34th New Zealand Parliament

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34th Parliament of New Zealand
33rd Parliament 35th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term10 June 1964 – 29 October 1966
Election 1963 New Zealand general election
Government Second National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 31st and 34th Parliament.png
Members80
Speaker of the House Ronald Algie
Prime Minister Keith Holyoake
Leader of the Opposition Norman Kirk
––Arnold Nordmeyer until 16 December 1965
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE Brigadier Sir Bernard Edward Fergusson

The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

1963 New Zealand general election

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

Contents

1963 general election

The 1963 general election was held on Saturday, 30 November. [1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 52 represented North Island electorates, 24 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was a gain of one electorate for the North Island from the South Island since the 1960 election. [2] 1,345,836 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.6%. [1]

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

Sessions

The 34th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 21 October 1966. [3]

SessionOpenedAdjouned
first10 June 19644 December 1964
second27 May 19651 November 1965
third26 May 196621 October 1966

Ministries

The National Party had come to power at the 1960 election, and Keith Holyoake had formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. The second National Government remained in place until its defeat at the 1972 election towards the end of that year. [4]

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

1960 New Zealand general election

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Keith Holyoake 20th-century Viceroy, Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1963 election and at dissolution:

AffiliationMembers
At 1963 election At dissolution
National Government4545
Labour Opposition3535
Total
8080
Working Government majority1010

Notes

Initial composition of the 34th Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1963 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1963 New Zealand general election [5]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 3,419G Glassey
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 3,227Walter Stevens
Avon John Mathison 5,117S L Dodwell
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,373Noel Valentine
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,025P E Riden
Buller Bill Rowling 1,671Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,915D J Patchett
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,595Les McKay
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly Brian MacDonell 1,170G R Thorn [6]
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,524E Whittleston
Eden John Rae 3,335Frank Knipe
Egmont William Sheat 3,047John Seddon
Fendalton Harry Lake 2,740 Bruce Barclay
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,848Ron Ng-Waishing [7]
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 902Bob MacDonald [8]
Grey Lynn Reginald Keeling Ritchie Macdonald 5,240Jolyon Firth
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,642J M Cairns
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 1,944 Edwin Keating
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 2,873George Broad
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker Richard Harrison 3,518J G Woolf [9]
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 2,135R O Kimmins
Hobson Logan Sloane 31 Vernon Cracknell [nb 1]
Hutt Walter Nash 3,648Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,934O J Henderson
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 2,388Fairlie Fergus Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 4,020 Keith Spry
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 2,677Tom Flint
Manawatu Blair Tennent 2,513Leonard Thomas Fischer
Manukau Leon Götz Colin Moyle 759H C Pryor
Manurewa New electorate Phil Amos 1,524 Leon Götz
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,111W G Kenyon
Marsden Donald McKay 3,942O J Lewis
Miramar Bill Fox 416 Bill Young
Mt Albert Warren Freer 3,018J L Reid
Napier Jim Edwards 785D O Haskell
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 2,610 Peter Malone
New Lynn New electorate Rex Mason 3,052C A McLeod
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 474 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 2,757 Reginald Keeling
Onehunga Hugh Watt 5,127J P Mason
Otago Central John George 2,675 Stan Rodger
Otaki Allan McCready 3,014G N McDonald
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 5,733E J Hemmingsen
Pakuranga New electorate Bob Tizard 2,015Roland Mainwaring Neville-White
Palmerston North Bill Brown 772 Philip Skoglund
Petone Michael Moohan 2,448P M Love
Piako William Goosman Geoffrey Sim 5,526N R D Shewan
Porirua New electorate Henry May 3,161J W Miller
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,850Henry Uttinger
Rangiora New electorate Herbert Pickering 1,425 Whetu Tirikatene
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,307Russell Wiseman
Remuera Ronald Algie 7,001F N Goodall
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,550Ian Wilson
Rodney Jack Scott 4,320Chris Pickett
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,216Thomas Tucker
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 2,217J P Cranston
Selwyn John McAlpine 3,371F E Smith
St Albans Bert Walker 2,501J Palmer
St Kilda Bill Fraser 2,597Kevin John Marlow
Stratford Thomas Murray David Thomson 4,590J McLafferty
Sydenham Mabel Howard 5,399 Derek Quigley
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 3,754Norman Finch
Taupo New electorate Rona Stevenson 275Arthur John Ingram
Tauranga George Walsh 4,545G W S Hardaker
Timaru Basil Arthur 2,831M J O'Reilly
Waimarino New electorate Roy Jack 1,785 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone Leslie Munro 3,165R N Little
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley Haddon Donald 501 Jack Williams
Waitaki Allan Dick 2,019K S Lysaght
Waitakere Rex Mason Martyn Finlay 2,895Horace Alexander Nash
Waitemata Norman King 2,919A G E Pugh
Waitomo David Seath 4,655H C Brown
Wallace Brian Talboys 5,740J S Reid
Wanganui George Spooner 1,397John Grace
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 1,508 Frank Kitts
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 4,925W A Reynolds
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Puti Tipene Watene 2,566 Arnold Reedy [10]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 2,123 James Henare
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 4,978 Ben Couch
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 5,096 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

The 34th Parliament was the first term of parliament during which there were no by-elections held.

Notes

  1. Vernon Cracknell was first on election night, but lost when special votes were included

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References

  1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 142.
  4. Wilson 1985, pp. 89–92.
  5. Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  6. Norton 1988, p. 212.
  7. "Interview with Ron Ng-Waishing". National Library of New Zealand. 1994. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. Norton 1988, p. 228.
  9. Norton 1988, p. 240.
  10. Gustafson 1986, p. 383.
Sources


Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.

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