22nd New Zealand Parliament

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22nd Parliament of New Zealand
21st Parliament 23rd Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Legislative body New Zealand Parliament
Term16 June 1926 – 9 October 1928
Election 1925 New Zealand general election
Government Reform Government
House of Representatives
22nd New Zealand Parliament Seating.png
Speaker of the House Charles Statham
Prime Minister Gordon Coates
Leader of the Opposition Harry Holland
Legislative Council
Members41 (at start)
40 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Sir Walter Carncross
Leader of the Council Sir Francis Bell from 23 June 1927
Sir Robert Heaton Rhodes until 14 September 1926
Monarch HM George V
Governor-General HE Gen. Sir Charles Fergusson

The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election. [1]


Historical context

The 22nd Parliament saw the Reform Party's Gordon Coates continue his rule as Prime Minister, in the continuing Reform Government.

The 22nd Parliament consisted of 80 representatives chosen by geographical electorates: 46 from North Island electorates, 30 from South Island electorates, and four Māori electorates. [2] The Parliament was elected using the First Past the Post electoral voting system.

In 1926, the Reform candidate Sir James Gunson was expected to "romp home" in the Eden by-election. Reform had 55 seats. But with National (Liberal) having 11 seats plus two Liberal-leaning independents and Labour 12, Labour realised their chance to be the official Opposition, "threw their all" into the contest, and became the official Opposition; helped by Ellen Melville standing as Independent Reform. In 1927 a Labour farmer Lee Martin won the Raglan by-election against a weak Reform candidate plus Country Party, Liberal and Independent Reform candidates. [3]

Parliamentary sessions

The Parliament sat for three sessions: [4]

First16 Jun 192611 Sep 1926
Second23 Jun 19275 Dec 1927
Third28 Jun 19289 Oct 1928

Party standings

Start of Parliament


PartyLeader(s)Seats at start
Reform Party Gordon Coates 55
Labour Party Harry Holland 12
Liberal Party George Forbes 11
Independents 2

End of Parliament

PartyLeader(s)Seats at end
Reform Party Gordon Coates 53
Labour Party Harry Holland 14
United Party Sir Joseph Ward 11
Independents 2

Initial composition of the 22nd Parliament

The election results were as follows:


  Reform     Labour     Liberal     Country Party     Independent Liberal     Independent   

