Tauranga is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Tauranga is Simon Bridges of the National Party, who won the seat in the 2008 New Zealand general election, after the previous MP, Bob Clarkson of the National Party, retired.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Simon Joseph Bridges is a New Zealand politician and lawyer who has served as the Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Leader of the Opposition since 27 February 2018. He has been the Member of Parliament for Tauranga since the 2008 election. A self-described "compassionate conservative", Bridges has served in several Cabinet portfolios, including those of Minister of Transport (2014–2017) and Minister of Economic Development (2016–2017). He took the role of Leader of the House from May to October 2017.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Tauranga, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The electorate includes Tauranga, Mt Maunganui and Omanu Beach, but excluding Hairini, Maungatapu, Matapihi and Welcome Bay.
Tauranga electorate was created for the 1881 election, which determined the composition of the 8th Parliament. Initially, it existed until the 1890 election and during that time, it was represented by four MPs.
The New Zealand general election of 1881 was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.
The 1881 election was hotly contested. Four candidates were nominated: George Morris, who had previously represented the East Coast electorate; George Vesey Stewart, then the owner of the Bay of Plenty Times ; William Kelly, who had also previously represented the East Coast electorate; and Henry Thomas Rowe, a surveyor and commission agent.Rowe announced his retirement from the contest on 6 December three days out from election day, urging his supporters to vote for Stewart instead. The unofficial results were released the day after the election (Saturday, 10 December) and Morris had a majority of 13 votes over Stewart, with the official declaration to be made on 12 December. This was deferred until 14 December, with Morris ahead by 10 votes. Stewart stood for the Tauranga mayoralty a few months later and was elected the town's first mayor.
George Bentham Morris was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the Gisborne and Bay of Plenty regions of New Zealand.
East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Anne Tolley of the National Party, who has held office since 2005.
George Vesey Stewart (1832–1920) was a notable New Zealand farmer, coloniser and local politician. He was born in Brighton, Sussex, England in about 1832.
Morris was re-elected in the 1884 election, but resigned in April 1885, as he had been appointed to the Legislative Council.The resulting by-election on 22 May 1885 was won by John Sheehan, who died on 12 June 1885. The second 1885 by-election on 11 July was won by Lawrence Grace, who represented the electorate until the end of the term in 1887. The 1887 election was won by William Kelly, who represented the electorate until the end of the term in 1890, at which time the electorate was abolished.
The New Zealand general election of 1884 was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. In 11 seats there was only one candidate.
The Legislative Council of New Zealand existed from 1841 until 1951. When New Zealand became a colony in 1841 the Legislative Council was established as the country's first legislature; it was reconstituted as the upper house of a bicameral legislature when New Zealand became self-governing in 1852.
John Sheehan was a 19th-century New Zealand politician. He was the first New Zealand-born Member of Parliament elected by a general electorate and he was the first New Zealand-born person to hold cabinet rank.
The electorate was recreated in 1908.William Herries was the first representative, elected at the 1908 election; he had since the 1896 election represented the Bay of Plenty electorate. He became a member of the Reform Party when it formed itself in the following year. Herries represented the electorate until his death on 22 February 1923.
Sir William Herbert Herries was an English-born New Zealand politician.
The 1908 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 17 November, 24 November and 1 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 2 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 17th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 537,003 (79.8%) voters turned out to vote.
The New Zealand general election of 1896 was held on Wednesday, 4 December in the general electorates, and on Thursday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 74 MPs to the 13th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 337,024 (76.1%) voters turned out to vote.
The resulting 1923 by-election was won by Charles MacMillan, who also represented the Reform Party. MacMillan won the three subsequent general electionsbefore he was beaten in the 1935 election by Labour's Charles Harris Burnett. At the next election held in 1938, Burnett was beaten by National's Frederick Doidge, who held the electorate until his retirement in 1951.
Doidge was succeeded by George Walsh, who won the 1951 election. Walsh served for seven terms and retired in 1972. Keith Allen was the next representative, first elected in 1972 and an MP until his death shortly before the 1984 election.
Allen's death did not cause a by-election, as it occurred within six months of the next general election. The 1984 election was won by Winston Peters, who had previously represented the Hunua electorate. In 1990 until March 1991, Peters was Minister of Māori Affairs,but he was sacked from Cabinet by Prime Minister Jim Bolger in October 1991 after repeatedly criticising his National Party leadership. Peters remained as a National backbencher, continuing to criticise the party. In late 1992, when the National Party was considering possible candidates for the elections in the following year, it was decided that Peters would not be allowed to seek renomination for the Tauranga electorate. Peters unsuccessfully challenged this decision in the High Court, and in early 1993, he chose to resign from the party and from Parliament. This prompted a by-election in Tauranga some months before the scheduled general election. Peters stood as an independent and won with over 90% of the vote, assisted by the major parties not standing candidates against him. Shortly before the 1993 election, Peters established New Zealand First and retained the Tauranga electorate. He continued to represent Tauranga until he was defeated in the 2005 election by National's Bob Clarkson.
