The Exchange. Extensive views across the central city can be gained from much of City Rise.
Pine Hill is a suburb, hill, and general area of the New Zealand city of Dunedin. It is sited on the hill of the same name, a spur of Mount Cargill overlooking North East Valley and Glenleith 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the north of the city centre. This spur lies in the fork of the confluence of the Water of Leith and its largest tributary, the Lindsay Creek. The term Pine Hill is used generally to refer to a group of suburbs which lie on the hill's slopes: Pine Hill suburb itself, which sits on the upper slopes of the spur, and also two other suburbs which lie on the lower slopes, Dalmore and Liberton. The combined population of these suburbs in 2001 was 2,259.
Dunedin North, also known as North Dunedin, is a major inner suburb of the New Zealand city of Dunedin, located 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) northeast of the city centre. It contains many of the city's major institutions, including the city's university, polytechnic, main hospital, and largest museum. Dunedin North's 2001 population was 7,047, including the university area.
A notable influence on voting patterns in the electorate is the location of the University of Otago and Otago Polytechnic in Dunedin North. The electorate has the highest proportion of persons aged 15 to 19 in the country, with 14.1%. It also has the highest proportion of people on a student allowance (8.8%), employed in the education and training industry (11.7%), and employed in the health care and social assistance industry (12.3%).
The University of Otago is a collegiate university based in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. It scores highly for average research quality, and in 2006 was second in New Zealand only to the University of Auckland in the number of A-rated academic researchers it employs. In the past it has topped the New Zealand Performance Based Research Fund evaluation.
Otago Polytechnic is a public New Zealand tertiary education institute, centred in Dunedin with additional campuses in Cromwell and Auckland.
Dunedin North has a low rate of enrolment compared to New Zealand as a whole. As of 31 May 2012, 78.4% of the estimate eligible population is enrolled to vote, compared to 92.8% nationally. The figure is brought down by the low number of people aged 18 to 24 enrolled — less than half (47.5%) of the estimated eligible population is enrolled, compared to 75.2% nationally. Enrolments of those aged 25 and over are comparable to the national averages.
The electorate was created in 1905, when the City of Dunedin electorate with three members of parliament (and other main centre multi-member electorates) were broken up. From 1946 to 1963 it was called North Dunedin.
The first representative was Alfred Richard Barclay, who had previously represented the City of Dunedin electorate.In the 1908 election, he was defeated by G. M. Thomson, who served for two parliamentary terms before being defeated.
Barclay was succeeded by Andrew Walker representing the United Labour Party in the 1914 election. The remnants of United Labour formed the New Zealand Labour Party in 1916 and Walker became the new party's first President. He served for one parliamentary term until the 1919 election, when he was defeated by the Independent Edward Kellett. Kellett died during the parliamentary term on 15 May 1922,and this caused the 1922 by-election, which was won by James Wright Munro.
Munro was confirmed at the 1922 general election,but was defeated by Harold Livingstone Tapley in the 1925 election. Munro in turn defeated Tapley at the 1928 election and then served the electorate until his death on 27 May 1945.
Munro's death caused the 1945 by-election, which was won by Robert Walls.Walls served the electorate until his death on 6 November 1953. This caused the 1953 by-election, which was won by Ethel McMillan, who served the electorate until her retirement in 1975.
McMillan was succeeded by Richard Walls of the National Party in the 1975 election, who held the electorate for one parliamentary term before being defeated by Labour's Stan Rodger in the 1978 election. Rodger retired in 1990 and was succeeded by Pete Hodgson. Hodgson served the electorate until his retirement in 2011.Hodgson was succeeded by David Clark in the 2011 election, when he beat Michael Woodhouse. In the 2014 election, Clark was again successful against Woodhouse and managed to increase his majority.
