|19th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Legislative body||New Zealand Parliament|
|Term||24 June 1915 – 5 November 1919|
|Election||1914 New Zealand general election|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Frederic Lang|
|Prime Minister||William Massey|
|Leader of the Opposition||Joseph Ward|
|Members||37 (at start)|
39 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council|| Sir Walter Carncross from 1 November 1918|
— Charles Johnson until 13 June 1918†
— Charles Bowen until 4 July 1915
|Leader of the Council||Sir Francis Bell|
|Monarch||HM George V|
| Governor-General |
as Governor until 28 June 1917
|HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Liverpool|
The 19th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 election. It was dissolved on 27 November 1919 in preparation for 1919 election.
The 19th Parliament opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 general election. It sat for six sessions (with two sessions in 1918), and was dissolved on 27 November 1919.
|first||24 June 1915||12 October 1915||15 October 1915|
|second||9 May 1916||8 August 1916||9 August 1916|
|third||28 June 1917||1 November 1917||2 November 1917|
|fourth||9 April 1918||15 April 1918||17 April 1918|
|fifth||24 October 1918||9 December 1918||12 December 1918|
|sixth||28 August 1919||5 November 1919||7 November 1919|
The 19th Parliament was the second term of the Reform Party government, which had been elected in the 1911 election. William Massey, the leader of the Reform Party, remained Prime Minister.The Liberal Party, led by former Prime Minister Joseph Ward, was technically the main opposition party, although for the majority of the term, the Liberals were part of a war-time coalition with Reform. Two small left-wing parties, the Social Democratic Party and the loosely grouped remnants of the United Labour Party, also held seats, and there was one left-wing independent (John Payne). During the 19th Parliament, the Social Democrats and most of the United Labour Party merged to form the modern Labour Party.
There were 616,043 electors on the European roll, with 521,525 (84.66%) voting, including 5,618 informal votes. [ citation needed ]Turnout including Maori voters was 540,075. The following table shows votes at and party strengths immediately after the 1914 election:
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Reform Party||William Massey||40|
|Liberal Party||Joseph Ward||34|
|United Labour Party||Alfred Hindmarsh||3|
|Social Democrat Party||James McCombs||2|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at end|
|Reform Party||William Massey||39|
|Liberal Party||Joseph Ward||34|
|Labour Party||Alfred Hindmarsh, then Harry Holland||5|
76 general and 4 Māori electorates existed for the 19th Parliament.
The following are the results of the 1914 general election:
Reform United Labour Social Democrat Independent Labour IndependentLiberal
|Ashburton||William Nosworthy||157||William Maslin|
|Auckland Central||Albert Glover||2,302||Michael Joseph Savage|
|Auckland East||Arthur Myers||2,507||Arthur Holmes|
|Auckland West||James Bradney||Charles Poole||1,411||James Bradney|
|Awarua||Joseph Ward||1,226||John Hamilton|
|Avon||George Russell||1,073||Dan Sullivan|
|Bay of Islands||Vernon Reed||108||Peter Buck|
|Bay of Plenty||William MacDonald||965||Kenneth Williams|
|Bruce||James Allen||693||Charles Smith|
|Buller||James Colvin||2,195||George Powell|
|Chalmers||Edward Clark||James Dickson||686||William Mason|
|Christchurch East||Thomas Davey||Henry Thacker||1,890||Hiram Hunter|
|Christchurch North||Leonard Isitt||1,217||Henry Toogood|
|Christchurch South||Harry Ell||2,333||Gains Whiting|
|Clutha||Alexander Malcolm||1,009||John Jenkinson|
|Dunedin Central||Charles Statham||12||Jim Munro|
|Dunedin North||George Thomson||Andrew Walker||322||George Thomson|
|Dunedin South||Thomas Sidey||2,697||Thomas Dalton|
|Dunedin West||John A. Millar||William Downie Stewart||345||John Johnson|
|Eden||John Bollard||James Parr||2,456||William Tuck|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||894||David Astbury|
|Ellesmere||Heaton Rhodes||273||James Free|
|Franklin||William Massey||2,928||Arthur Glass|
|Gisborne||James Carroll||1,249||Harry de Lautour|
