New Zealand Order of Merit

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New Zealand Order of Merit
New Zealand Order of Merit badge WP.svg
Badge of the Order
Awarded by the monarch of New Zealand
Type National order of merit
MottoFor Merit—Tohu Hiranga
EligibilityCitizens of Commonwealth realms
CriteriaMeritorious service to the Crown and the nation or who have become distinguished by their eminence, talents, contributions, or other merits
StatusCurrently constituted
Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
Chancellor Dame Patsy Reddy
  • Knight/Dame Grand Companion (GNZM)
  • Knight/Dame Companion (KNZM/DNZM)
  • Companion (CNZM)
  • Officer (ONZM)
  • Member (MNZM)
Last induction 2020 Queen's Birthday Honours
Next (higher) Order of New Zealand
Next (lower) Queen's Service Order
New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.png
Ribbon of the New Zealand Order of Merit

The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of merit in the New Zealand royal honours system. It was established by royal warrant on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand, "for those persons who in any field of endeavour, have rendered meritorious service to the Crown and nation or who have become distinguished by their eminence, talents, contributions or other merits", [1] to recognise outstanding service to the Crown and people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity.


In the order of precedence, the New Zealand Order of Merit ranks immediately after the Order of New Zealand.


Prior to 1996 New Zealanders received appointments to various British orders, such as the Order of the Bath, the Order of St Michael and St George, the Order of the British Empire, and the Order of the Companions of Honour, as well as the distinction of Knight Bachelor. [2] The change came about after the Prime Minister's Honours Advisory Committee (1995) was created "to consider and present options and suggestions on the structure of a New Zealand Royal Honours System in New Zealand, which is designed to recognise meritorious service, gallantry and bravery and long service". [3]


Rear Admiral David Ledson, ONZM, RNZN, wearing the medal for Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit. David Ledon at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior.jpg
Rear Admiral David Ledson, ONZM, RNZN, wearing the medal for Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit.

The monarch of New Zealand is the Sovereign of the order and the Governor-General is its Chancellor. Appointments are made at five levels:

From 2000 to 2009, the two highest levels of the Order were Principal Companion (PCNZM) and Distinguished Companion (DCNZM), without the appellation of "Sir" or "Dame". [4] [5]

The number of Knights and Dames Grand Companion (and Principal Companions) is limited to 30 living people. Additionally, new appointments are limited to 15 Knights or Dames Companion, 40 Companions, 80 Officers and 140 Members per year. [6]

As well as the five levels, there are three different types of membership. Ordinary membership is limited to citizens of New Zealand or a Commonwealth realm. "Additional" members, appointed on special occasions, are not counted in the numerical limits. People who are not citizens of a Commonwealth realm are given "Honorary" membership; if they subsequently adopt citizenship of a Commonwealth realm they are eligible for Additional membership. [7]

There is also a Secretary and Registrar (the Clerk of the Executive Council) and a Herald (the New Zealand Herald of Arms) of the Order.

Insignia and other distinctions

Grand Companion's breast star Nz-order-of-merit-star.jpg
Grand Companion's breast star

Knight/Dames Grand Companion and Knight/Dames Companion are entitled to use the style Sir for males and Dame for females.

The order's statutes grant heraldic privileges to members of the first and second level, who are entitled to have the Order's circlet ("a green circle, edged gold, and inscribed with the Motto of the Order in gold") surrounding their shield. Grand Companions are also entitled to heraldic supporters. The Chancellor is entitled to supporters and a representation of the Collar of the Order around his/her shield. [8]

Office holders

Living Grand and Principal Companions

No.NamePortraitHonourDate of appointmentKnown forPresent age
1 Sir William Birch
Bill Birch.jpg Knight Grand Companion 7 June 1999 38th Minister of Finance87
2 Dame Sian Elias
Sian Elias 2016 (cropped).jpg Dame Grand Companion 7 June 1999 12th Chief Justice of New Zealand72
3 Sir Lloyd Geering
Lloyd Geering 2020 (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 30 December 2000 Theological scholar103
4 Dame Malvina Major
Malvina Major (cropped).jpg Dame Grand Companion 31 December 2007 Opera singer78
5 Sir Ray Avery
Ray Avery (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 31 December 2010 Pharmaceutical scientist74
6 Sir Murray Brennan
Murray Brennan (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 31 December 2014 Surgeon, cancer researcher & medical academic81
7 Sir John Key
John Key GNZM (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 5 June 2017 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand59
8 Sir Stephen Tindall
Stephen Tindall GNZM (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 31 December 2018 Businessman and philanthropist70
Additional appointments
Sir Michael Hardie Boys
Michael Hardie Boys.jpg Knight Grand Companion 3 June 1996 Former Governor-General 89
Dame Silvia Cartwright
Silvia Cartwright 2017 (cropped).jpg Principal Companion 20 March 2001 Former Governor-General 77
Sir Anand Satyanand
Anand Satyanand official photo (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 5 June 2006 Former Governor-General 76
Sir Jerry Mateparae
Jerry Mateparae official photo (cropped).jpg Knight Grand Companion 20 May 2011 Former Governor-General 66
Dame Patsy Reddy
Patsy Reddy in 2018 (cropped).jpg Dame Grand Companion 27 June 2016 Governor-General 67
Dame Helen Winkelmann
Helen Winkelmann 2014 (cropped).jpg Dame Grand Companion 4 March 2019 13th Chief Justice of New Zealand59

Living Distinguished Companions

The following contains the names of the small number of living Distinguished Companions (DCNZM) who chose not to convert their appointment to a Knight or Dame Companion, and thus not to accept the respective appellation of "Sir" or "Dame". The majority of those affected chose the aforereferenced appellations.

