|7th Leader of the Democratic Party|
22 August 1988 –22 April 1991
|Preceded by||Neil Morrison|
|Succeeded by||John Wright|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament |
for East Coast Bays
6 September 1980 –15 August 1987
|Preceded by||Frank Gill|
|Succeeded by||Murray McCully|
|Born||1947 (age 72–73)|
|Political party|| Social Credit (1978–1985)|
|New Zealand First|
Gary Thomas Knapp (born 1947) is a former New Zealand politician of the Social Credit Party.
|New Zealand Parliament|
|1980 –1981||39th||East Coast Bays||Social Credit|
|1981 –1984||40th||East Coast Bays||Social Credit|
|1984 –1985||41st||East Coast Bays||Social Credit|
|1985– 1987||Changed allegiance to:||Democrats|
He became Member of Parliament for East Coast Bays in 1980 when he defeated National candidate Don Brash in the 1980 by-election caused by the resignation of the sitting National MP. Knapp joined Bruce Beetham in parliament, where they both had high profiles. In 1981 Knapp was elected deputy leader at the party's annual conference.
In the 1984 election, while Beetham lost Rangitikei to a National Party challenger, Knapp retained East Coast Bays, and another Social Credit candidate, Neil Morrison, won Pakuranga. Beetham continued as leader despite losing his seat and in 1985 Knapp failed to convince him to stand aside. Beetham did endorse Knapp to succeed him whenever he chose to retire.Beetham kept stalling his retirement leading to Knapp resigning as deputy leader in protest. Morrison was later elected to replace Beetham as leader.
In the 1987 election Knapp and Morrison were both defeated by National candidates. The next year Morrison resigned as leader and Knapp was elected at the party's 1988 conference as leader.Knapp led the Democrats at the 1990 election and contested East Coast Bays once again without success. Knapp stood down as leader at the 1991 party conference.
Knapp was always critical of the Democrats decision to join the Alliance which he charged with overwhelming the Democrats identity due to being dominated by the NewLabour Party and in 1996 he quit the party.Following his breaking with the Democrats he was involved with New Zealand First.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party is a political party which served as the country's third party from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, although never more than two at a time. It renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party from 1985 to 2018, and was for a time part of the Alliance from 1991 to 2002. It returned to the Social Credit name in 2018.
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
Bruce Craig Beetham was an academic and politician from New Zealand, whose career spanned the 1970s and early 1980s.
John Wright is a former New Zealand politician. He was a member of parliament from 1996 to 2002, representing the Alliance. Before entering Parliament he owned the Port-a-Loo company.
The New Democratic Party of New Zealand was a small political party established in 1972. It was a splinter group from the better-known Social Credit Party.
Vernon Francis Cracknell was a New Zealand politician. He served as the Social Credit Party's third leader (1963–1970).
John Bernard O'Brien was a political candidate and party leader of Social Credit in New Zealand.
The East Coast Bays by-election of 1980 was a by-election during the 39th New Zealand Parliament in the East Coast Bays electorate. It resulted in an upset for the National Party, as their candidate and future leader Don Brash was unexpectedly beaten by Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party.
The Northern Maori by-election of 1980 was a by-election for the Northern Maori electorate during the 39th New Zealand Parliament. It was prompted by the resignation of Matiu Rata, a former member of the Labour Party who was establishing a new group, Mana Motuhake. Rata believed that contesting a by-election would give him a mandate for his change of allegiance. In the end, however, his plan backfired when the seat was won by Bruce Gregory, his replacement as the Labour Party candidate.
The Onehunga by-election of 1980 was a by-election for the Onehunga electorate during the 39th New Zealand Parliament. It was prompted by the death of Frank Rogers, a Labour Party MP. It was held on 7 June 1980 and was won by Fred Gerbic, also of the Labour Party.
East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.
Rangitīkei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Rangitīkei is Ian McKelvie of the National Party. He has held this position since 2011.
Neil Joseph Morrison was a New Zealand politician of the Social Credit Party.
Leslie Walter Gandar was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.
John Gerald O’Brien, known as Gerald O'Brien, was a New Zealand politician of the Labour Party.
Stefan Lipa is a former New Zealand politician. He was president of the Social Credit Party from 1979 to 1987 and he was a leading advocate of proportional representation in New Zealand.
The Tamaki by-election 1992 was a by-election held in the Tāmaki electorate during the 43rd New Zealand Parliament, on 15 February 1992. It was caused by the resignation of incumbent MP Sir Robert Muldoon and was won by Clem Simich with a majority of 1,252. The by-election was also notable as the first contested by the recently formed Alliance Party, and for their success in coming second ahead of the Labour Party.
Thomas Kavanagh Weal was a New Zealand politician for the Social Credit Political League, the New Democratic Party and the short lived Christian Democrat party.
Leslie William Hunter was a New Zealand politician for the Social Credit Political League.
The Social Credit-NZ party was a political party in New Zealand which split from the New Zealand Democratic Party in 1988.
|New Zealand Parliament|
| Member of Parliament for East Coast Bays |
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Democratic Party |
| Deputy Leader of the Social Credit Party |