Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington.
The New Zealand general election of 1866 was held between 12 February and 6 April to elect 70 MPs to the fourth term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Selwyn.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.
The Selwyn electorate is the successor to the old electorate of Rakaia, which loses the town of Ashburton to Rangitata. In 2008, it contained the towns north of the Rakaia River and acquired the far western Bishopdale-Harewood area from Waimakariri and the Banks Peninsula town of Akaroa from the old Banks Peninsula electorate. The main towns in the seat were Templeton, Lincoln, Prebbleton, Tai Tapu, Leeston, Dunsandel, Darfield, Springfield and Arthur's Pass from Rakaia along with Halswell, Westmorland, and rural Banks Peninsula.
Rakaia was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region from 1972 to 1978 and 1993 to 2008.
Ashburton or Hakatere (Māori) is a large town in the Canterbury Region, on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The town is the seat of the Ashburton District, a territorial authority encompassing the town and a number of small settlements within its surrounding rural area, roughly coterminous with the subregion of Mid Canterbury. It is 85 kilometres (53 mi) south west of Christchurch and is sometimes regarded as a satellite town of Christchurch.
Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.
Due to the rapid growth of Selwyn relative to Christchurch (which lost population after the earthquakes), the 2013 redistribution has Selwyn losing Halswell and Westmorland to Port Hills and Harewood to Waimakariri while regaining the towns of Rakaia and Chertsey back from Rangitata.
Halswell is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located in open country 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southwest of Cathedral Square on State Highway 75. A residential town, it has little in the way of its own industry and acts as an outer dormitory satellite town.
Westmorland is an outer suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is situated mostly on a hillside and is a recent development of the city, dating back to the late 1970s. It is still under development, with the end of Pentonville Close being recently settled with modern family homes typical of middle to upper-middle class New Zealanders, predominantly in the usual bungalow style, called Worsley Estate. There is a road nearby called 'Worsleys Road'. However this is not connected to Worsley Estate at this time. Currently there is a lot of development happening at the top of the hill, going under the name of 'Westmorland Heights'. This is the final stage of the Westmorland development, and is expected to be completed in approx 2020, adding 250 homes to the suburb of Westmorland.
Port Hills is a parliamentary electorate of New Zealand created for the 2008 general election. Ruth Dyson of the Labour Party had previously held the Banks Peninsula electorate since the 1999 election that was largely replaced by Port Hills, and Dyson is to this day the area's representative. The Port Hills electorate is mostly urban, and lost the more rural Banks Peninsula areas of the old electorate to the Selwyn electorate that was also formed for the 2008 election.
In an historical sense, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1866 and 1919. In the second sense, it can refer to an electorate contested between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.
The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates, and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The dominant topic for the 1875 election was the abolition of the Provinces. William Reeves, the incumbent, favoured the retention of the provincial system of government, whilst his opponent, Cecil Fitzroy, was an abolitionist. Fitzroy, at 31-years of age 20 years Reeves' junior, narrowly won the election.Edward Lee acted as returning officer for the election.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The provinces of the Colony of New Zealand existed as a form of sub-national government. Established in 1841, each province had its own legislature and was built around the six original planned settlements or "colonies". By 1873 the number of provinces had increased to nine, but they had become less isolated from each other and demands for centralised government arose. In 1875 the national parliament decided to abolish the provincial governments, and they came to an end in 1876. They were superseded by counties, which were later replaced by territorial authorities.
William Reeves was a New Zealand 19th century journalist and politician. He was the father of the author and politician the Hon. William Pember Reeves.
In the 1879 election, John Hall was returned unopposed.In the 1881 election, Hall beat R. Lockhead by 467 to 169 votes.
In the 1890 election, Alfred Saunders, Thomas Hamilton Anson, and William Jerrington Popple received 536, 485 and 237 votes, respectively.
In a modern sense, the name refers to the seat re-created ahead of the 2008 general election, following a review of electoral boundaries conducted after the 2006 census of population and dwellings, because of a general northwards population movement in the South Island. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting further northwards.
The incumbent MP is Amy Adams of the National Party. The electorate is one of National's safest seats, with just 5% separating the Labour Party from the Greens in the 2011 election. The only places where Adams didn't win in 2011 were Arthur's Pass and Diamond Harbour. In the 2014 election, Adams got over 70% of the electorate votes based on preliminary results, with Peter Hill of the Green Party coming second.
Independent Conservative Reform Liberal National Green
|1866 election||Edward Stevens|
|1871 election||William Reeves|
|1875 election||Cecil Fitzroy|
|1879 election||John Hall|
|1883 by-election||Edward Lee|
|1884 by-election||Edward Wakefield|
|1887 election||John Hall|
|1890 election||Alfred Saunders|
|1896 election||Cathcart Wason|
|1899 election||Charles Hardy|
|1911 election||William Dickie|
|(Electorate abolished 1919–1946)|
|1946 election||John McAlpine|
|1966 election||Colin McLachlan|
|(Electorate abolished 1972–1978, see Rakaia)|
|1978 election||Colin McLachlan|
|1981 election||Ruth Richardson|
|1994 by-election||David Carter|
|(Electorate abolished 1996–2008,|
see Banks Peninsula & Rakaia)
|2008 election||Amy Adams|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Christchurch East electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2011 election||Eugenie Sage|
|2017 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Lindy Michelle Palmer||1,345||3.08||-2.15||2,440||5.53||-1.42|
|Total Valid votes||43,553||44,068|
|2014 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Peter Selwyn Hill||4,064||11.55||+1.37||3,910||10.90||-0.54|
|Labour||Gordon John Dickson||3,835||10.90||-4.37||4,654||12.97||-3.15|
|NZ First||Bill Woods||1,841||5.23||+1.69||2,494||6.95||+2.20|
|Total Valid votes||35,196||35,875|
|2011 general election: Selwyn|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Bill Woods||1,277||3.54||+3.54||1,750||4.75||+1.71|
|Total Valid votes||36,103||36,851|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,937
|2008 general election: Selwyn|
|Family Party||Samuel Dennis||493||1.37||141||0.38|
|United Future||Victoria Norman||253||0.70||421||1.15|
|Bill and Ben||201||0.55|
|Total Valid votes||36,097||36,679|
|National win new seat||Majority||11,075||30.68|
A by-election was held following the resignation of Ruth Richardson.
|NZ First||Tim Shadbolt||1,165||5.54|
|Christian Heritage||Rosemary Francis||182||0.86|
|Kiwis Against Further Immigration||Bruce Annan||29||0.14|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Tim Owens||26||0.12|
|Natural Law||Warwick Jones||22||0.10|
|NZ Coalition||Kieron Daok||10||0.05|
|Christ's Ambassadors Union||Victor Bryer||2||0.01|
|Conservative||Thomas Hamilton Anson||485||38.55|
|Liberal||William Jerrington Popple||237||18.84|