|24th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||23 February 1932 – 26 October 1935|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1931|
|Government||United-Reform coalition Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Charles Statham|
|Prime Minister||George Forbes|
|Leader of the Opposition|| Michael Joseph Savage from 12 October 1933 |
––Harry Holland until 8 October 1933
|Members|| 35 (at start)|
28 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||Sir Walter Carncross|
|Leader of the Council||Robert Masters|
|Monarch||HM George V|
|Governor-General|| HE Rt. Hon. The Viscount Galway from 12 April 1935|
––HE Rt. Hon. THe Lord Bledisloe until 15 March 1935
The 24th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 23 February 1932, following the 1931 election. It was dissolved on 1 November 1935 in preparation for the 1935 election. The 24th Parliament was extended by one year because the 1935 election was held later than anticipated due to the ongoing depression, similarly the 1919, and the 1943 elections were held two years late, having been postponed during World War I and World War II respectively.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The Prime Minister during the 24th Parliament was George Forbes, leader of the United Party. Many commentators at the time, however, alleged that Gordon Coates, leader of the larger Reform Party, had the greater influence.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
George William Forbes was a New Zealand politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of New Zealand from 28 May 1930 to 6 December 1935.
Joseph Gordon Coates served as the 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1925 to 1928. He was the third successive Reform prime minister since 1912.
The 24th Parliament consisted of eighty representatives, each elected from separate geographical electorates.
The 24th Parliament was led by a coalition of the Reform Party and the United Party;Reform had twenty-eight seats, United had nineteen, and there were four pro-coalition independents. The primary opposition was from the Labour Party, which had twenty-four seats. The small Country Party had one seat, and there were four non-aligned independents. The distribution of seats between three large parties (also a feature of the previous parliament) was relatively unusual, as New Zealand tended towards a two-party system at the time.
The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal Party, formed a government between 1928 and 1935, and in 1936 merged with the Reform Party to establish the National Party.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The Country Party of New Zealand was a political party which appealed to rural voters. It was represented in Parliament from 1928 to 1938. Its policies were a mixture of rural advocacy and social credit theory.
The coalition government had been formed on 22 September 1931 during the term of the previous Parliament. During the difficult times of the Great Depression, Forbes had wanted to form a grand coalition with the Labour Party and the Reform Party. Labour refused, but Reform went into a coalition government with United from September 1931.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||28|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||24|
|United Party||George Forbes||19|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||1|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at end|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||29|
|Labour Party||Michael Joseph Savage||24|
|United Party||George Forbes||16|
|Democrat Party||Thomas Hislop (outside parliament)||2|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||1|
Reform Labour United Country Party Independent Liberal Ratana Independent
Independent Liberal is a description allowed in politics to denote party affiliation. It is used to designate a politician as a liberal, yet independent of the official Liberal Party of a country. Those parties were the Liberal Party of Canada, or the Liberal Party of the United Kingdom, or the New Zealand Liberal Party.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||3,793||Harold Penfound Congdon|
|Auckland East||James Donald||Frederick Schramm||2,256||Harold Percy Burton|
|Auckland Suburbs||Rex Mason||1,223||Richard Herbert Marryatt|
|Auckland West||Michael Joseph Savage||4,517||Hugh Ross Mackenzie|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||3,039||Harben Robert Young|
|Awarua||Philip De La Perrelle||2,148||Norman McIntyre|
|Bay of Islands||Harold Rushworth||1,209||Allen Bell|
|Bay of Plenty||Kenneth Williams||Uncontested|
|Buller||Harry Holland||3,631||John Menzies|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||2,516||Charles Todd|
|Chalmers||Alfred Ansell||172||Norman Hartley Campbell|
|Christchurch East||Tim Armstrong||3,206||George Frederick Allen|
