|Leader of the National Party|
|Inaugural holder||Adam Hamilton|
|Formation||2 November 1936|
The Leader of the National Party is the highest ranked politician within the National Party in New Zealand. Under the constitution of the party, he or she is required to be a member of the House of Representatives.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The current Leader is Simon Bridges, who has served since his election on 27 February 2018.Bridges has been described as the first Māori leader of a major political party in New Zealand. . But this is untrue. As Winston Peter's leader of NZ First is the first Maori leader of a major political party in New Zealand
Simon Joseph Bridges is a New Zealand politician and lawyer who has served as the Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Leader of the Opposition since 27 February 2018. He has been the Member of Parliament for Tauranga since the 2008 election. A self-described "compassionate conservative", Bridges has served in several Cabinet portfolios, including those of Minister of Transport (2014–2017) and Minister of Economic Development (2016–2017). He took the role of Leader of the House from May to October 2017.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages some time between 1250 and 1300. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture, with their own language, a rich mythology, and distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early Māori formed tribal groups based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organisation. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced; later, a prominent warrior culture emerged.
Following a general election, or when a vacancy arises, the Parliamentary Section of the National Party (the Caucus) elect a Leader of the Parliamentary Section (that is, the parliamentary leader). The Leader of the Parliamentary Section shall, shortly after receiving the approval of the Board of Directors (the governing body of the Party), become the Leader of the Party.
A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement. The term originated in the United States, but has spread to Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and Nepal. As the use of the term has been expanded, the exact definition has come to vary among political cultures.
A parliamentary leader is a political title or a descriptive term used in various countries to the person leading a caucus in a legislative body, whether it be a national or sub-national legislature. A party leader may be the same person as the parliamentary leader, or the roles may be separated.
As parliamentary leader, the Leader organises the business of the party in Parliament. He or she also outwardly represents the party to the general public. Within the party organisation, they must ensure political consensus; the constitution of the National Party states that the Leader has "the right to attend any Party meeting or committee meeting and shall be an ex officio member of the Board".
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
When the National Party forms the Parliamentary Opposition, as it currently does, the Leader of the Party usually acts as the Leader of the Opposition. When the National Party is in Government the Leader generally becomes the Prime Minister of New Zealand. In 1949, Sidney Holland became the first National Prime Minister.
Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition, or commonly the Official Opposition, in New Zealand is usually the largest political party or coalition which is not a member of the ruling government—it does not provide ministers. This is usually the second-largest party in the House of Representatives, although in certain unusual circumstances it may be the largest party or even a third or fourth party.
In New Zealand, the Leader of the Opposition is the politician who commands the support of the Official Opposition. The Leader of the Opposition by convention leads the largest party not supporting the government: this is usually the parliamentary leader of the second largest caucus in the House of Representatives. In the debating chamber the Leader of the Opposition sits directly opposite the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
Of the twelve people to hold the leadership, eight have served as Prime Minister. Dame Jenny Shipley was the first—and, as of 2018 [update] , the only—female National Party Leader.
Dame Jennifer Mary Shipley is a former New Zealand politician who served as the 36th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1997 to 1999. She was the first female Prime Minister of New Zealand, and is the only woman to have led the National Party.
PM: Prime Minister
LO: Leader of the Opposition
|No.||Leader||Portrait||Electorate||Term Began||Term Ended||Time in Office||Position||Prime Minister|
|1||Adam Hamilton||Wallace||2 November 1936||26 November 1940||4 years and 24 days||LO1936–1940||Savage|
|2||Sidney Holland||Fendalton||26 November 1940||20 September 1957||16 years, 9 months and 25 days||LO1940–1949||Fraser|
|3||Keith Holyoake||Pahiatua||20 September 1957||7 February 1972||14 years, 4 months and 18 days||PM1957||Holyoake|
|4||Jack Marshall||Karori||7 February 1972||4 July 1974||2 years, 4 months and 27 days||PM1972||Marshall|
|5||Robert Muldoon||Tamaki||4 July 1974||29 November 1984||10 years, 4 months and 25 days||LO1974–1975||Rowling|
|6||Jim McLay||Birkenhead||29 November 1984||26 March 1986||1 year, 3 months and 26 days||LO1984–1986|
|7||Jim Bolger|| King Country (1972–96)|
Taranaki-King Country (1996–98)
|26 March 1986||8 December 1997||11 years, 8 months and 12 days||LO1986–1990|
|8||Jenny Shipley||Rakaia||8 December 1997||8 October 2001||3 years and 10 months||PM1997–1999||Shipley|
|9||Bill English||Clutha-Southland||8 October 2001||28 October 2003||2 years and 20 days||LO2001–2003|
|10||Don Brash||List MP||28 October 2003||27 November 2006||3 years and 30 days||LO2003–2006|
|11||John Key||Helensville||27 November 2006||12 December 2016||10 years and 15 days||LO2006–2008|
|(9)||Bill English||List MP||12 December 2016||27 February 2018||1 year, 2 months and 15 days||PM2016–2017||English|
|12||Simon Bridges||Tauranga||27 February 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 25 days||LO2018–Present|
The politics of New Zealand function within a framework of a unitary parliamentary representative democracy. New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy in which a hereditary monarch—since 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II—is the sovereign and head of state.
Winston Raymond Peters is a New Zealand politician who has served since 2017 as the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was previously Deputy Prime Minister from 1996 to 1998. Peters has led the populist New Zealand First party since its foundation in 1993. He has been a Member of Parliament since 2011, having previously served from 1979 to 1981 and 1984 to 2008.
New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand: first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.
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