Dunedin North (New Zealand electorate)

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Dunedin North electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Dunedin North electorate, 2014.svg
Dunedin North electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Dunedin North (known as North Dunedin between 1946 and 1963) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It is currently held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It is considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

David Clark (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

David Scott Clark is a New Zealand Labour Party politician who is the Member of Parliament for Dunedin North. He is the Minister for Health. Previously he has been Opposition Spokesperson for Small Business and Economic Development.

Contents

Population centres

Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Dunedin electorate was split into the Dunedin Central, Dunedin North, and Dunedin South electorates. [1]

15th New Zealand Parliament

The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.

1905 New Zealand general election elections on 6 December 1905

The New Zealand general election of 1905 was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 voting in the European electorates.

As the name suggests, the Dunedin North electorate covers the northern half of the city of Dunedin. It is bordered by Waitaki in the north, Dunedin South in west, south, and south-east, and the Pacific Ocean in the north-east.

Dunedin City in Otago, New Zealand

Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.

Waitaki (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.

Dunedin South Current New Zealand electorate

Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, then from 1905 to 1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.

The electorate covers what is the equivalent of the Waikouaiti Coast-Chalmers ward of the Dunedin City Council outside the actual urban area of Dunedin. This includes the population centre of Waikouaiti, Karitane, Waitati, Seacliff, Warrington, Port Chalmers, Sawyers Bay, Roseneath, and Aramoana. The 2013 redistribution saw the electorate expand to include Palmerston, Macraes Flat, Moeraki, Hampden and Herbert-Waianakarua. [2]

Waikouaiti Town in New Zealand

Waikouaiti is a small town in East Otago, New Zealand, within the city limits of Dunedin. The town is close to the coast and the mouth of the Waikouaiti River.

Karitane Settlement in Otago, New Zealand

The seaside settlement of Karitane is located within the limits of the city of Dunedin in New Zealand, 35 kilometres to the north of the city centre.

Waitati Town in New Zealand

Waitati, originally known as Waitete, is a small seaside settlement in Otago, New Zealand, within the city limits of Dunedin. It is located close to the tidal mudflats of Blueskin Bay, 19 kilometres north of the Dunedin city centre. The small Waitati River flows through the bay to the sea.

In urban Dunedin it covers most of northern, central and western Dunedin. This includes the city centre and the suburbs of City Rise, Pine Hill, Dunedin North, North East Valley, Opoho, Ravensbourne, Mornington, Roslyn, Maori Hill, Leith Valley, Kaikorai Valley, Brockville, Halfway Bush, and Wakari.

City Rise

City Rise is an inner suburb of the New Zealand city of Dunedin. One of the city's older suburbs, it is, as its name suggests, centred on the slopes which lie close to the city centre, particularly those closest to the city's original heart of The Exchange. Extensive views across the central city can be gained from much of City Rise.

Pine Hill, New Zealand

Pine Hill is a suburb, hill, and general area of the New Zealand city of Dunedin. It is sited on the hill of the same name, a spur of Mount Cargill overlooking North East Valley and Glenleith 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the north of the city centre. This spur lies in the fork of the confluence of the Water of Leith and its largest tributary, the Lindsay Creek. The term Pine Hill is used generally to refer to a group of suburbs which lie on the hill's slopes: Pine Hill suburb itself, which sits on the upper slopes of the spur, and also two other suburbs which lie on the lower slopes, Dalmore and Liberton. The combined population of these suburbs in 2001 was 2,259.

Dunedin North Dunedin suburb

Dunedin North, also known as North Dunedin, is a major inner suburb of the New Zealand city of Dunedin, located 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) northeast of the city centre. It contains many of the city's major institutions, including the city's university, polytechnic, main hospital, and largest museum. Dunedin North's 2001 population was 7,047, including the university area.

Socio-economic make-up

A notable influence on voting patterns in the electorate is the location of the University of Otago and Otago Polytechnic in Dunedin North. The electorate has the highest proportion of persons aged 15 to 19 in the country, with 14.1%. It also has the highest proportion of people on a student allowance (8.8%), employed in the education and training industry (11.7%), and employed in the health care and social assistance industry (12.3%). [3]

University of Otago university in New Zealand

The University of Otago is a collegiate university based in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. It scores highly for average research quality, and in 2006 was second in New Zealand only to the University of Auckland in the number of A-rated academic researchers it employs. In the past it has topped the New Zealand Performance Based Research Fund evaluation.

