The second Shadow Cabinet of Bill English formed the official Opposition in the 52nd New Zealand Parliament from 2 November 2017 until 11 March 2018, during Bill English's second term as Leader of the Opposition.
The Shadow Cabinet is a feature of the Westminster system of government. It consists of a senior group of opposition spokespeople who, under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition, form an alternative cabinet to that of the government, and whose members shadow or mirror the positions of each individual member of the Cabinet. It is the Shadow Cabinet's responsibility to scrutinise the policies and actions of the government, as well as to offer an alternative program. The Shadow Cabinet makes up the majority of the Official Opposition frontbench.
Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition, or commonly the Official Opposition, in New Zealand is usually the largest political party or coalition which is not a member of the ruling government—it does not provide ministers. This is usually the second-largest party in the House of Representatives, although in certain unusual circumstances it may be the largest party or even a third or fourth party.
The 52nd New Zealand Parliament is the current meeting of the legislative branch of New Zealand's Parliament. It was elected at the 2017 general election. The 52nd Parliament consists of 120 members, and is serving from its opening on 7 November 2017 until the next general election. Under section 17 of the Constitution Act 1986, Parliament expires three years "from the day fixed for the return of the writs issued for the last preceding general election of members of the House of Representatives, and no longer." With the date for the return of writs for the general election set at 12 October 2017, the 52nd Parliament must be dissolved on or before 12 October 2020.
The Shadow Cabinet was formed after the New Zealand general election, 2017, when a new Government was formed by the New Zealand Labour Party, New Zealand First party and Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. As the largest party not in government, the New Zealand National Party became the official opposition. National Party leader Bill English assigned spokesperson roles to his MPs in order to scrutinise the policies and actions of the government, as well to offer an alternative program. As many National MPs were Ministers in the previous National-led Government, many of them were named Spokespersons for areas in which they had previously had ministerial responsibility. Most other MPs picked up minor portfolios, although new MPs were not assigned any particular responsibilities.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand: first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.
The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence.
In early 2018, English resigned from the leadership and was replaced as National Party leader by Simon Bridges on 27 February 2018. Other than Bridges' succession to the leadership, no changes to portfolio responsibilities were named until 11 March 2018, when Bridges announced his own Shadow Cabinet.
Simon Joseph Bridges is a New Zealand politician and lawyer who has served as the Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Leader of the Opposition since 27 February 2018. He has been the Member of Parliament for Tauranga since the 2008 election. A self-described "compassionate conservative", Bridges has served in several Cabinet portfolios, including those of Minister of Transport (2014–2017) and Minister of Economic Development (2016–2017). He took the role of Leader of the House from May to October 2017.
The Shadow Cabinet of Simon Bridges forms the official Opposition in the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. It comprises all members of the New Zealand National Party, which is the largest party not a member of the Government.
The Opposition portfolio spokespersons were as follows:
|1||Rt Hon Bill English|
|2||Hon Paula Bennett|
|3||Hon Steven Joyce|
|4||Hon Gerry Brownlee|
|5||Hon Simon Bridges|
|6||Hon Amy Adams|
|7||Hon Dr Jonathan Coleman|
|8||Hon Chris Finlayson|
|9||Hon Judith Collins|
|10||Hon Michael Woodhouse|
|11||Hon Nathan Guy|
|12||Hon Nikki Kaye|
|13||Hon Todd McClay|
|14||Hon Paul Goldsmith|
|15||Hon Louise Upston|
|16||Hon Anne Tolley|
|17||Rt Hon David Carter|
|18||Hon Dr Nick Smith|
|19||Hon Maggie Barry|
|20||Hon Alfred Ngaro|
|21||Hon Mark Mitchell|
|22||Hon Nicky Wagner|
|23||Hon Jacqui Dean|
|24||Hon David Bennett|
|25||Hon Tim Macindoe|
|26||Hon Scott Simpson|
|30||Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi|
|36||Dr Jian Yang|
|43||Dr Parmjeet Parmar|
|44||Dr Shane Reti|
The ten MPs who entered Parliament at the 2017 general election (Simeon Brown, Andrew Falloon, Harete Hipango, Matt King, Denise Lee, Chris Penk, Erica Stanford, Tim van de Molen, Hamish Walker, and Lawrence Yule) were not ranked or given portfolio allocations.
Simeon Peter Brown is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party.
Andrew Hamilton Falloon is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party.
Harete Makere Hipango is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir Simon William English is a retired New Zealand politician of the National Party who served as the 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2016 to 2017.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Nicolas Rex Smith is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand Parliament as a National Party member of parliament. He is a former Cabinet minister, previously holding the posts of Minister for Building and Housing and Minister for the Environment. Previously in the 50th Parliament of New Zealand he held the posts of Minister for the Environment, Minister for Climate Change Issues and Minister for Local Government, before resigning from all Cabinet Portfolios after failing to avoid a conflict of interest when he was minister for Accident Compensation.
Trevor Colin Mallard is a New Zealand politician. He was formerly the Member of Parliament for the Hutt South electorate, and is currently a list MP and Speaker of the House. He was a Cabinet Minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand holding portfolios including Environment, Labour, Broadcasting, State Owned Enterprises, Rugby World Cup and Education. He was also Associate Minister of Finance. In the 51st Parliament, he was the Labour Party spokesperson for Internal Affairs, and Sport and Recreation.
In New Zealand, the Leader of the Opposition is the politician who commands the support of the Official Opposition. The Leader of the Opposition by convention leads the largest party not supporting the government: this is usually the parliamentary leader of the second largest caucus in the House of Representatives. In the debating chamber the Leader of the Opposition sits directly opposite the Prime Minister.
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