|Christchurch North||Henry Holland||2,077||Elizabeth McCombs|
|Christchurch South||Ted Howard||2,798||Charles Samuel "Charlie" McCully|
|Clutha||Fred Waite||Peter McSkimming||1,530||Fred Waite|
|Dunedin Central||Charles Statham||262||Peter Neilson|
|Dunedin North||James Wright Munro||524||John McCrae|
|Dunedin South||William Burgoyne Taverner||Fred Jones||3,644||William Burgoyne Taverner|
|Dunedin West||William Downie Stewart Jr.||924||John Gilchrist|
|Eden||Arthur Stallworthy||1,270||Bill Anderton|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||1,308||F. Gawith|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||2,457||Harry Oswald Mellsop|
|Gisborne||Douglas Lysnar||David William Coleman||317||Douglas Lysnar|
|Grey Lynn||John Fletcher||John A. Lee||3,242||John Fletcher|
|Hamilton||Alexander Young||3,072||Hubert Beebe|
|Hauraki||Walter William Massey||2,750||Charles Robert Petrie|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||2,259||Edward Cullen|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||3,953||R. J. Logan|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,823||James Kerr|
|Invercargill||Vincent Ward||James Hargest||508||W. McChesney|
|Kaiapoi||Richard Hawke||1,414||John Archer|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||2,084||Albert Edward Robinson|
|Lyttelton||James McCombs||32||Frederick Willie Freeman|
|Manawatu||Joseph Linklater||2,246||Clifford Hunter|
|Manukau||Bill Jordan||3,394||Stanley Rickards|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||2,942||James Gillespie Barclay|
|Masterton||George Sykes||1,951||Peter Butler|
|Mataura||David McDougall||943||Thomas Golden|
|Mid-Canterbury||David Jones||Jeremiah Connolly||136||David Jones|
|Motueka||George Black||517||Keith Holyoake|
|Napier||Bill Barnard||1,456||John Butler|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||100||Herbert Everett|
|New Plymouth||Sydney George Smith||3,472||William Sheat|
|Oamaru||John Andrew MacPherson||1,046||John Craigie Kirkness|
|Otaki||William Hughes Field||1,321||Jim Thorn|
|Palmerston||Jimmy Nash||1,245||Joe Hodgens|
|Parnell||Bill Endean||4,821||John William Yarnall|
|Patea||Harold Dickie||3,495||W. G. Simpson|
|Raglan||Lee Martin||Stewart Reid||806||Lee Martin|
|Rangitikei||James Thomas Hogan||Alexander Stuart||15||James Thomas Hogan|
|Riccarton||Herbert Kyle||589||Archibald Albany McLachlan|
|Roskill||George Munns||Arthur Shapton Richards||171||William John Holdsworth|
|Rotorua||Cecil Clinkard||57||Alexander Moncur|
|Stratford||William Polson||1,518||J W McMillan|
|Tauranga||Charles MacMillan||658||Bill Sullivan|
|Temuka||Thomas Burnett||1,237||Thomas Herbert Langford|
|Thames||Albert Samuel||464||John Sommerville Montgomerie|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||820||Herbert N. Armstrong|
|Waikato||Frederick Lye||981||Solomon Netheim Ziman|
|Waimarino||Frank Langstone||591||William Henry Wackrow|
|Waipawa||Albert Jull||386||John Davies Ormond, Jr.|
|Wairarapa||Thomas McDonald||Alexander McLeod||616||Thomas McDonald|
|Wairau||Edward Healy||1,424||William Girling|
|Waitaki||John Bitchener||885||Alexander McLean Paterson|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||2,378||Arthur Osborne|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||2,842||Peter Gilfedder|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||590||Bill Rogers|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||2,471||Robert Darroch|
|Wellington East||Bob Semple||593||Thomas Forsyth|
|Wellington North||Charles Henry Chapman||1,061||George Troup|
|Wellington South||Robert McKeen||2,659||Will Appleton|
|Wellington Suburbs||Robert Alexander Wright||2,570||Tom Brindle|
|Westland||James O'Brien||1,121||John Greenslade|
|Eastern Maori||Āpirana Ngata||3,211||Pita Moko|
|Northern Maori||Taurekareka Henare||1,188||Paraire Karaka Paikea|
|Southern Maori||Tuiti Makitanara||19||Eruera Tirikatene|
|Western Maori||Taite Te Tomo||1,436||Toko Ratana|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 24th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Southern Maori||1932||3 August||Tuiti Makitanara||Death||Eruera Tirikatene|
|Motueka||1932||1 December||George Black||Death||Keith Holyoake|
|Lyttelton||1933||13 September||James McCombs||Death||Elizabeth McCombs|
|Buller||1933||22 November||Harry Holland||Death||Paddy Webb|
|Lyttelton||1935||24 July||Elizabeth McCombs||Death||Terry McCombs|
Tuiti Makitanara, sometimes known as Sweet MacDonald, was a Māori and United Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
Sir Eruera Tihema Te Aika Tirikatene was a New Zealand Māori politician of the Ngai Tahu tribe. Known in early life as Edward James Te Aika Tregerthen, he was the first Ratana Member of Parliament and was elected in a by-election for Southern Maori in June 1932 after the death of Tuiti Makitanara.