Otago Polytechnic

Otago Polytechnic is a public New Zealand tertiary education institute, centred in Dunedin with additional campuses in Cromwell and Auckland.

Dunedin North has a low rate of enrolment compared to New Zealand as a whole. As of 31 May 2012, 78.4% of the estimate eligible population is enrolled to vote, compared to 92.8% nationally. The figure is brought down by the low number of people aged 18 to 24 enrolled — less than half (47.5%) of the estimated eligible population is enrolled, compared to 75.2% nationally. Enrolments of those aged 25 and over are comparable to the national averages. [4]

History

The electorate was created in 1905, when the City of Dunedin electorate with three members of parliament (and other main centre multi-member electorates) were broken up. From 1946 to 1963 it was called North Dunedin. [5]

The first representative was Alfred Richard Barclay, who had previously represented the City of Dunedin electorate. [6] In the 1908 election, he was defeated by G. M. Thomson, who served for two parliamentary terms before being defeated. [7]

Barclay was succeeded by Andrew Walker representing the United Labour Party in the 1914 election. The remnants of United Labour formed the New Zealand Labour Party in 1916 and Walker became the new party's first President. He served for one parliamentary term until the 1919 election, when he was defeated by the Independent Edward Kellett. Kellett died during the parliamentary term on 15 May 1922, [8] and this caused the 1922 by-election, which was won by James Wright Munro. [9]

Munro was confirmed at the 1922 general election, [9] but was defeated by Harold Livingstone Tapley in the 1925 election. [10] Munro in turn defeated Tapley at the 1928 election and then served the electorate until his death on 27 May 1945. [9]

Munro's death caused the 1945 by-election, which was won by Robert Walls. [9] Walls served the electorate until his death on 6 November 1953. This caused the 1953 by-election, which was won by Ethel McMillan, who served the electorate until her retirement in 1975.

McMillan was succeeded by Richard Walls of the National Party in the 1975 election, who held the electorate for one parliamentary term before being defeated by Labour's Stan Rodger in the 1978 election. Rodger retired in 1990 and was succeeded by Pete Hodgson. Hodgson served the electorate until his retirement in 2011. [11] Hodgson was succeeded by David Clark in the 2011 election, when he beat Michael Woodhouse. In the 2014 election, Clark was again successful against Woodhouse and managed to increase his majority. [12]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Liberal–Labour     Independent     Reform     United Labour     Labour     Independent Labour     National     Green     ACT   

ElectionWinner
1905 election Alfred Richard Barclay
1908 election G. M. Thomson
1911 election
1914 election Andrew Walker
1919 election Edward Kellett
1922 by-election James W. Munro
1922 election
1925 election Harold Livingstone Tapley
1928 election James W. Munro
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1945 by-election Robert Walls
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1953 by-election Ethel McMillan
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Richard Walls
1978 election Stan Rodger
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Pete Hodgson
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election David Clark
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Dunedin North electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1999 election Katherine Rich
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2010 Hilary Calvert [lower-alpha 1]
2011 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2014 election Metiria Turei
Michael Woodhouse
2017 election Michael Woodhouse

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Dunedin North [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Clark 21,25957.48+10.0817,80847.63+15.81
National Michael Woodhouse 9,50525.70−4.5110,38227.77−4.49
Green Niki Bould3,0538.25−9.125,11013.67−9.27
Opportunities Abe Gray1,6454.451,5354.11
NZ First Warren Voight1,0692.891,8995.08+1.67
ACT Sam Purchas1500.401570.41+0.09
Independent Adrian Daegal Graamans710.19−0.12
Independent Stan Lusby380.01−0.17
Māori  1080.29−0.06
Legalise Cannabis  890.24−0.25
Conservative  600.16−2.57
Ban 1080  550.15−0.02
United Future  200.08−0.17
People's Party  170.05
Democrats  150.04−0.07
Outdoors  140.04
Mana  110.03
Internet  100.03
Informal votes19586
Total Valid votes36,98537,385
Labour holdMajority11,75431.78+11.92

