|25th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||25 March 1936 – 26 August 1938|
|Election||New Zealand general election, 1935|
|Government||First Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Bill Barnard|
|Prime Minister||Michael Joseph Savage|
|Leader of the Opposition|| Adam Hamilton |
––George Forbes until 2 November 1936
|Members|| 39 (at start)|
38 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||Sir Walter Carncross|
|Leader of the Council||Mark Fagan|
|Monarch|| HM George VI |
––HM Edward VIII until 11 December 1936
|Governor-General||HE Rt. Hon. The Viscount Galway|
The 25th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 25 March 1936, following the 1935 election. It was dissolved on 16 September 1938 in preparation for the 1938 election.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 25th Parliament was notable in that it was the first time the Labour Party had a parliamentary majority and formed a government, the First Labour Government. The new Prime Minister was Michael Joseph Savage. The opposition consisted of the United Party and the Reform Party, which merged to form the National Party in 1936.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The First Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1935 to 1949. Responsible for the realisation of a wide range of progressive social reforms during its time in office, it set the tone of New Zealand's economic and welfare policies until the 1980s, establishing a welfare state, a system of Keynesian economic management, and high levels of state intervention. The government came to power towards the end of, and as a result of, the Great Depression of the 1930s, and also governed the country throughout World War II.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
The 25th Parliament consisted of eighty representatives, each elected from separate geographical electorates. As the 1935 elections had been a landslide victory for the Labour Party, the 25th Parliament was dominated by Labour MPs — 53 of the 80 were members of the Labour Party. The main opposition consisted of a coalition of the Reform Party, the United Party, and three independents, having a total of 19 MPs. Part way through the 25th Parliament, Reform and United took their coalition to the next step, and merged into a single group. This was called the National Party. The smaller Country Party and Rātana movement had two MPs each, and there were four independents not aligned with the coalition. The Democrat Party, despite winning a significant portion of the vote, did not hold any seats.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The Country Party of New Zealand was a political party which appealed to rural voters. It was represented in Parliament from 1928 to 1938. Its policies were a mixture of rural advocacy and social credit theory.
The Rātana movement is a church and pan-iwi political movement founded by Tahupōtiki Wiremu Rātana in early 20th-century New Zealand. The Rātana Church has its headquarters at the settlement of Rātana pā near Whanganui.
The 24th Parliament had been led by a coalition of the Reform Party and the United Party, formed in September 1931 during the term of the 23rd Parliament and led by George Forbes.The primary opposition had been the Labour Party.
The 24th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 23 February 1932, following the 1931 election. It was dissolved on 1 November 1935 in preparation for the 1935 election. The 24th Parliament was extended by one year because the 1935 election was held later than anticipated due to the ongoing depression, similarly the 1919, and the 1943 elections were held two years late, having been postponed during World War I and World War II respectively.
The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal Party, formed a government between 1928 and 1935, and in 1936 merged with the Reform Party to establish the National Party.
The 23rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1928 general election in November of that year.
At the 1935 election, the Labour Party obtained a parliamentary majority and formed a government, the First Labour Government. The leader of the Labour Party, Michael Joseph Savage, became Prime Minister.The opposition consisted of the United Party and the Reform Party, which merged in 1936 during the term of the 25th Parliament to form the National Party. The Savage Ministry was in power until Savage's death on 27 March 1940.
Michael Joseph Savage was a New Zealand politician who served as the 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand, heading the First Labour Government from 6 December 1935 until his death.
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Michael Joseph Savage||53|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||9|
|United Party||George Forbes||7|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||2|
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Michael Joseph Savage||55|
|National Party||Adam Hamilton||19|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||2|
Labour Independent United Reform United/Reform Democrat Ratana Country Party
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The New Zealand Democrat Party was a political party in New Zealand, founded in 1934 with the purpose of opposing socialist legislation by the government.
