29th New Zealand Parliament

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29th Parliament of New Zealand
28th Parliament 30th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term27 June 1950 – 31 July 1951
Election 1949 New Zealand general election
Government First National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 29th and 33rd parliament.png
Members80
Speaker of the House Matthew Oram
Prime Minister Sidney Holland
Leader of the Opposition Walter Nash from 17 January 1951
––Peter Fraser until 12 December 1950 †
Legislative Council
Abolished: 1 December 1950
Members54
Speaker of the Council Thomas Bishop
Leader of the Council William Polson
Sovereign
Monarch HM George VI
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg
Opening of 29th NZ Parliament in 1950, with Serjeant-at-Arms, Group Captain Alexander Manson carrying the mace, followed by Speaker Matthew Oram Opening of 29th NZ Parliament.jpg
Opening of 29th NZ Parliament in 1950, with Serjeant-at-Arms, Group Captain Alexander Manson carrying the mace, followed by Speaker Matthew Oram

The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

1949 New Zealand general election

The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

1951 New Zealand general election

The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.

Contents

Additionally, this Parliament saw the final meeting of the Upper House; the Legislative Council, which was abolished on 1 December 1950, making the New Zealand Parliament a unicameral legislative body.

New Zealand Legislative Council Upper House of the Parliament of New Zealand (1841 - 1951)

The Legislative Council of New Zealand existed from 1841 until 1951. When New Zealand became a colony in 1841 the Legislative Council was established as the country's first legislature; it was reconstituted as the upper house of a bicameral legislature when New Zealand became self-governing in 1852.

1949 general election

The 1949 general election was held on Tuesday, 29 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 30 November in the general electorates, respectively. [1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election. [2] 1,113,852 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%. [1]

Māori electorates

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

Sessions

The 29th Parliament sat for two sessions, and was prorogued on 18 July 1951. [3]

SessionOpenedAdjouned
first27 June 19501 December 1950
second26 June 195113 July 1951

Ministries

The National Party under Sidney Holland won the 1949 election, defeating Labour's second Fraser Ministry. Holland remained in power until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health. [4]

Sidney Holland New Zealand politician

Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Historical context

The National Government appointed 25 new members to the New Zealand Legislative Council (the so-called Suicide Squad), so that the Legislative Council Abolition Bill could be passed. With that legislation, the Legislative Council voted itself out of existence, and New Zealand has been unicameral since the last meeting of the Upper House on 1 December 1950. [5]

In government, unicameralism is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house.

Members

Overview

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1949 election and at dissolution:

AffiliationMembers
At 1949 election At dissolution
National Government4646
Labour Opposition3434
Total
8080
Working Government majority1212

Notes

Initial MPs

The table below shows the results of the 1949 general election:

Key

  Labour     National   

Electorate results for the 1949 New Zealand general election [6]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Arch Hill Bill Parry 5,174Gordon Frederick Smith
Ashburton Richard Geoffrey Gerard 2,385William Erle Rose
Auckland Central Bill Anderton 2,799Leonard George Bradley
Avon John Mathison 4,593G W Kinzett
Awarua George Richard Herron 3,179 Neville Pickering [7]
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 3,680Thomas Godfrey Santon
Brooklyn Peter Fraser [8] 2,956Mrs Berta S. Burns [9]
Buller Jerry Skinner 2,206Phil McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 3,906Thomas Augustus Rodgers
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 3,637Kevin John Marlow
Clutha James Roy 3,231John Edward Keenan
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 989David Murdoch
Dunedin North Robert Walls 668Richard Brickell
Eden Wilfred Fortune 2,259 Pat Curran
Egmont Ernest Corbett 4,539Brian Edgar Richmond
Fendalton Sidney Holland 4,076R T Newman
Franklin Jack Massey 5,481J Parsons
Gisborne David Coleman Reginald Keeling 489 Harry Dudfield [10] [11]
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 4,203John Leon Faulkner [12]
Hamilton Hilda Ross 1,605John Granville
Hastings Edward Cullen Sydney Jones 982Edward Cullen
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 3,944Percival Peacock
Hawke's Bay Cyril Harker 3,442Dick Beattie
Hobson Sidney Walter Smith 5,068William Edmund Lane
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,535Arthur J. Smith
Hutt Walter Nash 2,273H L Heatley
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,159 William Denham
Island Bay Robert McKeen 2,770Herbert Edward Childs
Karori Charles Bowden 3,585Ethel Harris
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 978R R Beauchamp
Manawatu Matthew Oram 3,433Basil A. Rodgers
Marlborough Tom Shand 1,862J H Wilson
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 3,276Douglas L. Ross
Miramar Bob Semple 1,315Cuthbert Taylor
Mornington Walter Arthur Hudson 4,185Geoffrey Stephens
Mount Albert Warren Freer 931Reginald Frank Judson
Mount Victoria Jack Marshall 1,808Nathan Seddon
Napier Tommy Armstrong 721William Tucker
Nelson Edgar Neale 1,373R C A Marshall
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 1,517Clarence Robert Parker
North Shore Martyn Finlay Dean Eyre 1,344Martyn Finlay
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer Thomas Hayman 694Arnold Nordmeyer
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 2,300Alan A. Coates
Onslow Harry Ernest Combs 1,927John S. Meadowcroft [13]
Otahuhu Charles Petrie Leon Götz 1,275Alexander Boyd Dixon
Otaki James Joseph Maher 374John Capstick
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,507G P O'Leary
Palmerston North Ormond Wilson Blair Tennent 518Ormond Wilson
Parnell Duncan Rae 960 Frederick Schramm
Patea William Sheat 1,841Frederick William Finer
Petone Michael Moohan 2,527Norm Croft
Piako William Goosman 6,266Gilbert Parsons Kenah
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 2,278Brian Kingston
Raglan Alan Baxter Hallyburton Johnstone 1,022Alan Baxter
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 3,310E R De Malmanche
Remuera Ronald Algie 5,079 Hugh Watt [14] [6]
Riccarton Angus McLagan 2,707 Harry Lake [15]
Rodney Clifton Webb 4,546Arthur Leaming
Roskill Frank Langstone John Rae 1,415James Freeman
St Albans Jack Watts 1,142 George Manning [16]
St Kilda Fred Jones 331Gerald Lyon
Selwyn John McAlpine 1,327E A Sharp
Sydenham Mabel Howard 5,643Oliver G. Moody [13]
Tamaki Tom Skinner Eric Halstead 1,095Tom Skinner
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 4,595Hillary Joseph Pickett
Timaru Clyde Carr 832Jack Lockington
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 5,923John Ronald Burfitt
Waimarino Paddy Kearins 202Arthur Herbert MacPherson
Waimate David Campbell Kidd 1,767Roy Davison
Wairarapa Garnet Mackley Bert Cooksley 963George Anders Hansen
Waitakere Rex Mason 930Robert Tapper
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 5,079 Frank Kitts
Wallace Tom Macdonald 4,511Herman Victor Freeman
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 1,019E V O'Keefe
Wellington Central Charles Henry Chapman 575 Will Appleton
Westland James Begg Kent 2,744Patrick Joseph O'Regan
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,211 Turi Carroll
Northern Maori Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,029 James Henare
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 687Huro Nathanial Bates
Western Maori vacant [nb 1] Iriaka Matiu Ratana 6,317 Hoeroa Marumaru

Table footnotes:

  1. Matiu Ratana, the previous holder of the Western Maori electorate, died on 7 October 1949. His wife Iriaka Ratana stood for election instead.

By-elections during 29th Parliament

There was one by-election during the term of the 29th Parliament.

Electorate and by-electionDateIncumbentCauseWinner
Brooklyn 1951 17 February Peter Fraser Death Arnold Nordmeyer

Notes

  1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 141.
  4. Wilson 1985, pp. 86–87.
  5. "Sound: the end of the Legislative Council". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  6. 1 2 "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  7. Norton 1988, p. 197.
  8. Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  9. Gustafson 1986, p. 357.
  10. Norton 1988, p. 228.
  11. Gustafson 1986, p. 308.
  12. Norton 1988, p. 419.
  13. 1 2 Gustafson 1986, p. 378.
  14. Norton 1988, p. 331.
  15. Gustafson 1986, p. 325.
  16. Sharfe, Jean. "Manning, George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 17 February 2010.

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