Coromandel (New Zealand electorate)

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Coromandel electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Coromandel electorate, 2014.svg
Coromandel electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Scott Simpson (politician) New Zealand politician

Scott Anthony Simpson is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the National Party.

Contents

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Coromandel, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries. [1]

1875–76 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.

Māori electorates

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, [2] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. [3] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [3] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. [4] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and six electorates were newly created. [5]

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

The 1987 electoral redistribution took the continued population growth in the North Island into account, and two additional general electorates were created, bringing the total number of electorates to 97. In the South Island, the shift of population to Christchurch had continued. [6] Overall, three electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and four electorates were abolished. All of those electorates were in the North Island. Changes in the South Island were restricted to boundary changes. [7] These changes came into effect with the 1987 election. [8]

1987 New Zealand general election

The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.

The current Coromandel seat is based around the Coromandel Peninsula, and contains the main Coromandel towns of Thames, Whitianga, Whangamata. To the south of the electorate is the Hauraki District which contains the main townships of Paeroa, Waihi and Ngatea. It also extends an arm down into the Bay of Plenty, to take the town of Katikati, with its southern boundary on the edge of the Tauranga urban area.

Coromandel Peninsula peninsula in New Zealand

The Coromandel Peninsula on the North Island of New Zealand extends 85 kilometres north from the western end of the Bay of Plenty, forming a natural barrier to protect the Hauraki Gulf and the Firth of Thames in the west from the Pacific Ocean to the east. It is 40 kilometres wide at its broadest point. Almost the entire population lies on the narrow coastal strips fronting the Hauraki Gulf and the Bay of Plenty. In clear weather the peninsula is clearly visible from Auckland, the country's biggest city, which lies on the far shore of the Hauraki Gulf, 55 kilometres to the west. The peninsula is part of the Thames-Coromandel District of the Waikato Region.

Thames, New Zealand Place in Waikato, New Zealand

Thames is a town at the southwestern end of the Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand's North Island. It is located on the Firth of Thames close to the mouth of the Waihou River. The town is the seat of the Thames-Coromandel District Council. The Māori iwi are Ngāti Maru, who are descendants of Marutuahu's son Te Ngako. Ngāti Maru is part of the Ngati Marutuahu confederation of tribes or better known as Hauraki Iwi.

Whitianga Place in Waikato, New Zealand

Whitianga is a town on the Coromandel Peninsula, in the Waikato Region of New Zealand's North Island. The town is located on Mercury Bay, on the northeastern coast of the peninsula. The town has a permanent population of 5,080 as of June 2018, making it the second-largest town on the Coromandel Peninsula behind Thames.

2007 boundary review

Following the 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings, the Representation Commission decided to move the southern boundary of Coromandel away from Tauranga, so that Katikati will be the only large Bay of Plenty town in the seat. In exchange for this, the eastern Waikato town of Te Aroha has been transferred from the newly abolished seat of Piako. This is the largest change in Coromandel's makeup to date, and the new seat was fought for the first time at the 2008 election.

Waikato region in New Zealands North Island

Waikato is a local government region of the upper North Island of New Zealand. It covers the Waikato District, Hauraki, Coromandel Peninsula, the northern King Country, much of the Taupo District, and parts of Rotorua District. It is governed by the Waikato Regional Council.

Te Aroha Minor urban area in Waikato, New Zealand

Te Aroha is a rural town in the Waikato region of New Zealand with a population of 3,906 people in the 2013 census, an increase of 138 people since 2006. It is 53 km (33 mi) northeast of Hamilton and 50 km (31 mi) south of Thames. It sits at the foot of 952 metres (3,123 ft) Mount Te Aroha, the highest point in the Kaimai Range.

Piako was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate established in 1946 and disestablished in 2008. It was last held by Lindsay Tisch MP from 2002 to 2008.

History

The Coromandel electorate was first created in 1881 for the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for three terms until 1890 and was represented by Alfred Cadman. [9]

The electorate was recreated in 1972 for the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1978 and was represented by Leo Schultz of the National Party, who had previously represented the Hauraki electorate. The Coromandel electorate was abolished again and the area again covered by the Hauraki electorate.

The electorate was once again recreated in 1987 for the 42nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1993 and was represented by Graeme Lee representing the National Party. The Coromandel Peninsula was afterwards covered by the Hauraki electorate, with its southern portion going into the Matakana electorate.

The electorate was again recreated in 1996 for the 45th session, which was the first term under the Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) electoral system.