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||5,301||Clifford Reid Dodd|
|Auckland East||Frederick Schramm||2,337||Harold Percy Burton|
|Auckland Suburbs||Rex Mason||4,896||W A Bishop|
|Auckland West||Michael Joseph Savage||6,180||Ernest David Stallworthy|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||5,410||Lancelot Charles Walker|
|Awarua||Philip De La Perrelle||James Hargest||950||Thomas Francis Doyle|
|Bay of Islands||Harold Rushworth||2,121||C Cameron|
|Bay of Plenty||vacant||Gordon Hultquist||555||J T Merry|
|Buller||Paddy Webb||4,499||John H Powell|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||1,819||H K Edie|
|Chalmers||Alfred Ansell||Archibald Campbell||1,071||Alfred Ansell|
|Christchurch East||Tim Armstrong||5,728||Sydney Richardson|
|Christchurch North||Henry Holland||Sidney Holland||971||Robert Macfarlane|
|Christchurch South||Ted Howard||5,585||Tom Milliken|
|Clutha||Peter McSkimming||James Roy||1,930||Rev. Edwin Thoms Cox|
|Dunedin Central||Charles Statham||Peter Neilson||1,729||D C Cameron|
|Dunedin North||James Wright Munro||1,668||Alexander Smith Falconer|
|Dunedin South||Fred Jones||3,378||Thomas Sidey|
|Dunedin West||William Downie Stewart||Gervan McMillan||945||William Downie Stewart|
|Eden||Arthur Stallworthy||Bill Anderton||2,465||Arthur Stallworthy|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||3,172||James Ross|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||Arthur Sexton||685||Jack Massey|
|Gisborne||David William Coleman||1,817||Douglas Lysnar|
|Grey Lynn||John A. Lee||8,012||George Wildish|
|Hamilton||Alexander Young||Charles Barrell||1,391||Alexander Young|
|Hauraki||Walter William Massey||Charles Robert Petrie||544||Walter William Massey|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||Edward Cullen||1,010||Hugh Campbell|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||1,203||D C Davie|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||7,757||Victor Emmanuel Jacobson|
|Invercargill||James Hargest||William Denham||346||Gordon Reed|
|Kaiapoi||Richard Hawke||Morgan Williams||1,424||Richard Hawke|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||302||W Grounds|
|Lyttelton||Terry McCombs||2,775||Seton Fulton Marshall|
|Manawatu||Joseph Linklater||Clifford Hunter||60||Joseph Linklater|
|Manukau||Bill Jordan||6,402||Herbert Jenner Wily|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||James Gillespie Barclay||347||Alfred Murdoch|
|Masterton||George Sykes||John Robertson||325||George Sykes|
|Mataura||David McDougall||1,658||Thomas Golden|
|Mid-Canterbury||vacant||Horace Herring||462||James Carr|
|Motueka||Keith Holyoake||280||Rubert York|
|Napier||Bill Barnard||4,057||F B Logan|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||2,610||Herbert Everett|
|New Plymouth||Sydney George Smith||831||Frederick Frost|
|Oamaru||John Andrew MacPherson||Arnold Nordmeyer||1,142||John Andrew MacPherson|
|Oroua||John Cobbe||2,333||William Henry Oliver|
|Otaki||William Hughes Field||Leonard Lowry||1,720||G. A. Monk|
|Pahiatua||Alfred Ransom||1,175||R A Gower|
|Palmerston||Jimmy Nash||Joe Hodgens||115||Jimmy Nash|
|Parnell||Bill Endean||731||Arthur Osborne|
|Patea||Harold Dickie||649||W G Simpson|
|Raglan||Lee Martin||1,695||Stewart Reid|
|Rangitikei||Alexander Stuart||Ormond Wilson||907||Alexander Stuart|
|Riccarton||Herbert Kyle||1,139||G T Thurston|
|Roskill||Arthur Shapton Richards||4,023||Thomas James Fleming|
|Rotorua||Cecil Clinkard||Alexander Moncur||1,452||Frederick Doidge|
|Stratford||William Polson||339||Philip Skoglund|
|Tauranga||Charles MacMillan||Charles Harris Burnett||41||Charles MacMillan|
|Temuka||Thomas Burnett||605||Thomas Herbert Langford|
|Thames||Albert Samuel||Jim Thorn||1,262||Albert Samuel|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||1,059||W Thomas|
|Waimarino||Frank Langstone||1,863||C A Boles|
|Waipawa||Albert Jull||Hubert Christie||259||Albert Jull|
|Waikato||Frederick Lye||Robert Coulter||784||Frederick Lye|
|Wairarapa||Alexander McLeod||Ben Roberts||33||John Wiltshire Card|
|Wairau||Edward Healy||Edwin Meachen||352||Edward Healy|
|Waitaki||John Bitchener||David Barnes||479||John Bitchener|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||Jack Lyon||2,684||Alexander Harris|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||1,526||Jack Jones|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||2,034||L S Edmund|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||Joseph Cotterill||1,569||Bill Veitch|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||4,479||Will Mason|
|Wellington East||Bob Semple||3,323||Ossie Mazengarb|
|Wellington North||Charles Henry Chapman||794||Elizabeth Gilmer|
|Wellington South||Robert McKeen||6,059||Henry Featherston Toogood|
|Wellington Suburbs||Robert Alexander Wright||1,856||Peter Butler|
|Westland||James O'Brien||3,677||H R Young|