|Grey||Paddy Webb||980||Henry Michel|
|Grey Lynn||John Payne||89||Murdoch McLean|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||Robert McNab||40||Hugh Campbell|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||1,486||William Banks|
|Hutt||Thomas Wilford||943||Albert Samuel|
|Invercargill||Josiah Hanan||1,590||John Lillicrap|
|Kaiapoi||David Buddo||1,181||David Jones|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||1,118||Richard Hoe|
|Lyttelton||James McCombs||1,598||Malcolm Miller|
|Manukau||Frederic Lang||1,224||John McLarin|
|Marsden||Francis Mander||940||Edmund Purdie|
|Masterton||George Sykes||193||Alexander Hogg|
|Mataura||George Anderson||174||William Mehaffey|
|Motueka||Roderick McKenzie||Richard Hudson||602||Roderick McKenzie|
|Napier||Vigor Brown||2,215||George William Venables|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||Thomas Field||90||Harry Atmore|
|Oamaru||Ernest Lee||338||John MacPherson|
|Ohinemuri||Hugh Poland||100||Joseph Clark|
|Oroua||David Guthrie||1,119||John Morrison|
|Otago Central||Robert Scott||999||William Bodkin|
|Otaki||John Robertson||William Field||640||John Robertson|
|Pahiatua||James Escott||683||John Mathews|
|Palmerston||David Buick||1,109||Jim Thorn|
|Parnell||James Dickson||1,172||Jeremiah Sullivan|
|Patea||George Pearce||118||William Morrison|
|Raglan||Richard Bollard||1,448||William Thompson|
|Rangitikei||Edward Newman||903||Robert Hornblow|
|Riccarton||George Witty||1,215||Bertram Bunn|
|Selwyn||William Dickie||1,227||George Sheat|
|Stratford||John Hine||637||William Hawkins|
|Taranaki||Henry Okey||201||Daniel Hughes|
|Taumarunui||Charles Wilson||William Jennings||205||Charles Wilson|
|Tauranga||William Herries||1,992||Ralph Stewart|
|Temuka||Thomas Buxton||Charles Talbot||407||Charles Kerr|
|Thames||Thomas Rhodes||515||Edmund Taylor|
|Timaru||James Craigie||1,110||Francis Smith|
|Waikato||Alexander Young||2,193||Alexander Scholes|
|Waimarino||Robert Smith||1,995||Hugh Speed|
|Waipawa||George Hunter||138||Albert Jull|
|Wairarapa||Walther Buchanan||J. T. Marryat Hornsby||60||Walter Buchanan|
|Wairau||Richard McCallum||369||John Duncan|
|Waitaki||Francis Smith||John Anstey||156||Norton Francis|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||1,013||Henry Cromwell Tewsley|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||852||Frederick Pirani|
|Wakatipu||William Fraser||897||Joseph Stephens|
|Wallace||John Thomson||881||Alexander Rodger|
|Wellington Central||Francis Fisher||Robert Fletcher||2,329||Francis Fisher|
|Wellington East||Alfred Newman||48||David McLaren|
|Wellington North||Alexander Herdman||2,655||William Turnbull|
|Wellington South||Alfred Hindmarsh||1,215||John Luke|
|Wellington Suburbs and Country||William Bell||Robert Wright||1,002||Frank Moore|
|Westland||Tom Seddon||826||Arthur Paape|
|Eastern Maori||Sir Āpirana Ngata||2,825||Hetekia Pere|
|Northern Maori||Te Rangi Hīroa||Taurekareka Henare||176||Hemi te Paa|
|Southern Maori||Taare Parata||238||Teone Matapura Erihana|
|Western Maori||Māui Pōmare||Māui Pōmare||2,107||Hema te Ao|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 19th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Dunedin Central||1915||3 February||Charles Statham||Resignation||Charles Statham|
|Bay of Islands||1915||8 June||Vernon Reed||Election declared void||William Stewart|
|Taumarunui||1915||15 June||William Jennings||Election declared void||William Jennings|
|Pahiatua||1916||17 August||James Escott||Death||Harold Smith|
|Hawke's Bay||1917||8 March||Robert McNab||Death||John Findlay|
|Bay of Islands||1917||17 March||William Stewart||Resignation||Vernon Reed|
|Grey||1917||24 November||Paddy Webb||Resignation||Paddy Webb|
|Wellington North||1918||12 February||Alexander Herdman||Resignation||John Luke|
|Southern Maori||1918||21 February||Taare Parata||Death||Hopere Uru|
|Grey||1918||29 May||Paddy Webb||Imprisonment||Harry Holland|
|Wellington Central||1918||3 October||Robert Fletcher||Death||Peter Fraser|
|Taranaki||1918||10 October||Henry Okey||Death||Sydney Smith|
|Palmerston||1918||19 December||David Buick||Death||Jimmy Nash|
|Wellington South||1918||19 December||Alfred Hindmarsh||Death||Bob Semple|
The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.