2014 election

2014 general election: Dunedin North [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Clark 16,31547.40+3.1511,14731.82−1.98
National Michael Woodhouse 10,39830.21−2.1411,30232.26−0.13
Green Metiria Turei 5,97817.37−2.148,03522.94−0.45
Conservative Jonathan Daley6211.80+1.809562.73+1.38
Legalise Cannabis Abe Gray5801.69+0.331720.49−0.08
Internet Rob Stewart2550.74+0.74
Independent Adrian Daegal Graamans1060.31+0.31
Democrats Miriam Mowat1590.31−0.36370.11−0.10
Independent Stan Lusby620.18+0.18
NZ First  2,3646.75+1.06
Internet Mana  6031.72+1.12 [lower-alpha 2]
Māori  1240.35−0.07
ACT  1110.32−0.41
United Future  860.25−0.29
Ban 1080  600.17+0.17
Civilian  270.08+0.08
Independent Coalition  70.02+0.02
Focus  10.00+0.00
Informal votes21699
Total Valid votes34,63635,131
Turnout 35,23079.88+11.50
Labour holdMajority5,91717.19+5.29

2011 election

2011 general election: Dunedin North [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour David Clark 12,97644.25−8.3710,12733.80−10.44
National Michael Woodhouse 9,48732.35+1.719,70732.39+3.04
Green Metiria Turei 5,72119.51+8.427,01023.39+7.58
Legalise Cannabis Julian Crawford3981.36−0.131720.57+0.14
Alliance Victor Billot 2100.72−0.66500.17−0.15
Democrats Jeremy Noble1960.67+0.35620.21+0.10
United Future Peter George1760.60−0.101830.61−0.33
ACT Guy McCallum1590.54−1.222180.73−1.54
NZ First  1,7065.69+2.27
Conservative  4051.35+1.35
Mana  1810.60+0.60
Māori  1260.42−0.28
Libertarianz  180.06+0.03
Informal votes448190
Total Valid votes29,32329,965
Labour holdMajority3,48911.90−10.09

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 40,356 [16]

2008 election

2008 general election: Dunedin North [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,12752.62−2.4614,60844.24−10.58
National Michael Woodhouse 9,97230.64−0.799,69229.35+4.21
Green Metiria Turei 3,61111.09+3.645,22115.81+4.99
ACT Hilary Calvert 5731.76+1.157492.27+1.28
Legalise Cannabis Julian Crawford4831.48−0.061430.43+0.14
Alliance Victor Billot 4481.38+0.541060.32+0.12
United Future Mary Edwards2280.70−1.323120.94−1.82
Democrats Olive McRae1050.32+0.32360.11+0.05
NZ First  1,1323.43+0.58
Progressive  3100.94−1.38
Bill and Ben  2520.76+0.76
Māori  2300.70+0.41
Kiwi  1250.38+0.38
Family Party  570.17+0.17
Workers Party  180.05+0.05
Pacific  140.04+0.04
Libertarianz  90.03−0.01
RAM  40.01+0.01
RONZ  20.01−0.01
Informal votes23489
Total Valid votes32,54733,020
Labour holdMajority7,15521.98−1.67


2005 election

2005 general election: Dunedin North
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,76955.08−4.4217,91554.82+5.11
National Katherine Rich 10,13931.02+7.948,21725.14+8.95
Green Philippa Jamieson2,4057.46+0.593,53610.82−1.54
United Future Mark Peters6522.02−0.349012.76−2.78
Legalise Cannabis Jason Baker-Sherman4981.54−0.51950.29−0.42
Progressive James Boyack3301.02−0.024311.32−0.65
Alliance Victor Billot 2700.84−1.14650.20−2.89
ACT Willie Martin1960.61−1.153220.99−3.20
NZ First  9312.85−1.61
Māori  960.29+0.29
Destiny  780.24+0.24
Christian Heritage  350.11−0.72
Democrats  210.06+0.06
Libertarianz  140.04+0.04
99 MP  100.03+0.03
Direct Democracy  40.01+0.01
One NZ  40.01−0.04
RONZ  40.01+0.01
Family Rights  30.01+0.01
Informal votes24171
Total Valid votes32,25932,682
Labour holdMajority7,63023.65−12.36

