|32nd Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||21 January 1958 – 28 October 1960|
|Election||1957 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Second Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Robert Macfarlane|
|Prime Minister||Walter Nash|
|Leader of the Opposition||Keith Holyoake|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE The Viscount Cobham|
The 32nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1957 general election on 30 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.
The 1957 general election was held on Saturday, 30 November.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 51 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was a gain of one electorate for the North Island from the South Island since the 1954 election. 1,252,329 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 92.9%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 32nd Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1958), and was prorogued on 28 October 1960.
|first||21 January 1958||31 January 1958|
|second||10 June 1958||3 October 1958|
|third||24 June 1959||23 October 1959|
|fourth||22 June 1960||28 October 1960|
The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election as the first National Government, and Holland remained in charge until he stepped down due to ill health in September 1957 some two months prior to the 1957 election. Holland was succeeded by Keith Holyoake, but the Labour Party narrowly defeated National at the 1957 election, and the government changed in mid-December of that year. Walter Nash formed the Nash Ministry, which was in power from 12 December 1957 until the defeat of the second Labour Government at the next election in 1960.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1957 election and at dissolution:
|At 1957 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||2||2|
The table below shows the results of the 1957 general election:
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||1,769||G Glassey|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||3,856||Aileen Joyce|
|Avon||John Mathison||6,100||W E Olds|
|Awarua||George Herron||Gordon Grieve||1,636||J P Wyatt|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||910||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||2,677||N L Bensenmann|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||4,071||Colin McLachlan|
|Clutha||James Roy||1,490||T A Rodgers|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||1,778||Marcus Anderson|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||3,408||G R Terry|
|Eden||Duncan Rae||498||Ian Watkins|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||William Sheat||2,697||Clarence Robert Parker|
|Fendalton||Sidney Holland||Jack Watts||824||L G G White|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||Alfred E. Allen||4,241||Christopher Mountford|
|Gisborne||Reginald Keeling||1,182||A H MacPherson|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||5,785||Bernard Griffiths|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||1,110||Ben Waters|
|Hastings||Edwin Keating||1,070||Arthur Heafy Sievewright|
|Hauraki||Arthur Kinsella||1,161||Brevat William Dynes|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||2,858||Leonard Thomas Fischer|
|Heretaunga||Phil Holloway||5,117||Allan McCready|
|Hobson||Sidney Smith||3,134||Colin Moyle|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||1,749||L Christie|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||4,430||Lance Adams-Schneider|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||679||T F Doyle|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||4,209||Saul Goldsmith|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||3,061||Keith Spry|
|Lyttelton||Harry Lake||Norman Kirk||567||Harry Lake|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||Blair Tennent||1,575||Patrick Kelliher|
|Manukau||Leon Götz||159||Cyril Douglas Stamp|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||1,782||Roy Evans|
|Marsden||Donald McKay||2,088||Mervyn Allan Hosking|
|Miramar||Bill Fox||2,077||Clevedon Costello|
|Mornington||Walter Hudson||2,817||Walter MacDougall|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,987||Geoffrey Taylor|
|Napier||Jim Edwards||2,413||Raymond Vincent Foster|
|Nelson||Edgar Neale||Stanley Whitehead||509||Colin Wilson Martin|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||657||Ron Barclay|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||462||Peter Lawrence Smith|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||5,686||Donald Watson|
|Onslow||Henry May||2,675||Kevin O'Brien|
|Otago Central||John George||2,788||J H Rapson|
|Otahuhu||James Deas||3,442||Robert Haszard|
|Otaki||James Maher||1,122||Cyril Shamy|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,020||William Erle Rose|
|Palmerston North||Philip Skoglund||1,348||Bill Brown|
|Patea||Roy Jack||902||Benjamin R. Winchcombe|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||4,159||Dan Riddiford|
|Piako||New electorate||William Goosman||3,812||Alistair Walker|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||6,592||Gordon Frederick Smith|
|Raglan||Hallyburton Johnstone||Douglas Carter||161||Alan Baxter|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||2,983||Stephen Malcolm Roberton|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||4,766||Russell Gordon Penney|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||2,867||Deena V. Sergel|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||3,112||George Webber|
|Roskill||John Rae||Arthur Faulkner||2,117||John Rae|
|Rotorua||Ray Boord||2,009||Alistair Murray Linton|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||1,731||S S M Cook|
|St Albans||Jack Watts||Neville Pickering||501||Eric Philip Wills|
|St Kilda||Jim Barnes||Bill Fraser||791||Jim Barnes|
|Stratford||Thomas Murray||3,172||J M Deegan|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||6,450||Oliver G. Moody|
|Tamaki||Eric Halstead||Bob Tizard||589||Eric Halstead|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||3,342||Oliver Liddell|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||2,954||Alfred James Davey|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||2,013||Arthur John Ingram|
|Waipa||William Goosman||Hallyburton Johnstone||1,813||Albert Clifford Tucker|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||1,058||Bob Wilkie|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||3,682||Leonard George Bradley|
|Waitaki||New electorate||Thomas Hayman||1,618||A G Braddock|
|Waitemata||Norman King||2,191||Robert Muldoon|
|Waitomo||David Seath||2,474||Vic Haines|
|Wallace||Tom Macdonald||Brian Talboys||4,319||J S Reid|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||1,419||Mrs A K MacLean|
|Wellington Central||Frank Kitts||1,685||Max Wall|
|Westland||James Kent||4,745||Francis Frederick Boustridge|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||4,197||W. Maxwell|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paikea||4,310||Timothy James Davis|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||4,383||Thomas Stratton|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||5,553||Pei Te Hurinui Jones|
There was one by-election during the term of the 32nd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Hamilton||1959||2 May||Hilda Ross||Death||Lance Adams-Schneider|
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.
The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.
The 40th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1981 elections, and it sat until the 1984 elections.
The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.
The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.
The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.
The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.
The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.
The 35th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1966 general election on 26 November of that year.
The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.
The 38th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1975 general election on 29 November of that year.
The 37th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1972 general election on 25 November of that year.
Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.