|37th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||14 February 1973 – 10 October 1975|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1972|
|Government||Third Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Stanley Whitehead|
|Prime Minister|| Bill Rowling |
–– Hugh Watt (acting) until 6 September 1974
––Norman Kirk until 31 August 1974 †
|Leader of the Opposition|| Robert Muldoon |
––Jack Marshall until 9 July 1974
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Sir Denis Blundell|
The 37th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1972 general election on 25 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1972 general election was held on Saturday, 25 November.A total of 87 MPs were elected; 58 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by three since the 1969 election, and the gain was all for the North Island. 1,583,256 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.1%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 37th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 10 October 1975.
|first||14 February 1973||23 November 1973|
|second||4 February 1974||8 November 1974|
|third||25 March 1975||10 October 1975|
The National Party, which had come to power at the 1960 election, was defeated by the Labour Party at the 1972 election. Norman Kirk formed the third Labour Government and led the Kirk Ministry until his sudden death on 31 August 1974. After Hugh Watt had been acting Prime Minister for the first few days of September 1974, Kirk was succeeded by Bill Rowling on 6 September. The Rowling Ministry lasted until the end of the parliamentary term, when the Labour Government was defeated by National in the 1975 election.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1972 election and at dissolution:
|At 1972 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||23||23|
The table below shows the results of the 1972 general election:
National Labour Social Credit Independent
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the Parliament of New Zealand, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||2,009||Clive Edwards|
|Avon||John Mathison||Mary Batchelor||6,055||G V Thomas|
|Awarua||Hugh Templeton||Aubrey Begg||723||Hugh Templeton|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||2,189||G B Mead|
|Birkenhead||Norman King||1,533||Don McKinnon|
|Christchurch Central||Bruce Barclay||5,103||Barbara Beaven|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||2,131||Les McKay|
|Coromandel||New electorate||Leo Schultz||2,181||Mrs A Murphy|
|Dunedin Central||Brian MacDonell||3,771||F A O'Neill|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||4,020||J H Wallis|
|East Coast Bays||New electorate||Frank Gill||979||B T Pauling|
|Eden||John Rae||Mike Moore||788||Mary Kidd|
|Egmont||Venn Young||2,928||R L Peck|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||Bill Birch||4,188||Geoff Braybrooke|
|Gisborne||Esme Tombleson||Trevor Davey||488||Esme Tombleson|
|Grey Lynn||Eddie Isbey||5,487||Jens Meder|
|Hamilton East||New electorate||Rufus Rogers||397||Ross Jansen|
|Hamilton West||Leslie Munro||Dorothy Jelicich||544||G S D Heather|
|Hastings||Duncan MacIntyre||Richard Mayson||1,148||Duncan MacIntyre|
|Hawkes Bay||Richard Harrison||600||David Butcher|
|Henderson||Martyn Finlay||4,221||R C MacFarlane|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||2,964||John Schnellenberg|
|Hobson||Logan Sloane||1,148||Howard Manning|
|Hutt||Trevor Young||3,397||Michael Fowler|
|Invercargill||John Chewings||J. B. Munro||765||John Chewings|
|Island Bay||Gerald O'Brien||3,495||B H Farland|
|Kapiti||New electorate||Frank O'Flynn||706||Barry Brill|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||4,408||Adam Floyd|
|King Country||New electorate||Jim Bolger||1,240||B C Sakey|
|Lyttelton||Tom McGuigan||3,235||John Blumsky|
|Manawatu||Les Gandar||Allan McCready||427||Mervyn Hancock|
|Mangere||Colin Moyle||3,939||S A Lawson|
|Manukau||Roger Douglas||2,844||R O Price|