2002 election

2002 general election: Dunedin North [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,57359.50−0.8814,86649.71+1.83
National Katherine Rich 6,93623.49−3.764,84116.19−4.26
Green Philippa Direen2,0286.87+2.653,69712.36+4.93
United Future Todd Whitcombe6972.36+2.361,6585.54+5.54
Legalise Cannabis Paul John McMullan6062.05+0.132120.71+0.71
Alliance Carolyn Payne-Harker5861.98−4.329243.09−9.32
ACT Willie Martin5201.76−1.171,2544.19−0.53
Progressive Frede Jorgensen3061.04+1.045881.97+1.97
Christian Heritage Glenn Peoples2800.95−0.942480.83+0.83
NZ First  1,3334.46+3.74
ORNZ  2530.85+0.85
One NZ  150.05+0.05
Mana Māori  90.03+0.03
NMP  60.02+0.02
Informal votes29199
Total Valid votes29,53229,904
Turnout 29,90479.1
Labour holdMajority10,63736.01−4.64

1999 election

1999 general election: Dunedin North [19] [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 18,85660.3815,05247.88
National Katherine Rich 6,16119.736,42720.45
Alliance Quentin Findlay1,9686.303,90212.41
Green Michael Tritt1,3184.222,3367.43
ACT Hilary Calvert 9152.931,4854.72
Legalise Cannabis Paul John McMullan5991.923971.26
Christian Heritage David Harris5891.896512.07
South Island Alan McDonald4041.292160.69
NZ First Donna Waipouri-Baxter2240.724011.28
McGillicuddy Serious Bernard Smith1520.49460.15
NMP Patrick Byrne410.13280.09
Future NZ  1850.59
United NZ  1510.48
Libertarianz  640.20
Animals First  490.16
Natural Law  150.05
One NZ  120.04
Mana Māori  90.03
Freedom Movement  60.02
People's Choice  20.006
Mauri Pacific  10.003
Republican  00.00
Informal votes384176
Total Valid votes31,22731,435
Labour holdMajority12,69540.65

1996 election

1996 general election: Dunedin North [21] [22] [23]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Pete Hodgson 17,37552.3213,44940.15
National Margie Stevens7,16821.588,30424.79
Alliance Jim Flynn 4,48813.514,64813.88
NZ First Neil Benson1,8245.492,2246.64
ACT Michael Steeneveld1,1573.481,4524.33
United NZ Graeme Brown5531.677182.14
McGillicuddy Serious Doug Mackie4531.361200.36
Natural Law Mary-Anne McGregor1930.58560.17
Christian Coalition  1,1983.58
Legalise Cannabis  1,1003.28
Animals First  750.22
Progressive Green  630.19
Green Society  280.08
Mana Māori  200.06
Ethnic Minority Party 120.04
Asia Pacific United 80.02
Superannuitants & Youth  70.02
Libertarianz  60.02
Conservatives  50.01
Advance New Zealand 40.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes386100
Total Valid votes33,21133,497
Labour holdMajority10,20730.73

1993 election

1993 general election: Dunedin North [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Pete Hodgson 9,119 43.52 -2.77
National Hugh Perkins5,32525.41
Alliance Jim Flynn 5,02223.97
NZ First Eileen Rodriguez7763.70
Christian Heritage Louise Storm3681.75
McGillicuddy Serious Murray Kennedy2671.27
Natural Law Leigh Bush730.34
Majority3,79418.10+7.08
Turnout 20,95085.52-1.08
Registered electors 24,495

1990 election

1990 general election: Dunedin North [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Pete Hodgson 9,807 46.29
National Gael Donoghue7,47135.26
Green A Deaker2,22810.51
NewLabour Chris Trotter 1,1275.31
McGillicuddy Serious D Aylward1810.85
Social Credit G Mason1480.69
Democrats G W Goddard1460.68
NZ Party A Blackadder680.32
Communist League S Lusby100.04
Majority2,33611.02
Turnout 21,18686.60-0.64
Registered electors 24,462

