Onslow (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Onslow electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996. Onslow electorate, 1993.png
Onslow electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Onslow was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1946 to 1963, and then from 1993 to 1996 in the Wellington area. It was represented by three Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Onslow. [1]

The electorate covered the northern suburbs of the city of Wellington, i.e. Ngaio, Khandallah and Johnsonville. The name Onslow comes from the former Borough of Onslow which covered Wadestown until April 1907 its south ward and its most populous area [2] and the remaining Khandallah Ngaio areas until they too joined Wellington City in 1919.

History

The electorate was established for the 1946 election.

The unsuccessful National candidate in 1954 was Wilfred Fortune, who had represented Eden in Auckland from 1946 to 1954.

The electorate lasted until the 1963 election, when the Karori electorate was established.

The electorate was re-established in the 1993 election to replace Ohariu. Peter Dunne, who had previously represented the Ohariu electorate, was the successful candidate. [3] For the first MMP election, the 1996 election, it was renamed back to Ohariu-Belmont, and included Belmont in the Hutt Valley.

Members of Parliament

The Onslow electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament. [4]

Key

  Labour     Independent     Future     United NZ   

ElectionsWinner
1946 election Harry Combs
1949 election
1951 election
1954 by-election Henry May
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
(Electorate abolished 1963–1993)
1993 election Peter Dunne
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Ohariu-Belmont)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Onslow [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Peter Dunne 9,096 41.61
National George Mathew8,03136.74
Alliance Phillida Bunkle 3,07714.07
NZ First Elisabeth Burgess6823.12
Christian Heritage Colin Byford4572.09
Independent Sarah Lysaght2961.35
McGillicuddy Serious Thomas Barker1300.59
Natural Law Mary-Anne McGregor620.28
Independent Keith Leslie Stewart240.10
Majority1,0654.87
Turnout 21,85586.98
Registered electors 25,126

1960 election

1960 general election: Onslow [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry May 8,670 45.25 -10.72
National Maida Clark7,88041.12
Social Credit Eric Elliott9204.80
Communist Sydney Smith1010.52
Majority7904.12-12.73
Turnout 17,57191.70-2.99
Registered electors 19,160

1957 election

1957 general election: Onslow [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry May 8,882 55.97 +7.20
National Kevin O'Brien6,20739.11
Social Credit Frederick Buckley7794.90
Majority2,67516.85+13.65
Turnout 15,86894.69+5.08
Registered electors 16,757

1954 election

1954 general election: Onslow [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry May 7,898 48.77
National Wilfred Fortune 7,37945.56
Social Credit Barney Thomas Daniel9165.65
Majority5193.20
Turnout 16,19389.61
Registered electors 18,070

1954 by-election

1954 Onslow by-election: Onslow [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Henry May unopposed

1951 election

1951 general election: Onslow [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Combs 9,539 53.08 -6.76
National Jack Meadowcroft 8,43346.92+0.64
Majority1,1066.15-6.12
Turnout 17,97290.62-4.44
Registered electors 19,831

1949 election

1949 general election: Onslow [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Combs 9,391 59.84 +4.27
National Jack Meadowcroft 7,46447.56
Majority1,92712.27+1.15
Turnout 15,69386.18-6.64
Registered electors 18,209

1946 election

1946 general election: Onslow [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harry Combs 7,880 55.57
National Philip Patrick Lynch6,30244.43
Majority1,57811.12
Turnout 14,18292.82
Registered electors 15,278

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. Municipal Consolidation. Evening Post, 16 May 1907 page 6
  3. Rutherford, Hamish; Pryor, Nicole (8 June 2013). "Peter Dunne: Out in the cold". Stuff . Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 269.
  5. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 12, 161.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Norton 1988, pp. 297.
  7. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  8. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  9. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

Related Research Articles

Karori was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the west of Wellington. It existed from 1946 to 1978, and was represented by three different Members of Parliament during that period, all of them are represented by National Party due to being a wealthy suburb.

Wellington Central (New Zealand electorate) Electoral district in Wellington, New Zealand

Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson. In the 2020 election he was opposed by James Shaw (Greens) and Nicola Willis (National), both also entered parliament via their respective party lists.

Ōhāriu (New Zealand electorate) Electoral district in Wellington, New Zealand

Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

Brooklyn was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Wellington city from 1946 to 1954. It was represented by two prominent members of the Labour Party: Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister (1940–1949), and Arnold Nordmeyer, who was later Minister of Finance (1957–1960).

Island Bay (New Zealand electorate) Former electoral district in Wellington, New Zealand

Island Bay was a former New Zealand electorate, centred on Island Bay in the southern suburbs of Wellington. The electorate was formed in 1946 and dissolved in 1996.

Mount Victoria is a former New Zealand electorate, centred on the inner-city suburb of Mount Victoria in the southern suburbs of Wellington. It existed from 1946 to 1954, and was represented by one Member of Parliament, Jack Marshall.

Miramar (New Zealand electorate) Former electoral district in Wellington, New Zealand

Miramar was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south-eastern suburbs of Wellington. It was created in 1946, replacing Wellington East, and was replaced by Rongotai for the first MMP election of 1996.

Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.

Petone is a former parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1946 to 1978. The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament from the Labour Party.

Otahuhu is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the southern suburbs of the city of Auckland, from 1938 to 1963, and then from 1972 to 1984.

Onehunga (New Zealand electorate) Former electoral district in Auckland, New Zealand

Onehunga, initially with the formal name of Town of Onehunga, is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south of the city of Auckland. Between 1861 and 1881, and between 1938 and 1996, it was represented by seven Members of Parliament. It was a stronghold for the Labour Party.

Glenfield (New Zealand electorate) Former electoral district in Auckland, New Zealand

Glenfield was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate for four terms, from 1984 to 1996. It was represented by two members of parliament, first Judy Keall of the Labour Party, and then Peter Hilt of the National Party. Hilt defected to United New Zealand in 1995.

Otara (New Zealand electorate) Former electoral district in Auckland, New Zealand

Otara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. It existed for four parliamentary terms and was represented by three members of parliament, two from Labour and one from National.

Fendalton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during two periods between 1946 and 1996. The electorate was in the western suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. Fendalton is an expensive suburb, and was always represented by the National Party.

St Kilda is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1946 to 1996 and was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.

Mornington is a former parliamentary electorate from 1946 to 1963, centred on the suburb of Mornington in the city of Dunedin, New Zealand.

Ponsonby was a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1946 to 1963. The Ponsonby electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament.

Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.

Ohariu-Belmont was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1996 to 2008.

References