Tukituki is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Named after the Tukituki River which runs through the electorate, it was established for the 1996 general election and has existed since. The MP for Tukituki is Lawrence Yule of the National Party, who has held the position since the 2017 general election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The Tukituki River is found in the eastern North Island of New Zealand. It flows from the Ruahine Ranges to the Pacific Ocean at the southern end of Hawke's Bay.
Tukituki was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting at the 1996 election; it is a merger of the old Hastings seat with Central Hawke's Bay District. Tukituki centres on the southern Hawke's Bay region, with the bulk of the electorate's population coming from the city of Hastings, with other towns drafted in to bring the electorate up to the required population. In 2008, a general northwards tug on boundaries in the Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay regions saw Waipukurau and Waipawa moved into the Wairarapa electorate, in exchange for which Tukituki gained the suburbs and towns around Cape Kidnappers from the Napier electorate.No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.
Labour's Rick Barker,who had represented Hastings since 1993 was elected as MP for Tukituki, and re-elected twice before a large provincial swing to the National Party in 2005 cost Barker his seat. This was the third time in over thirty years that a Hastings electorate had elected a National MP – the other two times being National's landslide victories in 1975 and 1990.
Richard John Barker is a New Zealand politician. He is a member of the Labour Party, and was a middle-ranking Cabinet minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand.
The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
National's Craig Fossfirst contested the Tukituki electorate in the 2002 election, but Barker comfortably held the electorate. Ranked 47th on National's party list, Foss did not enter Parliament.
Craig Raymond Robert Foss is a New Zealand investment banker and politician of the National Party. He represented the Tukituki electorate in the House of Representatives from the 2005 election until the 2017 election.
The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.
Foss defeated the incumbent in the 2005 election.He was returned to the 49th Parliament with a greatly increased majority in the 2008 election. His majority increased to nearly 10,000 votes in the 2011 election. In the 2014 election, his majority dropped to 6,490 votes.
The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.
The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.
The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.
On 14 December 2016, Foss announced that he would quit politics at the 2017 general election.The electorate was won at the election by Lawrence Yule, retaining it for the National Party.
The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.
Lawrence Arden Yule is a New Zealand politician who was Mayor of Hastings from 2001 to 2017. He was elected to represent the Tukituki electorate as its MP in the 2017 general election.
|1996 election||Rick Barker|
|2005 election||Craig Foss|
|2017 election||Lawrence Yule|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tukituki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2005 election||Rick Barker|
|2017 general election: Tukituki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Joe Kairau||2,027||3,062|
|Green||Christopher John Perley||1,977||1,993|
|Independent||Allister David Tosh||82|
|Total Valid votes||38,547||39,090|
|2014 general election: Tukituki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Romana (Marnz) Manning||355||0.96||-0.08||150||0.42||-0.16|
|Total Valid votes||35,643||36,057|
|2011 general election: Tukituki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Romana (Marnz) Manning||352||1.06||+1.06||198||0.58||+0.22|
|Total Valid votes||33,171||34,098|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,708
|2008 general election: Tukituki|
|Bill and Ben||187||0.52|
|Total Valid votes||35,157||35,639|
|2005 general election: Tukituki|
|United Future||Jocelyn Smith||670||1.92||856||2.41|
|Direct Democracy||Scott Burch||49||0.14||10||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||34,963||35,454|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||2,402||6.87||+27.30|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tukituki for a list of candidates.
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