Selwyn (New Zealand electorate)

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Selwyn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Selwyn electorate, 2014.svg
Selwyn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Christchurch Metropolitan area in South Island, New Zealand

Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington.

1866 New Zealand general election New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1866 was held between 12 February and 6 April to elect 70 MPs to the fourth term of the New Zealand Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Selwyn. [1]

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.

The Selwyn electorate is the successor to the old electorate of Rakaia, which loses the town of Ashburton to Rangitata. In 2008, it contained the towns north of the Rakaia River and acquired the far western Bishopdale-Harewood area from Waimakariri and the Banks Peninsula town of Akaroa from the old Banks Peninsula electorate. The main towns in the seat were Templeton, Lincoln, Prebbleton, Tai Tapu, Leeston, Dunsandel, Darfield, Springfield and Arthur's Pass from Rakaia along with Halswell, Westmorland, and rural Banks Peninsula.

Rakaia was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region from 1972 to 1978 and 1993 to 2008.

Ashburton, New Zealand Secondary urban area in Canterbury, New Zealand

Ashburton or Hakatere (Māori) is a large town in the Canterbury Region, on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The town is the seat of the Ashburton District, a territorial authority encompassing the town and a number of small settlements within its surrounding rural area, roughly coterminous with the subregion of Mid Canterbury. It is 85 kilometres (53 mi) south west of Christchurch and is sometimes regarded as a satellite town of Christchurch.

Rangitata (New Zealand electorate)

Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.

Due to the rapid growth of Selwyn relative to Christchurch (which lost population after the earthquakes), the 2013 redistribution has Selwyn losing Halswell and Westmorland to Port Hills and Harewood to Waimakariri while regaining the towns of Rakaia and Chertsey back from Rangitata. [2]

Halswell Place

Halswell is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located in open country 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southwest of Cathedral Square on State Highway 75. A residential town, it has little in the way of its own industry and acts as an outer dormitory satellite town.

Westmorland, New Zealand Place

Westmorland is an outer suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is situated mostly on a hillside and is a recent development of the city, dating back to the late 1970s. It is still under development, with the end of Pentonville Close being recently settled with modern family homes typical of middle to upper-middle class New Zealanders, predominantly in the usual bungalow style, called Worsley Estate. There is a road nearby called 'Worsleys Road'. However this is not connected to Worsley Estate at this time. Currently there is a lot of development happening at the top of the hill, going under the name of 'Westmorland Heights'. This is the final stage of the Westmorland development, and is expected to be completed in approx 2020, adding 250 homes to the suburb of Westmorland.

Port Hills (New Zealand electorate)

Port Hills is a parliamentary electorate of New Zealand created for the 2008 general election. Ruth Dyson of the Labour Party had previously held the Banks Peninsula electorate since the 1999 election that was largely replaced by Port Hills, and Dyson is to this day the area's representative. The Port Hills electorate is mostly urban, and lost the more rural Banks Peninsula areas of the old electorate to the Selwyn electorate that was also formed for the 2008 election.

History

In an historical sense, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1866 and 1919. In the second sense, it can refer to an electorate contested between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.

1919 New Zealand general election Election in New Zealand

The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates, and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.

1946 New Zealand general election

The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

The dominant topic for the 1875 election was the abolition of the Provinces. William Reeves, the incumbent, favoured the retention of the provincial system of government, whilst his opponent, Cecil Fitzroy, was an abolitionist. Fitzroy, at 31-years of age 20 years Reeves' junior, narrowly won the election. [3] [4] Edward Lee acted as returning officer for the election. [5]

1875–76 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.

The provinces of the Colony of New Zealand existed as a form of sub-national government. Established in 1841, each province had its own legislature and was built around the six original planned settlements or "colonies". By 1873 the number of provinces had increased to nine, but they had become less isolated from each other and demands for centralised government arose. In 1875 the national parliament decided to abolish the provincial governments, and they came to an end in 1876. They were superseded by counties, which were later replaced by territorial authorities.

William Reeves (journalist) New Zealand politician

William Reeves was a New Zealand 19th century journalist and politician. He was the father of the author and politician the Hon. William Pember Reeves.

