|34th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||10 June 1964 – 29 October 1966|
|Election||1963 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Second National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Ronald Algie|
|Prime Minister||Keith Holyoake|
|Leader of the Opposition|| Norman Kirk |
––Arnold Nordmeyer until 16 December 1965
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Brigadier Sir Bernard Edward Fergusson|
The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.
The 1963 general election was held on Saturday, 30 November.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 52 represented North Island electorates, 24 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was a gain of one electorate for the North Island from the South Island since the 1960 election. 1,345,836 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.6%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 34th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 21 October 1966.
|first||10 June 1964||4 December 1964|
|second||27 May 1965||1 November 1965|
|third||26 May 1966||21 October 1966|
The National Party had come to power at the 1960 election, and Keith Holyoake had formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. The second National Government remained in place until its defeat at the 1972 election towards the end of that year.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.
Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1963 election and at dissolution:
|At 1963 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||10||10|
The table below shows the results of the 1963 general election:
National Labour Social Credit
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||3,419||G Glassey|
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||3,227||Walter Stevens|
|Avon||John Mathison||5,117||S L Dodwell|
|Awarua||Gordon Grieve||3,373||Noel Valentine|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||3,025||P E Riden|
|Buller||Bill Rowling||1,671||Ernie King|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||1,915||D J Patchett|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||3,595||Les McKay|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||Brian MacDonell||1,170||G R Thorn|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,524||E Whittleston|
|Eden||John Rae||3,335||Frank Knipe|
|Egmont||William Sheat||3,047||John Seddon|
|Fendalton||Harry Lake||2,740||Bruce Barclay|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||5,848||Ron Ng-Waishing|
|Gisborne||Esme Tombleson||902||Bob MacDonald|
|Grey Lynn||Reginald Keeling||Ritchie Macdonald||5,240||Jolyon Firth|
|Hamilton||Lance Adams-Schneider||2,642||J M Cairns|
|Hastings||Duncan MacIntyre||1,944||Edwin Keating|
|Hauraki||Arthur Kinsella||2,873||George Broad|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||Richard Harrison||3,518||J G Woolf|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||2,135||R O Kimmins|
|Hobson||Logan Sloane||31||Vernon Cracknell|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||3,648||Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||1,934||O J Henderson|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||2,388||Fairlie Fergus Curry|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||4,020||Keith Spry|
|Lyttelton||Norman Kirk||2,677||Tom Flint|
|Manawatu||Blair Tennent||2,513||Leonard Thomas Fischer|
|Manukau||Leon Götz||Colin Moyle||759||H C Pryor|
|Manurewa||New electorate||Phil Amos||1,524||Leon Götz|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||2,111||W G Kenyon|
|Marsden||Donald McKay||3,942||O J Lewis|
|Miramar||Bill Fox||416||Bill Young|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,018||J L Reid|
|Napier||Jim Edwards||785||D O Haskell|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||2,610||Peter Malone|
|New Lynn||New electorate||Rex Mason||3,052||C A McLeod|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||474||Ron Barclay|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||2,757||Reginald Keeling|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||5,127||J P Mason|
|Otago Central||John George||2,675||Stan Rodger|
|Otaki||Allan McCready||3,014||G N McDonald|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||5,733||E J Hemmingsen|
|Pakuranga||New electorate||Bob Tizard||2,015||Roland Mainwaring Neville-White|
|Palmerston North||Bill Brown||772||Philip Skoglund|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||2,448||P M Love|
|Piako||William Goosman||Geoffrey Sim||5,526||N R D Shewan|
|Porirua||New electorate||Henry May||3,161||J W Miller|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||1,850||Henry Uttinger|
|Rangiora||New electorate||Herbert Pickering||1,425||Whetu Tirikatene|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||4,307||Russell Wiseman|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||7,001||F N Goodall|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||2,550||Ian Wilson|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||4,320||Chris Pickett|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||3,216||Thomas Tucker|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||2,217||J P Cranston|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||3,371||F E Smith|
|St Albans||Bert Walker||2,501||J Palmer|
|St Kilda||Bill Fraser||2,597||Kevin John Marlow|
|Stratford||Thomas Murray||David Thomson||4,590||J McLafferty|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||5,399||Derek Quigley|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||3,754||Norman Finch|
|Taupo||New electorate||Rona Stevenson||275||Arthur John Ingram|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||4,545||G W S Hardaker|
|Timaru||Basil Arthur||2,831||M J O'Reilly|
|Waimarino||New electorate||Roy Jack||1,785||Olive Smuts-Kennedy|
|Waipa||Hallyburton Johnstone||Leslie Munro||3,165||R N Little|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||Haddon Donald||501||Jack Williams|
|Waitaki||Allan Dick||2,019||K S Lysaght|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||Martyn Finlay||2,895||Horace Alexander Nash|
|Waitemata||Norman King||2,919||A G E Pugh|
|Waitomo||David Seath||4,655||H C Brown|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||5,740||J S Reid|
|Wanganui||George Spooner||1,397||John Grace|
|Wellington Central||Dan Riddiford||1,508||Frank Kitts|
|Westland||Paddy Blanchfield||4,925||W A Reynolds|
|Eastern Maori||Puti Tipene Watene||2,566||Arnold Reedy|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||2,123||James Henare|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||4,978||Ben Couch|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||5,096||Pei Te Hurinui Jones|
The 34th Parliament was the first term of parliament during which there were no by-elections held.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.
The 1966 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 35th term. It saw the governing National Party win a third consecutive term in office. It was also the first time since the 1943 election that a minor party won a seat in Parliament.
Mount Victoria is a former New Zealand electorate, centred on the inner-city suburb of Mount Victoria in the southern suburbs of Wellington. It existed from 1946 to 1954, and was represented by one Member of Parliament, Jack Marshall.
The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 20th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1919 general election in December of that year.
The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.
The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.
The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.
The 32nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1957 general election on 30 November of that year.
The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.
The 35th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1966 general election on 26 November of that year.
The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.
The 38th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1975 general election on 29 November of that year.
The 37th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1972 general election on 25 November of that year.
Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.