Te Tai Rawhiti

Last updated

Te Tai Rawhiti (lit.'The East Coast') was one of the five new New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates created in 1996 for MMP. It largely replaced its English-named predecessor, Eastern Maori, though Te Tai Rawhiti's boundary was retracted significantly in the central North Island.

Contents

Te Tai Rawhiti only existed for one electoral term, and in 1999 was largely replaced by Waiariki and Ikaroa-Rāwhiti.

Population centres

The electorate was based in the Bay of Plenty and East Cape regions, as well as parts of eastern Waikato, and included the following population centres:

Tribal areas

The electorate included the following tribal areas:

History

Te Tai Rawhiti was one of the five new Māori electorates created for the 1996 election with the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation, and which were all won by the Tight Five of New Zealand First.

In the 1999 election it was substantially replaced by Waiariki.

Members of Parliament

Key

  NZ First     Alliance   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Tuariki Delamere

List MPs

ElectionWinner
1996 election Alamein Kopu

Election results

1996 election

1996 general election: Te Tai Rawhiti [1] [2] [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
NZ First Tuariki Delamere 10,64750.7310,03047.53
Labour Peter Tapsell 6,43230.656,55831.08
Mana Māori Movement Tame Iti 1,3726.546493.08
Alliance Alamein Kopu 1,2105.771,3816.54
National Peta Butt5062.418974.25
Te Tawharau Willie Coates3981.901710.81
Independent Hinemoa Awatere3521.68
Natural Law Lynette Patterson700.33270.13
Legalise Cannabis  6232.95
Christian Coalition  4332.05
ACT  1880.89
Progressive Green 330.16
McGillicuddy Serious  270.13
Animals First  250.12
Green Society 190.09
United NZ  150.07
Superannuitants & Youth 110.05
Advance New Zealand 60.03
Ethnic Minority Party 40.02
Asia Pacific United 20.01
Conservatives 20.01
Libertarianz  20.01
Informal votes322206
Total Valid votes20,98721,103
NZ First win new seatMajority4,21520.08

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1999 New Zealand general election</span> General election in New Zealand

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of the Fourth National Government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government which would govern for nine years in turn, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election. It was the first New Zealand election where both major parties had female leaders.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1996 New Zealand general election</span> General election in New Zealand

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Manu Alamein Kopu was a New Zealand politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Māori electorates</span> Electoral districts for Māori voters in New Zealand

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that give reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; as of 2020, there are seven Māori electorates. Since 1967, candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare that they are of Māori descent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ngāti Kahungunu</span> Māori iwi in New Zealand

Ngāti Kahungunu is a Māori iwi located along the eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The iwi is traditionally centred in the Hawke's Bay and Wairārapa regions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tu Wyllie</span> Rugby player

Tutekawa "Tu" Wyllie is a former New Zealand politician and rugby union player. A first five-eighth, Wyllie represented Wellington at a provincial level, and played one match for the New Zealand national side, the All Blacks, in 1980. He was the New Zealand First Member of Parliament for Te Tai Tonga from 1996 to 1999.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Zealand electorates</span> Voting districts for election to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate or electoral district is a geographical constituency used for electing a member (MP) to the New Zealand Parliament. The size of electorates is determined such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Ururoa Flavell</span> New Zealand politician

Te Ururoa James William Ben Flavell, also known as Hemi Flavell, is a New Zealand politician who was a co-leader of the Māori Party from 2013 until 2018 and represented the Waiariki electorate for the party in Parliament from 2005–2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Tokerau</span> Māori electorate in Northland, New Zealand

Te Tai Tokerau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was created out of the Northern Maori electorate ahead of the first Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) election in 1996. It was held first by Tau Henare representing New Zealand First for one term, and then Dover Samuels of the Labour Party for two terms. From 2005 to 2014, it was held by MP Hone Harawira. Initially a member of the Māori Party, Harawira resigned from both the party and then Parliament, causing the 2011 by-election. He was returned under the Mana Party banner in July 2011 and confirmed at the November 2011 general election. In the 2014 election, he was beaten by Labour's Kelvin Davis, ending the representation of the Mana Party in Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Tonga</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Tonga is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1996 general election, replacing Southern Maori. The current MP for Te Tai Tonga is Rino Tirikatene of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waiariki (New Zealand electorate)</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Waiariki is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was established for the 1999 election, replacing the Te Tai Rawhiti electorate. It is currently held by Māori Party co-leader Rawiri Waititi, who won it in the 2020 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ikaroa-Rāwhiti</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate. It was formed for the 1999 election and held by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party until his death in 2013. A by-election to replace him was held on 29 June 2013 and was won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri, who remains the incumbent after the 2014 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Hauāuru</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Hauāuru is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives, that was first formed for the 1996 election. The electorate was represented by Tariana Turia from 2002 to 2014, first for the Labour Party and then for the Māori Party. Turia retired and was succeeded in 2014 by Labour's Adrian Rurawhe who again retained the seat in 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hauraki-Waikato</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Hauraki-Waikato is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate first established for the 2008 election. It largely replaced the Tainui electorate. Nanaia Mahuta of the Labour Party, formerly the MP for Tainui, became MP for Hauraki-Waikato in the 2008 general election and was re-elected in 2011, 2014, 2017 and 2020.

Southern Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Eastern Maori, Western Maori and Eastern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Southern Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Tonga and Te Puku O Te Whenua electorates.

Northern Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Eastern Maori, Western Maori and Southern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Northern Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Tokerau electorate.

Eastern Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Northern Maori, Western Maori and Southern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Eastern Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Rawhiti and Te Puku O Te Whenua electorates.

Te Puku O Te Whenua or "the belly of the land" was one of the five new New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates created in 1996 for MMP. It was replaced in the 1999 election.

Hauraki was a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It existed for one parliamentary term from 1999 to 2002, and was held by John Tamihere. The electorate's area was formed from the northern portion of Te Tai Rawhiti as well as a small portion of Te Tai Hauāuru. Its area was expanded significantly westward to form the Tainui electorate for the 2002 election.

Rawiri Wikuki Waititi is a New Zealand politician. He is co-leader of the Māori Party and has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Waiariki since 2020. A member of the Māori Party, his election to the New Zealand Parliament returned the party to parliamentary politics following their defeat at the 2017 general election.

References

  1. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Te Tai Rawhiti" (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  2. Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties
  3. Party Lists of Unsuccessful Registered Parties