1853 New Zealand provincial elections

Last updated

New Zealand's Provinces in 1853 New Zealand in 1852.svg
New Zealand's Provinces in 1853

The 1853 New Zealand provincial elections were the first elections in New Zealand to elect members and superintendents to the newly created Provinces of New Zealand. The elections were held between July and September 1853, at the same time as the 1853 New Zealand general elections for the central government, which were held between July and October. The provincial elections had higher voter turnouts than the general elections, with the elections for provincial superintendents (where they were contested) having the highest voter turnout. [1]

Contents

Results

Provincial councils

Auckland

The Auckland Provincial Council was originally made up by 24 members from six electorates: City of Auckland (6), Suburbs of Auckland (4), Pensioner Settlements (4), Northern Division (4), Southern Division (4), and Bay of Islands (2). [2]

Electoral districtWinnerVotes (rank)Date
Northern Division Allan O'Neill [3] 208 (1)1 August 1853
Northern Division Patrick Dignan [3] 204 (2)1 August 1853
Northern Division James Hill [3] [4] 168 (3)1 August 1853
Northern Division Patrick Donovan [3] 162 (4)1 August 1853
City of Auckland James Thomas Boylan [5] [6] 575 (1)20 July 1853
City of Auckland Thomas Bartley [6] 513 (2)20 July 1853
City of Auckland Robert Mitchell [6] 485 (3)20 July 1853
City of Auckland James O'Neill [6] 448 (4)20 July 1853
City of Auckland James Derrom [6] 367 (5)20 July 1853
City of Auckland Andrew O'Brien [6] 363 (6)20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland William Field Porter [6] 86 (1)20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland William Connell [6] 84 (2)20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland John Watson Bain [6] 75 (3)20 July 1853
Suburbs of Auckland John Anderson Gilfillan [6] 72 (4)20 July 1853
Southern Division Joseph Newman [7] 244 (1)1 August 1853
Southern Division James Dilworth [7] 222 (2)1 August 1853
Southern Division William Innes Taylor [7] [8] 209 (3)1 August 1853
Southern Division James Macky [7] 189 (4)1 August 1853
Pensioner Settlements Francis Charles Lewis [9] 342 (1)22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements Joseph Brennan [9] 296 (2)22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements William Powditch [9] 291 (3)22 July 1853
Pensioner Settlements John Williamson [9] 263 (4)22 July 1853
Bay of Islands James Busby [10] [5] unopposed27 July 1853
Bay of Islands George Clarke [10] unopposed27 July 1853

New Plymouth

The New Plymouth Provincial Council (with the province later known as Taranaki Province) was originally made up by nine members from three electorates: Town of New Plymouth (2), Grey and Bell (4), and Omata (3). [11]

Electoral districtWinnerVotes (rank)Date
Town of New Plymouth Isaac Newton Watt [12] 71 (1)20 August 1853
Town of New Plymouth Samuel Vickers [12] 61 (2)20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Peter Elliott [12] 119 (1)20 August 1853
Grey and Bell George Cutfield [12] 108 (2)20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Robert Parris [13] [12] 106 (3)20 August 1853
Grey and Bell Richard Chilman [12] 98 (4)20 August 1853
Omata Thomas Good [12] 57 (1)20 August 1853
Omata Richard Rundle [12] 57 (2)20 August 1853
Omata George Burton [12] 36 (3)20 August 1853

Wellington

Poster for the Wellington Provincial Council elections in 1853. Wellington Provincial Council elections, 1853.jpg
Poster for the Wellington Provincial Council elections in 1853.
Poster for Wakelin, a populist candidate in Wellington; note the opposition to the "importers of Chinese slaves" and "flour monopolists" To workingmen. Fellow workmen - If you wish to have cheap land and small farms, cheap food and fair wages, few taxes and plenty to do ... you will vote for Wakelin, the poor man's friend. Rush to the (5016183926).jpg
Poster for Wakelin, a populist candidate in Wellington; note the opposition to the "importers of Chinese slaves" and "flour monopolists"