|Manurewa||Phil Amos||2,397||Patrick Norman Baker|
|Marlborough||Ian Brooks||1,290||B J Dalliessi|
|Miramar||Bill Young||434||Brian Edwards|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,980||J H Malcolm|
|Napier||Gordon Christie||3,725||Merle Bell|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||1,933||Ian McWhannell|
|New Lynn||Jonathan Hunt||4,312||G D McDermott|
|New Plymouth||Ron Barclay||1,296||T W Boon|
|North Shore||George Gair||2,821||C A Chiles|
|Oamaru||Allan Dick||Bill Laney||390||Allan Dick|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,835||Peter Blakeborough|
|Otago Central||Murray Rose||Ian Quigley||1,483||Murray Rose|
|Otahuhu||New electorate||Bob Tizard||6,403||D C Brooker|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,359||L J Cairns|
|Pakuranga||Bob Tizard||Gavin Downie||1,802||J B Irwin|
|Palmerston North||Joe Walding||1,766||P W Mitchell|
|Papanui||Bert Walker||1,734||Mollie Clark|
|Petone||Fraser Colman||5,340||N G Ursin|
|Piako||Jack Luxton||4,472||I L Howell|
|Porirua||Gerard Wall||4,399||R A Doughty|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||1,350||A J Smith|
|Rakaia||New electorate||Colin McLachlan||2,133||H A Clark|
|Rangiora||Herbert Pickering||Kerry Burke||866||A E Hartt|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||Roy Jack||3,037||N R Pearce|
|Remuera||Allan Highet||6,118||Rex Stanton|
|Riccarton||Eric Holland||2,164||D I Jackson|
|Rodney||Peter Wilkinson||4,507||P W Trim|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||4,439||John Maurice Priestley|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||786||N F Pachoud|
|Ruahine||New electorate||Les Gandar||552||T S Mihaere|
|St Albans||Roger Drayton||3,066||R T Doak|
|St Kilda||William Fraser||5,615||C La S Kirby|
|South Canterbury||Rob Talbot||2,035||David Braithwaite|
|Stratford||David Thomson||3,068||D G Turney|
|Sydenham||Norman Kirk||6,986||J F Burn|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||4,590||A H Hedger|
|Tasman||New electorate||Bill Rowling||1,834||Gerald Hunt|
|Taupo||Rona Stevenson||Jack Ridley||783||J F Higgins|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||Keith Allen||2,215||Henry Uttinger|
|Timaru||Basil Arthur||3,954||D A J Walker|
|Waikato||Lance Adams-Schneider||4,208||Bob Reese|
|Wairarapa||Jack Williams||1,086||Ben Couch|
|Waitemata||Frank Gill||Michael Bassett||2,544||Ray La Varis|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||2,904||I D Lamont|
|Wanganui||William Tolhurst||Russell Marshall||2,879||William Tolhurst|
|Wellington Central||Dan Riddiford||Ken Comber||27||David Shand|
|West Coast||New electorate||Paddy Blanchfield||4,242||Barry Dallas|
|Western Hutt||Henry May||2,392||Julian Watts|
|Whangarei||New electorate||Murray Smith||1,180||L G Carr|
|Wigram||Mick Connelly||5,255||D G Cox|
|Eastern Maori||Paraone Reweti||6,190||K M Dewes|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||5,260||Graham Latimer|
|Southern Maori||Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan||8,251||K Parahi|
|Western Maori||Koro Wētere||8,686||R Te A H Rawiri|
For the 37th Parliament, elected from the 1972 general election, there were the following select committees in the House of Representatives, as follows:
|Defence||Military affairs, defence matters, disarmament and arms control|
|Education||Education, education review, industry training, research|
|Foreign Affairs||International relations, immigration, overseas trade|
|Island Affairs||Pacific Islands affairs|
|Lands and Agriculture||Agriculture, biosecurity, fisheries, forestry, lands, and land information|
|Māori Affairs||Māori affairs|
|Public expenditure||Finance, revenue, taxation, audit|
|Trade and Industry|
There was one by-election held during the term of the 37th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Sydenham||1974||2 November||Norman Kirk||Death||John Kirk|
The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.
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