Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks.
The New Zealand general election of 1866 was held between 12 February and 6 April to elect 70 MPs to the fourth term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The electorate is mainly rural, stretching from the Southern Alps to the Banks Peninsula, its borders broadly defined by the Rakaia River in the south and the Waimakariri River in the north. Major towns include Lincoln, Prebbleton, and Darfield, with smaller towns such as Tai Tapu, Leeston, Dunsandel, and Akaroa. The electorate also includes parts of Christchurch city's territorial authority.
The Southern Alps / Kā Tiritiri o te Moana is a mountain range extending along much of the length of New Zealand's South Island, reaching its greatest elevations near the range's western side. The name "Southern Alps" generally refers to the entire range, although separate names are given to many of the smaller ranges that form part of it.
Banks Peninsula is a peninsula of volcanic origin on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It has an area of approximately 1,150 square kilometres (440 sq mi) and encompasses two large harbours and many smaller bays and coves. The South Island's largest city, Christchurch, is immediately north of the peninsula.
The Rakaia River is in the Canterbury Plains in New Zealand's South Island. The Rakaia River is one of the largest braided rivers in New Zealand. The Rakaia River has a mean flow of 203 cubic metres per second (7,200 cu ft/s) and a mean annual seven-day low flow of 87 m3/s (3,100 cu ft/s). In the 1850s, European settlers named it the Cholmondeley River, but this name lapsed into disuse.
An electorate called Selwyn existed between 1866 and 1919. A Selwyn electorate also existed between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.The latest version of the Selwyn electorate was created for the 2008 election. This followed a review of electoral boundaries conducted after the 2006 Census, because of a general northwards population movement in the South Island. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting further northwards.
The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates, and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
Due to the rapid growth of Selwyn relative to Christchurch (which lost population after the earthquakes), the 2013 redistribution had Selwyn losing Halswell and Westmorland to Port Hills and Harewood to Waimakariri while regaining the towns of Rakaia and Chertsey back from Rangitata.Data from the 2018 census showed Selywn's population had continued to grow – it had the largest discrepancy of any electorate – and so the electorate would need to lose further area for the 2020 boundaries.
Originally a separate village, Halswell is now a residential suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southwest of Cathedral Square on State Highway 75.
Westmorland is an outer suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is situated mostly on a hillside and is a recent development of the city, dating back to the late 1970s. It is still under development, with the end of Pentonville Close being recently settled with modern family homes typical of middle to upper-middle class New Zealanders, predominantly in the usual bungalow style, called Worsley Estate. There is a road nearby called 'Worsleys Road'. However this is not connected to Worsley Estate at this time. Currently there is a lot of development happening at the top of the hill, going under the name of 'Westmorland Heights'. This is the final stage of the Westmorland development, and is expected to be completed in approx 2020, adding 250 homes to the suburb of Westmorland.
Port Hills is a parliamentary electorate of New Zealand created for the 2008 general election. Ruth Dyson of the Labour Party had previously held the Banks Peninsula electorate since the 1999 election that was largely replaced by Port Hills, and Dyson is to this day the area's representative. The Port Hills electorate is mostly urban, and lost the more rural Banks Peninsula areas of the old electorate to the Selwyn electorate that was also formed for the 2008 election.
The dominant topic for the 1875 election was the abolition of the Provinces. William Reeves, the incumbent, favoured the retention of the provincial system of government, while his opponent, Cecil Fitzroy, was an abolitionist. Fitzroy, who was 31 years old and 20 years Reeves' junior, narrowly won the election.Edward Lee acted as returning officer for the election.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–1876 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The provinces of the Colony of New Zealand existed as a form of sub-national government. Established in 1841, each province had its own legislature and was built around the six original planned settlements or "colonies". By 1873 the number of provinces had increased to nine, but they had become less isolated from each other and demands for centralised government arose. In 1875 the national parliament decided to abolish the provincial governments, and they came to an end in 1876. They were superseded by counties, which were later replaced by territorial authorities.
William Reeves was a New Zealand 19th century journalist and politician. He was the father of the author and politician the Hon. William Pember Reeves.
In the 1879 election, John Hall was returned unopposed.In the 1881 election, Hall beat R. Lockhead by 467 to 169 votes.
The New Zealand general election of 1879 was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.
Sir John Hall was a New Zealand politician who served as the 12th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1879 to 1882. Born in Kingston upon Hull, England, the third son of George Hall, a captain in the navy. At the age of ten he was sent to school in Switzerland and his education continued in Paris and Hamburg. After returning to England and being employed by the Post Office, at the age of 27 he decided to emigrate. He was also Mayor of Christchurch.