The Wellington Provincial Council was originally made up by eighteen members from five electorates: City of Wellington (7), Wellington Country (3), Hutt (4), Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay (2), and Wanganui and Rangitikei (2). [14]

Electoral districtWinnerDate
Hutt Alfred Renall [15] 13 August 1853 [16]
Hutt Alfred Ludlam [15] 13 August 1853 [16]
Hutt Edward Gibbon Wakefield [15] 13 August 1853 [16]
Hutt George Hart [15] 13 August 1853 [16]
Wanganui and Rangitikei Henry Shafto Harrison [17] 27 August 1853 [17]
Wanganui and Rangitikei William Hogg Watt [18] [19] 27 August 1853 [17]
Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay Samuel Revans [20] 10 August 1853 [21]
Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay Donald Gollan [15] 10 August 1853 [17]
City of Wellington Charles Clifford [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington John Dorset [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington William Fitzherbert [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington George Moore [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington John Wallace [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington William Lyon [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
City of Wellington Kenneth Bethune [20] 9 August 1853 [22]
Wellington Country Alfred Brandon [20] 11 August 1853 [23]
Wellington Country Robert Waitt [20] 11 August 1853 [23]
Wellington Country Andrew Brown [20] 11 August 1853 [23]

Nelson

The Nelson Provincial Council was originally made up by fifteen members from seven electorates: Town of Nelson (5), Waimea East (2), Waimea South (2), Wairau (2), Motueka and Massacre Bay (2), Waimea West (1), and Suburban Districts (1). [24]

Electoral districtWinnerVotes (rank)Date
Town of Nelson Donald Sinclair [25] 161 (1)10 August 1853
Town of Nelson Thomas Renwick [25] 160 (2)10 August 1853
Town of Nelson William Hough [25] 132 (3)10 August 1853
Town of Nelson George Frederick Bush [25] 114 (4)10 August 1853
Town of Nelson Henry Adams [25] 110 (5)10 August 1853
Waimea EastFrancis Otterson [26] unopposed2 August 1853
Waimea East John Barnicoat [26] unopposed2 August 1853
Waimea South Edward Baigent [27] 72 (1)18 August 1853
Waimea South John Saxton [27] 35 (2)18 August 1853
Wairau Charles Elliott [28] unopposed10 August 1853
Wairau Joseph Ward [28] unopposed10 August 1853
Motueka and Massacre Bay Samuel Stephens [29] 48 (1)19 August 1853
Motueka and Massacre Bay Charles Parker [29] 36 (2)19 August 1853
Waimea West David Monro [30] unopposed3 August 1853
Suburban Districts James Mackay [31] unopposed10 August 1853

Canterbury

The Canterbury Provincial Council was originally made up by twelve members from four electorates: Town of Christchurch (3), Christchurch Country District (4), Town of Lyttelton (3), and Akaroa (2). [32] In Akaroa, there was a draw for second place between Rev. William Aylmer and William Sefton Moorhouse. The returning officer gave his vote to Aylmer; [33] Moorhouse had a week earlier been elected to the House of Representatives beating Rhodes. [34]

Electoral districtWinnerVotes (rank)Date
Town of Christchurch Thomas Cass [35] 77 (1)3 September 1853
Town of Christchurch Samuel Bealey [35] 74 (2)3 September 1853
Town of Christchurch Richard Packer [35] 71 (3)3 September 1853
Christchurch Country Charles Simeon [36] 158 (1)10 September 1853
Christchurch Country Henry Tancred [36] 154 (2)10 September 1853
Christchurch Country John Hall [36] 151 (3)10 September 1853
Christchurch Country Charles Bowen [36] 132 (4)10 September 1853
Town of Lyttelton Isaac Cookson [37] 66 (1)31 August 1853 [37]
Town of Lyttelton William John Warburton Hamilton [37] 64 (2)31 August 1853 [37]
Town of Lyttelton Christopher Edward Dampier [37] 60 (3)31 August 1853 [37]
Akaroa Robert Heaton Rhodes [33] 27 (1)31 August 1853
Akaroa Rev. William Aylmer [33] 24 (2)31 August 1853

