Coromandel (New Zealand electorate)

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Coromandel electorate boundaries used from the 2014 election until boundary changes 2020 Coromandel electorate, 2014.svg
Coromandel electorate boundaries used from the 2014 election until boundary changes 2020

Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.

Contents

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Coromandel, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries. [1]

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, [2] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. [3] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [3] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. [4] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and six electorates were newly created. [5]

The 1987 electoral redistribution took the continued population growth in the North Island into account, and two additional general electorates were created, bringing the total number of electorates to 97. In the South Island, the shift of population to Christchurch had continued. [6] Overall, three electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Coromandel), and four electorates were abolished. All of those electorates were in the North Island. Changes in the South Island were restricted to boundary changes. [7] These changes came into effect with the 1987 election. [8]

The current Coromandel seat is based around the Coromandel Peninsula, and contains the main Coromandel towns of Thames, Whitianga, Whangamata. To the south of the electorate is the Hauraki District which contains the main townships of Paeroa, Waihi and Ngatea. It also extends an arm down into the Bay of Plenty, to take the town of Katikati, with its southern boundary on the edge of the Tauranga urban area.

2007 boundary review

Following the 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings, the Representation Commission decided to move the southern boundary of Coromandel away from Tauranga, so that Katikati will be the only large Bay of Plenty town in the seat. In exchange for this, the eastern Waikato town of Te Aroha has been transferred from the newly abolished seat of Piako. This is the largest change in Coromandel's makeup to date, and the new seat was fought for the first time at the 2008 election.

History

The Coromandel electorate was first created in 1881 for the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for three terms until 1890 and was represented by Alfred Cadman. [9]

The electorate was recreated in 1972 for the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1978 and was represented by Leo Schultz of the National Party, who had previously represented the Hauraki electorate. The Coromandel electorate was abolished again and the area again covered by the Hauraki electorate.

The electorate was once again recreated in 1987 for the 42nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1993 and was represented by Graeme Lee representing the National Party. The Coromandel Peninsula was afterwards covered by the Hauraki electorate, with its southern portion going into the Matakana electorate.

The electorate was again recreated in 1996 for the 45th session, which was the first term under the Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) electoral system.

The new MMP Coromandel electorate was won by Murray McLean of the National Party in 1996. In 1999, Green party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate, after then Labour Leader (and Prime Minister after the election) Helen Clark openly encouraged Labour supporters to give their constituency vote to Fitzsimons [10] and their party vote to Labour. [11] The Green Party believes that this was the first time in the world that a Green MP had won an electorate in the first past the post voting system, [12] and it would be the only instance of a Green MP being elected by a New Zealand electorate until the party won Auckland Central at the 2020 election. The electorate returned to National in the 2002 election, with Sandra Goudie the representative. Goudie retired at the 2011 election. [13]

Members of Parliament

Key  Independent     National     Green     Alliance     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1881 election Alfred Cadman
1884 election
1887 election
Electorate abolished 1890–1972
1972 election Leo Schultz
1975 election
Electorate abolished 1978–1987; see Kaimai and Hauraki
1987 election Graeme Lee
1990 election
Electorate abolished 1993–1996
1996 election Murray McLean
1999 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
2002 election Sandra Goudie
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Scott Simpson
2014 election
2017 election
2020 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Coromandel electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
Robyn McDonald
2002 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
2005 election
2011 election Catherine Delahunty
2014 election

Election results

2020 election

2020 general election: Coromandel [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Scott Simpson 21,21844.81−10.2815,47132.50−18.73
Labour Nathaniel Blomfield17,71337.40+16.5520,56843.21+15.42
Green Pamela Grealey33577.08−5.0226585.58+0.27
ACT David Olsen15603.2946029.62+9.26
New Conservative Michael Egleton9552.017721.62+1.46
Advance NZ Tony Brljevich8551.807331.54
Outdoors Steven Hart4240.901200.25−0.87
Opportunities Rob Hunter4180.884010.85−0.86
Not A Party Bob Wessex320.07
NZ First  14293.00−9.26
Legalise Cannabis  1710.36+0.04
Māori Party  1160.24+0.01
ONE  1030.22
Sustainable NZ  300.06
Vision NZ  180.04
Social Credit  150.03+0.01
Heartland  140.03
TEA  60.01
Informal votes818369
Total Valid votes47,35047,596
Turnout 47,715 [15]
National holdMajority3,5057.40−26.61