1987 election

1987 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Stan Rodger 12,565 62.30 +10.24
National Sean Davison6,03129.90
Democrats J W Begley7253.59
Independent A J B Deaker4462.21
Wizard PartyW P Everson1780.88+0.17
McGillicuddy Serious W J Gumbley1480.73
Ind. NZ Party Murray Menzies750.37+0.10
Majority6,53432.39+8.04
Turnout 20,16887.24-4.07
Registered electors 23,116

1984 election

1984 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Stan Rodger 10,964 52.06 -1.76
National Barbara Henderson5,83527.70
NZ Party Lee Vandervis 3,01014.29
Social Credit C A Paddon9664.58
Wizard PartyW P Everson1510.71-0.20
Independent C A Nixon740.35
Ind. NZ Party Murray Menzies580.27
Majority5,12924.35+1.02
Turnout 21,05891.31+2.27
Registered electors 23,062

1981 election

1981 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Stan Rodger 10,039 53.82 +5.23
National Des Bleach5,60630.05
Social Credit Hamish Woods2,83515.20
Wizard PartyW P Everson1710.91
Majority4,73325.37+11.42
Turnout 18,65189.04+19.97
Registered electors 20,946

1978 election

1978 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Stan Rodger 9,846 48.19
National Richard Walls 6,99634.24-9.95
Social Credit M J Sheppard2,22810.90
Values P R J Brook7993.91
Independent John O'Neill5592.73
Majority2,85013.95
Turnout 20,42869.07-14.89
Registered electors 29,573

1975 election

1975 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Richard Walls 8,740 44.19
Labour Brian Arnold7,78239.34
Values Peter Sutton2,07510.49
Social Credit Ivan Harper1,1805.96
Majority9584.84
Turnout 19,77783.96-6.02
Registered electors 23,553

1972 election

1972 general election: Dunedin North [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 9,211 53.91 -0.91
National J H Wallis5,19130.38
Values Geoff Neill1,80110.54
Social Credit J P Clapham8304.85
New Democratic P J Pullar510.29
Majority4,02023.53+5.12
Turnout 17,08489.98+2.03
Registered electors 18,985

1969 election

1969 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,721 54.82 +2.29
National J W Williams5,72936.01
Social Credit A W Fagg1,1297.09-6.25
Democratic Labour Jamie Wedderspoon2241.40
Independent J C M McPhee1030.64
Majority2,92918.41-0.01
Turnout 15,90687.65+1.60
Registered electors 18,147

1966 election

1966 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,079 52.53 -0.99
National G B Gerard5,24634.11
Social Credit A W Fagg2,05213.34
Majority2,83318.42+2.74
Turnout 15,37786.05-3.96
Registered electors 17,869

1963 election

1963 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,566 53.22 -0.79
National Edgar Whittleston6,04237.54
Social Credit George William Goddard1,3708.51-0.42
Communist Edgar Wilson Hunter1160.72+0.21
Majority2,52415.68-1.80
Turnout 16,09490.01-0.64
Registered electors 17,879

1960 election

1960 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 7,645 54.01 -3.41
National M B Bell5,17036.52
Social Credit George William Goddard1,2658.93
Communist Edgar Wilson Hunter730.51
Majority2,47517.48-5.23
Turnout 14,15390.65-3.12
Registered electors 15,612

1957 election

1957 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 8,616 57.42 +6.38
National G R Terry5,20834.71
Social Credit P J J McMullan1,1087.38-11.07
Majority3,40822.71+1.95
Turnout 15,00493.77+2.51
Registered electors 16,000

1954 election

1954 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 6,860 51.04 -10.92
National Helen Black 4,06930.27
Social Credit P J J McMullan2,48018.45
Majority2,79120.76-3.16
Turnout 13,43891.26+20.85
Registered electors 14,724

1953 by-election

1953 North Dunedin by-election [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ethel McMillan 6,424 61.96
National Walter MacDougall3,94438.04
Majority2,48023.92
Turnout 10,36870.41−21.62
Registered electors 14,724

1951 election

1951 general election: Dunedin North [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Robert Walls 6,929 51.13 -0.89
National Donald Cameron 6,62248.86
Majority3072.26-2.57
Turnout 13,55192.03-3.04
Registered electors 14,724

