David Carter (politician)

Last updated


David Carter

MP
David Carter Senate of Poland 2015 01.JPG
29th Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
In office
1 February 2013 7 November 2017
Prime Minister John Key
Bill English
Jacinda Ardern
Preceded by Lockwood Smith
Succeeded by Trevor Mallard
1st Minister for Primary Industries
In office
14 December 2011 29 January 2013
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded byHimself(portfolios merged)
Succeeded by Nathan Guy
Minister for Local Government
In office
3 August 2012 29 January 2013
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Nick Smith
Succeeded by Chris Tremain
33rd Minister of Agriculture
In office
19 November 2008 14 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Jim Anderton
Succeeded byHimselfas Minister for Primary Industries
Minister for Biosecurity
In office
19 November 2008 14 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Jim Anderton
Succeeded byHimselfas Minister for Primary Industries
Minister of Forestry
In office
19 November 2008 14 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Jim Anderton
Succeeded byHimselfas Minister for Primary Industries
Minister for Senior Citizens
In office
31 August 1998 10 December 1999
Prime Minister Jenny Shipley
Preceded by Robyn McDonald
Succeeded by Lianne Dalziel
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for National Party List
Assumed office
1999
Personal details
Born (1952-04-03) 3 April 1952 (age 67)
Christchurch
NationalityNew Zealand
Political party National Party
Relations Matthew Doocey (nephew)
Alma mater Lincoln University
OccupationFarmer

David Cunningham Carter (born 3 April 1952) is a New Zealand National Party politician and former Speaker of the House, having also previously been a cabinet minister.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives Person who chairs New Zealand House of Representatives

In New Zealand, the Speaker of the House of Representatives is the individual who chairs the country's elected legislative body, the New Zealand House of Representatives. The individual who holds the position is elected by members of the House from among their number in the first session after each general election. The current Speaker is Trevor Mallard, who was initially elected on 7 November 2017.

Contents

Early life

Carter attended St Bede's College in Christchurch, and has a Bachelor of Agricultural Science degree from Lincoln University. He has farmed sheep and cattle for over 30 years, and established the first commercial cattle-embryo transplant company in New Zealand in 1974. [1]

St Bedes College, Christchurch

St. Bede's College is a state integrated Roman Catholic day and boarding school in Christchurch, New Zealand, for boys aged 12 to 18. St. Bede's is the oldest Roman Catholic Boys' College in New Zealand's South Island. It is also the only Catholic day and boarding college for boys in New Zealand's South Island. Students at St Bede's are colloquially known as Bedeans. St Bede's College was founded in 1911 by the Marists, a religious congregation founded in Lyon, France in 1816.

Christchurch City in South Island, New Zealand

Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks.

Lincoln University (New Zealand) New Zealand university

Lincoln University is a New Zealand university that was formed in 1990 when Lincoln College, Canterbury was made independent of the University of Canterbury. Its undergraduate study areas include agriculture, commerce, computing, engineering, environment, food, forestry, horticulture, hospitality, landscape, Māori planning, property, recreation, sciences, transport and winemaking.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
1994 1996 44th Selwyn National
1996 1999 45th Banks Peninsula 41 National
1999 2002 46th List21 National
2002 2005 47th List4 National
2005 2008 48th List8 National
2008 2011 49th List 9 National
2011 2014 50th List 10 National
2014 2017 51st List3 National
2017 present 52nd List3 National

Carter stood in the Lyttelton electorate in the 1993 election as a successor to Gail McIntosh, but was defeated by Labour's Ruth Dyson. [2] Carter was first elected to Parliament in the 1994 by-election in Selwyn, replacing the resigning Ruth Richardson. In the 1996 general election he won the Banks Peninsula electorate against Dyson. In the 1999 election he was defeated by Dyson, but entered Parliament as a list MP. In the 2002 election, he failed to recapture the seat and remained a list MP.

Lyttelton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1853–90, and again from 1893–1996, when it was replaced by the Banks Peninsula electorate.

1993 New Zealand general election

The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.

Gail Helen McIntosh was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.

From 1998 until the National Party's defeat in 1999 Carter was Minister for Senior Citizens, [3] Associate Minister of Revenue, and Associate Minister for Food, Fibre, Biosecurity and Border Control. At the very end of National's term in office, he was also Associate Minister of Education.

In 2008, Carter was initially chosen as the National candidate for the resurrected safe National seat of Selwyn, but opposition to this saw the National candidacy up for grabs again. He pulled out and the candidacy was eventually won by Amy Adams, who won the seat. Carter was given a high list placing of nine instead and did not contest an electorate. [4] [5] After National's election victory, he took the portfolios of Agriculture, Biosecurity and Forestry. [6]

Selwyn (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.

