Dunedin North (New Zealand electorate)

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Dunedin North electorate boundaries used between 2014 and 2020 Dunedin North electorate, 2014.svg
Dunedin North electorate boundaries used between 2014 and 2020

Dunedin North (previously known as North Dunedin) is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It was last held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It was considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928. In the 2020 electoral boundary review, Otago Peninsula (previously in the Dunedin South electorate) was added to the area to address a population quota shortfall; with this change the electorate was succeeded by the Dunedin electorate in the 2020 election.

Contents

Population centres

Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Dunedin electorate was split into the Dunedin Central, Dunedin North, and Dunedin South electorates. [1] [2]

Due to World War II, the 1941 census was postponed. The next census was brought forward to 1945 so that the significant changes in population since the 1936 census could be taken into consideration in a 1946 electoral redistribution prior to the scheduled 1946 general election. At the same time, the Labour government abolished the country quota. The electoral redistribution changed all 76 electorates. [3] When the draft electoral redistribution was released for consultation in early April 1946, it was proposed for the Dunedin North electorate to be abolished and most of its area was supposed to go to a re-created Chalmers electorate. [4] Based on consultation feedback, the Port Chalmers Borough became part of the Oamaru electorate. With such a geographic change, the proposed name of Chalmers electorate was no longer viable and the name changed to North Dunedin electorate instead. [5] Apart from the Port Chalmers Borough going to Oamaru, there was little change in geographic area covered when Dunedin North became North Dunedin. [6] In the 1952 electoral redistribution, the Oamaru electorate expanded further inland and its southern boundary moved north, resulting in the area north of Dunedin Harbour all going to North Dunedin. [7] In the 1957 electoral redistribution, North Dunedin became more rural in nature by expanding towards the north (the Oamaru electorate was split between North Dunedin, Otago Central and Waitaki at this point). [8]

The North Dunedin electorate was renamed Dunedin North in the 1962 electoral redistribution prior to the 1963 election. The character of the electorate changed significantly and it became urban again. [1] [9] In the 1967 electoral redistribution, the North Dunedin electorate moved south, losing the Port Chalmers Borough once more to the re-established Oamaru electorate but gaining area from Dunedin Central. [10] In the 1972 electoral redistribution, Port Chalmers came back to the Dunedin North electorate. [11] There were only minor boundary changes in the 1977 electoral redistribution, [12] but a significant urban shift to the south occurred through the 1983 electoral redistribution, when the Dunedin Central electorate was subsumed by Dunedin North and Dunedin West. [13] There were further boundary changes through the 1987 electoral redistribution. [14]

The 2013 redistribution saw the electorate expand to include Palmerston, Macraes Flat, Moeraki, Hampden and Herbert-Waianakarua. [15] In its final shape from 2014 to 2020, the Dunedin North electorate covered the northern half of the city of Dunedin. It was bordered by Waitaki in the north, Dunedin South in west, south, and south-east, and the Pacific Ocean in the north-east.

The electorate covered what is the equivalent of the Waikouaiti Coast-Chalmers ward of the Dunedin City Council outside the actual urban area of Dunedin. This included the population centre of Waikouaiti, Karitane, Waitati, Seacliff, Warrington, Port Chalmers, Sawyers Bay, Roseneath, and Aramoana.

In urban Dunedin it covered most of northern, central and western Dunedin. This included the city centre and the suburbs of City Rise, Pine Hill, Dunedin North, North East Valley, Opoho, Ravensbourne, Mornington, Roslyn, Maori Hill, Leith Valley, Kaikorai Valley, Brockville, Halfway Bush, and Wakari.

Socio-economic make-up

A notable influence on voting patterns in the electorate was the location of the University of Otago and Otago Polytechnic in Dunedin North. The electorate has the highest proportion of persons aged 15 to 19 in the country, with 14.1%. It also has the highest proportion of people on a student allowance (8.8%), employed in the education and training industry (11.7%), and employed in the health care and social assistance industry (12.3%). [16]

The Dunedin North electorate has a low rate of enrolment compared to New Zealand as a whole. As of 31 May 2012, 78.4% of the estimate eligible population was enrolled to vote, compared to 92.8% nationally. The figure was brought down by the low number of people aged 18 to 24 enrolled — less than half (47.5%) of the estimated eligible population was enrolled, compared to 75.2% nationally. Enrolments of those aged 25 and over are comparable to the national averages. [17]

