|23rd Parliament of New Zealand|
|Legislative body||New Zealand Parliament|
|Term||4 December 1928 – 11 November 1931|
|Election||1928 New Zealand general election|
|Government|| United Government |
— Reform Government until 10 December 1928
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Charles Statham|
|Prime Minister|| George Forbes |
— Joseph Ward until 28 May 1930
— Gordon Coates until 10 December 1928
|Leader of the Opposition|| Harry Holland |
— Gordon Coates until 22 September 1931
— Joseph Ward until 10 December 1928
|Members||41 (at start)|
35 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||Sir Walter Carncross|
|Leader of the Council|| Sir Thomas Sidey |
— Sir Francis Bell until 10 December 1928
|Monarch||HM George V|
|Governor-General||HE Rt. Hon. THe Lord Bledisloe from 19 March 1930|
— HE Gen. Sir Charles Fergusson until 8 February 1930
The 23rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1928 general election in November of that year.
The 1928 general election was held on Tuesday, 13 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 14 November in the general electorates, respectively.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 47 represented North Island electorates, 29 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 844,633 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 88.1%.
The 23rd Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1931), and was prorogued on 12 November 1931.
|first||4 December 1928||14 December 1928|
|second||27 June 1929||9 November 1929|
|third||26 June 1930||25 October 1930|
|fourth||11 March 1931||28 April 1931|
|fifth||25 June 1931||11 November 1931|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|United Party||Sir Joseph Ward||27|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||27|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||19|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||1|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at end|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||27|
|United Party||George Forbes||26|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||20|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||1|
The Coates Ministry led by Gordon Coates of the Reform Party had come to power in May 1925.The Reform Party lost the 1928 election, suffering a humiliating defeat, dropping from 55 seats in 1925 to 28 only three years later. Parliament was called shortly after the election, Coates lost a no confidence vote and resigned as Prime Minister.
Joseph Ward formed the second Ward Ministry on 10 December 1928 as leader of the United Party, a successor of the Liberal Party.Ward was an unwell man at this stage in life and suffered several heart attacks. In May 1930, he was pressured by his colleagues to resign as Prime Minister.
Ward was succeeded by George Forbes, again of the United Party. The Forbes Ministry was in place until September 1931. During the difficult times of the Great Depression, Forbes wanted to form a grand coalition with the Labour Party and the Reform Party. Labour refused, but Reform went into a coalition government with United from September 1931.
Reform Labour Country Party Liberal–Labour Ratana IndependentUnited
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||3,024||William Hewitt|
|Auckland East||John A. Lee||James Donald||37||John A. Lee|
|Auckland Suburbs||New electorate||Rex Mason||1,098||Sir James Gunson|
|Auckland West||Michael Joseph Savage||1,341||Richard Speirs|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||3,845||George Thomas Baker|
|Awarua||John Hamilton||Philip De La Perrelle||1,005||John Hamilton|
|Bay of Islands||Allen Bell||Harold Rushworth||2||Allen Bell|
|Bay of Plenty||Kenneth Williams||1,867||Alexander Moncur|
|Buller||Harry Holland||3,617||Dugald Macdonald Robertson|
|Central Otago||New electorate||William Bodkin||653||James Ritchie|
|Chalmers||James Dickson||Alfred Ansell||619||Norman Hartley Campbell|
|Christchurch East||Tim Armstrong||2,260||Denis Franklyn Dennehy|
|Christchurch North||Henry Holland||1,892||Ernest Andrews|
|Christchurch South||Ted Howard||433||Charlie McCully|
|Clutha||Fred Waite||523||Joseph Stephens|
|Dunedin Central||Sir Charles Statham||1,771||John Robinson|
|Dunedin North||Harold Tapley||Jim Munro||1,231||Harold Tapley|
|Dunedin South||Thomas Sidey||William Taverner||33||Robert William Hall|
|Dunedin West||Downie Stewart||1,277||Cornelius Machin Moss|
