Fifth National Government of New Zealand

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Fifth National Government
Ministries of New Zealand
2008–2017
Date formed19 November 2008
Date dissolved26 October 2017
People and organisations
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Anand Satyanand (2008-11)
Lt Gen Sir Jerry Mateparae (2011-16)
Dame Patsy Reddy (2016-17)
Prime Minister John Key (2008–2016)
Bill English (2016–2017)
Deputy Prime Minister Bill English (2008–2016)
Paula Bennett (2016–2017)
Member party National Party (2008-17)
ACT (2008-17)
United Future (2008-17)
Māori Party (2008-17)
Opposition party Labour Party
Opposition leader
History
Election(s)
Outgoing election 2017 general election
Legislature term(s)
Predecessor Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand
Successor Sixth Labour Government of New Zealand

The Fifth National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand for three parliamentary terms from 19 November 2008 to 26 October 2017. John Key served as National Leader and Prime Minister until December 2016, after which Bill English assumed the premiership until the National Government's defeat following the October 2017 government-forming negotiations.

Government of New Zealand Central government of New Zealand

The Government of New Zealand, or New Zealand Government, is the administrative complex through which authority is exercised in New Zealand. As in most parliamentary democracies, the term "Government" refers chiefly to the executive branch, and more specifically to the collective ministry directing the executive. Based on the principle of responsible government, it operates within the framework that "the Queen reigns, but the government rules, so long as it has the support of the House of Representatives".

John Key 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir John Phillip Key is a former New Zealand politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand and Leader of the New Zealand National Party. He was elected leader of the party in November 2006 and appointed Prime Minister in November 2008, resigning from both posts in December 2016. After leaving politics, Key was appointed to board of director and chairmanship roles in New Zealand corporations.

Bill English 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Simon William English is a retired New Zealand politician who served as the 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2016 to 2017. He was the leader of the National Party from 2001 to 2003 and 2016 to 2018, also serving two terms as Leader of the Opposition.

Contents

After the 2008 general election the National Party and its allies were able to form a government, taking over from Helen Clark's Fifth Labour Government. It was subsequently reformed after the 2011 general election with a reduced number of seats, and after the 2014 general election with a reduced share of the party vote but the same number of seats. The Government had confidence and supply agreements with the following parties: ACT, United Future, and the Māori Party which gave the Government a majority on major legislation. The National Party also signed a memorandum of understanding with the Green Party after the 2008 election, but this lapsed in 2011 and was not renewed.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Helen Clark 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Helen Elizabeth Clark is a New Zealand politician who served as the 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1999 to 2008, and was the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009 to 2017. She was New Zealand's fifth-longest-serving prime minister, and the second woman to hold that office.

The Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 10 December 1999 to 19 November 2008. Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First. While undertaking a number of substantial reforms, it was not particularly radical compared to previous Labour governments.

Significant policies

John Key February 2015.jpg
John Key, Prime Minister, (2008–2016)
Prime Minister Bill English.jpg
Bill English, Prime Minister, (2016–2017)

Treaty of Waitangi/Settlements

The involvement of the National government within this particular area was seen through their approach in settlements. National government's involvement of Treaty affairs:

These involved discussion and planning of guidelines which were negotiated with two significant iwis of Taranaki. This also involved Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Christopher Finlayson.

In relation to past Treaty breaches and the actions of the previous governments at the time of the land wars. John Key apologized for the actions and doings of the abuses to the Te Arawa iwi and hapu.

Economic

The Government was elected in the context of the late 2000s recession.

The Climate Change Response Amendment Act 2008 was a statute enacted in September 2008 by the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand that established the first version of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme, a national all-sectors all-greenhouse gases uncapped and highly internationally linked emissions trading scheme.

The Emissions Trading Scheme Review Committee was a special committee of the New Zealand Parliament which conducted a review of the Fifth Labour Government's Emissions Trading Scheme between December 2008 and late August 2009.

New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme

The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme is a partial-coverage all-free allocation uncapped highly internationally linked emissions trading scheme. The NZ ETS was first legislated in the Climate Change Response Amendment Act 2008 in September 2008 under the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand and then amended in November 2009 and in November 2012 by the Fifth National Government of New Zealand.

Constitution

Electoral Finance Act 2007 Act of Parliament in New Zealand

The Electoral Finance Act 2007 was a controversial act in New Zealand. The Fifth Labour Government introduced the Electoral Finance Bill partly in response to the 2005 New Zealand election funding controversy, in particular to "third-party" campaigns.