2017 election

2017 general election: Coromandel [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Scott Simpson 23,05355.09−3.6421,78651.23−2.94
Labour Nathaniel Blomfield8,72720.85+9.5111,82027.79+12.08
Green Scott Summerfield5,06612.10−4.312,2595.31−4.51
NZ First Anna-Marie Andrews4,1429.88+1.345,21612.26−0.23
Ban 1080 Clyde Graf 8592.05+0.931250.290.00
Opportunities  7281.71
ACT  1740.41+0.03
Legalise Cannabis  1370.32−0.04
Māori Party  1000.23−0.25
Conservative  660.16−5.13
Outdoors  521.12
People's Party  300.07
United Future  130.03−0.14
Mana Party  110.03−0.66 [lower-alpha 1]
Democrats  80.02−0.03
Internet  50.01−0.67 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes477205
Total Valid votes42,32442,735
Turnout 42,735
National holdMajority14,23634.01−8.28

2014 election

2014 general election: Coromandel [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Scott Simpson 21,93458.72+3.6720,54754.17+2.03
Green Catherine Delahunty 6,13316.42-0.363,7249.82-1.55
Labour Korbinian Poschl4,23611.34-5.945,96015.71-2.34
NZ First Grant Ertel3,1588.45+2.174,74112.50+1.47
Conservative David Walkden1,1333.03+0.502,0045.28+1.38
Ban 1080 Mike Downard4201.121120.30
Māori Party Hiria Pakinga1760.471840.49+0.05
ACT David Edward Olsen1610.43+0.431420.37-1.00
Internet Mana  2590.68+0.43 [lower-alpha 3]
Legalise Cannabis  1390.37-0.26
United Future  640.17-0.51
Democrats  200.05-0.01
Independent Coalition  170.04
Civilian  110.03
Focus  70.02
Informal votes313117
Total Valid votes37,66438,048
National holdMajority15,80142.30+4.54

2011 election

2011 general election: Coromandel [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Scott Simpson 18,57155.05-8.0018,02152.14+0.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth5,83117.28-5.246,23918.05-7.94
Green Catherine Delahunty 5,66016.18+5.093,92911.37+3.77
NZ First Kevin Stone2,1186.283,81311.03+4.70
Conservative Bruce Rurehe8532.531,3493.90
Legalise Cannabis Jay Fitton4541.35+1.352170.63+0.24
United Future Steve Graf1950.58+0.582360.68-0.06
Independent Mapuna Turner540.16
ACT  4731.37-3.03
Māori Party  1510.44-0.30
Mana  870.25
Libertarianz  240.07+0.03
Democrats  210.06+0.02
Alliance  40.01-0.07
Informal votes843286
Total Valid votes33,73634,564
National holdMajority12,74037.76-2.76

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,697 [19]

2008 election

2008 general election: Coromandel [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sandra Goudie 22,65363.05+10.1018,85551.65+7.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth8,09322.52-1.059,48725.99-5.72
Green James Redwood4,20111.69-3.732,7737.60+0.14
ACT Ray Basett6241.74+1.261,6054.40+3.42
Kiwi Huey Rurehe3601.002390.65
NZ First  2,3126.33-3.74
United Future  2720.75-1.71
Māori Party  2690.74+0.29
Progressive  2170.59-0.39
Bill and Ben  1960.54
Legalise Cannabis  1410.39+0.10
Family Party  510.14
Alliance  290.08+0.06
Democrats  160.04-0.02
Libertarianz  130.04-0.03
Pacific  110.03
Workers Party  110.03
RAM  40.01
RONZ  30.01-0.01
Informal votes463204
Total Valid votes35,93136,504
National holdMajority14,56040.52+11.14

2005 election

2005 general election: Coromandel [21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Sandra Goudie 19,06452.95+9.3916,06244.16+21.78
Labour Max Purnell8,48623.57-2.3411,53531.71-2.68
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons 5,55415.42-7.462,7137.46-2.02
NZ First John Foote1,7924.983,66110.07-6.93
United Future Lee Robertson6521.81-1.498952.46-3.84
Progressive Annette Anderson2800.78-0.313580.98-0.18
ACT Ray Bassett1720.48-1.803220.98-5.26
Destiny  2110.58
Māori Party  1650.45
Legalise Cannabis  1040.29-0.12
Christian Heritage  250.07-0.82
Democrats  240.07
Libertarianz  240.07
One NZ  60.02-0.06
RONZ  90.02
99 MP  80.02
Family Rights  70.02
Alliance  60.02-0.49
Direct Democracy  20.01
Informal votes260133
Total Valid votes36,00736,372
National holdMajority10,57829.38