Otago

The Otago Provincial Council was originally made up by nine members from two electorates: Town of Dunedin (3) and Dunedin Country District (6). [38]

Electoral districtWinnerVotes (rank)Date
Town of Dunedin William Cutten [39] 54 (1)20 September 1853
Town of Dunedin James Adam [39] 50 (2)20 September 1853
Town of Dunedin Alexander Rennie [39] 39 (3)20 September 1853
Dunedin Country District John Hyde Harris [40] 146 (1)28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District James Macandrew [40] 118 (2)28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District William Reynolds [40] 114 (3)28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District John Gillies [40] 111 (4)28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District Archibald Anderson [40] 97 (5)28 September 1853
Dunedin Country District Edward McGlashan [40] 94 (6)28 September 1853

Superintendent elections

ProvinceElection dateIncumbentWinnerRunner-upThird placeDate sworn in
Auckland 30 June 1853 [41] Office established Robert Wynyard William Brown None12 July 1853
New Plymouth 16 July 1853Office established Charles Brown [42] William HalseJohn T. Wicksteed16 July 1853
Wellington Office established Isaac Featherston Elected unopposed2 July 1853
Nelson Office established Edward Stafford [43] John Saxton Francis Jollie 1 August 1853
Canterbury Office established James FitzGerald [44] James Campbell Henry Tancred 20 July 1853
Otago Office established William Cargill Elected unopposed26 December 1853

Notes

  1. Brett 2016, p. 271.
  2. Scholefield 1950, p. 179.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 763. 6 August 1853. p. 3.
  4. "Page 3 Advertisements Column 3". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  5. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 182.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 4 "The Southern Cross". Daily Southern Cross . Vol. X, no. 638. 9 August 1853. p. 2.
  8. "Province of Auckland". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 772. 7 September 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Provincial Council Elections". New Zealander. Vol. 9, no. 759. 23 July 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  10. 1 2 "The Elections". Daily Southern Cross . Vol. X, no. 635. 29 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  11. Scholefield 1950, p. 229.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Editorial". Taranaki Herald. Vol. II, no. 56. 24 August 1853. p. 2.
  13. Scholefield 1950, p. 233.
  14. Scholefield 1950, p. 234.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 "Hutt election". New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian. Vol. IX, no. 840. 20 August 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  16. 1 2 3 4 "Hutt election". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  17. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 238.
  18. "Untitled". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 824. 3 September 1853. p. 3.
  19. "Whanganui". Taranaki Herald. Vol. II, no. 60. 21 September 1853. p. 3.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Editorial". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2.
  21. Scholefield 1950, p. 239.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Election of members for the provincial council of Wellington". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 817. 10 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  23. 1 2 3 "Election for the Wellington Provincial Council". Wellington Independent. Vol. VIII, no. 818. 13 August 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  24. Scholefield 1950, p. 209.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 "Election of members for the Provincial Council for the Town of Nelson". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  26. 1 2 "Election of provincial councillors for Waimea East". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  27. 1 2 "Election of two members from Waimea South to serve in the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 598. 20 August 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  28. 1 2 "Election of two members to represent the Wairau in the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  29. 1 2 "Motueka election". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 599. 27 August 1853. p. 4. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  30. "Election of member for the Waimea West". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  31. "Election of member for the Suburban Districts for the Provincial Council". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XII, no. 597. 13 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  32. Scholefield 1950, p. 187.
  33. 1 2 3 "Akaroa election". Lyttelton Times . Vol. III, no. 139. 3 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  34. "Christchurch". Lyttelton Times . Vol. III, no. 138. 27 August 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  35. 1 2 3 "Christchurch election". Lyttelton Times . Vol. III, no. 140. 10 September 1853. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  36. 1 2 3 4 "The Lyttelton Times". Lyttelton Times . Vol. III, no. 141. 17 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Lyttelton election". Lyttelton Times . Vol. III, no. 139. 3 September 1853. p. 6. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  38. Scholefield 1950, p. 215.
  39. 1 2 3 "Election of the provincial council for the Town of Dunedin". Otago Witness . No. 123. 24 September 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  40. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Election of the provincial council for the Country District". Otago Witness . No. 124. 1 October 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  41. "Daily Southern Cross". Vol. X, no. 627. 1 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  42. "The Taranaki Herald". Vol. I, no. 51. 20 July 1853. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  43. Brett 2016, p. 60.
  44. Brett 2016, p. 63.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Sefton Moorhouse</span> British-born New Zealand politician

