|27th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||22 February 1944 – 12 October 1946|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1943|
|Government||First Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Frederick Schramm|
|Prime Minister||Peter Fraser|
|Leader of the Opposition||Sidney Holland|
|Members|| 36 (at start) |
37 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||Mark Fagan|
|Monarch||HM George VI|
|Governor-General|| HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg from 17 June 1946|
––HE Rt. Hon. Sir Cyrill Newall until 19 April 1946
The 27th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1943 general election in September of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1943 general election was held on Friday, 24 September in the Māori electorates and on Saturday, 25 September in the general electorates, respectively.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 48 represented North Island electorates, 28 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 1,021,034 civilian voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.8%. In addition, 92,934 military votes were cast.
In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The 27th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were three sessions in 1944), and was prorogued on 4 November 1946.The twenty-seventh parliament absent-mindedly increased its own life in 1946 when it was forgotten that because of the 25 September elections in 1943 its three years of life ended on 11 October. The House sat to wind up the session without transacting any business on the following day and it was not formally dissolved until 4 November 1946.
|first||22 February 1944||4 April 1944|
|second||26 July 1944||25 October 1944|
|third||21 November 1944||15 December 1944|
|fourth||27 June 1945||7 December 1945|
|fifth||26 June 1946||12 October 1946|
Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
A War Cabinet had been formed on 16 July 1940, which held the responsibility for all decisions relating to New Zealand's involvement in World War II. The War Cabinet was dissolved on 21 August 1945.
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Peter Fraser||45|
|National Party||Sidney Holland||34|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Peter Fraser||44|
|National Party||Sidney Holland||35|
The table below shows the results of the 1943 general election:
Labour National Democratic Labour Real Democracy Independent
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The Democratic Labour Party (DLP) was a left-wing political party in New Zealand in the 1940s. It was a splinter from the larger Labour Party, and was led by the prominent socialist John A. Lee.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||4,769||William George Stanley Swabey|
|Auckland East||Frederick Schramm||962||Harry Tom Merritt|
|Auckland Suburbs||Rex Mason||3,028||Thomas Augustus Bishop|
|Auckland West||Peter Carr||5,402||John W. Kealy|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||4,460||James Neil Clarke|
|Bay of Islands||Charles Boswell||Sidney Walter Smith||1,276||Charles Boswell|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||1,679||Walter William Jonasen|
|Buller||Paddy Webb||4,635||E W Nicolaus|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||2,723||James McIndoe Mackay|
|Christchurch East||Mabel Howard||5,537||Reginald Gilbert Brown|
|Christchurch North||Sidney Holland||2,645||George Manning|
|Christchurch South||Robert Macfarlane||4,416||Ron Guthrey|
|Clutha||James Roy||1,587||H K Edie|
|Dunedin Central||Peter Nielson||2,155||L J T Ireland|
|Dunedin North||James Wright Munro||2,798||A L S Castle|
|Dunedin South||Fred Jones||3,061||David Murdoch|
|Dunedin West||Gervan McMillan||Philip Connolly||1,338||Alexander Smith Falconer|
|Eden||Bill Anderton||14||Wilfred Fortune|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||Ernest Corbett||2,422||Edwin Thoms Cox|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||3,285||Aaron Best|
|Gisborne||David William Coleman||572||Harry Barker|
|Grey Lynn||John A. Lee||Fred Hackett||6,059||John A. Lee|
|Hamilton||Charles Barrell||Frank Findlay||454||Charles Barrell|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||2,723||Edmund Colin Nigel Robinson|
|Hawke's Bay||Edward Luttrell Cullen||1,636||Eric N. Pryor|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||William Gillespie||1,566||James William Morgan|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||5,260||John H. Hogan|
|Invercargill||William Denham||987||William Bell|
|Kaiapoi||Morgan Williams||761||William Harold Overton|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||Clifton Webb||2,800||John Stewart|
|Lyttelton||Terry McCombs||1,374||Edward Bickmore Ellison Taylor|
|Manawatu||John Cobbe||Matthew Oram||2,305||William Henry Oliver|
|Marlborough||Edwin Meachen||450||Tom Shand|
|Marsden||James Gillespie Barclay||Alfred Murdoch||1,006||James Gillespie Barclay|
|Masterton||John Robertson||Garnet Hercules Mackley||494||John Robertson|
|Mid-Canterbury||Mary Grigg||Richard Gerard||634||David Barnes|
|Motueka||Jerry Skinner||301||J R Haldane|
|Napier||Bill Barnard||Tommy Armstrong||1,273||Morris Spence|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||191||Frederick William Huggins|
|New Plymouth||Frederick Frost||Ernest Aderman||1,276||Frederick Frost|
|Oamaru||Arnold Nordmeyer||125||T R Beatty|
|Onehunga||Arthur Osborne||3,324||John Park|
|Otahuhu||Charles Petrie||464||Gordon Glover Hamilton|
|Otaki||Leonard Lowry||191||Bert Cooksley|
|Pahiatua||Alfred Ransom||Keith Holyoake||1,825||G A Hansen|
|Palmerston North||Joe Hodgens||212||Augustus Edward Mansford|
|Patea||Harold Dickie||William Sheat||912||Alex Langslow|
|Raglan||Lee Martin||Robert Coulter||108||Robert James Glasgow|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||1,612||R Freeman|
