30th New Zealand Parliament

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30th Parliament of New Zealand
29th Parliament 31st Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term25 September 1951 – 1 October 1954
Election 1951 New Zealand general election
Government First National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 30th Parliament.png
Members80
Speaker of the House Matthew Oram
Prime Minister Sidney Holland
Leader of the Opposition Walter Nash
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
––HM George VI until 6 February 1952
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Norrie from 2 December 1952
––HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg until 15 August 1952

The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

1951 New Zealand general election

The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.

Contents

1951 general election

The 1951 general election was held on Saturday, 1 September. [1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election. [2] 1,205,762 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.1%. [1]

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

Sessions

The 30th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1954), and was prorogued on 4 October 1954. [3]

SessionOpenedAdjouned
first25 September 19516 December 1951
second25 June 195224 October 1952
third8 April 195327 November 1953
fourth12 January 195413 January 1954
fifth22 June 19541 October 1954

Ministries

The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election, and Holland remained in charge until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health. [4]

Sidney Holland New Zealand politician

Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.

1949 New Zealand general election

The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1951 election and at dissolution:

AffiliationMembers
At 1951 election At dissolution
National Government5050
Labour Opposition3030
Total
8080
Working Government majority2020

Notes

Initial composition of the 30th Parliament

The 1951 election saw the governing National Party re-elected with a twenty-seat margin, a substantial improvement on the twelve-seat margin it previously held. National won fifty seats compared with the Labour Party's thirty. [5] The popular vote was closer, however, with National winning 54% to Labour's 46%. [6] No seats were won by minor party candidates or by independents. [7] This was the last New Zealand general election in which any party has ever captured a majority of the popular vote. [6]

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.


Key
  Labour     National   

Electorate results for the 1951 New Zealand general election [8]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Arch Hill Bill Parry John Stewart 3,965Paddy Hope
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,867W E Rose
Auckland Central Bill Anderton 2,168Peter Gordon Hillyer
Avon John Mathison 4,212D W Russell
Awarua George Herron 3,755 Neville Pickering
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 4,047Thomas Godfrey Santon
Brooklyn Arnold Nordmeyer 1,826Charles William Clift
Buller Jerry Skinner 1,227Phil McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 3,620T A Rodgers
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 4,103Alma Schumacher
Clutha James Roy 3,583J M Sanders
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 373Walter MacDougall
Dunedin North Robert Walls 307 Donald Cameron
Eden Wilfred Fortune 2,802John Ronald Burfitt
Egmont Ernest Corbett 4,896Brian Edgar Richmond
Fendalton Sidney Holland 4,366P J Alley
Franklin Jack Massey 5,358 Arthur Faulkner
Gisborne Reginald Keeling Harry Dudfield 338 Reginald Keeling
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 3,813Harold Barry
Hamilton Hilda Ross 2,252 Ben Waters
Hastings Sydney Jones 1,138H E Beattie
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 4,468Brevat William Dynes
Hawke's Bay Cyril Harker 4,153A Lowe
Hobson Sidney Smith 5,337 Norman King
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,921W E Cassidy
Hutt Walter Nash 2,248John William Andrews
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 2,123F G Spurdle
Island Bay Robert McKeen 1,680James Duncan
Karori Charles Bowden 3,453 Jim Bateman
Lyttelton Terry McCombs Harry Lake 133 Terry McCombs
Manawatu Matthew Oram 3,465B A Rodgers
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,452 Edwin Meachen
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 4,001Mervyn Allan Hosking
Miramar Bob Semple 301Cuthbert Taylor
Mornington Walter Arthur Hudson 3,783R G Pilling
Mount Albert Warren Freer 604Reginald Frank Judson
Mount Victoria Jack Marshall 2,198 Frank Kitts
Napier Tommy Armstrong Peter Tait 44 Tommy Armstrong
Nelson Edgar Neale 2,831 Stanley Whitehead
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 2,335Clarence Robert Parker
North Shore Dean Eyre 2,155Richard Wrathall
Oamaru Thomas Hayman 1,315C J Ryan
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 1,966Leonard George Bradley
Onslow Harry Combs 1,106John S Meadowcroft [9]
Otahuhu Leon Götz 2,128 James Deas
Otaki James Joseph Maher 1,142 Phil Holloway
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,598O Jones
Palmerston North Blair Tennent 200 Joe Hodgens [note 1]
Parnell Duncan Rae 1,587 Hugh Watt [10]
Patea William Sheat 2,467Frederick William Finer
Petone Michael Moohan 2,135Norm Croft
Piako William Goosman 6,364Gilbert Parsons Kenah
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 1,504Peter Dempsey [11]
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone 1,766James Harrison Wilson
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 3,677F A Dalzell
Remuera Ronald Algie 5,346 Bob Tizard
Riccarton Angus McLagan 2,265Eric Philip Wills [12]
Rodney Clifton Webb 4,893Arthur Laurence Leaming
Roskill John Rae 440 Pat Curran
St Albans Jack Watts 1,415J B Mora
St Kilda Fred Jones Jim Barnes 336 Fred Jones
Selwyn John McAlpine 1,836 James Gillespie Barclay
Sydenham Mabel Howard 4,403A H Stott
Tamaki Eric Halstead 1,461 Tom Skinner
Tauranga Frederick Doidge George Walsh 5,400Hillary Joseph Pickett
Timaru Clyde Carr 564W L Richards
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 6,369William Henry Bayly
Waimarino Paddy Kearins 67Arthur MacPherson
Waimate David Kidd 2,232A G Braddick
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley 2,032George Anders Hansen
Waitakere Rex Mason 641Robert Tapper
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 5,286J Dwyer
Wallace Tom Macdonald 5,060J W Cleary
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 226E V O'Keefe
Wellington Central Charles Chapman 277Berta Burns
Westland James Kent 2,325Isabella Catherine Brown
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,706 Turi Carroll
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 2,132 James Henare [13]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 659William Beaton
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 7,352 Hoeroa Marumaru

Table footnotes:

  1. Joe Hodgens was first on election night, but lost when special votes were included

    By-elections during 30th Parliament

    There were a number of changes during the term of the 30th Parliament.

    Electorate and by-electionDateIncumbentCauseWinner
    Dunedin North 1953 12 December Robert Walls Death Ethel McMillan
    Onehunga 1953 19 December Arthur Osborne Death Hugh Watt
    Onslow 1954 7 July Harry Combs Death Henry May
    Patea 1954 31 July William Sheat Resignation William Sheat

    Notes

    1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
    2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
    3. Wilson 1985, p. 142.
    4. Wilson 1985, pp. 86–87.
    5. Wilson 1985, pp. 287–288.
    6. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 290.
    7. Wilson 1985, p. 288.
    8. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand . Retrieved 19 November 2012.
    9. Gustafson 1986, p. 378.
    10. Norton 1988, p. 314.
    11. Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
    12. Gustafson 1986, p. 390.
    13. Gustafson 1986, p. 247.

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    References


    Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.

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