In the 1879 election, John Hall was returned unopposed. [6] In the 1881 election, Hall beat R. Lockhead by 467 to 169 votes. [7] [8]

In the 1890 election, Alfred Saunders, Thomas Hamilton Anson, and William Jerrington Popple received 536, 485 and 237 votes, respectively. [9]

In a modern sense, the name refers to the seat re-created ahead of the 2008 general election, following a review of electoral boundaries conducted after the 2006 census of population and dwellings, because of a general northwards population movement in the South Island. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting further northwards.

The incumbent MP is Amy Adams of the National Party. The electorate is one of National's safest seats, with just 5% separating the Labour Party from the Greens in the 2011 election. The only places where Adams didn't win in 2011 were Arthur's Pass and Diamond Harbour. In the 2014 election, Adams got over 70% of the electorate votes based on preliminary results, with Peter Hill of the Green Party coming second. [10] [11]

Members of Parliament

Key:

  Independent     Conservative     Reform     Liberal     National     Green   

ElectionWinner
1866 election Edward Stevens
1871 election William Reeves
1875 election Cecil Fitzroy
1879 election John Hall
1881 election
1883 by-election Edward Lee
1884 by-election Edward Wakefield
1884 election
1887 election John Hall
1890 election Alfred Saunders
1893 election
1896 election Cathcart Wason
1899 election Charles Hardy
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election William Dickie
1914 election
(Electorate abolished 1919–1946)
1946 election John McAlpine
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Colin McLachlan
1969 election
(Electorate abolished 1972–1978, see Rakaia)
1978 election Colin McLachlan
1981 election Ruth Richardson
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1994 by-election David Carter
(Electorate abolished 1996–2008,
see Banks Peninsula & Rakaia)
2008 election Amy Adams
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Christchurch East electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2011 election Eugenie Sage

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Selwyn [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Amy Adams 28,68665.86-4.1126,00359.00-4.58
Labour Tony Condon9,04720.77+9.2211,50826.11+13.14
Green Chrys Horn2,7726.36-5.192,3395.30-5.60
NZ First Lindy Michelle Palmer1,3453.08-2.152,4405.53-1.42
Opportunities Nicky Snoyink1,2702.911,1312.56
ACT Brian Davidson1980.45+0.212010.45+0.06
Conservative  87
Legalise Cannabis  79
Māori  75
Ban 1080  41
Outdoors  36
United Future  32
People's Party  11
Internet  6
Democrats  3
Mana  2
Informal votes23574
Total Valid votes43,55344,068
National holdMajority19,639

2014 election

2014 general election: Selwyn [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Amy Adams 24,62569.97+0.8322,80963.58+0.93
Green Peter Selwyn Hill4,06411.55+1.373,91010.90-0.54
Labour Gordon John Dickson3,83510.90-4.374,65412.97-3.15
NZ First Bill Woods1,8415.23+1.692,4946.95+2.20
Conservative Roger Clibborn6191.76-0.121,2533.49+1.03
Māori Sheryl Gardyne1290.37+0.371110.31-0.06
ACT Paul Gilbert830.24+0.241390.39-0.52
Internet Mana  1840.51+0.37
Legalise Cannabis  1200.33+0.00
United Future  870.24-0.45
Ban 1080  780.22+0.22
Civilian  160.04+0.04
Democrats  100.03-0.01
Focus  50.01+0.01
Independent Coalition  50.01+0.01
Informal votes18265
Total Valid votes35,19635,875
National holdMajority20,56158.42+4.54

2011 election

2011 general election: Selwyn [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Amy Adams 24,96369.14+8.6523,08662.65+7.74
Labour Jo McLean5,51215.27-14.545,94216.12-9.49
Green Eugenie Sage 3,67410.18+10.184,21511.44+3.91
NZ First Bill Woods1,2773.54+3.541,7504.75+1.71
Conservative Wilton Gray6771.88+1.889062.46+2.46
ACT  3360.91-2.77
United Future  2560.69-0.45
Māori  1370.37-0.04
Legalise Cannabis  1230.33+0.07
Mana  520.14+0.14
Alliance  240.07+0.02
Democrats  130.04+0.02
Libertarianz  110.03+0.01
Informal votes526192
Total Valid votes36,10336,851
National holdMajority19,45153.88+23.20

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,937 [15]