|Remuera||Bill Endean||Ronald Algie||4,183||Martyn Finlay|
|Riccarton||Herbert Kyle||Jack Watts||1,322||Harold Ernest Denton|
|Roskill||Arthur Richards||962||Roy McElroy|
|Rotorua||Alexander Moncur||Geoffrey Sim||715||Alexander Moncur|
|Stratford||William Polson||2,059||Brian Richmond|
|Tauranga||Frederick Doidge||3,625||Dudley Alexander Hill|
|Temuka||Jack Acland||1,690||George Harris|
|Thames||Jim Thorn||935||William Alexander Clark|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||1,701||Jack Satterthwaite|
|Waikato||William Goosman||4,615||Charles Croall|
|Waimarino||Frank Langstone||1,404||Roger Oswald Montgomerie|
|Waipawa||Cyril Harker||2,091||Archie Low|
|Wairarapa||Ben Roberts||151||James Joseph Maher|
|Waitaki||David Campbell Kidd||821||J S Adams|
|Waitemata||Mary Dreaver||Henry Thorne Morton||321||Mary Dreaver|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||1,881||Ben Waters|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||1,607||John James Lynch|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||2,437||E J Kirk|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||1,206||Will Appleton|
|Wellington East||Bob Semple||2,588||Leonard Theodor Jacobsen|
|Wellington North||Charles Henry Chapman||1,897||Thomas Hislop|
|Wellington South||Robert McKeen||4,156||Ernest Toop|
|Wellington Suburbs||Harry Ernest Combs||2,581||Bill Veitch|
|Wellington West||Catherine Stewart||Charles Bowden||1,183||Catherine Stewart|
|Westland||James O'Brien||2,600||E Frank Chivers|
|Eastern Maori||Āpirana Ngata||Tiaki Omana||240||Āpirana Ngata|
|Northern Maori||Paraire Karaka Paikea||Tapihana Paraire Paikea||2,438||Eru Moka Pou|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||558||John Piuraki Tikao-Barrett|
|Western Maori||Toko Ratana||3,309||Pei Te Hurinui Jones|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 27th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Awarua||1944||28 October||James Hargest||Death||George Herron|
|Western Maori||1945||10 February||Haami Ratana||Death||Matiu Ratana|
|Hamilton||1945||26 May||Frank Findlay||Death||Hilda Ross|
|Dunedin North||1945||21 July||James Munro||Death||Robert Walls|
|Raglan||1946||5 March||Robert Coulter||Death||Hallyburton Johnstone|
The 1938 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 26th term. It resulted in the governing Labour Party being re-elected, although the newly founded National Party gained a certain amount of ground.
The 1943 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 27th term. With the onset of World War II, elections were initially postponed, but it was eventually decided to hold a general election in September 1943, around two years after it would normally have occurred. The election saw the governing Labour Party re-elected by a comfortable margin, although the party nevertheless lost considerable ground to the expanding National Party.
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The 24th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 23 February 1932, following the 1931 election. It was dissolved on 1 November 1935 in preparation for the 1935 election. The 24th Parliament was extended by one year because the 1935 election was held later than anticipated due to the ongoing depression, similarly the 1919, and the 1943 elections were held two years late, having been postponed during World War I and World War II respectively.
The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates, and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.
Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its current representative is Nikki Kaye, a member of the National Party; she has represented the seat since 2008.
Christchurch East, originally called Christchurch City East, is a current New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1871 election and was abolished for two period, from 1875–1905 and again from 1946–1996. It was last created for the introduction of the MMP voting system for the 1996 election. The current MP is Poto Williams, a member of the New Zealand Labour Party who was first elected in the 2013 Christchurch East by-election.
Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.
Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
Riccarton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1893 to 1978, and was represented by eight Members of Parliament.
Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.
Mid-Canterbury was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in rural Canterbury. It existed from 1928 to 1946 and was represented by six Members of Parliament, including Mary Grigg, the first woman National Party MP.
Thames is a former New Zealand electorate, in the Thames-Coromandel District. It existed from 1871 to 1946.
Marsden is a former parliamentary electorate, in the Whangarei District and in the Northland Region of New Zealand.
Wellington West was a parliamentary electorate in the western suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand, from 1938 to 1946. It was represented by two Members of Parliament, including Catherine Stewart, the country's second female MP. It was succeeded by the Karori electorate.
The 20th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1919 general election in December of that year.
The 21st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1922 general election in December of that year.
The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.
The 26th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1938 general election in October of that year.
This is a summary of the electoral history of Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940–49), Leader of the Labour Party (1940–50) and Member of Parliament for Wellington Central (1918–46) then Brooklyn (1946–50).