The New Zealand general election of 1881 was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
In the 1890 election, Alfred Saunders, Thomas Hamilton Anson, and William Jerrington Popple received 536, 485 and 237 votes, respectively.
The electorate is one of the National Party's safest seats. National have held the seat, whenever it has existed since it was first recreated in 1946. The incumbent MP is Amy Adams, who has received between 60% and 70% of the electorate vote in the four elections since its latest recreation in 2008. In 2011, the candidate for the other major New Zealand party, Labour, received less than 11% of the electoral vote and came third, behind the Greens in the 2011 election. In that election, the only polling booths where Adams didn't receive the most votes were Arthur's Pass and Diamond Harbour.
Independent Conservative Reform Liberal National Green
|1866 election||Edward Stevens|
|1871 election||William Reeves|
|1875 election||Cecil Fitzroy|
|1879 election||John Hall|
|1883 by-election||Edward Lee|
|1884 by-election||Edward Wakefield|
|1887 election||John Hall|
|1890 election||Alfred Saunders|
|1896 election||Cathcart Wason|
|1899 election||Charles Hardy|
|1911 election||William Dickie|
|(Electorate abolished 1919–1946)|
|1946 election||John McAlpine|
|1966 election||Colin McLachlan|
|(Electorate abolished 1972–1978, see Rakaia)|
|1978 election||Colin McLachlan|
|1981 election||Ruth Richardson|
|1994 by-election||David Carter|
|(Electorate abolished 1996–2008,|
see Banks Peninsula & Rakaia)
|2008 election||Amy Adams|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Selwyn electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2011 election||Eugenie Sage|
|2017 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Lindy Michelle Palmer||1,345||3.08||-2.15||2,440||5.53||-1.42|
|Total Valid votes||43,553||44,068|
|2014 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Peter Selwyn Hill||4,064||11.55||+1.37||3,910||10.90||-0.54|
|Labour||Gordon John Dickson||3,835||10.90||-4.37||4,654||12.97||-3.15|
|NZ First||Bill Woods||1,841||5.23||+1.69||2,494||6.95||+2.20|
|Total Valid votes||35,196||35,875|
|2011 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Bill Woods||1,277||3.54||+3.54||1,750||4.75||+1.71|
|Total Valid votes||36,103||36,851|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,937
|2008 general election: Selwyn|
|Family Party||Samuel Dennis||493||1.37||141||0.38|
|United Future||Victoria Norman||253||0.70||421||1.15|
|Bill and Ben||201||0.55|
|Total Valid votes||36,097||36,679|
|National win new seat||Majority||11,075||30.68|
A by-election was held following the resignation of Ruth Richardson.
|NZ First||Tim Shadbolt||1,165||5.54|
|Christian Heritage||Rosemary Francis||182||0.86|
|Kiwis Against Further Immigration||Bruce Annan||29||0.14|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Tim Owens||26||0.12|
|Natural Law||Warwick Jones||22||0.10|
|NZ Coalition||Kieron Daok||10||0.05|
|Christ's Ambassadors Union||Victor Bryer||2||0.01|
|Democrats||J R E Palmer||640||3.3||-1.5|
|Independent National||G P Dennis||194||1.0||+1.0|
|Wizard Party||C I Walker||177||1.0||+1.0|
|Labour||C E Manning||6,247||31.0||-5.8|
|NZ Party||M R MacDonald||2,859||14.2||+14.2|
|Social Credit||J D Gribben||977||4.8||-11.0|
|Social Credit||J D Gribben||3,157||15.8||+2.0|
|Social Credit||J D Gribben||2,537||13.8|
|Values||A G Fairweather||411||2.3|
|Labour||T K Campbell||4,777||34.0||+0.9|
|Social Credit||M McConnell||1,903||13.5||+7.0|
|Labour||Francis Edward Smith||4,793||33.1||-3.4|
|Social Credit||R H Morton||942||6.5||-0.7|
|Liberal||E L May||572||4.0||+4.0|
|Social Credit||R H Morton||1,042||7.2||+1.4|
|Labour||S S M Cook||5,833||41.0||+10.4|
|Social Credit||R H Morton||823||5.8||-13.5|
|Social Credit||T A Ward||2,387||19.3||+19.3|
|Conservative||Thomas Hamilton Anson||485||38.55|
|Liberal||William Jerrington Popple||237||18.84|
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