William Sefton Moorhouse was a British-born New Zealand politician. He was the second Superintendent of Canterbury Province.

Alfred Christopher Picard was a 19th-century New Zealand politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Travers (New Zealand politician)</span> New Zealand lawyer, politician, explorer, naturalist and photographer (1819–1903)

William Thomas Locke Travers was a New Zealand lawyer, politician, explorer, and naturalist.

The 2nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 15 April 1856, following New Zealand's 1855 election. It was dissolved on 5 November 1860 in preparation for 1860–61 election. The 2nd Parliament was the first under which New Zealand had responsible government, meaning that unlike previously, the Cabinet was chosen by Parliament rather than by the Governor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Elliott (New Zealand politician)</span> New Zealand politician

Charles Elliott was a New Zealand politician and newspaper proprietor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1879 New Zealand general election</span> Elections

The 1879 New Zealand general election was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nelson (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in Nelson, New Zealand

Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.

Samuel Stephens was a 19th-century surveyor and New Zealand politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arthur Seymour (politician)</span>

Arthur Penrose Seymour was a 19th-century New Zealand politician from Picton. He was the 4th Superintendent of the Marlborough Province and was a member of the provincial government for all 16 years of its existence. With his strong advocacy for Picton, he successfully had the Seat of Government moved to Picton. When the Blenheim party secured a majority in the Provincial Council by 1865, Seymour negotiated the removal of the Seat of Government back to Blenheim.

Wairau was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand. It was one of the initial 24 New Zealand electorates and existed from 1853 until its abolition in 1938, when it was succeeded by the Marlborough electorate. The electorate had 13 representatives during its existence. The 1861 election in the Wairau electorate was notable in that a later Premier, Frederick Weld, was unexpectedly and narrowly defeated by William Henry Eyes.

Waimea was a parliamentary electorate in the Nelson Province of New Zealand, from 1853 to 1887. Initially represented by two members, it was a single-member electorate from 1861.

Richard Packer was a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament from 1856–1859 representing the Town of Christchurch electorate. He was also a member of the Canterbury Provincial Council, including its treasurer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Isaac Cookson (politician)</span> New Zealand politician

Isaac Thomas Cookson (1817–1870) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Canterbury, New Zealand. He was a prominent merchant in early Canterbury.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Ollivier</span>

John Ollivier was a Member of Parliament in New Zealand, but was better known for his membership of the Canterbury Provincial Council. He was the second chairman of the Christchurch Town Council.

The 4th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward Baigent</span>

Edward Baigent was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from Nelson, New Zealand. He was one of the most successful saw-millers of the region, and his company existed for well over 100 years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joseph Ward (Marlborough politician)</span>

Joseph Ward was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from Marlborough, New Zealand.

The 7th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Barnicoat</span>

John Wallis Barnicoat was an English civil engineer and surveyor who emigrated to New Zealand. In his chosen homeland, he became a local politician in Nelson. Towards the end of his life, he was a member of the New Zealand Legislative Council for 19 years.

The 1885 Waimea by-election was a by-election held on 3 June 1885 in the Waimea electorate during the 9th New Zealand Parliament.

References