NamePortraitDate of appointmentKnown forPresent age
Vincent O’Sullivan
5 June 2000 Writer and actor83
Witi Ihimaera
Witi Ihimaera (cropped).jpg 7 June 2004 Writer78
Penny Jamieson
7 June 2004 Former Bishop of Dunedin78
Joy Cowley
Joy Cowley ONZ (cropped).jpg 6 June 2005 Writer84
Sam Neill
Sam Neill 2010.jpg 30 December 2006 Actor73
Patricia Grace
4 June 2007 Writer84
Margaret Wilson
Margaret Wilson crop.jpg 31 December 2008 Former Speaker of Parliament74


A change to non-titular honours was a recommendation contained within the original report of the 1995 honours committee (The New Zealand Royal Honours System: The Report of the Prime Minister’s Honours Advisory Committee) which prompted the creation of the New Zealand Order of Merit. Titular honours were incorporated into the new system before its implementation in 1996 after the National Party caucus and public debate were split as to whether titles should be retained. [3]

There has long been debate in New Zealand regarding the appropriateness of titles. Some feel it is no longer appropriate as New Zealand has not been a colony since 1907, and to these people titles are out of step with present-day New Zealand. Others feel that titles carry both domestic and international recognition, and that awarded on the basis of merit they remain an appropriate recognition of excellence.[ citation needed ]

In April 2000 the then new Labour Prime Minister, Helen Clark, announced that knighthoods and damehoods had been abolished and the order's statutes amended. From 2000 to 2009, the two highest levels of the Order were Principal Companion (PCNZM) and Distinguished Companion (DCNZM), without the appellation of "Sir" or "Dame"; appointment to all levels of the Order were recognised solely by the use of post-nominal letters. [4] [5]

A National Business Review [13] poll in February 2000 revealed that 54% of New Zealanders thought the titles should be scrapped. The Labour Government's April 2000 changes were criticised by opposition parties, with Richard Prebble of the ACT New Zealand party deriding the PCNZM's initials as standing for "a Politically Correct New Zealand that used to be a Monarchy".

The issue of titular honours would appear whenever honours were mentioned. In the lead up to the 2005 general election, Leader of the Opposition Don Brash suggested that should a National-led government be elected, he would reverse Labour's changes and re-introduce knighthoods. [14]

In 2009, Prime Minister John Key (later to become a Knight Grand Companion himself) restored the honours to their pre-April 2000 state. Principal Companions and Distinguished Companions (85 people in total) were given the option to convert their awards into Knighthoods or Damehoods. [15] The restoration was welcomed by Monarchy New Zealand. [16] The option has been taken up by 72 of those affected, including rugby great Colin Meads. [17] Former Labour MP Margaret Shields was one of those who accepted a Damehood, despite receiving a letter from former Prime Minister Helen Clark "setting out why Labour had abolished the titles and saying she hoped she would not accept one". [18] Clark's senior deputy, Michael Cullen, also accepted a knighthood.

Appointments have continued under the Sixth Labour Government of New Zealand, the first time Labour has been in government since 2008. The 2018 New Year Honours included seven knights and dames. The government has not commented on its position regarding knighthoods and damehoods, but the Prime Minister did specifically congratulate two women on becoming Dames Companion. [19]

See also

Related Research Articles

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The 2009 Special Honours in New Zealand were announced in August 2009 as a result of the reinstatement of the appellations of "Sir" and "Dame" to the New Zealand Royal Honours System by passing Special Regulation 2009/90 Additional Statutes of The New Zealand Order of Merit, a legally binding regulation with the force of law in New Zealand.

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  1. "New Zealand Royal Honours". Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  2. Prime Minister's Office (2 May 1996). "The New Zealand Order of Merit". New Zealand Executive Government News Release Archive. Retrieved 22 February 2006.
  3. 1 2 "The Review of the New Zealand Royal Honours System". New Zealand Numismatic Journal, Proceedings of the Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand (75): 17–21. 1997. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009.
  4. 1 2 "Additional Statutes of The New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 2000/84)". NZ Parliamentary Counsel Office. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Titles discontinued". New Zealand Defence Force. 10 April 2000. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  6. Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 1996/205), reg 9
  7. Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 1996/205), regs 6-11
  8. Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 1996/205), reg 50
  9. Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 1996/205), reg 4
  10. Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit (SR 1996/205), reg 5
  11. "The Queen's Service Order / The Order of New Zealand / The New Zealand Order of Merit". New Zealand Gazette (44): 1287. 28 April 2014.
  12. "The New Zealand Order of Merit". New Zealand Gazette (130): 3198. 26 September 1996.
  13. National Business Review 24 March 2000
  14. Milne, Jonathan; Spratt, Amanda (5 September 2005). "Brash plans to bring back knighthoods". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 15 June 2006.
  15. Prime Minister's Office (8 March 2009). "Titular Honours to be reinstated". New Zealand Government. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  16. "Press Release – Knighthoods restored". Monarchist League of New Zealand . 15 March 2009. Archived from the original on 7 August 2009.
  17. "Colin 'Pinetree' Meads to take knighthood". NZPA . 12 May 2009.
  18. Young, Audrey (14 August 2009). "Helen Clark Loses: Ex-Labour MP takes Title". The New Zealand Herald .
  19. Prime Minister congratulates Honours recipients