The new MMP Coromandel electorate was won by Murray McLean of the National Party in 1996. In 1999, Green party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate, after then Labour Leader (and Prime Minister after the election) Helen Clark openly encouraged Labour supporters to give their constituency vote to Fitzsimons [10] and their party vote to Labour. [11] The Green Party believes that this was the first time in the world that a Green MP had won an electorate in the first past the post voting system. [12] The electorate returned to National in the 2002 election, with Sandra Goudie the representative. Goudie retired at the 2011 election. [13]

Members of Parliament

Key  Independent     National     Green     Alliance     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1881 election Alfred Cadman
1884 election
1887 election
Electorate abolished 1890–1972
1972 election Leo Schultz
1975 election
Electorate abolished 1978–1987; see Kaimai and Hauraki
1987 election Graeme Lee
1990 election
Electorate abolished 1993–1996
1996 election Murray McLean
1999 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
2002 election Sandra Goudie
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Scott Simpson
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Coromandel electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
Robyn McDonald
2002 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
2005 election
2011 election Catherine Delahunty
2014 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Coromandel [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Scott Simpson 23,05355.09−3.6421,78651.23−2.94
Labour Nathaniel James Blomfield8,72720.85+9.5111,82027.79+12.08
Green Scott Summerfield5,06612.10−4.312,2595.31−4.51
NZ First Anna-Marie Andrews4,1429.88+1.345,21612.26−0.23
Ban 1080 Clyde Graf8592.05+0.931250.290.00
Opportunities  7281.71
ACT  1740.41+0.03
Legalise Cannabis  1370.32−0.04
Māori  1000.23−0.25
Conservative  660.16−5.13
Outdoors  521.12
People's Party  300.07
United Future  130.03−0.14
Mana  110.03−0.66 [lower-alpha 1]
Democrats  80.02−0.03
Internet  50.01−0.67 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes477205
Total Valid votes42,32442,735
Turnout 42,735
National holdMajority14,23634.01−8.28

2014 election

2014 general election: Coromandel [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Scott Simpson 21,93458.72+3.6720,54754.17+2.03
Green Catherine Delahunty 6,13316.42-0.363,7249.82-1.55
Labour Korbinian Poschl4,23611.34-5.945,96015.71-2.34
NZ First Grant Ertel3,1588.45+2.174,74112.50+1.47
Conservative David Walkden1,1333.03+0.502,0045.28+1.38
Ban 1080 Mike Downard4201.121120.30
Māori Hiria Pakinga1760.471840.49+0.05
ACT David Edward Olsen1610.43+0.431420.37-1.00
Internet Mana  2590.68+0.43 [lower-alpha 3]
Legalise Cannabis  1390.37-0.26
United Future  640.17-0.51
Democrats  200.05-0.01
Independent Coalition  170.04
Civilian  110.03
Focus  70.02
Informal votes313117
Total Valid votes37,66438,048
National holdMajority15,80142.30+4.54

2011 election

2011 general election: Coromandel [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Scott Simpson 18,57155.05-8.0018,02152.14+0.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth5,83117.28-5.246,23918.05-7.94
Green Catherine Delahunty 5,66016.18+5.093,92911.37+3.77
NZ First Kevin Stone2,1186.283,81311.03+4.70
Conservative Bruce Rurehe8532.531,3493.90
Legalise Cannabis Jay Fitton4541.35+1.352170.63+0.24
United Future Steve Graf1950.58+0.582360.68-0.06
Independent Mapuna Turner540.16
ACT  4731.37-3.03
Māori  1510.44-0.30
Mana  870.25
Libertarianz  240.07+0.03
Democrats  210.06+0.02
Alliance  40.01-0.07
Informal votes843286
Total Valid votes33,73634,564
National holdMajority12,74037.76-2.76

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,697 [17]

2008 election

2008 general election: Coromandel [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sandra Goudie 22,65363.05+10.1018,85551.65+7.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth8,09322.52-1.059,48725.99-5.72
Green James Redwood4,20111.69-3.732,7737.60+0.14
ACT Ray Basett6241.74+1.261,6054.40+3.42
Kiwi Huey Rurehe3601.002390.65
NZ First  2,3126.33-3.74
United Future  2720.75-1.71
Māori  2690.74+0.29
Progressive  2170.59-0.39
Bill and Ben  1960.54
Legalise Cannabis  1410.39+0.10
Family Party  510.14
Alliance  290.08+0.06
Democrats  160.04-0.02
Libertarianz  130.04-0.03
Pacific  110.03
Workers Party  110.03
RAM  40.01
RONZ  30.01-0.01
Informal votes463204
Total Valid votes35,93136,504
National holdMajority14,56040.52+11.14

2005 election

2005 general election: Coromandel [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sandra Goudie 19,06452.95+9.3916,06244.16+21.78
Labour Max Purnell8,48623.57-2.3411,53531.71-2.68
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons 5,55415.42-7.462,7137.46-2.02
NZ First John Foote1,7924.983,66110.07-6.93
United Future Lee Robertson6521.81-1.498952.46-3.84
Progressive Annette Anderson2800.78-0.313580.98-0.18
ACT Ray Bassett1720.48-1.803220.98-5.26
Destiny  2110.58
Māori  1650.45
Legalise Cannabis  1040.29-0.12
Christian Heritage  250.07-0.82
Democrats  240.07
Libertarianz  240.07
One NZ  60.02-0.06
RONZ  90.02
99 MP  80.02
Family Rights  70.02
Alliance  60.02-0.49
Direct Democracy  20.01
Informal votes260133
Total Valid votes36,00736,372
National holdMajority10,57829.38

