|Fifth National Government|
|Ministries of New Zealand|
|Date formed||19 November 2008|
|Date dissolved||26 October 2017|
|People and organisations|
|Governor-General||Sir Anand Satyanand (2008-11)|
Lt Gen Sir Jerry Mateparae (2011-16)
Dame Patsy Reddy (2016-17)
|Prime Minister|| John Key (2008–2016)|
Bill English (2016–2017)
|Deputy Prime Minister|| Bill English (2008–2016)|
Paula Bennett (2016–2017)
|Member party|| National Party (2008-17)|
United Future (2008-17)
Māori Party (2008-17)
|Opposition party||Labour Party|
|Outgoing election||2017 general election|
|Predecessor||Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand|
|Successor||Sixth Labour Government of New Zealand|
The Fifth National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand for three parliamentary terms from 19 November 2008 to 26 October 2017. John Key served as National Leader and Prime Minister until December 2016, after which Bill English assumed the premiership until the National Government's defeat following the October 2017 government-forming negotiations.
The Government of New Zealand, or New Zealand Government, is the administrative complex through which authority is exercised in New Zealand. As in most parliamentary democracies, the term "Government" refers chiefly to the executive branch, and more specifically to the collective ministry directing the executive. Based on the principle of responsible government, it operates within the framework that "the Queen reigns, but the government rules, so long as it has the support of the House of Representatives".
Sir John Phillip Key is a former New Zealand politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand and Leader of the New Zealand National Party. He was elected leader of the party in November 2006 and appointed Prime Minister in November 2008, resigning from both posts in December 2016. After leaving politics, Key was appointed to board of director and chairmanship roles in New Zealand corporations.
Sir Simon William English is a retired New Zealand politician who served as the 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2016 to 2017. He was the leader of the National Party from 2001 to 2003 and 2016 to 2018, also serving two terms as Leader of the Opposition.
After the 2008 general election the National Party and its allies were able to form a government, taking over from Helen Clark's Fifth Labour Government. It was subsequently reformed after the 2011 general election with a reduced number of seats, and after the 2014 general election with a reduced share of the party vote but the same number of seats. The Government had confidence and supply agreements with the following parties: ACT, United Future, and the Māori Party – which gave the Government a majority on major legislation. The National Party also signed a memorandum of understanding with the Green Party after the 2008 election, but this lapsed in 2011 and was not renewed.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Helen Elizabeth Clark is a New Zealand politician who served as the 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1999 to 2008, and was the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009 to 2017. She was New Zealand's fifth-longest-serving prime minister, and the second woman to hold that office.
The Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 10 December 1999 to 19 November 2008. Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First. While undertaking a number of substantial reforms, it was not particularly radical compared to previous Labour governments.
The involvement of the National government within this particular area was seen through their approach in settlements. National government's involvement of Treaty affairs:
These involved discussion and planning of guidelines which were negotiated with two significant iwis of Taranaki. This also involved Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Christopher Finlayson.
In relation to past Treaty breaches and the actions of the previous governments at the time of the land wars. John Key apologized for the actions and doings of the abuses to the Te Arawa iwi and hapu.
The Government was elected in the context of the late 2000s recession.
The Climate Change Response Amendment Act 2008 was a statute enacted in September 2008 by the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand that established the first version of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme, a national all-sectors all-greenhouse gases uncapped and highly internationally linked emissions trading scheme.
The Emissions Trading Scheme Review Committee was a special committee of the New Zealand Parliament which conducted a review of the Fifth Labour Government's Emissions Trading Scheme between December 2008 and late August 2009.
The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme is a partial-coverage all-free allocation uncapped highly internationally linked emissions trading scheme. The NZ ETS was first legislated in the Climate Change Response Amendment Act 2008 in September 2008 under the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand and then amended in November 2009 and in November 2012 by the Fifth National Government of New Zealand.
The Electoral Finance Act 2007 was a controversial act in New Zealand. The Fifth Labour Government introduced the Electoral Finance Bill partly in response to the 2005 New Zealand election funding controversy, in particular to "third-party" campaigns.
