|38th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||22 June 1976 – 6 October 1978|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1975|
|Government||Third National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House|| Richard Harrison |
––Roy Jack until 24 December 1977 †
|Prime Minister||Robert Muldoon|
|Leader of the Opposition||Bill Rowling|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General|| HE Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake from 26 October 1977|
––HE Sir Denis Blundell until 5 October 1977
The 38th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1975 general election on 29 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1975 general election was held on Saturday, 29 November.A total of 92 MPs were elected; 63 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by five since the 1972 election, and the gain was all for the North Island. 1,953,050 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.5%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 38th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1977), and was prorogued on 7 October 1978.
|first||22 June 1976||14 December 1976|
|second||28 February 1977||28 February 1977|
|third||19 May 1977||16 December 1977|
|fourth||10 May 1978||6 October 1978|
The Labour Party, which had come to power at the 1972 election, was defeated by the National Party at the 1975 election. Robert Muldoon formed the third National Government and led the Muldoon Ministry until National's defeat at the 1984 election.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1975 election and at dissolution:
|At 1975 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||23||21|
The table below shows the results of the 1975 general election:
National Labour Social Credit
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||Richard Prebble||289||Murray McCully|
|Avon||Mary Batchelor||5,503||T P George|
|Awarua||Aubrey Begg||Rex Austin||2,150||Aubrey Begg|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||Duncan MacIntyre||3,960||R F McKee|
|Birkenhead||Norman King||Jim McLay||2,816||Norman King|
|Christchurch Central||Bruce Barclay||2,973||T G B Armitage|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||4,735||F A O'Connell|
|Coromandel||Leo Schultz||4,724||R L Bradley|
|Dunedin Central||Brian MacDonell||1,428||A R Bright|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||Richard Walls||958||Brian Arnold|
|East Coast Bays||Frank Gill||5,594||Rex Stanton|
|Eden||Mike Moore||Aussie Malcolm||1,331||Mike Moore|
|Egmont||Venn Young||4,120||Dennis Duggan|
|Franklin||Bill Birch||7,605||Ron Ng-Waishing|
|Gisborne||Trevor Davey||Bob Bell||1,321||Trevor Davey|
|Grey Lynn||Eddie Isbey||2,839||Jens Meder|
|Hamilton East||Rufus Rogers||Ian Shearer||2,246||Rufus Rogers|
|Hamilton West||Dorothy Jelicich||Mike Minogue||2,069||Dorothy Jelicich|
|Hastings||Richard Mayson||Robert Fenton||491||Richard Mayson|
|Hawkes Bay||Richard Harrison||3,805||David Butcher|
|Henderson||Martyn Finlay||401||Warren Adams|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||336||Julie Cameron|
|Hobson||Logan Sloane||Neill Austin||4,101||Howard Manning|
|Hutt||Trevor Young||1,019||Brett Newell|
|Invercargill||J. B. Munro||Norman Jones||2,533||J. B. Munro|
|Island Bay||Gerald O'Brien||1,274||Bill Nathan|
|Kapiti||Frank O'Flynn||Barry Brill||2,222||Frank O'Flynn|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||Hugh Templeton||4,830||Margaret Shields|
|King Country||Jim Bolger||4,316||T D Varnam|
|Lyttelton||Tom McGuigan||Colleen Dewe||999||Tom McGuigan|
|Manawatu||Allan McCready||2,918||A C Eyles|
|Mangere||Colin Moyle||1,604||S A Lawson|
|Manukau||Roger Douglas||678||B R Leaming|
|Manurewa||Phil Amos||Merv Wellington||1,358||Phil Amos|
|Marlborough||Ian Brooks||Edward Latter||3,010||Ian Brooks|
|Miramar||Bill Young||1,749||John Wybrow|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||247||Frank Ryan|
|Napier||Gordon Christie||931||J K W Isles|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||1,093||I D McWhannel|
|New Lynn||Jonathan Hunt||890||B J O'Connor|
|New Plymouth||Ron Barclay||Tony Friedlander||1,935||Ron Barclay|
|North Shore||George Gair||5,247||Wyn Hoadley|
|Oamaru||Bill Laney||Jonathan Elworthy||2,196||W R Laney|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||Frank Rogers||1,044||K A O'Brien|
|Otago Central||Ian Quigley||Warren Cooper||2,371||Ian Quigley|
|Otahuhu||Bob Tizard||3,785||Mrs L E Morris|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||6,769||R A Garden|
|Pakuranga||Gavin Downie||7,016||Geoff Braybrooke|
|Palmerston North||Joe Walding||John Lithgow||142||Joe Walding|
|Papanui||Bert Walker||2,985||Rod Garden|
|Petone||Fraser Colman||2,834||B R Gluyas|
|Piako||Jack Luxton||6,174||Helen Clark|
|Porirua||Gerard Wall||2,265||Ross Doughty|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||Marilyn Waring||3,756||Bill Pickering|
|Rakaia||Colin McLachlan||5,237||Graeme Lowrie|
|Rangiora||Kerry Burke||Derek Quigley||1,386||Kerry Burke|
|Rangitikei||Roy Jack||1,756||Bruce Beetham|
|Remuera||Allan Highet||8,656||G B Mead|
|Riccarton||Eric Holland||4,766||D A Johnson|
|Rodney||Peter Wilkinson||7,817||John Prebble|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||530||John Maurice Priestley|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||3,605||Peter Tapsell|
|Ruahine||Les Gandar||2,763||Rex Willing|
|St Albans||Roger Drayton||1,570||Ms P R Rotherberg|
|St Kilda||William Fraser||1,890||Gordon Heslop|
|South Canterbury||Rob Talbot||4,301||N B Lambert|
|Stratford||David Thomson||5,667||P P Hopkins|
|Sydenham||John Kirk||3,817||P K Matheson|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||6,735||C T Kaye|
|Tasman||Bill Rowling||529||Peter Malone|
|Taupo||Jack Ridley||Ray La Varis||1,614||Jack Ridley|
|Tauranga||Keith Allen||4,843||Richard Hendry|
|Timaru||Basil Arthur||1,011||D A J Walker|
|Waikato||Lance Adams-Schneider||7,073||B G West|
|Wairarapa||Jack Williams||Ben Couch||1,468||Jack Williams|
|Waitemata||Michael Bassett||Dail Jones||1,385||Michael Bassett|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||6,978||I D Lamont|
|Wanganui||Russell Marshall||1,244||J G Rowan|
|Wellington Central||Ken Comber||1,076||David Shand|
|West Coast||Paddy Blanchfield||2,401||Barry Dallas|
|Western Hutt||Henry May||Brian Lambert||109||Henry May|
|Whangarei||Murray Smith||John Elliott||2,710||Murray Smith|
|Wigram||Mick Connelly||1,967||P N Russell|
|Eastern Maori||Paraone Reweti||6,261||M Searancke|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||4,151||Winston Peters|
|Southern Maori||Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan||6,452||Willard Amaru|
|Western Maori||Koro Wētere||8,925||E S Rangi|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 38th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Nelson||1976||28 February||Stanley Whitehead||Death||Mel Courtney|
|Mangere||1977||26 March||Colin Moyle||Resignation||David Lange|
|Pahiatua||1977||30 April||Keith Holyoake||Appointed as Governor-General||John Falloon|
|Rangitikei||1978||18 February||Roy Jack||Death||Bruce Beetham|
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