2002 election

2002 general election:: Coromandel [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Sandra Goudie 14,70643.56+4.317,66322.38-8.75
Labour Max Purnell8,74825.91+14.5411,77834.39-1.49
Green Red x.svgN Jeanette Fitzsimons 7,72422.88-17.103,2329.48+1.83
United Future Lee Robertson1,1133.302,1596.30+1.88 [lower-alpha 4]
ACT David Olsen7712.282,1376.24-0.09
Progressive Annette Anderson3671.093981.16
Christian Heritage David Parlour3290.973060.89-1.59
NZ First  5,74017.00+10.03
ORNZ  4731.38
Alliance  1750.51-5.98
Legalise Cannabis  1390.41-0.37
One NZ  270.08-0.02
Mana Māori  100.03+0.01
NMP  70.02-0.06
Informal votes386111
Total Valid votes33,75834,244
National gain from Green Majority5,95817.65

1999 election

1999 general election: Coromandel [21] [22]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons [lower-alpha 5] 13,68239.98+39.982,6407.65
National Red x.svgN Murray McLean 13,43239.25+6.3410,74731.13
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood3,89211.37-0.5512,39035.88
NZ First Robyn McDonald 1,2373.61-18.612,4066.97
Alliance Tony Bird1,2173.56-23.222,2416.49
Christian Heritage David Parlour7602.228552.45
ACT  2,1876.33+1.58
Future NZ  3360.97
Legalise Cannabis  2680.78
United NZ  1560.45
Libertarianz  1040.30
McGillicuddy Serious  590.17
Animals First  390.11
One NZ  340.10
NMP  270.08
Natural Law  110.03
Mana Māori  80.02
Freedom Movement  60.02
Mauri Pacific  60.02
South Island  30.01
Republican  20.006
People's Choice  20.006
Informal votes660353
Total Valid votes34,88034,880
Green gain from National Majority2500.73

1996 election

1996 general election: Coromandel [23] [24] [25]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Murray McLean 12,01133.6411,47631.90
Alliance Jeanette Fitzsimons 9,56126.784,56112.68
NZ First Robyn McDonald 7,93222.227,25120.15
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood4,25511.927,82321.74
ACT Thomas Howard8332.331,7104.75
United NZ Gail McIntosh 4331.212760.77
McGillicuddy Serious Gary Young2670.751160.32
Superannuitants & Youth Vern Byrne1890.53430.12
Progressive Green Ralph Dell1450.41790.22
Natural Law Mimousse Hodgson760.21640.18
Christian Coalition  1,8775.22
Legalise Cannabis  5761.60
Animals First  480.13
Green Society  230.06
Libertarianz  200.06
Conservatives  140.04
Advance New Zealand 50.01
Asia Pacific United 50.01
Ethnic Minority Party 50.01
Mana Māori  50.01
Te Tawharau 30.01
Informal votes394116
Total Valid votes35,70235,980
National win new seatMajority2,4506.86

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election
  4. 2002 United Future swing is compared to the 1999 results of United New Zealand and Future New Zealand, who merged in 2000
  5. The Green Party split from the Alliance Party, who Fitzsimons had stood for in 1996

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 127f.
  7. McRobie 1989, pp. 123–128.
  8. McRobie 1989, p. 127.
  9. Scholefield 1950, pp. 99, 156.
  10. Bernard Orsman (28 October 1999). "Key electorate: Coromandel". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. Left Turn: The New Zealand General Election of 1999. Victoria University Press. 2000. p. 237. ISBN   9780864734044.
  12. "Fitzsimons to Pass Co-leadership Torch in June". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  13. "Coromandel MP Sandra Goudie to retire". New Zealand Herald. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  14. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  15. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2014)". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  16. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2011)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  17. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  18. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2008)". Electoral Commission. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  19. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2005)". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  20. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2002)". Electoral Commission. 10 August 2002. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  21. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  22. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  23. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Coromandel, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  24. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  25. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

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Papakura is an electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, based in the south Auckland town of Papakura. Historically, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1978 and 1996, which with the advent of Mixed Member Proportional voting and resulting reduction in the number of constituencies was folded into a new Hunua seat. In 2002 Hunua was modified, pulled northwards and renamed Clevedon.

Hunua (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate is currently represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party.

Rangitata (New Zealand electorate)

Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.

Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.

Titirangi is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1987 to 2002, with a break from 1996 to 1999. It was represented by four members of parliament, with three of them from Labour and one from National.

Matakana is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Thames-Coromandel District, which existed for one parliamentary term from 1993 to 1996, and was held by Graeme Lee. In 1994, Lee defected from the National Party to the Christian Democrat Party.

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