The Governor-General Act 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of New Zealand. It reformed the Governor-General of New Zealand's financial programme.
The Governor-General of New Zealand is the viceregal representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II. As the Queen is concurrently the monarch of 15 other Commonwealth realms, and lives in the United Kingdom, she, on the advice of her Prime Minister of New Zealand, appoints a governor-general to carry out her constitutional and ceremonial duties within the Realm of New Zealand.
The New Zealand Superannuation Fund is a sovereign wealth fund in New Zealand. New Zealand currently provides universal superannuation for people over 65 years of age and the purpose of the Fund is to partially pre-fund the future cost of the New Zealand Superannuation pension, which is expected to increase as a result of New Zealand's ageing population. The fund is a member of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds and is therefore signed up to the Santiago Principles on best practice in managing sovereign wealth funds.
The 2008 general election saw the Fifth National Government elected to power with 44.93 per cent of the popular vote, ending nine years of Labour government. National formed a minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008.
The 2011 general election saw the Fifth National Government continue with confidence-and-supply from the ACT, United Future and Maori parties. National increased its share of the party vote to 47.3 percent, but gained only one additional seat to 59 due to a reduced wasted vote (down to 3.4 percent from 6.5 percent in 2008), largely stemming from the return of the New Zealand First party to Parliament after a one term absence. National's increased share of votes however largely came at the expense of its support parties, which saw decreases in vote share and seats. ACT only gained a third of its 2008 vote with 1.07 percent, reducing its seats from five to just one, while the defection of Hone Harawira to form the Mana Party saw the Maori Party's share of vote split, reducing the party to 1.43 percent and reducing the number of seats to three. The United Future Party saw its party vote drop by a quarter to 0.60 percent, but retained its single seat. The reformed Government and its supporters therefore held 50.41 percent of the party vote and 64 of the 121 seats in Parliament.
The 2014 general election saw the Fifth National Government returned again, gaining a plurality with 47.0% of the party vote and 60 of the 121 seats. On election night counts the party appeared to hold the first majority since 1994 with 61 seats, but lost a list seat (for Maureen Pugh) to the Green Party on the official count (including special votes) of the party vote.National re-entered confidence and supply agreements with the centrist United Future, the classical liberal ACT Party, and the indigenous rights-based Māori Party to form a minority government.
Subsequently, with the sudden resignation of Mike Sabin the National MP for Northland in January 2015, and his replacement in the subsequent 2015 by-election by New Zealand First leader Winston Peters, the government became more dependent on the support parties.
The following table shows the total votes* for National, plus parties supporting the National-led government. For more details of election results, see the relevant election articles.
|Election||Parliament||Seats*||Total votes*||Percentage||Gain/loss||Seats won*||Change||Majority|
* 'Votes' means party votes only. 'Seats' means both list and electorate seats.
National Party leader John Key was Prime Minister between when the government was elected in the 2008 elections, up until his resignation on 12 December 2016.
The National Party held a leadership election to determine Key's successor as National Party leader and Prime Minister. Deputy Prime Minister Bill English announced that he would be standing for the leadership on 6 December 2016.Health Minister Jonathan Coleman and Police and Corrections Minister Judith Collins also announced their intention to seek the leadership, but dropped out due to low support from National Party colleagues. After Coleman and Collins' withdrawal, English was sworn in as the 39th Prime Minister on 12 December 2016. State Services Minister Paula Bennett and Transport Minister Simon Bridges announced they would contest the consequential vacancy for Deputy Leader; Bridges dropped out of the race after it was clear Bennett had greater support.