History

The first representative was Alfred Richard Barclay, who had previously represented the City of Dunedin electorate. [18] In the 1908 election, he was defeated by G. M. Thomson, who served for two parliamentary terms before being defeated. [19]

Barclay was succeeded by Andrew Walker representing the United Labour Party in the 1914 election. The remnants of United Labour formed the New Zealand Labour Party in 1916 and Walker became the new party's first President. He served for one parliamentary term until the 1919 election, when he was defeated by the Independent Edward Kellett. Kellett died during the parliamentary term on 15 May 1922, [20] and this caused the 1922 by-election, which was won by Jim Munro. [21]

Munro was confirmed at the 1922 general election, [21] but was defeated by Harold Tapley in the 1925 election. [22] Munro in turn defeated Tapley at the 1928 election and then served the electorate until his death on 27 May 1945. [21]

Munro's death caused the 1945 by-election, which was won by Robert Walls. [21] Walls served the electorate until his death on 6 November 1953. This caused the 1953 by-election, which was won by Ethel McMillan, who served the electorate until her retirement in 1975.

McMillan was succeeded by Richard Walls of the National Party in the 1975 election, who held the electorate for one parliamentary term before being defeated by Labour's Stan Rodger in the 1978 election. Rodger retired in 1990 and was succeeded by Pete Hodgson. Hodgson served the electorate until his retirement in 2011. [23] Hodgson was succeeded by David Clark in the 2011 election, when he beat Michael Woodhouse. In the 2014 election, Clark was again successful against Woodhouse and managed to increase his majority. [24]

In the 2019/2020 electoral boundary review, the Electoral Commission added the Otago Peninsula area to the Dunedin North electorate. The electorate's area had to grow as it 5.8% below its population quota, where the maximum allowable quota is capped to 5%. This change in area required the name of the electorate to be changed to Dunedin. [25] [26]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Liberal–Labour     Independent     Reform     United Labour     Labour     Independent Labour     National     Green     ACT   

ElectionWinner
1905 election Alfred Richard Barclay
1908 election G. M. Thomson
1911 election
1914 election Andrew Walker
1919 election Edward Kellett
1922 by-election Jim Munro
1922 election
1925 election Harold Tapley
1928 election Jim Munro
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1945 by-election Robert Walls
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1953 by-election Ethel McMillan
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Richard Walls
1978 election Stan Rodger
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Pete Hodgson
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election David Clark
2014 election
2017 election
(Electorate abolished in 2020; see Dunedin)

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Dunedin North electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1999 election Katherine Rich
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2010 Hilary Calvert [lower-alpha 1]
2011 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2014 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2017 election Michael Woodhouse

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Dunedin North [27]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Clark 21,25957.48+10.0817,80847.63+15.81
National Michael Woodhouse 9,50525.70−4.5110,38227.77−4.49
Green Niki Bould3,0538.25−9.125,11013.67−9.27
Opportunities Abe Gray 1,6454.451,5354.11
NZ First Warren Voight1,0692.891,8995.08+1.67
ACT Sam Purchas1500.401570.41+0.09
Independent Adrian Daegal Graamans710.19−0.12
Independent Stan Lusby380.01−0.17
Māori Party  1080.29−0.06
Legalise Cannabis  890.24−0.25
Conservative  600.16−2.57
Ban 1080  550.15−0.02
United Future  200.08−0.17
People's Party  170.05
Democrats  150.04−0.07
Outdoors  140.04
Mana Party  110.03
Internet  100.03
Informal votes19586
Total Valid votes36,98537,385
Labour holdMajority11,75431.78+11.92

2014 election

2014 general election: Dunedin North [28]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Clark 16,31547.40+3.1511,14731.82−1.98
National Michael Woodhouse 10,39830.21−2.1411,30232.26−0.13
Green Metiria Turei 5,97817.37−2.148,03522.94−0.45
Conservative Jonathan Daley6211.80+1.809562.73+1.38
Legalise Cannabis Abe Gray 5801.69+0.331720.49−0.08
Internet Rob Stewart2550.74+0.74
Independent Adrian Daegal Graamans1060.31+0.31
Democrats Miriam Mowat1590.31−0.36370.11−0.10
Independent Stan Lusby620.18+0.18
NZ First  2,3646.75+1.06
Internet Mana  6031.72+1.12 [lower-alpha 2]
Māori Party  1240.35−0.07
ACT  1110.32−0.41
United Future  860.25−0.29
Ban 1080  600.17+0.17
Civilian  270.08+0.08
Independent Coalition  70.02+0.02
Focus  10.00+0.00
Informal votes21699
Total Valid votes34,63635,131
Turnout 35,23079.88+11.50
Labour holdMajority5,91717.19+5.29