The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United–Reform Coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.
The 1938 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 26th term. It resulted in the governing Labour Party being re-elected, although the newly founded National Party gained a certain amount of ground.
Henry Edmund Holland was an Australian-born newspaper owner, politician and unionist who relocated to New Zealand. He was the second leader of the New Zealand Labour Party.
Taurekareka (Tau) Henare was a Māori member of the New Zealand Parliament from 1914 to 1938, sitting for the Reform Party for most of that time, until it merged with the United Party to form the National Party in 1936.
The 1896 New Zealand general election was held on Wednesday, 4 December in the general electorates, and on Thursday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 74 MPs to the 13th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 337,024 (76.1%) voters turned out to vote.
The 1908 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 17 and 24 November and 1 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 2 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 17th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 537,003 (79.8%) voters turned out to vote.
The 1914 New Zealand general election was held on 10 December to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 19th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Maori vote was held on 11 December. A total number of 616,043 voters were registered, of which 84.7% voters turned out to vote.
The 1919 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.
Patrick Charles Webb was a New Zealand trade unionist and politician.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Bay of Islands is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during various periods between 1853 and 1993. It was thus one of the original 24 electoral districts, and New Zealand's first ever MP was elected, although unopposed, in the Bay of Islands; Hugh Carleton thus liked to be called the Father of the House.
Western Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Northern Maori, Eastern Maori and Southern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Western Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Hauāuru and Te Puku O Te Whenua electorates.
Northern Maori was one of New Zealand's four original parliamentary Māori electorates established in 1868, along with Eastern Maori, Western Maori and Southern Maori. In 1996, with the introduction of MMP, the Maori electorates were updated, and Northern Maori was replaced with the Te Tai Tokerau electorate.
Vernon Herbert Reed was a Liberal Party and from 1912 a Reform Party member of parliament in New Zealand. He was later a member of the Legislative Council.
Taumarunui was a parliamentary electorate in the King Country in the Manawatū-Whanganui region of New Zealand from 1908 to 1919. The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament.
The 1915 Bay of Islands by-election was a by-election held on 8 June 1915 during the 19th New Zealand Parliament in the Northland electorate of Bay of Islands. The by-election came about because Vernon Reed's win in the 1914 general election was declared void by an electoral court. The seat was won by William Stewart of the Reform Party. Reed, who was also of the Reform Party, was barred by the court from standing for election for 12 months.
The 1917 Bay of Islands by-election was a by-election held on 19 March 1917 during the 19th New Zealand Parliament in the Northland electorate of Bay of Islands. The by-election came about because Vernon Reed's win in the 1914 general election had been declared void by an electoral court, and Reed barred from standing for a year. The seat was won by William Stewart, Reed's Reform Party colleague, in the resulting 1915 by-election. When Reed became eligible again, Stewart resigned and Reed won the 1917 by-election unopposed.
The Wellington North by-election of 1918 was a by-election held in the Wellington North electorate during the 19th New Zealand Parliament, on 12 February 1918. It was caused by the resignation of incumbent MP Alexander Herdman of the Reform Party, who was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court, and was won by John Luke with a majority of 420.