Amy Adams (politician) New Zealand politician

Amy Juliet Adams is a member of the New Zealand Parliament and was Minister of Justice.

Minister of Agriculture

In May 2010, Carter issued a ban on kosher slaughter, rejecting the recommendations of his advisers. [7] Carter held shares in a firm that exports meat, and prior to instituting the ban he met senior managers of the firm who wanted a ban on kosher slaughter to reduce their competition. [8]

Shechita ritual slaughter of an animal according to Jewish law

In Judaism, shechita is slaughtering of certain mammals and birds for food according to kashrut.

Minister of Primary Industries

After the 2011 election, Carter was appointed Minister of the new Ministry of Primary Industries. In November 2012 he approved the increased squid fishery SQU6T by 140%, despite recommendations from scientists and the Department of Conservation that this would be detrimental to the endangered New Zealand sealion. [9]

Speaker of the House

On 22 January 2013, the Prime Minister John Key [10] announced that Carter was his preference to replace Lockwood Smith as Speaker of the House. Carter's appointment was not without controversy, and the Labour Party questioned whether he actually wanted the job. [11]

As the opposition was not consulted, as per convention, Trevor Mallard was nominated by Labour and the position was put to a vote on 31 January 2013. Carter won by 62 votes to 52. [12] Consistent with the tradition of newly elected speakers, Carter had to be "dragged to the chair" following the election. [13]

The office of Speaker entitles Carter to the title The Right Honourable following a reform of the New Zealand Honours System in 2010. [14] [15]

Carter cited his intention to continue as Speaker, "if that is the will of Parliament", as the basis for his decision to stand as a list-only candidate in the 2014 general election. [16]

On 10 November 2015, Carter controversially failed to acknowledge offence caused to significant numbers of Labour and Green MPs after John Key had accused them of "backing rapists" during a debate about the Christmas Island detention centre. [17] The following day, Carter silenced seven female MPs who stated that they were victims of sexual abuse and stood up to express personal offence to Key's statement, which they called on Key to apologise for. Carter ruled that the manner in which they stood to address the house was inappropriate[ clarification needed ] and dismissed several of the seven; the remainder walked out. [18]

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References

  1. Slade, Maria (3 November 2008). "Business backgrounds in short supply". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  2. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  3. "Appointment of Ministers" (1 September 1998) 131 New Zealand Gazette 3190.
  4. "Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties (2008)". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  5. Trevett, Claire (27 February 2008). "National MP Carter steps aside". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  6. "Key's Government". The New Zealand Herald (Press release). 17 November 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  7. Ben Gedalyahu, Tzvi (30 May 2010). "New Zealand Bans Kosher Slaughtering". Arutz Sheva . Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  8. Fisher, David (28 November 2010). "MP Carter makes quick u-turn". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  9. Field, Michael (25 November 2012). "Threat to sea lions ignored". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  10. "PM announces changes to Cabinet line-up" (Press release). The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (of New Zealand). 22 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  11. "Labour: Carter wrong man for job". 3 News NZ. 29 January 2013.
  12. Election of Speaker, parliament.nz, 31 January 2013; accessed 26 September 2017.
  13. Fairfax NZ News reporters (31 January 2013). "Carter elected Speaker of the House". The Press . Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  14. "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title “The Right Honourable” in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285.
  15. "The Right Honourable". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet . Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  16. "Today in politics: Saturday, May 10". Stuff.co.nz. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  17. Speaker Rules on PM's "Rapist" Comments, youtube.com; accessed 26 September 2017.
  18. "A Disgraceful Day in Parliament". TV3 News. 11 November 2015.
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Ruth Richardson
Member of Parliament for Selwyn
1994–1996
In abeyance
Title next held by
Amy Adams
New constituency Member of Parliament for Banks Peninsula
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Ruth Dyson
Political offices
Preceded by
Lockwood Smith
Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
2013–2017
Succeeded by
Trevor Mallard
Preceded by
?
Minister for Senior Citizens
1998–1999
Succeeded by
Lianne Dalziel
Preceded by
Jim Anderton
Minister of Agriculture
2008–2011
Ministries merged
Minister for Biosecurity
2008–2011
Minister of Forestry
2008–2011
New title
New Ministry
Minister for Primary Industries
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Nathan Guy
Preceded by
Nick Smith
Minister of Local Government
2012–2013
Succeeded by
Chris Tremain