2011 election

2011 general election: Dunedin North [29]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour David Clark 12,97644.25−8.3710,12733.80−10.44
National Michael Woodhouse 9,48732.35+1.719,70732.39+3.04
Green Metiria Turei 5,72119.51+8.427,01023.39+7.58
Legalise Cannabis Julian Crawford3981.36−0.131720.57+0.14
Alliance Victor Billot 2100.72−0.66500.17−0.15
Democrats Jeremy Noble1960.67+0.35620.21+0.10
United Future Peter George1760.60−0.101830.61−0.33
ACT Guy McCallum1590.54−1.222180.73−1.54
NZ First  1,7065.69+2.27
Conservative  4051.35+1.35
Mana  1810.60+0.60
Māori Party  1260.42−0.28
Libertarianz  180.06+0.03
Informal votes448190
Total Valid votes29,32329,965
Labour holdMajority3,48911.90−10.09

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 40,356 [30]

2008 election

2008 general election: Dunedin North [31]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,12752.62−2.4614,60844.24−10.58
National Michael Woodhouse 9,97230.64−0.799,69229.35+4.21
Green Metiria Turei 3,61111.09+3.645,22115.81+4.99
ACT Hilary Calvert 5731.76+1.157492.27+1.28
Legalise Cannabis Julian Crawford4831.48−0.061430.43+0.14
Alliance Victor Billot 4481.38+0.541060.32+0.12
United Future Mary Edwards2280.70−1.323120.94−1.82
Democrats Olive McRae1050.32+0.32360.11+0.05
NZ First  1,1323.43+0.58
Progressive  3100.94−1.38
Bill and Ben  2520.76+0.76
Māori Party  2300.70+0.41
Kiwi  1250.38+0.38
Family Party  570.17+0.17
Workers Party  180.05+0.05
Pacific  140.04+0.04
Libertarianz  90.03−0.01
RAM  40.01+0.01
RONZ  20.01−0.01
Informal votes23489
Total Valid votes32,54733,020
Labour holdMajority7,15521.98−1.67


2005 election

2005 general election: Dunedin North
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,76955.08−4.4217,91554.82+5.11
National Katherine Rich 10,13931.02+7.948,21725.14+8.95
Green Philippa Jamieson2,4057.46+0.593,53610.82−1.54
United Future Mark Peters6522.02−0.349012.76−2.78
Legalise Cannabis Jason Baker-Sherman4981.54−0.51950.29−0.42
Progressive James Boyack3301.02−0.024311.32−0.65
Alliance Victor Billot 2700.84−1.14650.20−2.89
ACT Willie Martin1960.61−1.153220.99−3.20
NZ First  9312.85−1.61
Māori Party  960.29+0.29
Destiny  780.24+0.24
Christian Heritage  350.11−0.72
Democrats  210.06+0.06
Libertarianz  140.04+0.04
99 MP  100.03+0.03
Direct Democracy  40.01+0.01
One NZ  40.01−0.04
RONZ  40.01+0.01
Family Rights  30.01+0.01
Informal votes24171
Total Valid votes32,25932,682
Labour holdMajority7,63023.65−12.36

2002 election

2002 general election: Dunedin North [32]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,57359.50−0.8814,86649.71+1.83
National Katherine Rich 6,93623.49−3.764,84116.19−4.26
Green Philippa Direen2,0286.87+2.653,69712.36+4.93
United Future Todd Whitcombe6972.36+2.361,6585.54+5.54
Legalise Cannabis Paul John McMullan6062.05+0.132120.71+0.71
Alliance Carolyn Payne-Harker5861.98−4.329243.09−9.32
ACT Willie Martin5201.76−1.171,2544.19−0.53
Progressive Frede Jorgensen3061.04+1.045881.97+1.97
Christian Heritage Glenn Peoples2800.95−0.942480.83+0.83
NZ First  1,3334.46+3.74
ORNZ  2530.85+0.85
One NZ  150.05+0.05
Mana Māori Movement  90.03+0.03
NMP  60.02+0.02
Informal votes29199
Total Valid votes29,53229,904
Turnout 29,90479.1
Labour holdMajority10,63736.01−4.64