|Deputy Prime Minister||Bill English||2008–2016|
|Minister of Finance||Bill English||2008–2016|
|Minister of Tourism||John Key||2008–2016|
|Minister for Infrastructure||Bill English||2008–2011|
|Minister for Economic Development||Gerry Brownlee||2008–2011|
|Minister of Justice||Simon Power||2008–2011|
|Minister of Health||Tony Ryall||2008–2014|
|Minister for the Environment||Nick Smith||2008–2012|
|Minister of Police||Judith Collins||2008–2011|
|Minister of Education||Anne Tolley||2008–2011|
|Minister of Agriculture||David Carter||2008–2011|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Murray McCully||2008–2017|
|Minister of Trade||Tim Groser||2008–2015|
|Minister of Defence||Wayne Mapp||2008–2011|
|Minister of Transport||Steven Joyce||2008–2011|
|Minister for Courts||Georgina te Heuheu||2008–2011|
|Minister for Social Development||Paula Bennett||2008–2014|
|Minister of Fisheries||Phil Heatley||2008–2011|
|Minister for Ethnic Affairs||Pansy Wong||2008–2010|
|Minister for Ethnic Communities||Sam Lotu-Iiga||2014–2016|
|Minister of Immigration||Jonathan Coleman||2008–2011|
|Minister of Labour||Kate Wilkinson||2008–2013|
|Minister for Workplace Health & Safety||Michael Woodhouse||2014–2017|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Amy Adams||2011–2012|
|Minister of Local Government||Nick Smith||2011–2012|
|Minister for Primary Industries||David Carter||2011–2013|
|Minister for Arts, Culture & Heritage||Maggie Barry||2014–2017|
|Minister of Customs||Maurice Williamson||2008 – 2014|
|Nicky Wagner||2014 – 2017|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Richard Worth||2008 – June 2009|
|Nathan Guy||June 2009 – 2011|
|Peter Dunne||January 2014 – 2017|
|Minister of Civil Defence||John Carter||2008 – July 2011|
|Craig Foss||July 2011 – December 2011|
|Chris Tremain||December 2011 – April 2012|
|Nikki Kaye||December 2011 – December 2016|
|Gerry Brownlee||December 2016 – May 2017|
|Nathan Guy||May 2017 - October 2017|
|Minister of Local Government||Rodney Hide||2008 – 2011|
|Minister of Consumer Affairs||Heather Roy||2008 – 2010|
|John Boscawen||2010 – May 2011|
|Chris Tremain||2011 – 2014|
|Minister of Commerce and Consumer Affairs||Paul Goldsmith||October 2014 – December 2016|
|Jacqui Dean||December 2016 - 2017|
|Minister of Māori Affairs||Pita Sharples||2008 – 2014|
|Minister of Māori Development||Te Ururoa Flavell||2014 – 2017|
|Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector||Tariana Turia||2008 – 2011|
|Jo Goodhew||2011 – 2014|
|Alfred Ngaro||December 2016 - 2017|
|Minister of Revenue||Peter Dunne||2008 – 2013|
|Todd McClay||2013 – 2015|
|Michael Woodhouse||2015 - 2016|
|Judith Collins||2016 - 2017|
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Winston Raymond Peters is a New Zealand politician who has served since 2017 as the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was previously Deputy Prime Minister from 1996 to 1998. Peters has led the populist New Zealand First party since its foundation in 1993. He has been a Member of Parliament since 2011, having previously served from 1979 to 1981 and 1984 to 2008.
New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand, first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998 and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.
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The Māori Party is an indigenous rights-based political party in New Zealand, formed on 7 July 2004. Tariana Turia founded the party after resigning from the Labour Party, where she had been a minister in the Fifth Labour Government. She and Pita Sharples, a high-profile academic, became co-leaders. Since the 2008 election, the party supported a National Party-led government, and Turia and Sharples became ministers outside cabinet.
Sir Pita Russell Sharples is a New Zealand Māori academic and politician, who was a co-leader of the Māori Party from 2004 to 2013, and a minister outside Cabinet in the National Party-led government from 2008 to 2014. He was the member of Parliament for the Tāmaki Makaurau electorate in Auckland from 2005 to 2014. He stepped down as co-leader role of the Māori Party in July 2013.
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