Tukituki (New Zealand electorate)

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Tukituki electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Tukituki electorate, 2014.svg
Tukituki electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Tukituki is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Named after the Tukituki River which runs through the electorate, it was established for the 1996 general election and has existed since. The MP for Tukituki is Lawrence Yule of the National Party, who has held the position since the 2017 general election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Tukituki River river in New Zealand

The Tukituki River is found in the eastern North Island of New Zealand. It flows from the Ruahine Ranges to the Pacific Ocean at the southern end of Hawke's Bay.

Contents

Population centres

Tukituki was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting at the 1996 election; it is a merger of the old Hastings seat with Central Hawke's Bay District. Tukituki centres on the southern Hawke's Bay region, with the bulk of the electorate's population coming from the city of Hastings, with other towns drafted in to bring the electorate up to the required population. In 2008, a general northwards tug on boundaries in the Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay regions saw Waipukurau and Waipawa moved into the Wairarapa electorate, in exchange for which Tukituki gained the suburbs and towns around Cape Kidnappers from the Napier electorate. [1] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution. [2]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.

History

Labour's Rick Barker, [3] who had represented Hastings since 1993 was elected as MP for Tukituki, and re-elected twice before a large provincial swing to the National Party in 2005 cost Barker his seat. [4] This was the third time in over thirty years that a Hastings electorate had elected a National MP – the other two times being National's landslide victories in 1975 and 1990.

Rick Barker New Zealand politician

Richard John Barker is a New Zealand politician. He is a member of the Labour Party, and was a middle-ranking Cabinet minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand.

1993 New Zealand general election

The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

National's Craig Foss [5] first contested the Tukituki electorate in the 2002 election, but Barker comfortably held the electorate. [6] Ranked 47th on National's party list, Foss did not enter Parliament. [7]

Craig Foss New Zealand politician

Craig Raymond Robert Foss is a New Zealand investment banker and politician of the National Party. He represented the Tukituki electorate in the House of Representatives from the 2005 election until the 2017 election.

2002 New Zealand general election

The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.

Foss defeated the incumbent in the 2005 election. [4] He was returned to the 49th Parliament with a greatly increased majority in the 2008 election. [8] His majority increased to nearly 10,000 votes in the 2011 election. [9] In the 2014 election, his majority dropped to 6,490 votes. [10]

2005 New Zealand general election general election

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

2011 New Zealand general election election in New Zealand

The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.

On 14 December 2016, Foss announced that he would quit politics at the 2017 general election. [11] The electorate was won at the election by Lawrence Yule, retaining it for the National Party.

2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.

Lawrence Yule politician

Lawrence Arden Yule is a New Zealand politician who was Mayor of Hastings from 2001 to 2017. He was elected to represent the Tukituki electorate as its MP in the 2017 general election.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Rick Barker
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election Craig Foss
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Lawrence Yule

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tukituki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Rick Barker
2008 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Tukituki [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Lawrence Yule 18,28019,16649.0
Labour Anna Lorck15,46713,30234.0
NZ First Joe Kairau2,0273,062
Green Christopher John Perley1,9771,993
Conservative Roger Larkins209129
Independent Allister David Tosh82
Democrats Dick Ryan5118
Opportunities  758
Māori  135
ACT  134
Legalise Cannabis  123
Ban 1080  40
United Future  33
People's Party  30
Outdoors  24
Mana  9
Internet  6
Informal votes454128
Total Valid votes38,54739,090
National holdMajority2,813

2014 election

2014 general election: Tukituki [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Craig Foss 18,53752.00-6.4218,68051.81-0.79
Labour Anna Lorck12,04733.80+4.508,20522.76-1.38
Green Chris Perley2,1566.05-0.943,0788.54-1.12
Conservative Stephen Jenkinson1,9205.39+2.142,3576.54+2.74
Legalise Cannabis Romana (Marnz) Manning3550.96-0.081500.42-0.16
ACT Duncan Lennox1630.46-0.301440.40-1.06
Democrats Dick Ryan970.27+0.05180.05+0.01
NZ First  2,3577.66+1.81
Internet Mana  2440.68+0.34
Māori  1850.51-0.26
United Future  590.16-0.49
Ban 1080  500.14+0.14
Civilian  120.03+0.03
Focus  50.01+0.01
Independent Coalition  40.01+0.01
Informal votes368135
Total Valid votes35,64336,057
National holdMajority6,49018.20-11.18

2011 election

2011 general election: Tukituki [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Craig Foss 19,37858.42+1.2417,93552.60+2.36
Labour Julia Haydon-Carr9,71829.30-5.678,23124.14-8.01
Green Jim MacDonald2,3196.99+1.893,2949.66+3.64
Conservative Stephen Jenkinson1,0783.25+3.251,2963.80+3.80
Legalise Cannabis Romana (Marnz) Manning3521.06+1.061980.58+0.22
ACT Robert Burnside2520.76-0.734981.46-2.89
Democrats Barry Pulford740.22+0.02150.04-0.02
NZ First  1,9955.85+2.68
Māori  2630.77-0.10
United Future  2200.65+0.10
Mana  1170.34+0.34
Libertarianz  190.06+0.03
Alliance  170.05-0.04
Informal votes787225
Total Valid votes33,17134,098
National holdMajority9,66029.12+6.90

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,708 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: Tukituki [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Craig Foss 20,10357.1817,90450.24
Labour Rick Barker 12,29234.9611,45732.15
Green Quentin Duthie1,7925.102,1466.02
ACT Duncan Lennox5231.491,5524.35
Progressive Dawn Patchett2700.773090.87
Alliance Thomas O'Neill1040.30320.09
Democrats Barry Pulford730.21220.06
NZ First  1,1293.17
Māori  3100.87
United Future  1960.55
Bill and Ben  1870.52
Kiwi  1350.38
Legalise Cannabis  1270.36
Family Party  630.18
Pacific  370.10
Workers Party  140.04
Libertarianz  100.03
RAM  50.01
RONZ  40.01
Informal votes284134
Total Valid votes35,15735,639
National holdMajority7,81122.22


2005 election

2005 general election: Tukituki [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Craig Foss 17,23949.31+17.8316,48746.50
Labour Red x.svgN Rick Barker 14,83742.44-9.4713,35337.66
Green Liz Earth1,1713.351,3733.87
United Future Jocelyn Smith6701.928562.41
Māori Ngahiwi Taumoana5411.552560.72
ACT John Ormond4561.304071.15
Direct Democracy Scott Burch490.14100.03
NZ First  1,8525.22
Progressive  4581.29
Destiny  1830.52
Legalise Cannabis  870.25
Christian Heritage  500.14
Alliance  220.06
99 MP  140.04
Democrats  130.04
One NZ  100.03
Libertarianz  80.02
Family Rights  60.02
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes329135
Total Valid votes34,96335,454
National gain from Labour Majority2,4026.87+27.30

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tukituki for a list of candidates.

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References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. New Zealand Parliament – Rick Barker MP
  4. 1 2 3 "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Chief Electoral Office. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  5. "Hon Craig Foss". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  6. "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  7. "Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  9. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  10. "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  11. "National MP Craig Foss quits politics". The New Zealand Herald . 14 December 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results – Tukituki". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.