1999 election

1999 general election: Dunedin North [33] [34]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 18,85660.3815,05247.88
National Katherine Rich 6,16119.736,42720.45
Alliance Quentin Findlay1,9686.303,90212.41
Green Michael Tritt1,3184.222,3367.43
ACT Hilary Calvert 9152.931,4854.72
Legalise Cannabis Paul John McMullan5991.923971.26
Christian Heritage David Harris5891.896512.07
South Island Alan McDonald4041.292160.69
NZ First Donna Waipouri-Baxter2240.724011.28
McGillicuddy Serious Bernard Smith1520.49460.15
NMP Patrick Byrne410.13280.09
Christian Democrats  1850.59
United NZ  1510.48
Libertarianz  640.20
Animals First  490.16
Natural Law  150.05
One NZ  120.04
Mana Māori Movement  90.03
Freedom Movement  60.02
The People's Choice  20.006
Mauri Pacific  10.003
Republican  00.00
Informal votes384176
Total Valid votes31,22731,435
Labour holdMajority12,69540.65

1996 election

1996 general election: Dunedin North [35] [36] [37]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,37552.3213,44940.15
National Margie Stevens7,16821.588,30424.79
Alliance Jim Flynn 4,48813.514,64813.88
NZ First Neil Benson1,8245.492,2246.64
ACT Michael Steeneveld1,1573.481,4524.33
United NZ Graeme Brown5531.677182.14
McGillicuddy Serious Doug Mackie4531.361200.36
Natural Law Mary-Anne McGregor1930.58560.17
Christian Coalition  1,1983.58
Legalise Cannabis  1,1003.28
Animals First  750.22
Progressive Green  630.19
Green Society  280.08
Mana Māori Movement  200.06
Ethnic Minority Party 120.04
Asia Pacific United 80.02
Superannuitants & Youth  70.02
Libertarianz  60.02
Conservatives  50.01
Advance New Zealand 40.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes386100
Total Valid votes33,21133,497
Labour holdMajority10,20730.73

1993 election

1993 general election: Dunedin North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Pete Hodgson 9,119 43.52 -2.77
National Hugh Perkins5,32525.41
Alliance Jim Flynn 5,02223.97
NZ First Eileen Rodriguez7763.70
Christian Heritage Louise Storm3681.75
McGillicuddy Serious Murray Kennedy2671.27
Natural Law Leigh Bush730.34
Majority3,79418.10+7.08
Turnout 20,95085.52-1.08
Registered electors 24,495

1990 election

1990 general election: Dunedin North [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Pete Hodgson 9,807 46.29
National Gael Donoghue7,47135.26
Green Antony Deaker2,22810.51+8.30
NewLabour Chris Trotter 1,1275.31
McGillicuddy Serious Daryl Aylward1810.85
Social Credit Graeme Mason1480.69
Democrats George Goddard1460.68
NZ Party A Blackadder680.32
Communist League Stan Lusby100.04
Majority2,33611.02
Turnout 21,18686.60-0.64
Registered electors 24,462

1987 election

1987 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stan Rodger 12,565 62.30 +10.24
National Sean Davison6,03129.90
Democrats Jack Begley7253.59
Independent Antony Deaker4462.21
Wizard PartyW P Everson1780.88+0.17
McGillicuddy Serious W J Gumbley1480.73
Ind. NZ Party Murray Menzies750.37+0.10
Majority6,53432.39+8.04
Turnout 20,16887.24-4.07
Registered electors 23,116

1984 election

1984 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stan Rodger 10,964 52.06 -1.76
National Barbara Henderson5,83527.70
NZ Party Lee Vandervis 3,01014.29
Social Credit C A Paddon9664.58
Wizard PartyW P Everson1510.71-0.20
Independent C A Nixon740.35
Ind. NZ Party Murray Menzies580.27
Majority5,12924.35+1.02
Turnout 21,05891.31+2.27
Registered electors 23,062

1981 election

1981 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stan Rodger 10,039 53.82 +5.23
National Des Bleach5,60630.05
Social Credit Hamish Woods2,83515.20
Wizard PartyW P Everson1710.91
Majority4,73325.37+11.42
Turnout 18,65189.04+19.97
Registered electors 20,946

