36th New Zealand Parliament

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36th Parliament of New Zealand
35th Parliament 37th Parliament

Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG

Overview
Term 12 March 1970 – 20 October 1972
Election New Zealand general election, 1969
Government Second National Government
House of Representatives

New Zealand 36th Parliament.png

Members 84
Speaker of the House Alfred E. Allen
––Roy Jack until 7 June 1972
Prime Minister Jack Marshall
––Keith Holyoake until 7 February 1972
Leader of the Opposition Norman Kirk
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE Sir Denis Blundell from 27 September 1972
––Sir Arthur Porritt until 7 September 1972

The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

Contents

1969 general election

The 1969 general election was held on Saturday, 29 November. [1] A total of 84 MPs were elected; 55 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by four since the 1966 election. [2] 1,519,889 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 88.9%. [1]

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

Sessions

The 36th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 20 October 1972. [3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 12 March 1970 3 December 1970
second 25 February 1971 17 December 1971
third 7 June 1972 20 October 1972

Ministries

The National Party had come to power at the 1960 election, and Keith Holyoake had formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. He was succeeded by Jack Marshall, who formed the Marshall Ministry on 7 February of that year. The second National Government was defeated at the 25 November 1972 election. [4]

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Keith Holyoake 20th-century Viceroy, Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1969 election and at dissolution:

AffiliationMembers
At 1969 election At dissolution
National Government 4544
Labour Opposition 3940
Total
8484
Working Government majority 64

Notes

Initial composition of the 36th Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1969 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit     Independent   

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the Parliament of New Zealand, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1969 [5]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Colin McLachlan 2,590 John Srhoy
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 1,124 Clive Edwards
Avon John Mathison 5,600 Alistair Ansell
Awarua Gordon Grieve Hugh Templeton 906 Aubrey Begg
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,440 Barry Kelly
Birkenhead New electorate Norman King 1,701 Don McKinnon
Buller Bill Rowling 2,822 Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane Bruce Barclay 3,406 Colin Knight
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,618 Les McKay
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell 3,949 Mrs M M Reichwein
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,929 Mrs J W Williams
Eden John Rae 67 Keith Sinclair [nb 1]
Egmont Venn Young 4,280 T McGreevy
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,495 Tai Tuhimata
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 781 Trevor Davey
Grey Lynn Ritchie Macdonald Eddie Isbey 2,915 Jens Meder
Hamilton West New electorate Leslie Munro 1,878 Bob Reese
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 706 Richard Mayson
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella Leo Schultz 2,121 Dorothy Jelicich
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison 3,416 David Butcher
Henderson New electorate Martyn Finlay 3,295 Adrian Hopkins Clark
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 1,375 Ralph Miller
Hobson Vernon Cracknell Logan Sloane 1,252 Vernon Cracknell
Hutt Trevor Young 1,775 Don Lee
Invercargill Ralph Hanan John Chewings 1,031 T D Young
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer Gerald O'Brien 1,348 Fairlie Fergus Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 6,226 R C Tombs
Lyttelton Norman Kirk Tom McGuigan 292 G P A de Latour
Manawatu Les Gandar 1,323 E J Hemmingsen
Mangere New electorate Colin Moyle 4,588 Neville Charles Slater
Manukau Colin Moyle Roger Douglas 875 Ronald Alfred Walden
Manurewa Phil Amos 1,371 Patrick Norman Baker [6]
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,460 Ian Brooks
Marsden Donald McKay 1,101 Murray Smith
Miramar Bill Young 1,789 Charles Troughton
Mt Albert Warren Freer 2,837 Gavin Downie
Napier Gordon Christie 1,970 Terry Dunleavy
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 1,248 Roy McLennan
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 3,600 Vic Watson
New Plymouth Ron Barclay 1,000 B E Clark
North Shore George Gair 3,964 Donald Frederick Dugdale
Oamaru New electorate Allan Dick 497 N Agnew
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,539 Daphne Double
Otago Central John George Murray Rose 1,086 B O Griffiths
Otaki Allan McCready 2,037 John Scott
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,920 Trevor de Cleene
Pakuranga Bob Tizard 1,253 N W Holmes
Palmerston North Joe Walding 161 Gordon Cruden
Papanui New electorate Bert Walker 2,096 M P Hobbs
Petone Fraser Colman 3,450 F J Handy
Piako Jack Luxton 4,426 George Bryant
Porirua Henry May Gerard Wall 2,744 P W Mitchell
Raglan Douglas Carter 593 Dudley Ian Sinclair
Rangiora Herbert Pickering 1,143 Paul Piesse
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,214 Dan Duggan
Remuera Allan Highet 7,097 Hamish Keith
Riccarton Mick Connelly Eric Holland 2,939 A C McEwen
Rodney Jack Scott Peter Wilkinson 2,832 Nevern McConachy
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,296 A W G Cook
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 1,198 Charles Bennett
St Albans Bert Walker Roger Drayton 909 Ian Wilson
St Kilda William Fraser 3,795 L G Anderson
South Canterbury New electorate Rob Talbot 1,215 M A Cameron
Stratford David Thomson 4,158 L H Stockbridge
Sydenham Mabel Howard Norman Kirk 6,026 Peter Morrissey
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 6,088 A D Bolton
Taupo Rona Stevenson 107 Arthur John Ingram
Tauranga George Walsh 2,704 Ray Dillon
Timaru Basil Arthur 3,101 D A J Walker
Waikato New electorate Lance Adams-Schneider 3,408 Alfred Ernest George
Waimarino Roy Jack 2,213 Shaun Alex Cameron
Wairarapa Haddon Donald Jack Williams 467 Haddon Donald
Waitemata Norman King Frank Gill 1,052 Michael Bassett
Waitomo David Seath 5,674 Neil Roger David Shewan
Wallace Brian Talboys 4,532 J Robson
Wanganui George Spooner William Tolhurst 959 George Spooner
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 2,200 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Western Hutt New electorate Henry May 1,421 Egan E Ogier [7]
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 1,879 Barry Dallas [8]
Wigram New electorate Mick Connelly 3,200 J R Dawson
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti 3,487 Henare Kohere Ngata [9]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 4,758 Graham Latimer
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 6,630 N W Pomare
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana Koro Wētere 7,530 P J Hura

Table footnotes:

  1. Sinclair was first on election night for Eden (by 35 votes), but lost when special votes were included

By-elections during 36th Parliament

There was one by-election held during the term of the 36th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Marlborough 1970 21 February Tom Shand Death Ian Brooks

Notes

  1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 142.
  4. Wilson 1985, pp. 89–92.
  5. Norton 1988.
  6. Gustafson 1986, p. 354.
  7. Gustafson 1986, p. 381.
  8. Templeton & Eunson 1972, p. 21.
  9. Gustafson 1986, p. 380.

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References


Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.

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