1949 election

1949 general election: Dunedin North [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Robert Walls 7,190 52.02 -2.61
National Richard Brickell6,52247.18
Communist John Leslie Marston1090.78
Majority6684.83-4.43
Turnout 13,82195.07+3.27
Registered electors 14,537

1946 election

1946 general election: Dunedin North [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Robert Walls 7,487 54.63 +2.09
National Norman Jones 6,21745.36-1.73
Majority1,2709.26+3.82
Turnout 13,70491.80+12.03
Registered electors 14,927

1945 by-election

1945 Dunedin North by-election [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Robert Walls 6,791 52.54
National Norman Jones 6,08747.09
Informal votes460.35-0.50
Majority7045.44
Turnout 12,92479.77-11.99
Registered electors 16,200

1943 election

1943 general election: Dunedin North [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour James Munro 8,038 55.82
National Alexander Cassie5,24036.39
People's Movement Frederick Allan Keane8585.95
Democratic Labour Cornelius Machin Ross2631.82
Informal votes1230.85
Majority2,79819.43
Turnout 14,39991.76
Registered electors 15,691

1935 election

1935 general election: Dunedin North [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour James Wright Munro 6,097 52.56 +0.30
United Alexander Smith Falconer [33] [34] [35] 4,42938.18
Democrat Helen Black [36] 1,0739.25
Majority1,66814.38+9.42
Informal votes970.83-0.19
Turnout 11,69692.65+4.81
Registered electors 12,624

1931 election

1931 general election: Dunedin North [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour James Wright Munro 5,518 52.26
United John McCrae [38] [39] [lower-alpha 3] 4,99447.30
United Robert Black [lower-alpha 4] 460.44
Majority5244.96
Informal votes1091.02
Turnout 10,66787.84
Registered electors 12,144

1922 by-election

1922 Dunedin North by-election [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour James Wright Munro 3,380 44.91
Reform James J. Clark3,23943.03
Liberal William Begg 26912.06
Majority1411.88
Turnout 7,527

1914 election

1914 general election [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United Labour Andrew Walker 4,07351.47
Reform George Malcolm Thomson 3,75147.40
Majority3224.06
Informal votes881.11
Turnout 7,91281.34
Registered electors 9,726

Table footnotes

  1. Hilary Calvert entered parliament as a list MP on 24 September 2010 after David Garrett resigned.
  2. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  3. John McCrae was the official candidate for the United/Reform Coalition
  4. Robert Black, who was not endorsed by the United Party, withdrew just before the election

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 66ff.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. "Dunedin North – Electorate Profile" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. 24 July 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  4. "Enrolment Statistics". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  5. Scholefield 1950, pp. 156–157.
  6. Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  7. Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  8. Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  10. Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  11. "Hon Pete Hodgson". New Zealand Parliament. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  12. "Agony and ecstasy for Dunedin party faithful". Otago Daily Times . 20 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  13. "Official Count Results -- Dunedin North (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  14. 2014 election results
  15. 2011 election results
  16. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  17. 2008 election results
  18. "Electorate Profile Dunedin North". New Zealand Parliament. [Retrieved 11 June 2012.]
  19. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  20. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  21. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Dunedin North, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  22. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  23. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  24. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 16.
  25. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 24.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 215.
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Norton 1988, p. 214.
  28. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  29. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  30. "Declaration of Result of Poll". Evening Star (25553). 3 August 1945. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  31. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  32. "General Election". The Evening Post . CXX (138). 7 December 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  33. Ammentorp, Steen. "Falconer". generals.dk. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  34. "Cenotaph Record". Auckland War Memorial Museum . Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  35. "Brigadier A. S. Falconer". New Zealand Electronic Text Centre . Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  36. Tennant, Margaret. "Helen McKenzie Black". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  37. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  38. "John McCrae". Auckland War Memorial Museum . Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  39. "Dunedin North". Auckland Star . LXII (264). 7 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  40. "Dunedin North By-Election: Labor Wins, Liberals Routed". Maoriland Worker . 12 (279). 28 June 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  41. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 8 January 2016.

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