Clarkson's defeat of Winston Peters was significant, as this resulted in New Zealand First losing its only electorate seat. The party still gained parliamentary representation by polling over the five percent threshold, however. Clarkson retired at the end of the parliamentary term. He was succeeded by National's Simon Bridges, who won the 2008 election, with Peters coming a distant second.Bridges was re-elected in 2011.
Independent Reform Labour National NZ First United Future
|1881 election||George Morris|
|1885 by-election||John Sheehan|
|1885 by-election||Lawrence Grace|
|1887 election||William Kelly|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1908)|
|1908 election||William Herries|
|1923 by-election||Charles MacMillan|
|1935 election||Charles Harris Burnett|
|1938 election||Frederick Doidge|
|1951 election||George Walsh|
|1972 election||Keith Allen|
|1984 election||Winston Peters|
|2005 election||Bob Clarkson|
|2008 election||Simon Bridges|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tauranga electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Katherine O'Regan|
|1999 election||Margaret Wilson|
|2002 election||Larry Baldock|
|2005 election||Winston Peters|
|2011 election||Brendan Horan|
|2014 election||Clayton Mitchell|
|2017 election||Jan Tinetti|
|2017 general election: Tauranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Clayton Mitchell||4,829||4,523|
|Māori||Joseph James Borell||267||211|
|United Future||Ben Rickard||64||40|
|Independent||Hugh E Robb||49|
|Total Valid votes||39,600||40,255|
|2014 general election: Tauranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Clayton Mitchell||5,851||16.07||+3.19||5,387||14.50||−0.40|
|Independent Coalition||Michael O'Neill||179||0.49||—||96||0.26||—|
|United Future||James Maxwell||87||0.24||—||94||0.25||−0.31|
|Total Valid votes||36,411||37,142|
|2011 general election: Tauranga|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Brendan Horan||4,611||12.88||-12.24||5,455||14.90||+4.78|
|Total Valid votes||35,786||36,620|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,133
|2008 general election: Tauranga|
|NZ First||Winston Peters||9,309||25.12||-14.47||3,804||10.12||-3.15|
|United Future||John D. Willocks||76||0.21||-3.46||257||0.68||-3.79|
|Bill and Ben||179||0.48|
|Total Valid votes||37,055||37,594|
|2005 general election: Tauranga|
|United Future||Larry Baldock||1,323||3.67||-1.39||1,636||4.47||-5.09|
|Progressive||Karandeep Singh Lall||164||0.45||+0.06||282||0.77||-0.02|
|Total Valid votes||36,091||36,573|
|National gain from NZ First||Majority||730||2.02||+38.37|
|2002 general election: Tauranga|
|United Future||Larry Baldock||1,647||5.06||+5.06||3,155||9.56||+9.56|
|Green||Ian G. Douglas||870||2.67||-0.68||1,865||5.65||+0.84|
|Christian Heritage||Margaret Canter-Leighton||207||0.64||-1.55||342||1.04||-1.75|
|Total Valid votes||32,550||32,989|
|NZ First hold||Majority||10,362||31.83||+31.65|
|1999 general election: Tauranga|
|Future NZ||Larry Baldock||1,456||4.31||+4.31||1,182||3.48||+3.48|
|Christian Heritage||Frank Grover||738||2.18||+2.18||945||2.78||+2.78|
|Total Valid votes||33,781||33,951|
|NZ First hold||Majority||63||0.19||−20.93|
|1996 general election: Tauranga|
|Christian Coalition||Kel Steiner||1,679||4.42||+4.42||2,612||6.85|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Graeme Cairns||310||0.82||-0.05||109||0.29|
|Natural Law||Helen Treadwell||72||0.19||−0.07||19||0.05|
|Te Tawharau||Steven Te Kani||31||0.08||+0.08||94||0.01|
|Superannuitants & Youth||62||0.16|
|Total Valid votes||38,015||38,118|
|NZ First hold||Majority||8028||21.12||−13.57|
|NZ First||Winston Peters||12,638||55.33||-35.39|
|Christian Heritage||Barbara Smith||331||1.45|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Greg Pittams||198||0.87||-1.28|
|Natural Law||Jacqueline Hughes||59||0.26|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Greg Pittams||271||2.15|
|Silent Majority||P R Watson||184||1.46|
|Natural Law||Lynne Lee||101||0.80|
|Blokes' Liberation Front||R S Tengblad||29||0.23|
|Aotearoa Partnership||Raymond Campbell||25||0.20|
|Christ's Ambassadors Union||Victor Bryers||24||0.19|
|Social Credit||Trevor Powell||287||1.35|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Richard Barr||141||0.66|
|Labour||J M Seddon||8,805||41.78|
|NZ Party||David Parlour||4,804||20.90|
|Labour||T E Howard||4,667||20.30|
|Social Credit||Paul Hills||3,793||16.50||-17.19|
|Labour||Charles Harris Burnett||3,602||35.06|
|Country Party||Albert Robinson||2,243||21.83|
|Democrat||Charles Thomas McFarlane||806||7.84|
|Country Party||Frank Colbeck||1,803||24.24||+1.26|
|Labour||D. C. Chalmers||2,607||34.08|
|Country Party||Frank Colbeck||1,758||22.98|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||3,235||42.59|
|Independent||George Vesey Stewart||371||35.23|
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