Auckland Province

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Auckland Province
Porowini o Tamaki Makaurau
Auckland in New Zealand (1873).svg
Auckland Province within New Zealand
CountryNew Zealand
Island North Island
Named for Baron Auckland
Seat Auckland

35°54′S174°20′E / 35.900°S 174.333°E / -35.900; 174.333 The Auckland Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876.



The province covered roughly half of the North Island of New Zealand. It was the largest of the six initial provinces, both by area and population. The southern boundary was mostly along the 39th latitude, which was an arbitrary line, as the country's interior was little known by Europeans. [1] It was not subdivided during its existence; [1] the Taranaki Province (originally named New Plymouth Province) [2] was the only other that remained unchanged during its existence.


The six original provinces were established in 1853. At that time, about 30,000 Europeans were living in New Zealand, a third of them in the Auckland Province. An estimated 70% of the Māori population was within the Auckland Province. Although the population of Otago Province (triggered by the Central Otago Gold Rush) and then also the Canterbury Province surpassed Auckland's, the northernmost area of the country became most populous again by 1901. [1]

The provincial system was abolished in 1876. Auckland Province was from then used as an administrative district by the Department of Lands and Survey, but the area was later subdivided into the North Auckland, South Auckland, and Gisborne land districts. The 39th latitude was subsequently replaced by boundaries that took landforms into account, and as a consequence, parts of the former Auckland Province are now in the Wellington and Hawke's Bay land districts, and part of the former Wellington Province is in the South Auckland Land District. [1]

Anniversary Day

New Zealand law provides a public holiday for each province's anniversary day. Auckland Anniversary Day generally occurs in late January, on the Monday closest to 29 January, and is still observed throughout the historic province.

Auckland Provincial Council

Auckland Provincial Council was the elected body of Auckland Province. From its second session onwards, the council used the General Assembly House for its meetings. It shared the use of this building with the New Zealand Parliament from 1854 until 1864 during the time that Auckland was the capital of New Zealand. From 1858, the province owned the building, but continued to make it available to parliament. [3]


The Auckland Province had nine Superintendents: [4] [5]

112 July 18535 January 1855 Robert Wynyard
215 March 1855Nov 1855 William Brown
315 November 185517 September 1856 John Logan Campbell
411 November 1856Dec 1862 John Williamson
511 December 186222 September 1865 Robert Graham
625 October 18652 March 1867 Frederick Whitaker
(4)18 April 1867Dec 1869John Williamson (2nd time)
72 December 1869Nov 1873 Thomas Gillies
(4)20 November 187316 February 1875John Williamson (3rd time)
8Feb 1875Mar 1875 Maurice O'Rorke
924 March 18751 January 1877 George Grey


The Provincial Council had three Speakers: [6]

118531857 Thomas Bartley
218571865 William Powditch
318651876 Maurice O'Rorke


In 1853 the province had 6 electorates, with 24 members: [7]

For its last session of 1873–76, it had 43 members: [8]



  1. Swan died on 15 March 1875
  2. Davies replaced Swan in a by-election held on 5 April 1875


  1. 1 2 3 4 McLintock, A.H., ed. (22 April 2009) [First published in 1966]. "Auckland Province and Provincial Districts". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  2. McLintock, A.H., ed. (22 April 2009) [First published in 1966]. "Taranaki: Province and Provincial Districts". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga . Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 314.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 179.
  5. "Provinces 1848–77". Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  6. Scholefield 1950, p. 180.
  7. "Proclamation". Daily Southern Cross . Vol. X, no. 602. 5 April 1853. p. 3. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  8. "The Provincial Council". Auckland Star . Vol. IV, no. 1206. 15 December 1873. p. 2. Retrieved 23 May 2021.

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