|31st Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||22 March 1955 – 25 October 1957|
|Election||1954 New Zealand general election|
|Government||First National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Matthew Oram|
|Prime Minister|| Keith Holyoake |
––Sidney Holland until 20 September 1957
|Leader of the Opposition||Walter Nash|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Norrie|
The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
The 1954 general election was held on Saturday, 13 November.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 50 represented North Island electorates, 26 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was a gain of one electorate for the North Island from the South Island since the 1951 election. 1,209,670 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 91.4%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 31st Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 25 October 1957.
|first||22 March 1955||28 October 1955|
|second||4 April 1956||26 October 1956|
|third||11 June 1957||25 October 1957|
The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election, and Holland remained in charge until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health in September 1957 some two months prior to the 1957 election. Holland was succeeded by Keith Holyoake, but the Labour Party narrowly defeated National at the 1957 election, and the government changed in mid-December of that year.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1954 election and at dissolution:
|At 1954 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||10||10|
The table below shows the results of the 1954 general election:
National Labour Independent Social Credit
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the Parliament of New Zealand, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||2,292||G Glassey|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||4,093||John Weir Stewart|
|Avon||John Mathison||4,955||A N Stone|
|Awarua||George Herron||3,172||J P Wyatt|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||3,062||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||3,348||D M Carson|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||John George||2,074||P J Scott|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||3,395||Oliver G. Moody|
|Clutha||James Roy||1,490||T A Rodgers|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||330||Marcus Anderson|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,791||Helen Black|
|Eden||Wilfred Fortune||Duncan Rae||8||John Stewart|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||2,977||Roy Evans|
|Fendalton||Sidney Holland||3,004||R H McDonald|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||4,587||Percival Peacock|
|Gisborne||Harry Dudfield||Reginald Keeling||521||Harry Dudfield|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||4,807||Thomas McGowan|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||1,430||Ben Waters|
|Hastings||Sydney Jones||Edwin Keating||252||Sydney Jones|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||Arthur Kinsella||2,659||Brevat William Dynes|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||3,109||A Stafford|
|Heretaunga||New electorate||Phil Holloway||5,058||Allan McCready|
|Hobson||Sidney Smith||2,584||Cecil William Elvidge|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||2,395||Norman Kirk|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||3,681||Clevedon Costello|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||943||William Denham|
|Island Bay||Robert McKeen||Arnold Nordmeyer||3,824||John Maurice Whitta|
|Karori||Charles Bowden||Jack Marshall||1,811||Jim Bateman|
|Lyttelton||Harry Lake||24||Tom McGuigan|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||2,228||Patrick Kelliher|
|Manukau||New electorate||Leon Götz||3,072||Cyril Stamp|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||1,635||G A Turner|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||Donald McKay||872||Mervyn Allan Hosking|
|Miramar||Bob Semple||Bill Fox||1,527||Robert John McConnell|
|Mornington||Walter Hudson||3,886||Walter MacDougall|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,226||Robert Muldoon|
|Napier||Peter Tait||Jim Edwards||720||Peter Tait|
|Nelson||Edgar Neale||717||Stanley Whitehead|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||1,178||C R Parkes|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||1,395||Arthur Faulkner|
|Oamaru||Thomas Hayman||1,358||J H Rapson|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,389||Alfred E. Allen|
|Onslow||Henry May||519||Wilfred Fortune|
|Otahuhu||Leon Götz||James Deas||1,806||Leonard George Bradley|
|Otaki||James Maher||963||Ernest Langford|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||3,519||R Bell|
|Palmerston North||Blair Tennent||Philip Skoglund||346||Blair Tennant|
|Patea||William Sheat||Roy Jack||662||Benjamin R. Winchcombe|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||4,211||Fanny Elizabeth Soward|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||3,948||Harold Barry|
|Raglan||Hallyburton Johnstone||857||James Harrison Wilson|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||Norman Shelton||2,679||Stephen Malcolm Roberton|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||3,544||Bob Tizard|
|Riccarton||Angus McLagan||4,343||Balfour Grieve Dingwall|
|Rodney||Clifton Webb||Jack Scott||3,270||Arthur Hellyn|
|Roskill||John Rae||1,652||Elizabeth Morris|
|Rotorua||New electorate||Ray Boord||822||Percy Allen|
|St Albans||Jack Watts||608||Mick Connelly|
|St Kilda||Jim Barnes||114||Fred Jones|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||2,521||D Clinton|
|Stratford||New electorate||Thomas Murray||2,966||Brian Edgar Richmond|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||5,560||Mrs A Schumacher|
|Tamaki||Eric Halstead||1,986||Pat Curran|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||3,448||Oliver Liddell|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||1,423||V W Wilson|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||4,698||Albert Clifford Tucker|
|Waimate||(vacant)||Alfred Davey||1,438||Neville Pickering|
|Waipa||New electorate||William Goosman||4,435||Harold Francis Gallagher|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||1,691||Bob Wilkie|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||3,424||Jim McAllister|
|Waitemata||New electorate||Norman King||387||Hubert Morrison|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||David Seath||1,480||Vic Haines|
|Wallace||Tom Macdonald||4,466||J W Cleary|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||305||J S Rumbold|
|Wellington Central||Charles Chapman||Frank Kitts||627||Allan Highet|
|Westland||James Kent||3,605||Mark Wallace|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||3,094||Claude Anaru|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paikea||4,435||H. T. Waetford|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||2,864||Turi Carroll|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||6,637||William Rakeipoho Bennett|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 31st Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Riccarton||1956||27 October||Angus McLagan||Death||Mick Connelly|
|Bay of Plenty||1957||6 April||Bill Sullivan||Resignation||Percy Allen|
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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.