Governor-General Act 2010 Act of Parliament in New Zealand

The Governor-General Act 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of New Zealand. It reformed the Governor-General of New Zealand's financial programme.

Governor-General of New Zealand Representative of the monarch of New Zealand

The Governor-General of New Zealand is the viceregal representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II. As the Queen is concurrently the monarch of 15 other Commonwealth realms, and lives in the United Kingdom, she, on the advice of her Prime Minister of New Zealand, appoints a governor-general to carry out her constitutional and ceremonial duties within the Realm of New Zealand.

Social policy

New Zealand Superannuation Fund

The New Zealand Superannuation Fund is a sovereign wealth fund in New Zealand. New Zealand currently provides universal superannuation for people over 65 years of age and the purpose of the Fund is to partially pre-fund the future cost of the New Zealand Superannuation pension, which is expected to increase as a result of New Zealand's ageing population. The fund is a member of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds and is therefore signed up to the Santiago Principles on best practice in managing sovereign wealth funds.

Foreign affairs

Defence

National identity

Education

Local government

Health

History

2008 election

The 2008 general election saw the Fifth National Government elected to power with 44.93 per cent of the popular vote, ending nine years of Labour government. National formed a minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008.

2011 election

The 2011 general election saw the Fifth National Government continue with confidence-and-supply from the ACT, United Future and Maori parties. National increased its share of the party vote to 47.3 percent, but gained only one additional seat to 59 due to a reduced wasted vote (down to 3.4 percent from 6.5 percent in 2008), largely stemming from the return of the New Zealand First party to Parliament after a one term absence. National's increased share of votes however largely came at the expense of its support parties, which saw decreases in vote share and seats. ACT only gained a third of its 2008 vote with 1.07 percent, reducing its seats from five to just one, while the defection of Hone Harawira to form the Mana Party saw the Maori Party's share of vote split, reducing the party to 1.43 percent and reducing the number of seats to three. The United Future Party saw its party vote drop by a quarter to 0.60 percent, but retained its single seat. The reformed Government and its supporters therefore held 50.41 percent of the party vote and 64 of the 121 seats in Parliament.

2014 election

The 2014 general election saw the Fifth National Government returned again, gaining a plurality with 47.0% of the party vote and 60 of the 121 seats. On election night counts the party appeared to hold the first majority since 1994 with 61 seats, but lost a list seat (for Maureen Pugh) to the Green Party on the official count (including special votes) of the party vote. [29] National re-entered confidence and supply agreements with the centrist United Future, [30] the classical liberal ACT Party, [31] and the indigenous rights-based Māori Party [32] to form a minority government.

Subsequently, with the sudden resignation of Mike Sabin the National MP for Northland in January 2015, and his replacement in the subsequent 2015 by-election by New Zealand First leader Winston Peters, the government became more dependent on the support parties.

Election results

The following table shows the total votes* for National, plus parties supporting the National-led government. For more details of election results, see the relevant election articles.

ElectionParliamentSeats*Total votes*PercentageGain/lossSeats won*ChangeMajority
2008 49th 1221,053,39844.93%-58--
49th Parliament New Zealand 49th Parliament.png
49th Parliament
2011 50th 1211,058,63647.31%+5.29%59+1-
50th Parliament New Zealand 50th Parliament.png
50th Parliament
2014 51st 1211,131,50147.04%-0.57%60+1-
51st Parliament New Zealand-01.svg
51st Parliament

* 'Votes' means party votes only. 'Seats' means both list and electorate seats.

[33] [34] [35]

Prime Minister

National Party leader John Key was Prime Minister between when the government was elected in the 2008 elections, up until his resignation on 12 December 2016.

The National Party held a leadership election to determine Key's successor as National Party leader and Prime Minister. Deputy Prime Minister Bill English announced that he would be standing for the leadership on 6 December 2016. [36] Health Minister Jonathan Coleman and Police and Corrections Minister Judith Collins also announced their intention to seek the leadership, but dropped out due to low support from National Party colleagues. After Coleman and Collins' withdrawal, English was sworn in as the 39th Prime Minister on 12 December 2016. [37] State Services Minister Paula Bennett and Transport Minister Simon Bridges announced they would contest the consequential vacancy for Deputy Leader; Bridges dropped out of the race after it was clear Bennett had greater support. [38]