1978 election

1978 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Stan Rodger 9,846 48.19
National Richard Walls 6,99634.24-9.95
Social Credit M J Sheppard2,22810.90
Values P R J Brook7993.91
Independent John O'Neill5592.73
Majority2,85013.95
Turnout 20,42869.07-14.89
Registered electors 29,573

1975 election

1975 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Richard Walls 8,740 44.19
Labour Brian Arnold7,78239.34
Values Peter Sutton2,07510.49
Social Credit Ivan Harper1,1805.96
Majority9584.84
Turnout 19,77783.96-6.02
Registered electors 23,553

1972 election

1972 general election: Dunedin North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 9,211 53.91 -0.91
National John Wallis5,19130.38
Values Geoff Neill1,80110.54
Social Credit Joy Clapham8304.85
New Democratic Patrick James Pullar510.29
Majority4,02023.53+5.12
Turnout 17,08489.98+2.03
Registered electors 18,985

1969 election

1969 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,721 54.82 +2.29
National Iona Williams5,72936.01
Social Credit A W Fagg1,1297.09-6.25
Democratic Labour Jamie Wedderspoon2241.40
Independent J C M McPhee1030.64
Majority2,92918.41-0.01
Turnout 15,90687.65+1.60
Registered electors 18,147

1966 election

1966 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,079 52.53 -0.99
National George Barry Gerard5,24634.11
Social Credit A W Fagg2,05213.34
Majority2,83318.42+2.74
Turnout 15,37786.05-3.96
Registered electors 17,869

1963 election

1963 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,566 53.22 -0.79
National Edgar Whittleston6,04237.54
Social Credit George William Goddard1,3708.51-0.42
Communist Edgar Wilson Hunter1160.72+0.21
Majority2,52415.68-1.80
Turnout 16,09490.01-0.64
Registered electors 17,879

1960 election

1960 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 7,645 54.01 -3.41
National Brenda Bell 5,17036.52
Social Credit George William Goddard1,2658.93
Communist Edgar Wilson Hunter730.51
Majority2,47517.48-5.23
Turnout 14,15390.65-3.12
Registered electors 15,612

1957 election

1957 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,616 57.42 +6.38
National George Terry5,20834.71
Social Credit Patrick John Joseph McMullan1,1087.38-11.07
Majority3,40822.71+1.95
Turnout 15,00493.77+2.51
Registered electors 16,000

1954 election

1954 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 6,860 51.04 -10.92
National Helen Black 4,06930.27
Social Credit Patrick John Joseph McMullan2,48018.45
Majority2,79120.76-3.16
Turnout 13,43891.26+20.85
Registered electors 14,724

1953 by-election

1953 North Dunedin by-election [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ethel McMillan 6,424 61.96
National Walter MacDougall3,94438.04
Majority2,48023.92
Turnout 10,36870.41−21.62
Registered electors 14,724

1951 election

1951 general election: Dunedin North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Walls 6,929 51.13 -0.89
National Donald Cameron 6,62248.86
Majority3072.26-2.57
Turnout 13,55192.03-3.04
Registered electors 14,724

1949 election

1949 general election: Dunedin North [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Walls 7,190 52.02 -2.61
National Richard Brickell6,52247.18
Communist John Leslie Marston1090.78
Majority6684.83-4.43
Turnout 13,82195.07+3.27
Registered electors 14,537

1946 election

1946 general election: Dunedin North [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Walls 7,487 54.63 +2.09
National Norman Jones 6,21745.36-1.73
Majority1,2709.26+3.82
Turnout 13,70491.80+12.03
Registered electors 14,927

1945 by-election

1945 Dunedin North by-election [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Walls 6,791 52.54
National Norman Jones 6,08747.09
Informal votes460.35-0.50
Majority7045.44
Turnout 12,92479.77-11.99
Registered electors 16,200

1943 election

1943 general election: Dunedin North [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jim Munro 8,038 55.82
National Alexander Cassie5,24036.39
People's Movement Frederick Allan Keane8585.95
Democratic Labour Cornelius Machin Ross2631.82
Informal votes1230.85
Majority2,79819.43
Turnout 14,39991.76
Registered electors 15,691

