Wellington North (New Zealand electorate)

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Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Wellington electorate was split into the Wellington East, Wellington Central, and Wellington North electorates. [1] The electorate covered areas north of the central city. For the purpose of the country quota, the electorate has always been regarded as fully urban. [2] In the 1937 electoral redistribution, Somes Island was transferred from the Hutt to the Wellington North electorate. [3]

History

Charles Hayward Izard of the Liberal Party was the electorate's first representative from 1905 to 1908, [4] when he was defeated by Alexander Herdman. [5] Herdman had previously represented the Mount Ida electorate. He joined the Reform Party but resigned from Parliament in February 1918. [6]

Herdman was succeeded by John Luke of the Reform Party in the resulting 1918 by-election. [7] In the 1928 election, Luke was defeated by Charles Chapman of the Labour Party. Chapman represented the electorate from 1928 to 1946, and moved to the Wellington Central electorate when Wellington North was abolished. [8]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament: [9]

Key

  Liberal     Conservative     Reform     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1905 election Charles Hayward Izard
1908 election Alexander Herdman
1911 election
1914 election
1918 by-election John Luke
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election Charles Chapman
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(electorate abolished 1946)

Election results

1943 election

1943 general election: Wellington North [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Charles Chapman 7,348 49.80 -10.29
National Thomas Hislop 5,45136.94
Democratic Labour Horace Herring 1,0166.89
People's Movement Rugby Malcolm4272.89
Independent Arthur Carman 2982.02
Informal votes2151.46+0.77
Majority1,89712.86-7.83
Turnout 14,755

1938 election

1938 general election: Wellington North [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Charles Chapman 9,522 60.09 +16.47
Independent Liberal Elizabeth Gilmer 6,24439.40+2.65
Independent Thomas Folckman Simpson800.50
Informal votes1100.69-0.22
Majority3,27820.69+13.82
Turnout 15,95685.29+1.87
Registered electors 18,709

1935 election

1935 general election: Wellington North [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Charles Chapman 5,039 43.62 -0.61
Independent Elizabeth Gilmer 4,24536.75
Reform Charles Treadwell2,26619.61
Informal votes1060.91+0.25
Majority7946.87-3.49
Turnout 11,55083.42+12.09
Registered electors 13,845

1931 election

1931 general election: Wellington North [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Charles Chapman 4,531 44.23 -4.84
Reform George Troup 3,47033.87
Independent John Luke 2,24321.90-26.74
Informal votes680.66-1.63
Majority1,06110.36+9.95
Turnout 10,31271.33-10.10
Registered electors 14,457

1928 election

1928 general election: Wellington North [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Charles Chapman 5,611 49.07
Reform John Luke 5,56448.64-2.66
Informal votes2632.29+1.15
Majority470.41
Turnout 11,43881.43-7.22
Registered electors 14,046

1925 election

1925 general election: Wellington North [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform John Luke 5,712 51.30 +7.40
Labour Harry Combs 3,76633.82-6.52
Liberal Jack McGrath1,52813.72
Informal votes1271.14+0.02
Majority1,94617.47+13.91
Turnout 11,13388.65-0.98
Registered electors 12,558

1922 election

1922 general election: Wellington North [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform John Luke 4,624 43.90 +1.20
Labour Harry Combs 4,24940.34
Liberal James Young1,54014.62
Informal votes1181.12+0.21
Majority3753.56-7.81
Turnout 10,53189.63+11.30
Registered electors 11,749

1919 election

1919 general election: Wellington North [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform John Luke 3,999 42.70 +0.81
Liberal H. Oakley Browne2,93431.33
Labour John Read 2,34525.04
Majority1,06511.37+5.48
Informal votes860.91+0.35
Turnout 9,36478.33
Registered electors 11,954

1918 by-election

1918 Wellington North by-election [18] [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform John Luke 2,986 41.89
Labour Harry Holland 2,56635.99+15.50
Liberal Alfred Brandon 81611.44
Independent Liberal Angus James Neville Polson72010.10
Majority4205.89
Informal votes400.56-0.70
Turnout 7,128
Reform hold Swing

1914 election

1914 general election: Wellington North [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Alexander Herdman 4,550 55.23 +2.15
Liberal William Turnbull1,89523.00
Social Democrat Harry Holland 1,68820.49
Majority2,65532.23+3.61
Informal votes1041.26-0.46
Turnout 8,23782.90+8.75
Registered electors 9,936

1911 election

1911 general election: Wellington North [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Alexander Herdman 4,193 53.08 -2.93
Liberal Arnold Woodford Izard2,38630.20
Labour Elijah Carey 1,18515.00
Informal votes1361.72+1.30
Majority2,26128.62+16.17
Turnout 7,90074.15+6.91
Registered electors 10,654

1908 election

1908 general election: Wellington North, first ballot [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Alexander Herdman 2,824 41.57
Independent Liberal Frederick Bolton1,85827.35
Liberal Charles Hayward Izard 1,83326.98-23.84
Independent Henry Bodley1311.92
Informal votes1472.16+0.73
Turnout 6,79368.85
Second ballot result
Conservative Alexander Herdman 3,716 56.01 +14.44
Independent Liberal Frederick Bolton2,89043.56+16.21
Informal votes280.42-1.74
Majority82612.45
Turnout 6,63467.24-1.61

1905 election

1905 general election: Wellington North [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Hayward Izard 3,283 50.82
Conservative John Duthie 2,79443.25
Ind. Labour League George Macfarlane2904.48
Informal votes931.43
Majority4897.56
Turnout 6,460

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 66ff.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 71.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 90f.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 207.
  5. Wilson 1985, p. 204, 207.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 204.
  7. Wilson 1985, p. 213.
  8. Wilson 1985, p. 189.
  9. Wilson 1985, p. 276.
  10. "Public Notices". The Evening Post . Vol. CXXXVI, no. 136. 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  11. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 5. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  12. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  13. "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington North". The Evening Post . Vol. CXII, no. 140. 10 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  14. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 6. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  15. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  16. The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  17. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  18. "Wellington North". Colonist. Vol. LX, no. 14665. 20 March 1918. p. 1. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. "Wellington North electorate". Free Lance. Vol. XVII, no. 919. 22 February 1918. p. 9. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  21. "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  22. "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  23. "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014.

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