Barry Gustafson

Last updated

Barry Gustafson

Born
Barry Selwyn Gustafson

1938 (age 8384)
Auckland, New Zealand
Alma mater University of Auckland
Massey University
University of Glasgow
Known for Political scientist, historian and biographer
Political party Labour (until 1986)
National (after 1986)

Barry Selwyn Gustafson ONZM (born 1938) is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as professor of political studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.

Contents

Early life

Gustafson was born in Auckland in 1938. He was educated at Auckland, Massey and Glasgow Universities (BA 1960, MA 1962, PhD 1974). [1]

Politics and academia

He was a member of the Labour Party from 1954 to 1981, and stood in two general elections as a candidate; in 1960 and in 1966. In 1960, he contested the "blue-ribbon" Remuera electorate and lost by 6109 votes to National's Ronald Algie. In 1966, he contested the Taupo electorate and narrowly lost by 258 votes by National's Rona Stevenson. He wrote that National was afraid of losing the seat so poured thousands of dollars into the campaign. A hundred Waikato women canvassed every house in Tokoroa and Putaruru over two days, using the street lists and blue dot system. [2]

In 1968 he joined the staff at Auckland University, and during his long tenure at Auckland he has authored several leading books on the topic of New Zealand politics. He wrote Social Change and Party Reorganisation (1976) and Labour’s Path to Political Independence (1980) while still a Labour Party member, but after completing The First 50 Years: A History of the New Zealand National Party (1986) changed allegiance to National. In 1986 he also published From the Cradle to the Grave: A Biography of Michael Joseph Savage . In 1975 he unsuccessfully sought the Labour Party candidacy for the Onehunga electorate alongside 26 other aspirants following the retirement of Hugh Watt, but lost to Frank Rogers. [3]

In 1987 he stood as a National candidate for the Birkenhead electorate to replace the retiring Jim McLay, but was defeated by the Labour candidate, Jenny Kirk.

During the 1990s Gustafson was given a number of international academic appointments, including visiting researcher at Stanford University and the European Union in 1990, and research at a number of American and British Universities in 1994. In 1997 Gustafson was Fulbright Visiting Professor at Georgetown University. From 1998 to 2002 Gustafson was appointed Head of the Political Studies Department, and he was also Pro Vice-Chancellor (International) of the University from 2001 to 2002. In 2000 he published His Way: A Biography of Robert Muldoon .

Gustafson's teaching interests are predominantly the European Union, civil society, the development of New Zealand's political culture and parties, political leadership and power, and interdisciplinary studies. For 25 years he also taught Soviet and East European Studies.

In 2004 Gustafson retired as Professor of Political Studies, and was appointed Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute, a position he held until 2006. In this time he helped to establish a New Zealand Studies Centre at Peking University. In 2007 he published Kiwi Keith: A Biography of Keith Holyoake .

Electoral history of Barry Gustafson
List

Committee work

Gustafson has also served as Chairman of the Council of the Auckland College of Education (1992–1997), and Associate Dean of Arts (Research 2000). He chaired the Advisory Committee to the School of European Languages and Literatures from 1999 to 2001, and was a member of the Board and Management Committee of the New Zealand Asia Institute, 2001–2002.

Honours

In the 2004 Queen's Birthday Honours, Gustafson was appointed an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to political science and historical research. [7]

Works

Notes

  1. Gustafson 1986, dust-jacket.
  2. Gustafson 1986, pp. 91, 280.
  3. "Local Contractor Beats Big Names in Onehunga Selection". The New Zealand Herald . 18 August 1975. p. 3.
  4. Norton 1988, pp. 331.
  5. Norton 1988, p. 358.
  6. Norton 1988, pp. 202.
  7. "The Queen's Birthday Honours 2004". New Zealand Gazette . 11 June 2004. Retrieved 18 February 2020.

Related Research Articles

Keith Holyoake Prime minister of New Zealand in 1957

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake, was the 26th prime minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.

1975 New Zealand general election General election in New Zealand

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.

1946 New Zealand general election

The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.

1949 New Zealand general election

The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

1963 New Zealand general election

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

41st New Zealand Parliament

The 41st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1984 elections, and it sat until the 1987 elections.

Leslie Munro New Zealand politician

Sir Leslie Knox Munro was a New Zealand lawyer, journalist, diplomat and politician.

Hugh Templeton

Hugh Campbell Templeton is a former New Zealand diplomat, politician and member of parliament for the National Party.

Jim Thorn New Zealand politician and trade unionist (1882–1956)

James Thorn was a New Zealand politician and trade unionist. He was an organiser and candidate for the Independent Political Labour League, Social Democratic Party then the Labour Party.

29th New Zealand Parliament

The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

28th New Zealand Parliament 1946–1949 term of the then bicameral legislature

The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.

32nd New Zealand Parliament

The 32nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1957 general election on 30 November of that year.

36th New Zealand Parliament

The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.

38th New Zealand Parliament

The 38th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1975 general election on 29 November of that year.

1933 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election

The 1933 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election was held on 12 October 1933 to choose the third leader of the New Zealand Labour Party. The election was won by Auckland West MP and incumbent deputy-leader Michael Joseph Savage.

1957 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The 1957 New Zealand National Party leadership election was held to choose the next leader of the New Zealand National Party. The election was won by Pahiatua MP Keith Holyoake.

1972 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The New Zealand National Party leadership election was held to determine the leadership of the New Zealand National Party. The election was won by Karori MP Jack Marshall.

1974 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The New Zealand National Party leadership election was held to determine the future leadership of the New Zealand National Party. The election was won by Tamaki MP Robert Muldoon.

1984 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The 1984 New Zealand National Party leadership election was held to determine the future leadership of the New Zealand National Party. The election was won by former Deputy Prime Minister Jim McLay.

1986 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The New Zealand National Party leadership election was an election for the National leadership position in 1986.

References