2002 election

2002 general election:: Coromandel [22]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Sandra Goudie 14,70643.56+4.317,66322.38-8.75
Labour Max Purnell8,74825.91+14.5411,77834.39-1.49
Green Red x.svgN Jeanette Fitzsimons 7,72422.88-17.103,2329.48+1.83
United Future Lee Robertson1,1133.302,1596.30+1.88 [lower-alpha 4]
ACT David Olsen7712.282,1376.24-0.09
Progressive Annette Anderson3671.093981.16
Christian Heritage David Parlour3290.973060.89-1.59
NZ First  5,74017.00+10.03
ORNZ  4731.38
Alliance  1750.51-5.98
Legalise Cannabis  1390.41-0.37
One NZ  270.08-0.02
Mana Māori Movement  100.03+0.01
NMP  70.02-0.06
Informal votes386111
Total Valid votes33,75834,244
National gain from Green Majority5,95817.65

1999 election

1999 general election: Coromandel [23] [24]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons [lower-alpha 5] 13,68239.98+39.982,6407.65
National Red x.svgN Murray McLean 13,43239.25+6.3410,74731.13
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood3,89211.37-0.5512,39035.88
NZ First Robyn McDonald 1,2373.61-18.612,4066.97
Alliance Tony Bird1,2173.56-23.222,2416.49
Christian Heritage David Parlour7602.228552.45
ACT  2,1876.33+1.58
Christian Democrats  3360.97
Legalise Cannabis  2680.78
United NZ  1560.45
Libertarianz  1040.30
McGillicuddy Serious  590.17
Animals First  390.11
One NZ  340.10
NMP  270.08
Natural Law  110.03
Mana Māori Movement  80.02
Freedom Movement  60.02
Mauri Pacific  60.02
South Island  30.01
Republican  20.006
The People's Choice  20.006
Informal votes660353
Total Valid votes34,88034,880
Green gain from National Majority2500.73

1996 election

1996 general election: Coromandel [25] [26] [27]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Murray McLean 12,01133.6411,47631.90
Alliance Jeanette Fitzsimons 9,56126.784,56112.68
NZ First Robyn McDonald 7,93222.227,25120.15
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood4,25511.927,82321.74
ACT Thomas Howard8332.331,7104.75
United NZ Gail McIntosh 4331.212760.77
McGillicuddy Serious Gary Young2670.751160.32
Superannuitants & Youth Vern Byrne1890.53430.12
Progressive Green Ralph Dell1450.41790.22
Natural Law Mimousse Hodgson760.21640.18
Christian Coalition  1,8775.22
Legalise Cannabis  5761.60
Animals First  480.13
Green Society  230.06
Libertarianz  200.06
Conservatives  140.04
Advance New Zealand 50.01
Asia Pacific United 50.01
Ethnic Minority Party 50.01
Mana Māori Movement  50.01
Te Tawharau 30.01
Informal votes394116
Total Valid votes35,70235,980
National win new seatMajority2,4506.86

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election
  4. 2002 United Future swing is compared to the 1999 results of United New Zealand and Future New Zealand, who merged in 2000
  5. The Green Party split from the Alliance Party, who Fitzsimons had stood for in 1996

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 127f.
  7. McRobie 1989, pp. 123–128.
  8. McRobie 1989, p. 127.
  9. Scholefield 1950, pp. 99, 156.
  10. Bernard Orsman (28 October 1999). "Key electorate: Coromandel". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. Left Turn: The New Zealand General Election of 1999. Victoria University Press. 2000. p. 237. ISBN   9780864734044.
  12. "Fitzsimons to Pass Co-leadership Torch in June". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  13. "Coromandel MP Sandra Goudie to retire". The New Zealand Herald . 14 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  14. "Coromandel - Official Result". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  15. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate (2020)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  16. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  17. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2014)". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  18. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2011)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  19. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  20. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2008)". Electoral Commission. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  21. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2005)". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  22. "Official Count Results -- Coromandel (2002)". Electoral Commission. 10 August 2002. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  23. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  24. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  25. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Coromandel, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  26. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  27. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

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References