|Eden||Rex Mason||Arthur Stallworthy||2,436||Vivian Potter|
|Egmont||Oswald Hawken||Charles Wilkinson||1,286||Oswald Hawken|
|Franklin||Ewen McLennan||Jack Massey||134||Harry Mellsop|
|Gisborne||Douglas Lysnar||Douglas Lysnar (Ind R)||346||David Coleman|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Bartram||John Fletcher||64||Fred Bartram|
|Hamilton||Alexander Young||1,073||Samuel Charles Gale Lye|
|Hauraki||New electorate||Arthur Hall||891||Ebenezer Allan|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||690||Jack Lyon|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||1,839||Leslie Robert Cathcart Macfarlane|
|Hutt||Thomas Wilford||1,305||Walter Nash|
|Invercargill||Sir Joseph Ward, Bt.||3,178||Morell Macalister|
|Kaiapoi||David Buddo||Richard Hawke||96||James Arthur Flesher|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||2,475||Jim Barclay|
|Lyttelton||James McCombs||1,867||John Beanland|
|Manawatu||Joseph Linklater||1,466||Patrick James Small|
|Manukau||Bill Jordan||3,659||Walter Mason|
|Marsden||William Jones||Alfred Murdoch||450||William Jones|
|Masterton||George Sykes||1,238||William Thompson|
|Mataura||George Anderson||David McDougall||62||George Anderson|
|Mid-Canterbury||New electorate||David Jones||55||Jeremiah Connolly|
|Motueka||Richard Hudson||George Black||613||Richard Hudson|
|Napier||John Mason||Bill Barnard||418||John Mason|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||2,309||Frederick William Oscar Smith|
|New Plymouth||New electorate||Sydney Smith||1,467||Charles Bellringer|
|Oamaru||Ernest Lee||John Macpherson||337||Ernest Lee|
|Oroua||John Eliott||John Cobbe||732||John Eliott|
|Otaki||William Field||813||Archibald Burnett Sievwright|
|Pahiatua||Alfred Ransom||922||Harold Smith|
|Palmerston||Jimmy Nash||2,350||Walter Bromley|
|Parnell||James S. Dickson||Harry Jenkins||849||James S. Dickson|
|Patea||Harold Dickie||182||James Douglas Hislop|
|Raglan||Lee Martin||1,041||Walter Seavill|
|Rangitikei||Billy Glenn||James Hogan||1,234||Billy Glenn|
|Riccarton||Bert Kyle||45||Archibald Albany McLachlan|
|Roskill||Vivian Potter||George Munns||2,344||Arthur Richards|
|Rotorua||Frank Hockly||Cecil Clinkard||200||Frank Hockly|
|Stratford||Edward Walter||William Polson||982||Edward Walter|
|Tauranga||Charles MacMillan||678||Douglas Charles Chalmers|
|Temuka||Thomas Burnett||86||Thomas Herbert Langford|
|Thames||Thomas Rhodes||Albert Samuel||1,302||John Sommerville Montgomerie|
|Timaru||Frank Rolleston||Clyde Carr||467||Frank Rolleston|
|Waikato||Stewart Reid||Frederick Lye||86||Stewart Reid|
|Waimarino||Robert Smith||Frank Langstone||985||Robert Smith|
|Waipawa||Sir George Hunter||1,860||Ernest Albert Goodger|
|Wairarapa||Alexander McLeod||Thomas McDonald||566||Alexander McLeod|
|Wairau||William Girling||Edward Healy||292||William Girling|
|Waitaki||John Bitchener||1,202||Frederick Cooke|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||315||Reginald Greville|
|Waitomo||John Rolleston||Walter Broadfoot||532||John Rolleston|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||20||Walter Taylor|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||2,137||Bill Rogers|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||3,458||Dunbar Sloane|
|Wellington East||Thomas Forsyth||Bob Semple||966||Thomas Forsyth|
|Wellington North||Sir John Luke||Charles Chapman||47||Sir John Luke|
|Wellington South||Robert McKeen||2,953||Martin Luckie|
|Wellington Suburbs||Robert Wright||1,985||Tom Brindle|
|Westland||Tom Seddon||James O'Brien||185||Tom Seddon|
|Eastern Maori||Sir Āpirana Ngata||3,104||Pita Moko|
|Northern Maori||Taurekareka Henare||880||Paraire Karaka Paikea|
|Southern Maori||Henare Uru||Tuiti Makitanara||1||Eruera Tirikatene|
|Western Maori||Sir Māui Pōmare||1,599||Toko Ratana|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 23rd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Bay of Islands||1929||10 April||Harold Rushworth||Election declared void||Harold Rushworth|
|Hutt||1929||18 December||Thomas Wilford||Resignation||Walter Nash|
|Parnell||1930||7 May||Harry Jenkins||Resignation||Bill Endean|
|Invercargill||1930||13 August||Sir Joseph Ward||Death||Vincent Ward|
|Waipawa||1930||8 October||Sir George Hunter||Death||Albert Jull|
|Western Maori||1930||8 October||Sir Māui Pōmare||Death||Taite Te Tomo|
|Hauraki||1931||27 May||Arthur Hall||Death||Walter Massey|
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