Electorate results for the 1925 New Zealand general election [6] [7] [8]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 2,117John Nicholson Harle
Auckland Central Bill Parry 3,500Charles Augustus Wilson
Auckland East John A. Lee 288James Stewart
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage 476Samuel Oldfield
Avon Dan Sullivan 1,789Walter Edmund Leadley
Awarua Philip De La Perrelle John Hamilton 220 [9] Philip De La Perrelle
Bay of Islands Allen Bell Allen Bell 2,787Hugh James Sweeney
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams Uncontested
Buller Harry Holland 1,532C S Bielby
Chalmers James Dickson 1,593 Michael Connelly
Christchurch East Tim Armstrong 2,855Denis Franklyn Dennehy
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Henry Holland 2,910 Henry Thacker
Christchurch South Ted Howard 1,569 Harry Ell
Clutha John Edie Fred Waite 1,653 John Edie
Dunedin Central Charles Statham 2,299 John Gilchrist
Dunedin North Jim Munro Harold Tapley 262 Jim Munro
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey 2,221 John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart 2,478R Harrison
Eden James Parr 2,336 Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken 1,290W C G Green
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes David Jones 634 Jeremiah Connolly
Franklin Ewen McLennan 5,024D McClymont
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar 1,672 David Coleman
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram 765 Ellen Melville
Hamilton Alexander Young 4,725 Lee Martin
Hawke's Bay Gilbert McKay Hugh Campbell 726 Gilbert McKay
Hurunui George Forbes 811J G Armstrong
Hutt Thomas Wilford 1,794 Walter Nash
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Joseph Ward 159 James Hargest
Kaiapoi David Buddo 556William Brock [10]
Kaipara Gordon Coates 4,835 Bill Barnard
Lyttelton James McCombs [nb 1] 6 Melville Lyons
Manawatu Joseph Linklater 2,074 Ben Roberts
Manukau Bill Jordan 1,054 Jack Massey
Marsden Alfred Murdoch William Jones 651 Alfred Murdoch
Masterton George Sykes 922J W Andrews
Mataura George Anderson 2,664W Hinchey
Motueka Richard Hudson 2,102 Mark Fagan
Napier Lew McIlvride John Mason 573 Lew McIlvride
Nelson Harry Atmore 2,349Albert Gilbert
Oamaru John MacPherson Ernest Lee 1,097 John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Albert Samuel 108 Hugh Poland
Oroua David Guthrie John Gordon Eliott 470 John Cobbe
Otaki William Hughes Field 2,057 Bob Semple
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom 113 Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 3,240Walter Bromley
Parnell James Samuel Dickson 4,887 Robert Frederick Way
Patea James Randall Corrigan Harold Dickie 1,275 James Randall Corrigan
Raglan Richard Bollard 2,856Ernest Piggott [11]
Rangitikei Billy Glenn 1,963Charles Joseph Duggan
Riccarton George Witty Bert Kyle 2,260Winter Cole
Roskill Vivian Potter 2,913 Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly 2,776 Cecil Clinkard
Stratford Robert Masters Edward Walter 269 Robert Masters
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Charles Bellringer 50 Sydney George Smith
Tauranga Charles MacMillan 2,310 Robert Coulter
Temuka Thomas Burnett 535 Charles John Talbot
Thames Thomas William Rhodes 3,307W E G Willy
Timaru Frank Rolleston 2,486 Percy Vinnell
Waikato Frederick Lye Stewart Reid 918 Frederick Lye
Waimarino Frank Langstone Robert William Smith 140 Frank Langstone
Waipawa George Hunter 1,781William Ashton Chambers
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod 1,424F T Arkle
Wairau William Girling 1,949 Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener 502G Barclay
Waitemata Alexander Harris 3,577 Arthur Osborne
Waitomo John Rolleston 1,435 Walter Broadfoot
Wakatipu James Horn 843James Ritchie [12]
Wallace John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton 1,328James Morris MacKenzie
Wanganui Bill Veitch 891John Coull [13]
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 2,390Andrew Sloane
Wellington East Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth 1,195 Alec Monteith
Wellington North John Luke 1,946 Harry Combs
Wellington South Robert McKeen 1,474Archibald Burnett Sievwright
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright 1,542 Charles Chapman
Westland James O'Brien Tom Seddon 12 James O'Brien
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata 3,604Hone Mokena
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare 1,609Hone Wi Kaitaia
Southern Maori Henare Uru 16 Tuiti MacDonald
Western Maori Māui Pōmare 2,723 Rangi Mawhete

Table footnotes:

  1. Melville Lyons was elected for the Reform Party, originally the votes were equal (4900), then a recount found for Lyons. But on appeal his election was declared void on 13 March 1926, and the previous holder, James McCombs, was restored as the electorate representative.

By-elections during 22nd Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 22nd Parliament.

Electorate and by-electionDateIncumbentCauseWinner
Eden 1926 15 April [14] James Parr Appointed High Commissioner, UK Rex Mason
Raglan 1927 29 September [15] Richard Bollard Death Lee Martin


  1. Wilson 1985, p. 138.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. Bassett 1982, p. 36–37.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 141.
  5. "1890–1993 general elections | Elections". elections.nz. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  6. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1926. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  7. Skinner 1926, pp. 1–6.
  8. "Candidates in the Contest". The Evening Post . Vol. CX, no. 109. 4 November 1925. p. 9. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  9. "Awarua". The Evening Post . Vol. 116, no. 116. 12 November 1925. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  10. "Election Notices". The Press . Vol. LXI, no. 18524. 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  11. "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXII, no. 19149. 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  12. "General Election". The Evening Post . Vol. CX, no. 30. 4 August 1925. p. 6. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  13. "Local and General News". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXII, no. 19163. 31 October 1925. p. 12. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  14. Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  15. "Labour Wins". Auckland Star . Vol. LVIII, no. 231. 30 September 1927. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2016.

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