Te Tai Rawhiti (lit. 'The East Coast') was one of the five new New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates created in 1996 for MMP. It largely replaced its English-named predecessor, Eastern Maori, though Te Tai Rawhiti's boundary was retracted significantly in the central North Island.
Te Tai Rawhiti only existed for one electoral term, and in 1999 was largely replaced by Waiariki and Ikaroa-Rāwhiti.
The electorate was based in the Bay of Plenty and East Cape regions, as well as parts of eastern Waikato, and included the following population centres:
The electorate included the following tribal areas:
Te Tai Rawhiti was one of the five new Māori electorates created for the 1996 election with the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation, and which were all won by the Tight Five of New Zealand First.
In the 1999 election it was substantially replaced by Waiariki.
|1996 election||Tuariki Delamere|
|1996 election||Alamein Kopu|
|1996 general election: Te Tai Rawhiti|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Tuariki Delamere||10,647||50.73||10,030||47.53|
|Mana Māori Movement||Tame Iti||1,372||6.54||649||3.08|
|Te Tawharau||Willie Coates||398||1.90||171||0.81|
|Natural Law||Lynette Patterson||70||0.33||27||0.13|
|Superannuitants & Youth||11||0.05|
|Advance New Zealand||6||0.03|
|Ethnic Minority Party||4||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||20,987||21,103|
|NZ First win new seat||Majority||4,215||20.08|
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The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
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