2008 election

2008 general election: Selwyn [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Amy Adams 21,83660.4920,14154.91
Labour David Coates10,76129.819,39525.61
Progressive Philippa Main1,3163.656721.83
Independent Bill Woods6031.67
ACT Ivor Watson5391.491,3503.68
Family Party Samuel Dennis4931.371410.38
Kiwi Eleanor Williamson2960.821910.52
United Future Victoria Norman2530.704211.15
Green  2,7617.53
NZ First  1,1153.04
Bill and Ben  2010.55
Māori  1510.41
Legalise Cannabis  970.26
Alliance  170.05
Libertarianz  80.02
Democrats  70.02
Workers Party  50.01
RAM  30.01
Pacific  20.01
RONZ  10.00
Informal votes409155
Total Valid votes36,09736,679
National win new seatMajority11,07530.68

1994 by-election

A by-election was held following the resignation of Ruth Richardson. [17]

1994 Selwyn by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National David Carter 8,90642.32
Alliance John Wright 8,48840.33
Labour Marian Hobbs 2,17310.33
NZ First Tim Shadbolt 1,1655.54
Christian Heritage Rosemary Francis1820.86
NORML Warren Bryson390.19
Kiwis Against Further ImmigrationBruce Annan290.14
McGillicuddy Serious Tim Owens260.12
Natural Law Warwick Jones220.10
NZ CoalitionKieron Daok100.05
Christ's Ambassadors UnionVictor Bryer20.01
Majority4181.99
Turnout 21,042

1899 election

1899 general election: Selwyn [18] [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Hardy 1,308 38.96
Liberal John Rennie1,16834.79
Liberal John Barrett45413.52
Liberal Kenneth Wilson42712.72
Majority1404.17-1.57
Turnout 3,35774.93-10.05
Registered electors 4,480

1896 election

1896 general election: Selwyn
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Cathcart Wason 1,676 52.87
Independent Alfred Saunders 1,49447.13
Majority1825.74
Turnout 3,17084.99
Registered electors 3,730

1890 election

1890 general election: Selwyn [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Alfred Saunders 536 42.61
Conservative Thomas Hamilton Anson48538.55
Liberal William Jerrington Popple23718.84
Majority514.05
Turnout 1,25862.49
Registered electors 2,013

1884 by-election

1884 Selwyn by-election [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Edward Wakefield 479 60.25
Independent John McLachlan 31639.75
Majority16320.50
Turnout 795+177

1883 by-election

1883 Selwyn by-election [22] [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Edward Lee 258 41.75
Independent Edward Richardson 22035.60
Independent John McLachlan 14022.65
Turnout 618
Majority386.15

1875 election

1875 general election: Selwyn [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Cecil Fitzroy 244 51.48
Independent William Reeves 23048.52
Majority142.95
Turnout 47468.30
Registered electors 694

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. "Mr. C. A. Fitzroy at Doyleston". The Press . XXIV (3218). 23 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  4. 1 2 "Selwyn Poll". The Press . XXIV (3224). 31 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  5. "Election Notices". The Press . XXIV (3212). 16 December 1875. p. 4. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  6. "Selwyn nomination". Star (3553). 30 August 1879. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  7. "The General Election". Otago Daily Times (6190). 10 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  8. "The General Elections". The Star (4249). 3 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  9. "Election Notices". The Press . XLVII (7731). 10 December 1890. p. 1. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  10. "Election Results -- Selwyn". Electoral Commission . 21 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  11. Mathewson, Nicole; Stylianou, Georgina; Fulton, Tim (21 September 2014). "Election 2014: Canterbury decides". The Press . Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  12. "Official Count Results -- Selwyn". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  13. 2014 election results
  14. 2011 election results
  15. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  16. 2008 election results [ permanent dead link ]
  17. "Part XIV - Selwyn By-election" (PDF). Electoral Commission . Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  19. "Untitled". The Press . LVI (10516). 30 November 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  20. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  21. "Selwyn Election". The Press . XL (5755). 28 February 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  22. "Selwyn Election". New Zealand Times. 20 April 1883.
  23. "Selwyn Election". New Zealand Mail. 14 April 1883.
  24. "The Result of the Selwyn Election". New Zealand Times. 20 April 1883.

References