|29th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||27 June 1950 – 31 July 1951|
|Election||1949 New Zealand general election|
|Government||First National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Matthew Oram|
|Prime Minister||Sidney Holland|
|Leader of the Opposition|| Walter Nash from 17 January 1951 |
––Peter Fraser until 12 December 1950 †
| Legislative Council |
Abolished: 1 December 1950
|Speaker of the Council||Thomas Bishop|
|Leader of the Council||William Polson|
|Monarch||HM George VI|
|Governor-General||HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg|
The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.
Additionally, this Parliament saw the final meeting of the Upper House; the Legislative Council, which was abolished on 1 December 1950, making the New Zealand Parliament a unicameral legislative body.
The Legislative Council of New Zealand existed from 1841 until 1951. When New Zealand became a colony in 1841 the Legislative Council was established as the country's first legislature; it was reconstituted as the upper house of a bicameral legislature when New Zealand became self-governing in 1852.
The 1949 general election was held on Tuesday, 29 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 30 November in the general electorates, respectively.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election. 1,113,852 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.
In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The 29th Parliament sat for two sessions, and was prorogued on 18 July 1951.
|first||27 June 1950||1 December 1950|
|second||26 June 1951||13 July 1951|
The National Party under Sidney Holland won the 1949 election, defeating Labour's second Fraser Ministry. Holland remained in power until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health.
Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The National Government appointed 25 new members to the New Zealand Legislative Council (the so-called Suicide Squad), so that the Legislative Council Abolition Bill could be passed. With that legislation, the Legislative Council voted itself out of existence, and New Zealand has been unicameral since the last meeting of the Upper House on 1 December 1950.
In government, unicameralism is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1949 election and at dissolution:
|At 1949 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||12||12|
The table below shows the results of the 1949 general election:
|Arch Hill||Bill Parry||5,174||Gordon Frederick Smith|
|Ashburton||Richard Geoffrey Gerard||2,385||William Erle Rose|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||2,799||Leonard George Bradley|
|Avon||John Mathison||4,593||G W Kinzett|
|Awarua||George Richard Herron||3,179||Neville Pickering|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||3,680||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Brooklyn||Peter Fraser||2,956||Mrs Berta S. Burns|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||2,206||Phil McDonald|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||3,906||Thomas Augustus Rodgers|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||3,637||Kevin John Marlow|
|Clutha||James Roy||3,231||John Edward Keenan|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||989||David Murdoch|
|Dunedin North||Robert Walls||668||Richard Brickell|
|Eden||Wilfred Fortune||2,259||Pat Curran|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||4,539||Brian Edgar Richmond|
|Fendalton||Sidney Holland||4,076||R T Newman|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||5,481||J Parsons|
|Gisborne||David Coleman||Reginald Keeling||489||Harry Dudfield|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||4,203||John Leon Faulkner|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||1,605||John Granville|
|Hastings||Edward Cullen||Sydney Jones||982||Edward Cullen|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||3,944||Percival Peacock|
|Hawke's Bay||Cyril Harker||3,442||Dick Beattie|
|Hobson||Sidney Walter Smith||5,068||William Edmund Lane|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||2,535||Arthur J. Smith|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,273||H L Heatley|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||1,159||William Denham|
|Island Bay||Robert McKeen||2,770||Herbert Edward Childs|
|Karori||Charles Bowden||3,585||Ethel Harris|
|Lyttelton||Terry McCombs||978||R R Beauchamp|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||3,433||Basil A. Rodgers|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||1,862||J H Wilson|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||3,276||Douglas L. Ross|
|Miramar||Bob Semple||1,315||Cuthbert Taylor|
|Mornington||Walter Arthur Hudson||4,185||Geoffrey Stephens|
|Mount Albert||Warren Freer||931||Reginald Frank Judson|
|Mount Victoria||Jack Marshall||1,808||Nathan Seddon|
|Napier||Tommy Armstrong||721||William Tucker|
|Nelson||Edgar Neale||1,373||R C A Marshall|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||1,517||Clarence Robert Parker|
|North Shore||Martyn Finlay||Dean Eyre||1,344||Martyn Finlay|
|Oamaru||Arnold Nordmeyer||Thomas Hayman||694||Arnold Nordmeyer|
|Onehunga||Arthur Osborne||2,300||Alan A. Coates|
|Onslow||Harry Ernest Combs||1,927||John S. Meadowcroft|
|Otahuhu||Charles Petrie||Leon Götz||1,275||Alexander Boyd Dixon|
|Otaki||James Joseph Maher||374||John Capstick|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,507||G P O'Leary|
|Palmerston North||Ormond Wilson||Blair Tennent||518||Ormond Wilson|
|Parnell||Duncan Rae||960||Frederick Schramm|
|Patea||William Sheat||1,841||Frederick William Finer|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||2,527||Norm Croft|
|Piako||William Goosman||6,266||Gilbert Parsons Kenah|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||2,278||Brian Kingston|
|Raglan||Alan Baxter||Hallyburton Johnstone||1,022||Alan Baxter|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||3,310||E R De Malmanche|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||5,079||Hugh Watt|
|Riccarton||Angus McLagan||2,707||Harry Lake|
|Rodney||Clifton Webb||4,546||Arthur Leaming|
|Roskill||Frank Langstone||John Rae||1,415||James Freeman|
|St Albans||Jack Watts||1,142||George Manning|
|St Kilda||Fred Jones||331||Gerald Lyon|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||1,327||E A Sharp|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||5,643||Oliver G. Moody|
|Tamaki||Tom Skinner||Eric Halstead||1,095||Tom Skinner|
|Tauranga||Frederick Doidge||4,595||Hillary Joseph Pickett|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||832||Jack Lockington|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||5,923||John Ronald Burfitt|
|Waimarino||Paddy Kearins||202||Arthur Herbert MacPherson|
|Waimate||David Campbell Kidd||1,767||Roy Davison|
|Wairarapa||Garnet Mackley||Bert Cooksley||963||George Anders Hansen|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||930||Robert Tapper|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||5,079||Frank Kitts|
|Wallace||Tom Macdonald||4,511||Herman Victor Freeman|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||1,019||E V O'Keefe|
|Wellington Central||Charles Henry Chapman||575||Will Appleton|
|Westland||James Begg Kent||2,744||Patrick Joseph O'Regan|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||3,211||Turi Carroll|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paraire Paikea||2,029||James Henare|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||687||Huro Nathanial Bates|
|Western Maori||vacant||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||6,317||Hoeroa Marumaru|
There was one by-election during the term of the 29th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Brooklyn||1951||17 February||Peter Fraser||Death||Arnold Nordmeyer|
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