|28th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||24 June 1947 – 21 October 1949|
|Election||1946 New Zealand general election|
|Government||First Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Robert McKeen|
|Prime Minister||Peter Fraser|
|Leader of the Opposition||Sidney Holland|
|Members||36 (at start) |
33 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council|| Bernard Martin from 29 June 1948|
––Mark Fagan until 31 December 1947 †
|Leader of the Council||David Wilson|
|Monarch||HM George VI|
|Governor-General||HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg|
The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The 1946 general election was held on Tuesday, 26 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 27 November in the general electorates, respectively.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 1,081,898 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.
In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,702,300.
The 28th Parliament sat for five sessions, and was prorogued on 3 November 1949:
|first||24 June 1947||27 November 1947|
|second||22 June 1948||3 December 1948|
|third||28 June 1949||21 October 1949|
Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.
Peter Fraser was a New Zealand politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 27 March 1940 until 13 December 1949. Considered a major figure in the history of the New Zealand Labour Party, he was in office longer than any other Labour prime minister, and is to date New Zealand's fourth-longest-serving head of government.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism; observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. The party participates in the international Progressive Alliance.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Peter Fraser||44|
|National Party||Sidney Holland||38|
The table below shows the results of the 1946 general election:
Labour National Independent
|Arch Hill||New electorate||Bill Parry||6,585||Edward James Clark|
|Ashburton||New electorate||Richard Geoffrey Gerard||1,453||Mabel Newlands|
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||Bill Anderton||3,478||Leon Götz|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||5,180||Robert Alexander McDowell|
|Awarua||George Richard Herron||2,588||Gilbert Gregory Mitchell|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||1,634||Ray Boord|
|Brooklyn||New electorate||Peter Fraser||3,935||Stewart Hardy|
|Buller||Paddy Webb||Jerry Skinner||2,912||Phil McDonald|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||2,909||Claude Charles Capell|
|Christchurch Central||New electorate||Robert Macfarlane||4,420||Alan J. Wills|
|Clutha||James Roy||2,140||John Patrick Thompson|
|Dunedin Central||Peter Neilson||Phil Connolly||2,000||Stuart Sidey|
|Dunedin North||Robert Walls||1,630||Norman Jones|
|Eden||Bill Anderton||Wilfred Fortune||1,281||Warren Freer|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||3,398||Clarence Robert Parker|
|Fendalton||New electorate||Sidney Holland||3,004||Alan Williams|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||4,023||Alex Gunn|
|Gisborne||David Coleman||2,015||Harry Barker|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||5,910||Harold Stapleton Barry|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||327||John Granville|
|Hastings||New electorate||Ted Cullen||483||Eric Pryor|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||2,891||John William Neate|
|Hawke's Bay||Ted Cullen||Cyril Harker||2,014||Henry Edward Beattie|
|Hobson||New electorate||Sidney Walter Smith||3,580||Hubert Knox Hatrick|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||1,440||John Mathison|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,587||Jim Vogel|
|Invercargill||William Denham||Ralph Hanan||224||William Denham|
|Island Bay||New electorate||Robert McKeen||3,958||Herbert Edward Childs|
|Karori||New electorate||Charles Bowden||2,042||Patrick Connolly McGavin|
|Lyttelton||Terry McCombs||1,543||Ted Taylor|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||2,467||Phil Holloway|
|Marlborough||Ted Meachen||Tom Shand||179||Ted Meachen|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||2,149||John Stewart|
|Miramar||New electorate||Bob Semple||2,482||Leonard Theodor Jacobsen|
|Mornington||New electorate||Wally Hudson||4,681||Lewis Donald McIver|
|Mount Albert||New electorate||Arthur Shapton Richards||1,857||Frederick Ashley Hosking|
|Mount Victoria||New electorate||Jack Marshall||911||Eugene Casey|
|Napier||Tommy Armstrong||1,845||Alan John Price|
|Nelson||vacant||Edgar Neale||585||Cyril Harold Goodman|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||405||George Nimmo|
|North Shore||New electorate||Martyn Finlay||249||Henry Thorne Morton|
|Oamaru||Arnold Nordmeyer||232||Thomas Ross Beatty|
|Onehunga||Arthur Osborne||3,424||William Kenneth King|
|Onslow||New electorate||Harry Combs||1,578||Philip Patrick Lynch|
|Otahuhu||Charles Robert Petrie||220||Albert Murdoch|
|Otaki||Leonard Lowry||James Joseph Maher||44||Jim Thorn|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||3,697||Otto Ernest Niederer|
|Palmerston North||Joe Hodgens||Ormond Wilson||928||Gus Mansford|
|Parnell||New electorate||Duncan Rae||206||Bill Schramm|
|Patea||William Sheat||870||Richard John O'Dea|
|Petone||New electorate||Mick Moohan||4,019||George London|
|Piako||New electorate||William Goosman||5,101||Ben Waters|
|Ponsonby||New electorate||Ritchie Macdonald||3,431||Peter E Dempsey|
|Raglan||Hallyburton Johnstone||Alan Baxter||13||Hallyburton Johnstone|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||2,307||John Capstick|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||4,410||James Freeman|
|Riccarton||Jack Watts||Angus McLagan||3,875||Vic Wilson|
|Rodney||New electorate||Clifton Webb||2,850||Alexander Boyd Dixon|
|Roskill||Arthur Shapton Richards||Frank Langstone||155||Roy McElroy|
|St Albans||New electorate||Jack Watts||86||Morgan Williams|
|St Kilda||New electorate||Fred Jones||1,248||Leonard James Tobin Ireland|
|Selwyn||New electorate||John McAlpine||472||Alan Sharp|
|Sydenham||New electorate||Mabel Howard||6,746||Ruric Hunter|
|Tamaki||New electorate||Tom Skinner||231||John George Concanon Wales|
|Tauranga||Frederick Doidge||2,704||Dudley Alexander Hill|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||520||Jack Acland|
|Waikato||William Goosman||Geoffrey Sim||4,385||John Dwyer|
|Waimarino||Frank Langstone||Paddy Kearins||681||Norman Robert Hill|
|Waimate||New electorate||David Campbell Kidd||789||William Roy Davison|
|Wairarapa||Ben Roberts||Garnet Hercules Mackley||235||George Anders Hansen|
|Waitakere||New electorate||Rex Mason||2,797||Archibald Morrison Laing|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||3,951||Alan George Goldsmith|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||Tom Macdonald||3,716||David Johnston Munro|
|Wanganui||Joe Cotterill||1,934||Eric Merewether|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||Charles Henry Chapman||1,680||Agnes Louisa Weston|
|Westland||James O'Brien||4,716||E Frank Chivers|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||1,517||Āpirana Ngata|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paraire Paikea||2,555||James Henare|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||581||Vernon Ohaia Mason Thomas|
|Western Maori||Matiu Ratana||6,491||Hoeroa Marumaru|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 28th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Avon||1947||28 May||Dan Sullivan||Death||Jock Mathison|
|Mount Albert||1947||24 September||Arthur Richards||Death||Warren Freer|
|Westland||1947||3 December||James O'Brien||Death||Jim Kent|
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