1935 election

1935 general election: Dunedin North [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jim Munro 6,097 52.56 +0.30
United Alexander Smith Falconer [47] [48] [49] 4,42938.18
Democrat Helen Black [50] 1,0739.25
Majority1,66814.38+9.42
Informal votes970.83-0.19
Turnout 11,69692.65+4.81
Registered electors 12,624

1931 election

1931 general election: Dunedin North [51]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jim Munro 5,518 52.26
United John McCrae [52] [53] [lower-alpha 3] 4,99447.30
United Robert Black [lower-alpha 4] 460.44
Majority5244.96
Informal votes1091.02
Turnout 10,66787.84
Registered electors 12,144

1928 election

1928 general election: Dunedin North [54] [55]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jim Munro 4,352 40.93
Reform Harold Tapley 3,12129.35
United Charles Robert Smith2,63824.81
Independent George Samuel Thomson5234.92
Majority1,23111.58
Informal votes810.76
Turnout 10,71589.58
Registered electors 11,962

1922 by-election

1922 Dunedin North by-election [56]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jim Munro 3,462 44.64
Reform James Clark 3,34243.10
Liberal William Begg 93112.00
Informal votes190.24
Majority1201.54
Turnout 7,75466.34
Registered electors 11,687

1914 election

1914 general election [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Labour Andrew Walker 4,07351.47
Reform George Malcolm Thomson 3,75147.40
Majority3224.06
Informal votes881.11
Turnout 7,91281.34
Registered electors 9,726

Table footnotes

  1. Hilary Calvert entered parliament as a list MP on 24 September 2010 after David Garrett resigned.
  2. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  3. John McCrae was the official candidate for the United–Reform Coalition
  4. Robert Black, who was not endorsed by the United Party, withdrew just before the election

Notes

  1. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, pp. 156–157.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 66ff.
  3. McRobie 1989, p. 95.
  4. "Electoral districts – south loses two seats". Evening Star . No. 25759. 4 April 1946. p. 7. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  5. "New boundaries: electoral districts". Otago Daily Times . No. 26190. 28 June 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 93, 97.
  7. McRobie 1989, pp. 97–101.
  8. McRobie 1989, pp. 101–105.
  9. McRobie 1989, pp. 105–109.
  10. McRobie 1989, pp. 109–113.
  11. McRobie 1989, pp. 113–117.
  12. McRobie 1989, pp. 117–121.
  13. McRobie 1989, pp. 121–125.
  14. McRobie 1989, pp. 125–129.
  15. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  16. "Dunedin North – Electorate Profile" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. 24 July 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  17. "Enrolment Statistics". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  18. Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  19. Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  20. Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  21. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  22. Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  23. "Hon Pete Hodgson". New Zealand Parliament. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  24. "Agony and ecstasy for Dunedin party faithful". Otago Daily Times . 20 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  25. "New names, new boundaries: How the electorate changes will affect you". The Spinoff . 17 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  26. "Dunedin electorates set to get larger". Otago Daily Times . 23 September 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  27. "Official Count Results -- Dunedin North (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  28. 2014 election results
  29. 2011 election results
  30. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  31. 2008 election results
  32. "Electorate Profile Dunedin North". New Zealand Parliament. [Retrieved 11 June 2012.]
  33. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  34. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  35. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Dunedin North, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  36. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  37. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  38. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 16.
  39. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 24.
  40. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 215.
  41. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Norton 1988, p. 214.
  42. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  43. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  44. "Declaration of Result of Poll". Evening Star . No. 25553. 3 August 1945. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  45. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  46. "General Election". The Evening Post . Vol. CXX, no. 138. 7 December 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  47. Ammentorp, Steen. "Falconer". generals.dk. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  48. "Alexander Smith Falconer". Auckland War Memorial Museum . Retrieved 8 July 2022 via Online Cenotaph.
  49. "Brigadier A. S. Falconer". New Zealand Electronic Text Centre . Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  50. Tennant, Margaret. "Helen McKenzie Black". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  51. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  52. "John McCrae". Auckland War Memorial Museum . Retrieved 9 July 2022 via Online Cenotaph.
  53. "Dunedin North". Auckland Star . Vol. LXII, no. 264. 7 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  54. Skinner, W. A. G. (1929). The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. p. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  55. "The election : nomination day". Evening Star . No. 20009. 29 October 1928. p. 7. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  56. "Dunedin North Election". Evening Star . Vol. 12, no. 18005. 27 June 1922. p. 4. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  57. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 8 January 2016.

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