Liberal–Labour Independent Reform United Labour Labour Independent Labour National Green ACT
|1905 election||Alfred Richard Barclay|
|1908 election||G. M. Thomson|
|1914 election||Andrew Walker|
|1919 election||Edward Kellett|
|1922 by-election||James W. Munro|
|1925 election||Harold Livingstone Tapley|
|1928 election||James W. Munro|
|1945 by-election||Robert Walls|
|1953 by-election||Ethel McMillan|
|1975 election||Richard Walls|
|1978 election||Stan Rodger|
|1990 election||Pete Hodgson|
|2011 election||David Clark|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Dunedin North electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1999 election||Katherine Rich|
|2008 election||Metiria Turei|
|2011 election||Metiria Turei|
|2014 election||Metiria Turei|
|2017 election||Michael Woodhouse|
|2017 general election: Dunedin North|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Warren Voight||1,069||2.89||—||1,899||5.08||+1.67|
|Independent||Adrian Daegal Graamans||71||0.19||−0.12|
|Total Valid votes||36,985||37,385|
|2014 general election: Dunedin North|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Abe Gray||580||1.69||+0.33||172||0.49||−0.08|
|Independent||Adrian Daegal Graamans||106||0.31||+0.31|
|Total Valid votes||34,636||35,131|
|2011 general election: Dunedin North|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Julian Crawford||398||1.36||−0.13||172||0.57||+0.14|
|United Future||Peter George||176||0.60||−0.10||183||0.61||−0.33|
|Total Valid votes||29,323||29,965|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 40,356
|2008 general election: Dunedin North|
|Legalise Cannabis||Julian Crawford||483||1.48||−0.06||143||0.43||+0.14|
|United Future||Mary Edwards||228||0.70||−1.32||312||0.94||−1.82|
|Bill and Ben||252||0.76||+0.76|
|Total Valid votes||32,547||33,020|
|2005 general election: Dunedin North|
|United Future||Mark Peters||652||2.02||−0.34||901||2.76||−2.78|
|Legalise Cannabis||Jason Baker-Sherman||498||1.54||−0.51||95||0.29||−0.42|
|Total Valid votes||32,259||32,682|
|2002 general election: Dunedin North|
|United Future||Todd Whitcombe||697||2.36||+2.36||1,658||5.54||+5.54|
|Legalise Cannabis||Paul John McMullan||606||2.05||+0.13||212||0.71||+0.71|
|Christian Heritage||Glenn Peoples||280||0.95||−0.94||248||0.83||+0.83|
|Total Valid votes||29,532||29,904|
|1999 general election: Dunedin North|
|Legalise Cannabis||Paul John McMullan||599||1.92||397||1.26|
|Christian Heritage||David Harris||589||1.89||651||2.07|
|South Island||Alan McDonald||404||1.29||216||0.69|
|NZ First||Donna Waipouri-Baxter||224||0.72||401||1.28|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Bernard Smith||152||0.49||46||0.15|
|Total Valid votes||31,227||31,435|
|1996 general election: Dunedin North|
|NZ First||Neil Benson||1,824||5.49||2,224||6.64|
|United NZ||Graeme Brown||553||1.67||718||2.14|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Doug Mackie||453||1.36||120||0.36|
|Natural Law||Mary-Anne McGregor||193||0.58||56||0.17|
|Ethnic Minority Party||12||0.04|
|Asia Pacific United||8||0.02|
|Superannuitants & Youth||7||0.02|
|Advance New Zealand||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,211||33,497|
|NZ First||Eileen Rodriguez||776||3.70|
|Christian Heritage||Louise Storm||368||1.75|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Murray Kennedy||267||1.27|
|Natural Law||Leigh Bush||73||0.34|
|McGillicuddy Serious||D Aylward||181||0.85|
|Social Credit||G Mason||148||0.69|
|Democrats||G W Goddard||146||0.68|
|NZ Party||A Blackadder||68||0.32|
|Communist League||S Lusby||10||0.04|
|Democrats||J W Begley||725||3.59|
|Independent||A J B Deaker||446||2.21|
|Wizard Party||W P Everson||178||0.88||+0.17|
|McGillicuddy Serious||W J Gumbley||148||0.73|
|Ind. NZ Party||Murray Menzies||75||0.37||+0.10|
|NZ Party||Lee Vandervis||3,010||14.29|
|Social Credit||C A Paddon||966||4.58|
|Wizard Party||W P Everson||151||0.71||-0.20|
|Independent||C A Nixon||74||0.35|
|Ind. NZ Party||Murray Menzies||58||0.27|
|Social Credit||Hamish Woods||2,835||15.20|
|Wizard Party||W P Everson||171||0.91|
|Social Credit||M J Sheppard||2,228||10.90|
|Values||P R J Brook||799||3.91|
|Social Credit||Ivan Harper||1,180||5.96|
|National||J H Wallis||5,191||30.38|
|Social Credit||J P Clapham||830||4.85|
|New Democratic||P J Pullar||51||0.29|
|National||J W Williams||5,729||36.01|
|Social Credit||A W Fagg||1,129||7.09||-6.25|
|Democratic Labour||Jamie Wedderspoon||224||1.40|
|Independent||J C M McPhee||103||0.64|
|National||G B Gerard||5,246||34.11|
|Social Credit||A W Fagg||2,052||13.34|
|Social Credit||George William Goddard||1,370||8.51||-0.42|
|Communist||Edgar Wilson Hunter||116||0.72||+0.21|
|National||M B Bell||5,170||36.52|
|Social Credit||George William Goddard||1,265||8.93|
|Communist||Edgar Wilson Hunter||73||0.51|
|National||G R Terry||5,208||34.71|
|Social Credit||P J J McMullan||1,108||7.38||-11.07|
|Social Credit||P J J McMullan||2,480||18.45|
|Communist||John Leslie Marston||109||0.78|
|People's Movement||Frederick Allan Keane||858||5.95|
|Democratic Labour||Cornelius Machin Ross||263||1.82|
|Labour||James Wright Munro||6,097||52.56||+0.30|
|United||Alexander Smith Falconer||4,429||38.18|
|Labour||James Wright Munro||5,518||52.26|
|Labour||James Wright Munro||3,380||44.91|
|Reform||James J. Clark||3,239||43.03|
|United Labour||Andrew Walker||4,073||51.47|
|Reform||George Malcolm Thomson||3,751||47.40|
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