|36th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||12 March 1970 – 20 October 1972|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1969|
|Government||Second National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House|| Alfred E. Allen |
––Roy Jack until 7 June 1972
|Prime Minister|| Jack Marshall |
––Keith Holyoake until 7 February 1972
|Leader of the Opposition||Norman Kirk|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General|| HE Sir Denis Blundell from 27 September 1972|
––Sir Arthur Porritt until 7 September 1972
The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1969 general election was held on Saturday, 29 November.A total of 84 MPs were elected; 55 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by four since the 1966 election. 1,519,889 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 88.9%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 36th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 20 October 1972.
|first||12 March 1970||3 December 1970|
|second||25 February 1971||17 December 1971|
|third||7 June 1972||20 October 1972|
The National Party had come to power at the 1960 election, and Keith Holyoake had formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. He was succeeded by Jack Marshall, who formed the Marshall Ministry on 7 February of that year. The second National Government was defeated at the 25 November 1972 election.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1969 election and at dissolution:
|At 1969 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||6||4|
The table below shows the results of the 1969 general election:
National Labour Social Credit Independent
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the Parliament of New Zealand, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Ashburton||Colin McLachlan||2,590||John Srhoy|
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||1,124||Clive Edwards|
|Avon||John Mathison||5,600||Alistair Ansell|
|Awarua||Gordon Grieve||Hugh Templeton||906||Aubrey Begg|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||3,440||Barry Kelly|
|Birkenhead||New electorate||Norman King||1,701||Don McKinnon|
|Buller||Bill Rowling||2,822||Ernie King|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||Bruce Barclay||3,406||Colin Knight|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||3,618||Les McKay|
|Dunedin Central||Brian MacDonell||3,949||Mrs M M Reichwein|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,929||Mrs J W Williams|
|Eden||John Rae||67||Keith Sinclair|
|Egmont||Venn Young||4,280||T McGreevy|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||5,495||Tai Tuhimata|
|Gisborne||Esme Tombleson||781||Trevor Davey|
|Grey Lynn||Ritchie Macdonald||Eddie Isbey||2,915||Jens Meder|
|Hamilton West||New electorate||Leslie Munro||1,878||Bob Reese|
|Hastings||Duncan MacIntyre||706||Richard Mayson|
|Hauraki||Arthur Kinsella||Leo Schultz||2,121||Dorothy Jelicich|
|Hawkes Bay||Richard Harrison||3,416||David Butcher|
|Henderson||New electorate||Martyn Finlay||3,295||Adrian Hopkins Clark|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||1,375||Ralph Miller|
|Hobson||Vernon Cracknell||Logan Sloane||1,252||Vernon Cracknell|
|Hutt||Trevor Young||1,775||Don Lee|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||John Chewings||1,031||T D Young|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||Gerald O'Brien||1,348||Fairlie Fergus Curry|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||6,226||R C Tombs|
|Lyttelton||Norman Kirk||Tom McGuigan||292||G P A de Latour|
|Manawatu||Les Gandar||1,323||E J Hemmingsen|
|Mangere||New electorate||Colin Moyle||4,588||Neville Charles Slater|
|Manukau||Colin Moyle||Roger Douglas||875||Ronald Alfred Walden|
|Manurewa||Phil Amos||1,371||Patrick Norman Baker|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||2,460||Ian Brooks|
|Marsden||Donald McKay||1,101||Murray Smith|
|Miramar||Bill Young||1,789||Charles Troughton|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||2,837||Gavin Downie|
|Napier||Gordon Christie||1,970||Terry Dunleavy|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||1,248||Roy McLennan|
|New Lynn||Jonathan Hunt||3,600||Vic Watson|
|New Plymouth||Ron Barclay||1,000||B E Clark|
|North Shore||George Gair||3,964||Donald Frederick Dugdale|
|Oamaru||New electorate||Allan Dick||497||N Agnew|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,539||Daphne Double|
|Otago Central||John George||Murray Rose||1,086||B O Griffiths|
|Otaki||Allan McCready||2,037||John Scott|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,920||Trevor de Cleene|
|Pakuranga||Bob Tizard||1,253||N W Holmes|
|Palmerston North||Joe Walding||161||Gordon Cruden|
|Papanui||New electorate||Bert Walker||2,096||M P Hobbs|
|Petone||Fraser Colman||3,450||F J Handy|
|Piako||Jack Luxton||4,426||George Bryant|
|Porirua||Henry May||Gerard Wall||2,744||P W Mitchell|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||593||Dudley Ian Sinclair|
|Rangiora||Herbert Pickering||1,143||Paul Piesse|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||4,214||Dan Duggan|
|Remuera||Allan Highet||7,097||Hamish Keith|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||Eric Holland||2,939||A C McEwen|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||Peter Wilkinson||2,832||Nevern McConachy|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||3,296||A W G Cook|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||1,198||Charles Bennett|
|St Albans||Bert Walker||Roger Drayton||909||Ian Wilson|
|St Kilda||William Fraser||3,795||L G Anderson|
|South Canterbury||New electorate||Rob Talbot||1,215||M A Cameron|
|Stratford||David Thomson||4,158||L H Stockbridge|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||Norman Kirk||6,026||Peter Morrissey|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||6,088||A D Bolton|
|Taupo||Rona Stevenson||107||Arthur John Ingram|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||2,704||Ray Dillon|
|Timaru||Basil Arthur||3,101||D A J Walker|
|Waikato||New electorate||Lance Adams-Schneider||3,408||Alfred Ernest George|
|Waimarino||Roy Jack||2,213||Shaun Alex Cameron|
|Wairarapa||Haddon Donald||Jack Williams||467||Haddon Donald|
|Waitemata||Norman King||Frank Gill||1,052||Michael Bassett|
|Waitomo||David Seath||5,674||Neil Roger David Shewan|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||4,532||J Robson|
|Wanganui||George Spooner||William Tolhurst||959||George Spooner|
|Wellington Central||Dan Riddiford||2,200||Olive Smuts-Kennedy|
|Western Hutt||New electorate||Henry May||1,421||Egan E Ogier|
|Westland||Paddy Blanchfield||1,879||Barry Dallas|
|Wigram||New electorate||Mick Connelly||3,200||J R Dawson|
|Eastern Maori||Paraone Reweti||3,487||Henare Kohere Ngata|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||4,758||Graham Latimer|
|Southern Maori||Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan||6,630||N W Pomare|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||Koro Wētere||7,530||P J Hura|
There was one by-election held during the term of the 36th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Marlborough||1970||21 February||Tom Shand||Death||Ian Brooks|
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The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.