Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Scott Anthony Simpson is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the National Party.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Coromandel, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–1876 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.
Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and six electorates were newly created.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,702,300.
The 1987 electoral redistribution took the continued population growth in the North Island into account, and two additional general electorates were created, bringing the total number of electorates to 97. In the South Island, the shift of population to Christchurch had continued.Overall, three electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and four electorates were abolished. All of those electorates were in the North Island. Changes in the South Island were restricted to boundary changes. These changes came into effect with the 1987 election.
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
The current Coromandel seat is based around the Coromandel Peninsula, and contains the main Coromandel towns of Thames, Whitianga, Whangamata. To the south of the electorate is the Hauraki District which contains the main townships of Paeroa, Waihi and Ngatea. It also extends an arm down into the Bay of Plenty, to take the town of Katikati, with its southern boundary on the edge of the Tauranga urban area.
The Coromandel Peninsula on the North Island of New Zealand extends 85 kilometres north from the western end of the Bay of Plenty, forming a natural barrier to protect the Hauraki Gulf and the Firth of Thames in the west from the Pacific Ocean to the east. It is 40 kilometres wide at its broadest point. Almost the entire population lies on the narrow coastal strips fronting the Hauraki Gulf and the Bay of Plenty. In clear weather the peninsula is clearly visible from Auckland, the country's biggest city, which lies on the far shore of the Hauraki Gulf, 55 kilometres to the west. The peninsula is part of the Thames-Coromandel District of the Waikato Region.
Thames is a town at the southwestern end of the Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand's North Island. It is located on the Firth of Thames close to the mouth of the Waihou River. The town is the seat of the Thames-Coromandel District Council. The Māori iwi are Ngāti Maru, who are descendants of Marutuahu's son Te Ngako. Ngāti Maru is part of the Ngati Marutuahu confederation of tribes or better known as Hauraki Iwi.
Whitianga is a town on the Coromandel Peninsula, in the Waikato Region of New Zealand's North Island. The town is located on Mercury Bay, on the northeastern coast of the peninsula. The town has a permanent population of 5,080 as of June 2018, making it the second-largest town on the Coromandel Peninsula behind Thames.
Following the 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings, the Representation Commission decided to move the southern boundary of Coromandel away from Tauranga, so that Katikati will be the only large Bay of Plenty town in the seat. In exchange for this, the eastern Waikato town of Te Aroha has been transferred from the newly abolished seat of Piako. This is the largest change in Coromandel's makeup to date, and the new seat was fought for the first time at the 2008 election.
Waikato is a local government region of the upper North Island of New Zealand. It covers the Waikato District, Hauraki, Coromandel Peninsula, the northern King Country, much of the Taupo District, and parts of Rotorua District. It is governed by the Waikato Regional Council.
Te Aroha is a rural town in the Waikato region of New Zealand with a population of 3,906 people in the 2013 census, an increase of 138 people since 2006. It is 53 km (33 mi) northeast of Hamilton and 50 km (31 mi) south of Thames. It sits at the foot of 952 metres (3,123 ft) Mount Te Aroha, the highest point in the Kaimai Range.
Piako was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate established in 1946 and disestablished in 2008. It was last held by Lindsay Tisch MP from 2002 to 2008.
The Coromandel electorate was first created in 1881 for the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for three terms until 1890 and was represented by Alfred Cadman.
The electorate was recreated in 1972 for the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1978 and was represented by Leo Schultz of the National Party, who had previously represented the Hauraki electorate. The Coromandel electorate was abolished again and the area again covered by the Hauraki electorate.
The electorate was once again recreated in 1987 for the 42nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1993 and was represented by Graeme Lee representing the National Party. The Coromandel Peninsula was afterwards covered by the Hauraki electorate, with its southern portion going into the Matakana electorate.
The electorate was again recreated in 1996 for the 45th session, which was the first term under the Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) electoral system.
The new MMP Coromandel electorate was won by Murray McLean of the National Party in 1996. In 1999, Green party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate, after then Labour Leader (and Prime Minister after the election) Helen Clark openly encouraged Labour supporters to give their constituency vote to Fitzsimonsand their party vote to Labour. The Green Party believes that this was the first time in the world that a Green MP had won an electorate in the first past the post voting system. The electorate returned to National in the 2002 election, with Sandra Goudie the representative. Goudie retired at the 2011 election.
Key Independent National Green Alliance NZ First
|1881 election||Alfred Cadman|
|Electorate abolished 1890–1972|
|1972 election||Leo Schultz|
|Electorate abolished 1978–1987; see Kaimai and Hauraki|
|1987 election||Graeme Lee|
|Electorate abolished 1993–1996|
|1996 election||Murray McLean|
|1999 election||Jeanette Fitzsimons|
|2002 election||Sandra Goudie|
|2011 election||Scott Simpson|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Coromandel electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Jeanette Fitzsimons|
|2002 election||Jeanette Fitzsimons|
|2011 election||Catherine Delahunty|
|2017 general election: Coromandel|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Labour||Nathaniel James Blomfield||8,727||20.85||+9.51||11,820||27.79||+12.08|
|NZ First||Anna-Marie Andrews||4,142||9.88||+1.34||5,216||12.26||−0.23|
|Ban 1080||Clyde Graf||859||2.05||+0.93||125||0.29||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||42,324||42,735|
|2014 general election: Coromandel|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Grant Ertel||3,158||8.45||+2.17||4,741||12.50||+1.47|
|Ban 1080||Mike Downard||420||1.12||—||112||0.30||—|
|ACT||David Edward Olsen||161||0.43||+0.43||142||0.37||-1.00|
|Total Valid votes||37,664||38,048|
|2011 general election: Coromandel|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Kevin Stone||2,118||6.28||—||3,813||11.03||+4.70|
|Legalise Cannabis||Jay Fitton||454||1.35||+1.35||217||0.63||+0.24|
|United Future||Steve Graf||195||0.58||+0.58||236||0.68||-0.06|
|Total Valid votes||33,736||34,564|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,697
|2008 general election: Coromandel|
|Bill and Ben||196||0.54||—|
|Total Valid votes||35,931||36,504|
|2005 general election: Coromandel|
|NZ First||John Foote||1,792||4.98||—||3,661||10.07||-6.93|
|United Future||Lee Robertson||652||1.81||-1.49||895||2.46||-3.84|
|Total Valid votes||36,007||36,372|
|2002 general election:: Coromandel|
|United Future||Lee Robertson||1,113||3.30||—||2,159||6.30||+1.88|
|Christian Heritage||David Parlour||329||0.97||—||306||0.89||-1.59|
|Total Valid votes||33,758||34,244|
|National gain from Green||Majority||5,958||17.65|
|1999 general election: Coromandel|
|NZ First||Robyn McDonald||1,237||3.61||-18.61||2,406||6.97|
|Christian Heritage||David Parlour||760||2.22||855||2.45|
|Total Valid votes||34,880||34,880|
|Green gain from National||Majority||250||0.73|
|1996 general election: Coromandel|
|NZ First||Robyn McDonald||7,932||22.22||7,251||20.15|
|United NZ||Gail McIntosh||433||1.21||276||0.77|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Gary Young||267||0.75||116||0.32|
|Superannuitants & Youth||Vern Byrne||189||0.53||43||0.12|
|Progressive Green||Ralph Dell||145||0.41||79||0.22|
|Natural Law||Mimousse Hodgson||76||0.21||64||0.18|
|Advance New Zealand||5||0.01|
|Asia Pacific United||5||0.01|
|Ethnic Minority Party||5||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||35,702||35,980|
|National win new seat||Majority||2,450||6.86|
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