|Eastern Maori||Āpirana Ngata||3,224||Tiaki Omana|
|Northern Maori||Taurekareka Henare||983||Paraire Karaka Paikea|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||43||Thomas Kaiporohu Bragg|
|Western Maori||Taite Te Tomo||Toko Ratana||47||Taite Te Tomo|
There was one by-election during the term of the 25th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Manukau||1936||30 September||Bill Jordan||Appointed High Commissioner, UK||Arthur Osborne|
The 1935 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 25th term. It resulted in the Labour Party's first electoral victory, with Michael Joseph Savage becoming the first Labour Prime Minister. The governing coalition, consisting of the United Party and the Reform Party, suffered a major defeat, attributed by many to their handling of the Great Depression. The year after the election, United and Reform took their coalition further, merging to form the modern National Party.
The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United-Reform coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.
The 1938 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 26th term. It resulted in the governing Labour Party being re-elected, although the newly founded National Party gained a certain amount of ground.
Christchurch East, originally called Christchurch City East, is a current New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1871 election and was abolished for two period, from 1875–1905 and again from 1946–1996. It was last created for the introduction of the MMP voting system for the 1996 election. The current MP is Poto Williams, a member of the New Zealand Labour Party who was first elected in the 2013 Christchurch East by-election.
Dunedin North is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It is currently held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It is considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928.
Philip Aldborough De La Perrelle was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party and the United Party.
Bay of Islands is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during various periods between 1853 and 1993. It was thus one of the original 24 electoral districts, and New Zealand's first ever MP was elected, although unopposed, in the Bay of Islands; Hugh Carleton thus liked to be called the Father of the House.
John McLachlan was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for Ashburton in the South Island.
Motueka is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1860 and lasted until 1890 election. In 1896 election the Motueka electorate was recreated, and lasted until 1946 election.
Vivian Harold Potter was a New Zealand Member of Parliament, miner, trade unionist, and soldier.
Kaiapoi was a rural New Zealand electorate, north of Christchurch in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1861 to 1946. It was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.
Alexander Donald McLeod was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in the Wairarapa region of New Zealand. He was Minister of Lands (1924–1928) and Industries and Commerce (1926–1928) in the Reform Government.
Melville Edwin Lyons, sometimes called Tiny, was briefly a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand until his election was declared void. A journalist by trade, he became involved in local politics in Christchurch after having served in WWI. He was Deputy Mayor of Christchurch for six years under mayor Ernest Andrews.
The 1935 Lyttelton by-election was a by-election held on 24 July 1935 during the 24th New Zealand Parliament in the Lyttelton electorate. The electorate was won by Terry McCombs of the New Zealand Labour Party, succeeding his mother.
The Parnell by-election of 1930 was a by-election in the seat of Parnell held on 7 May 1930 during the 23rd New Zealand Parliament. The by-election came about because of the resignation of the current member of parliament Harry Reginald Jenkins who chose to re-contest his seat. The seat was won by Bill Endean of the Reform Party.
The 20th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1919 general election in December of that year.
The 21st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1922 general election in December of that year.
The 26th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1938 general election in October of that year.
The 1936 Manukau by-election was a by-election during the 25th New Zealand Parliament in the Manukau electorate. It was held on Wednesday 30 September 1936. This by-election came about because of the resignation of Bill Jordan during the term of the 25th New Zealand Parliament. The by-election in the Manukau electorate was contested by Arthur Osborne for Labour and Frederick Doidge for National, with Osborne winning the election.