The 1935 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 25th term. It resulted in the Labour Party's first electoral victory, with Michael Joseph Savage becoming the first Labour Prime Minister. The governing coalition, consisting of the United Party and the Reform Party, suffered a major defeat, attributed by many to their handling of the Great Depression. The year after the election, United and Reform took their coalition further, merging to form the modern National Party.
The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United-Reform coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.
The 25th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 25 March 1936, following the 1935 election. It was dissolved on 16 September 1938 in preparation for the 1938 election.
The New Zealand general election of 1925 was held 4 November to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 22nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 678,877 (90.02%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat there was only one candidate.
Christchurch East, originally called Christchurch City East, is a current New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1871 election and was abolished for two period, from 1875–1905 and again from 1946–1996. It was last created for the introduction of the MMP voting system for the 1996 election. The current MP is Poto Williams, a member of the New Zealand Labour Party who was first elected in the 2013 Christchurch East by-election.
Dunedin North is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It is currently held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It is considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928.
Waikato is the name of a current electorate in the New Zealand Parliament. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1963, and then from 1969 to 1996 when MMP was introduced. The current electorate was re-established for the 2008 election and has been represented by Tim van de Molen for the National Party since the 2017 general election.
Manukau is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south Auckland Region. It existed from 1881 to 1978, with a break from 1938 to 1954. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament. Two by-elections were held in the electorate.
Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
John McLachlan was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for Ashburton in the South Island.
Daniel Stewart Reid was a New Zealand politician of the Reform Party.
Motueka is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1860 and lasted until 1890 election. In 1896 election the Motueka electorate was recreated, and lasted until 1946 election.
Timaru was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, in the South Island. It existed continuously from 1861 to 1996 and was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.
The United–Reform Coalition, also known as the National Political Federation from 1935, was a coalition between two of the three major parties of New Zealand, the United and Reform parties, from 1931–1936. The Coalition formed the Government of New Zealand from its formation in September 1931, successfully contesting and winning the 1931 general election in December. The Coalition was defeated at the 1935 general election by Labour. The following year the coalition was formalised by the formation of the modern New Zealand National Party.
The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election.
Alexander Donald McLeod was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in the Wairarapa region of New Zealand. He was Minister of Lands (1924–1928) and Industries and Commerce (1926–1928) in the Reform Government.
The Lyttelton by-election of 1933 was a by-election held during the 24th New Zealand Parliament in the Christchurch electorate of Lyttelton. It is notable for being won by Elizabeth McCombs of the New Zealand Labour Party, who became the first woman to be elected to the New Zealand Parliament. This by-election was therefore seen as a milestone in Women's suffrage in New Zealand.
The 23rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1928 general election in November of that year.
The Hutt by-election was a by-election in the New Zealand electorate of Hutt, an urban seat at the bottom of the North Island. The by-election was held on 18 December 1929, and was precipitated by the resignation of sitting United member of parliament Thomas Wilford on who had been appointed the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom by Prime Minister Joseph Ward. The by-election was contested by Walter Nash of the Labour Party, James Kerr from the United Party and Harold Johnston of the Reform Party. The lead up to the by-election was marred by harsh words between candidates.
The 1936 Manukau by-election was a by-election during the 25th New Zealand Parliament in the Manukau electorate. It was held on Wednesday 30 September 1936. This by-election came about because of the resignation of Bill Jordan during the term of the 25th New Zealand Parliament. The by-election in the Manukau electorate was contested by Arthur Osborne for Labour and Frederick Doidge for National, with Osborne winning the election.