Cabinet Ministers

PortfolioMinisterTerm(s)
Deputy Prime Minister Bill English 2008–2016
Paula Bennett 2016–2017
Minister of Finance Bill English 2008–2016
Steven Joyce 2016–2017
Minister of Tourism John Key 2008–2016
Paula Bennett 2016–2017
Minister for Infrastructure Bill English 2008–2011
Steven Joyce 2016–2017
Minister for Economic Development Gerry Brownlee 2008–2011
Steven Joyce 2011–2016
Simon Bridges 2016–2017
Minister of Justice Simon Power 2008–2011
Judith Collins 2011–2014
Amy Adams 2014–2017
Minister of Health Tony Ryall 2008–2014
Jonathan Coleman 2014–2017
Minister for the Environment Nick Smith 2008–2012
Amy Adams 2012–14
Nick Smith2014–2017
Minister of Police Judith Collins 2008–2011
Anne Tolley 2011–2014
Michael Woodhouse 2014-2015
Judith Collins 2015-2016
Paula Bennett 2016–2017
Minister of Education Anne Tolley 2008–2011
Hekia Parata 2011–2017
Nikki Kaye 2017
Attorney-General Chris Finlayson 2008–2017
Minister of Agriculture David Carter 2008–2011
Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully 2008–2017
Gerry Brownlee 2017
Minister of Trade Tim Groser 2008–2015
Todd McClay 2015–2017
Minister of Defence Wayne Mapp 2008–2011
Jonathan Coleman 2011–2014
Gerry Brownlee 2014–2017
Mark Mitchell 2017
Minister of Transport Steven Joyce 2008–2011
Gerry Brownlee 2011–2014
Simon Bridges 2014–2017
Minister for Courts Georgina te Heuheu 2008–2011
Chester Borrows 2011–2014
Amy Adams 2014–2017
Minister for Social Development Paula Bennett 2008–2014
Anne Tolley 2014–2017
Minister of Fisheries Phil Heatley 2008–2011
Minister for Ethnic Affairs Pansy Wong 2008–2010
Hekia Parata 2011–2011
Judith Collins 2011–2014
Minister for Ethnic Communities Sam Lotu-Iiga 2014–2016
Judith Collins 2016–2017
Minister of Immigration Jonathan Coleman 2008–2011
Nathan Guy 2011-2014
Michael Woodhouse 2014–2017
Minister of Labour Kate Wilkinson 2008–2013
Simon Bridges 2013–2014
Minister for Workplace Health & Safety Michael Woodhouse 2014–2017
Minister of Internal Affairs Amy Adams 2011–2012
Chris Tremain 2012–2014
Peter Dunne 2014–2017
Minister of Local Government Nick Smith 2011–2012
David Carter 2012–2013
Chris Tremain 2013–2014
Paula Bennett 2014–2015
Sam Lotu-Iiga 2015–2016
Anne Tolley 2016–2017
Minister for Primary Industries David Carter 2011–2013
Nathan Guy 2013–2017
Minister for Arts, Culture & Heritage Maggie Barry 2014–2017

Ministers outside Cabinet

MinistryMinisterTerm(s)
Minister of Customs Maurice Williamson 2008 – 2014
Nicky Wagner 2014 – 2017
Tim Macindoe 2017
Minister of Internal Affairs Richard Worth 2008 – June 2009
Nathan Guy June 2009 – 2011
Peter Dunne January 2014 – 2017
Minister of Civil Defence John Carter 2008 – July 2011
Craig Foss July 2011 – December 2011
Chris Tremain December 2011 – April 2012
Nikki Kaye December 2011 – December 2016
Gerry Brownlee December 2016 – May 2017
Nathan Guy May 2017 - October 2017
Minister of Local Government Rodney Hide 2008 – 2011
Minister of Consumer Affairs Heather Roy 2008 – 2010
John Boscawen 2010 – May 2011
Chris Tremain 2011 – 2014
Minister of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Paul Goldsmith October 2014 – December 2016
Jacqui Dean December 2016 - 2017
Minister of Māori Affairs Pita Sharples 2008 – 2014
Minister of Māori Development Te Ururoa Flavell 2014 – 2017
Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector Tariana Turia 2008 – 2011
Jo Goodhew 2011 – 2014
Alfred Ngaro December 2016 - 2017
Minister of Revenue Peter Dunne 2008 – 2013
Todd McClay 2013 – 2015
Michael Woodhouse 2015 - 2016
Judith Collins 2016 - 2017

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