|30th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||25 September 1951 – 1 October 1954|
|Election||1951 New Zealand general election|
|Government||First National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Matthew Oram|
|Prime Minister||Sidney Holland|
|Leader of the Opposition||Walter Nash|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II |
––HM George VI until 6 February 1952
|Governor-General||HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Norrie from 2 December 1952|
––HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg until 15 August 1952
The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.
The 1951 general election was held on Saturday, 1 September.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election. 1,205,762 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.1%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 30th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1954), and was prorogued on 4 October 1954.
|first||25 September 1951||6 December 1951|
|second||25 June 1952||24 October 1952|
|third||8 April 1953||27 November 1953|
|fourth||12 January 1954||13 January 1954|
|fifth||22 June 1954||1 October 1954|
The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election, and Holland remained in charge until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health.
Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1951 election and at dissolution:
|At 1951 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||20||20|
The 1951 election saw the governing National Party re-elected with a twenty-seat margin, a substantial improvement on the twelve-seat margin it previously held. National won fifty seats compared with the Labour Party's thirty.The popular vote was closer, however, with National winning 54% to Labour's 46%. No seats were won by minor party candidates or by independents. This was the last New Zealand general election in which any party has ever captured a majority of the popular vote.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
|Arch Hill||Bill Parry||John Stewart||3,965||Paddy Hope|
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||2,867||W E Rose|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||2,168||Peter Gordon Hillyer|
|Avon||John Mathison||4,212||D W Russell|
|Awarua||George Herron||3,755||Neville Pickering|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||4,047||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Brooklyn||Arnold Nordmeyer||1,826||Charles William Clift|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||1,227||Phil McDonald|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||3,620||T A Rodgers|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||4,103||Alma Schumacher|
|Clutha||James Roy||3,583||J M Sanders|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||373||Walter MacDougall|
|Dunedin North||Robert Walls||307||Donald Cameron|
|Eden||Wilfred Fortune||2,802||John Ronald Burfitt|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||4,896||Brian Edgar Richmond|
|Fendalton||Sidney Holland||4,366||P J Alley|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||5,358||Arthur Faulkner|
|Gisborne||Reginald Keeling||Harry Dudfield||338||Reginald Keeling|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||3,813||Harold Barry|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||2,252||Ben Waters|
|Hastings||Sydney Jones||1,138||H E Beattie|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||4,468||Brevat William Dynes|
|Hawke's Bay||Cyril Harker||4,153||A Lowe|
|Hobson||Sidney Smith||5,337||Norman King|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||2,921||W E Cassidy|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,248||John William Andrews|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||2,123||F G Spurdle|
|Island Bay||Robert McKeen||1,680||James Duncan|
|Karori||Charles Bowden||3,453||Jim Bateman|
|Lyttelton||Terry McCombs||Harry Lake||133||Terry McCombs|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||3,465||B A Rodgers|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||2,452||Edwin Meachen|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||4,001||Mervyn Allan Hosking|
|Miramar||Bob Semple||301||Cuthbert Taylor|
|Mornington||Walter Arthur Hudson||3,783||R G Pilling|
|Mount Albert||Warren Freer||604||Reginald Frank Judson|
|Mount Victoria||Jack Marshall||2,198||Frank Kitts|
|Napier||Tommy Armstrong||Peter Tait||44||Tommy Armstrong|
|Nelson||Edgar Neale||2,831||Stanley Whitehead|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||2,335||Clarence Robert Parker|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||2,155||Richard Wrathall|
|Oamaru||Thomas Hayman||1,315||C J Ryan|
|Onehunga||Arthur Osborne||1,966||Leonard George Bradley|
|Onslow||Harry Combs||1,106||John S Meadowcroft|
|Otahuhu||Leon Götz||2,128||James Deas|
|Otaki||James Joseph Maher||1,142||Phil Holloway|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,598||O Jones|
|Palmerston North||Blair Tennent||200||Joe Hodgens|
|Parnell||Duncan Rae||1,587||Hugh Watt|
|Patea||William Sheat||2,467||Frederick William Finer|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||2,135||Norm Croft|
|Piako||William Goosman||6,364||Gilbert Parsons Kenah|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||1,504||Peter Dempsey|
|Raglan||Hallyburton Johnstone||1,766||James Harrison Wilson|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||3,677||F A Dalzell|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||5,346||Bob Tizard|
|Riccarton||Angus McLagan||2,265||Eric Philip Wills|
|Rodney||Clifton Webb||4,893||Arthur Laurence Leaming|
|Roskill||John Rae||440||Pat Curran|
|St Albans||Jack Watts||1,415||J B Mora|
|St Kilda||Fred Jones||Jim Barnes||336||Fred Jones|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||1,836||James Gillespie Barclay|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||4,403||A H Stott|
|Tamaki||Eric Halstead||1,461||Tom Skinner|
|Tauranga||Frederick Doidge||George Walsh||5,400||Hillary Joseph Pickett|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||564||W L Richards|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||6,369||William Henry Bayly|
|Waimarino||Paddy Kearins||67||Arthur MacPherson|
|Waimate||David Kidd||2,232||A G Braddick|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||2,032||George Anders Hansen|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||641||Robert Tapper|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||5,286||J Dwyer|
|Wallace||Tom Macdonald||5,060||J W Cleary|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||226||E V O'Keefe|
|Wellington Central||Charles Chapman||277||Berta Burns|
|Westland||James Kent||2,325||Isabella Catherine Brown|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||3,706||Turi Carroll|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paikea||2,132||James Henare|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||659||William Beaton|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||7,352||Hoeroa Marumaru|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 30th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Dunedin North||1953||12 December||Robert Walls||Death||Ethel McMillan|
|Onehunga||1953||19 December||Arthur Osborne||Death||Hugh Watt|
|Onslow||1954||7 July||Harry Combs||Death||Henry May|
|Patea||1954||31 July||William Sheat||Resignation||William Sheat|
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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.